Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #philosophy

Most recents (18)

Thread: Another overview amazing #Muslim *female* achievement.

Did you know the first university in the world was built by a Muslim woman approx 1200 years ago?

This is the story of Fatima Al-Fihiri (800–880 CE). #BadassWoman #twitterstorians

1/15
2. Daughter of a wealthy businessman, the family moved from Tunisia to Fez, Morocco during the rule of King Idriss II. When both her husband and father died, Fatima and her sister inherited a fortune.

They chose to spend their inheritance on building educational institutions.
3. In 859, Fatima built the Al-Qayrawan #Mosque, decorated in the Andalusian style with Kufic calligraphy (early style) engraved throughout. At 3,000 sq ft, it can fit 22,000 people.

She stacked it with Islamic works (Qur’ans, #Hadith collections, etc).
Read 16 tweets
[#ALLin1HOUR]

Happy #EarthDay, America! 🎉

Learn how the Energy Department, National Labs, and sites help make the world more sustainable. ⚡

twitter.com/i/moments/1120…
More people are experiencing severe food allergies than ever before

#food #health

weforum.org/agenda/2019/01…
The Pentagon thinks bugs could hold the secrets to conscious experience.

#consciousness #physics #philosophy #brain #ArtificialIntelligence #AI #robots #DARPA

futurism.com/darpa-wants-co…
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Tarrant's inspiration 👇 (Thread)

1 (of 15) Tarrant’s manifesto (pp 74) is clearly modelled on Anders Breivik's (pp 1,500) – all very tedious and familiar.

@mehdirhasan @MazMHussain #ChristchurchTerrorAttack #NZMosqueShooting #philosophy #Islamophobia #twitterstorians
2. They’re vomits of personal, narcissistic, paranoid, hysterical efforts of soul-searching.

Psychotic, xenophobic and Islamophobic, they’re autobiographical and ideological mash-ups. Don't look for cryptic codes; they're schizophrenic confusions.

@DMRDynamics @SethN12
3. They take from what politicians and governments, quasi-intellectuals and media have opined openly for decades. My French colleague has long called France ‘the main Western laboratory for Islamophobia’.

Evidence indicates he's onto something. 🇫🇷
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Naturalism vs formalism: A thread.

(Or: How I learned to stop worrying & love informality)

1/24

#science #philosophy #whyiliketheideasthatilike
TL,DR: naturalism is a basic commitment of scientific explanation, & formalism a tool that can help achieve it – yet people too often prioritise the latter over the former.

Elaborating on comments I've made here before, in conv w @IrisVanRooij, @JCSkewesDK, @wgervais, et al.

2/
One preliminary comment.

Usually I try to avoid "I know what I'm talking about" comments – you should just let your arguments & ideas do the talking! – but in this case it seems worth mentioning.

I have a degree in Pure Mathematics. This is not math-phobia.

3/
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#Effort & #Understanding

There is no meaningful effort without an understanding
There is no understanding without a #meaningful effort
We #achieve meaningful effort only by #failing and #trying again
#Effort teaches you to be #practical

#Understanding will bring #trust and #patience
#Understanding is needed to examine WHY and WHAT

#Effort is needed to achieve WHAT by doing HOW in accordance with WHY
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A leader in #Igbo land must be very careful. They recognise that the line between sanity & insanity is very thin. Once one starts chorusing ijọm instead of ijọ́m, s/he is on his or her own. Like the said madman casting nothing over the bridge shouting, "13,13, 13..." The bridge
having hung over a deep turbulent river, people gathered to wonder what 13th bawl it could've been. So, a more inquisitive one went closer to see. At once, the madman scooped, plunged him over and began to sing, "14, 14..."

The Igbos know fleeing away, isn't cowardice in any way
Onye Igbo maara na ọhịa a hụrụ ozu nza abụọ na ihe na-egbu nwa nza, nọ na ya.

Kama ihe ga-ata isi ya, ya kpuru okwu ya. #Igbo
He doesn't sit out with insanity. He doesn't take counsel of psychopaths. Once a sound mind, crosses over to the other side of reasoning, the rest
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#DWIDPDCAC-17.
"Steht das Grundgesetz der Naturwissenschaft, dass jedesmal eine bestimmte Ursache mit einer bestimmten Wirkung verknüpft ist, nicht der Annahme einer frei wirkenden, geistigen Ursache, einer selbständigen Persönlichkeit im Wege?" My tr.: 'Does the basic law
..
.. of natural sciences according to which a designated effect is always connected to a designated cause not stand in the way of the assumption of a freely acting mental cause, of an autonomous personality?'

Remark. Seitz's expressions 'bestimmte Ursache' and 'bestimme Wirkung' .
.. pose serious problems for a translator (and they also may justifiably said to be careless philosophically): literally, this means
'determined cause'
and
'determined effect'.
Obviously, these would be infelicitous translations, in view of the semantical force carried by..
Read 11 tweets
#FIUDG-background.
Raymond de Saussure (1894-1971) seems to not have been aware of the sophistication that the #German tradition of #philosophy of #history had reached by 1933; he laments (in #Horkheimer's 'Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung', Jg. 2, 1933, Heft 3 , p. 432): ..
"Deux facteurs principaux ont contribué au progrès de l'humanité : le désir de connaître et le désir d'influencer la conduite des hommes. Ces deux facteurs s'opposent souvent, C'EST LA RAISON POUR LAQUELLE LES SCIENCES HISTORIQUES ONT SI PEU AVANCÉ. L'historien s'arrête â ..
.. des considérations morales et politiques qui l'écartent de la stricte recherce scientifique. L'auteur [i.e. Hugh Taylor; de Saussure speaks of a book he is reviewing: Hugh Taylor, 𝘏𝘪𝘴𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘺 𝘢𝘴 𝘢 𝘚𝘤𝘪𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘦. Methuen. London 1933] étudie ensuite le gouvernement, ..
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How much of Toland’s ‘Clidophorus’ lie inside Strauss’s ‘Persecution and the Art of Writing’? #strauss #esoteric #exoteric #philosophy #philosophers
In PAW, Strauss never mentions Toland’s Clidophorus, notwithstanding the subject of both books is the same. Is that esoterically relevant? #strauss #esotericism #exotericism #philosophy #betweenthelines
It seems implausible that Strauss didn’t have notice of Toland’s work, so why the silence about it in his own work about the double doctrine? #esotericism #exotericism #strauss #clidophorus #philosophy
Read 7 tweets
It is possible to discover God purely through the power of intellect. The philosophers of the theistic Samkhya studied the evolutive nature of prakrti but, more importantly, recognized its limitations. In this manner, they worked their way upwards towards spiritual personality.
One fatal mistake that seems to be all-pervading in the scholars' analyses of the Samkhya #philosophy is many of them seem to have succumbed to the erroneous view that the purusa (spiritual personality) is totally devoid of karma. This could also have been the view of some
of the original exponents of this school. This is a mistake of epic proportions and practically strips the purusa of any operative powers reducing him to some substance-like pure entity, albeit of a conscious nature. However, purusa is not a substance-like non-operative entity
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V. thought provoking seminar today @TRI_info by Prof John Huss entitled ‘Ecological medicine & medical ecology’. Discussed were ecological strategies for #coral remediation and the #microbiome. But more interesting was unpacking the #philosophy of biological research!.... (1/12)
The field of microbiome #research is still very young, and it’s hard to get a handle on what is established and where exactly the field will progress (2/12)
However, there seem to be two different concepts thrown around when people talk about the microbiome:
a) Micro-biome: a biome of microbes, an ecological conception.
b) Microbi-ome: the microbial genome, a molecular conception.
(3/12)
Read 13 tweets
A Tactical approach to a tactical communication strategy..!!

Wait I guess, this can be applied to a general human communication too.

Because if communication is screwed,
1. Whatever skill he or she has
2. Whoever he/she is

The full potential is NOT utilized.

#Philosophy44
1/n
Dear @ashleymayer
Title to your article seem like clickbait because the not having a communication strategy is NOT okay, right ?
I may be wrong, though but anyway

2/n
Another Point to be considered is :

Science was a part of Philosophy in ancient times. Not anymore, people don't much about the connection.
marxists.org/reference/arch…

3/n
Read 8 tweets
Why is there #Aptitude difference between multiple humans who lie in the same category as "trying to work smart" & trying hard?
Today I met a school time dear friend of mine, and had a long discussion. Felt like he's got a higher aptitude then mine..

So am not able to conclude.. The answer to above question hence posted..

2/n
(I guess, Probably Aptitude includes.. Prioritizing everything in life including family and conviction to do something)

I may be wrong

Just felt like, guidance is one factor

3/n
Read 13 tweets
Welcome to #NATO 101. Lesson 1
"The mere lack of #military #power is, in itself, not enough to cause a nation to lose its position vis-à-vis other states. That only happens when the people lose their individual integrity and the country gradually loses its national #integrity...
#NATO 101, Lesson 2
"No-one wants to cooperate with a country that has lost its integrity. [Even when] other countries have dealt unreasonably... who would want to damage the amity extant between [us, just by] sticking up for a state that has no national #integrity to begin with?
#NATO 101, Lesson 3.
"Many countries haven’t lost their international #prestige merely because of #poverty and #weakness... natural #disaster and poor #geography are enough to make a country weak and poor, and that can move others to sympathy. But lack of #integrity?
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1) Hard times are often blessings in disguise. Let go and let life strengthen you. No matter how much it hurts, hold your head up and keep going. This is an important lesson to remember when you’re having a rough day, a bad month, or a crappy year. Truth be told,
2) sometimes the hardest lessons to learn are the ones your spirit needs most. Your past was never a mistake if you learned from it. So take all the crazy experiences and lessons and place them in a box labeled “Thank You.''

#ThoughtLeader #Influencer #DailyInspiration
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How powerful could #ASI become? Note that when an AI gets better than a human at something it gets much, much, much better. (Also note the terrifying scenario of an AGI/ASI running 1:1 for office.) @MIRIBerkeley #sketchnotes
A favorite concept from the book is that “we already have something that does everything that humans can do, which is humans.” But the charming _bon mot_ is a disservice to the potential at-scale effects of ANI.
Eventually ANI may be able to do everything that humans can do, but do it faster, tirelessly, and cheaper than humans. We are going to have to get psych, civics, and law ahead of the potential displacement of humans. Some good news is that ANI will always need human partners.
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Steven Pinker (@sapinker) comes out with an essay titled, no less, "The Stupidity of Dignity" (2008). This is how you get Trump elected & re-elected, this is how you get Brexit, this is how you get really bad blowback. Utterly, stupidly, unnecessarily.
newrepublic.com/article/64674/…
Having started off in fine fashion by trolling the opposition *without actually achieving much thru the trolling*, Pinker then gets into what we could call #AcademicStrut, the Declaration Of Ego, dressed up over-intellectually. Let's examine this part:
1/ @sapinker's well-known problems with philosophy show up badly here. For one thing, the crucial point is dignity is an *intersubjective* concept, a social one appealing to conscience & group effort. Not just 'subjective', as Pinker wants to damn it. A complex but vital point.
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If you want to kill people, the most effective way to do this in the modern era (since gun laws and annoying people like the Police will make things awkward) is to persuade people to stop (or never start) a statin.

Over the long term, 1 in 10 will be killed by that choice.
You can even write books about it and make money.
And be seen as a crusader against a crooked medicogovernmental conspiracy.
The internet is a good place to operate, because most lay people can't distinguish scientific reasoning from pseudoscience, and because ...
Excellent question from Arnab:
Read 222 tweets

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