1/ Our paper on #SARSCoV2 infection, seroconversion and antibody positivity rates in English secondary schools following the emergence of the Alpha variant (B.1.1.7) is now online.

Here’s what we found …🧵

👉 journalofinfection.com/article/S0163-…
2/ We tested #SARSCoV2 infection and serum antibodies in nearly 2,000 staff and students attending 18 secondary schools in 6 English regions during Sep 2020, Dec 2020 and March 2021. Most students did not return to school after the Christmas holidays until their tests in Mar 2021 Image
3/ In March 2021, 1895 participants (1100 students:795 staff) were tested; 5.6% (61/1094) students and 4.4% (35/792) staff had laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection from December 2020-March 2021
4/ Nucleoprotein (N) antibodies are a measure of previous infection with #SARSCoV2. N antibodies were present in 36.3% (370/1018) of students & 31.9% (245/769) in staff when tested in March 2021 Image
5/ Spike protein (S) antibodies can be due to infection or vaccination. S antibodies were present in 39.5% (402/1018) of student & 59.8% (459/769) of staff, similar to regional community rates. Only adults were offered the vaccine, which is why they have ⬆️ S antibody positivity Image
6/ Between Dec 2020 & Mar 2021, 14.8% (97/656) students & 10.0% (59/590) staff went from antibody negative to positive (seroconverted). Weekly seroconversion rates similar from Sep-Dec 2020 (8.0/1000 each) & Dec 2020 to Mar 2021 (7.9/1000; students: 9.3/1,000; staff: 6.3/1000) Image
7/ In conclusion, a third of students & a third of staff had infection-induced antibodies by March 2021, with an additional third of staff having vaccine-induced antibodies, despite most of the country being in lockdown since Jan 2021 after emergence of Alpha variant in England
Implications: With ⬆️ transmission & ⬆️ infection rates with Delta variant, it’s likely that 50-70% of teens now have natural immunity against #SARSCoV2. This has important implications when considering benefits of vaccinating 12-15y in England & risks of vaccine reactions …/End

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Shamez Ladhani

Shamez Ladhani Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @ShamezLadhani

14 Sep
1/ How long do 2 doses of #COVID19 vaccines protect for? Who needs booster vaccinations?

Our team @phe_uk have just published a pre-print on vaccine effectiveness (VE) and duration of protection after 2 doses of Pfizer and AZ vaccines in adults … 🧵

👉 khub.net/documents/1359…
2/ We now have data for ~6 months post-vaccination & compare VE by age, comorbidity & #sarscov2 strain (Alpha/Delta)

We used a test-negative case-control design to estimate VE after 2 doses against PCR-confirmed disease, hospitalisation within 14d of PCR test & death within 28d
3/ In this analysis, 2 million adults (38.7%) had 2x AZ, 1.7 million (31.7%) had 2x Pfizer, 124k (2.4%) had 2x Moderna & 10k (0.2%) had mixed/other

There were 1.5 million cases (544k Alpha, 895k Delta, 37k other/unknown) & 3.8 million negative tests from 3.3 million adults
Read 11 tweets
12 Aug
1/ Following a barrage of Twitter abuse because of my quote about our School Infection Survey (SIS) results today, I would like to reiterate what we have learnt about #COVID19 after 9 million students returned to full-time in-person education in England in March this year 👇
2/ The UK went into national lockdown including school closures in Jan 2021 following emergence of the Alpha variant. #COVID19 cases declined rapidly & schools reopened fully on 08 Mar 2021 (wk 10) when the rest of England remained in lockdown 👉 gov.uk/government/sta…
3/ During the 3 weeks until Easter holidays (wks 10-13, black circle), we saw a small ⬆️ in #covid19 cases among primary school kids (red line) & (because of mass rapid antigen testing before schools reopening) a large short-lived spike in secondary school kids (green) 👇
Read 11 tweets
9 Aug
1/ There have been increasing claims, mainly in North American news outlets, that the #SARSCoV2 DELTA variant is causing more severe #COVID19 in kids compared to previous variants

Well, everything we know so far indicates that’s it’s *not* true. Here’s why…🧵
2/ It’s true that the delta variant is more transmissible the both the alpha variant & the original strains, which means that it will infect more people more quickly, but there is no evidence that the risk of infection or transmission to others is different in kids vs adults
3/ Because of its higher transmissibility, there will be more Delta variant cases &, since most adults in many countries are vaccinated against #COVID19, cases/hospitalisations may seem disproportionately ⬆️ in kids (especially teens) vs adults. This just shows that #VaccinesWork
Read 13 tweets
7 Aug
1/ It’s actually headline-grabbing news articles such as this that fuel conspiracy theories

The JCVI did not make a U-turn on vaccinating teens. The JCVI path to vaccinating teens has remained the same & their message has been consistent. Here’s why 🧵

2/ On 19 July 2021, JCVI issued advice on COVID-19 vaccination for teenagers

JCVI advised that those aged 12+ years with specific underlying health conditions that put them at risk of serious COVID-19 should be offered COVID-19 vaccination

👉 gov.uk/government/pub…
3/ For healthy teens, however, JCVI *deferred* the decision, specifically stating “Data on the incidence of these events [myocarditis in teens & young adults] are currently limited, & the longer-term health effects from the myocarditis events reported are not yet well understood”
Read 10 tweets
31 Jul
1/ Our preprint on #SARSCoV2 infection & transmission in secondary schools following the emergence of the Alpha variant in England is now online

We took multiple blood samples from ~2,000 students/staff for #SARSCoV2 antibodies. Here’s what we found 🧵

2/ In England, #Covid19 cases due to the Alpha variant increased rapidly from late Nov 2020, leading to national lockdown in Dec 2020, including school closures. When schools reopened fully in Mar 2021, we took blood samples from 1,895 students & staff in our sKIDsPLUS study
3/ Between December 2020 & March 2021, 5.6% (61/1094) students & 4.4% (35/792) staff had laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Most of these infections were acquired during community peaks in infections rates in December 2020, with a trickle of cases throughout lockdown
Read 8 tweets
29 Jul
1/ It was the JCVI that used basic immunological principles of vaccination to recommend a 12-week interval between #COVID19 vaccines to save more lives during the Alpha wave in the UK

Our paper (preprint) here shows why that was the right decision…🧵

2/ We tested #SARSCoV2 antibodies in adults aged 50-89 years and found that, for both Pfizer & AZ vaccines, 95% had seroconverted (developed antibodies) by 35-55 days after the first #COVID19 dose, and 100% by 7+ days after the second dose

👉 medrxiv.org/content/10.110…
3/ BUT, when the vaccines were given 9-11 weeks apart, antibody levels at 2-5 weeks after 2nd dose were 6x ⬆️ for Pfizer (6703; 95%CI, 5887-7633) than AZ (1093; 806-1483), which in turn were higher than Pfizer given 3-4 weeks apart (694; 540 - 893) 👉medrxiv.org/content/10.110…
Read 6 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!