Alberto Alemanno Profile picture
EU Law Professor @HECParis @collegeofeurope | EU Upstander @TheGoodLobby @VoterWOBorders @euroalter @wemoveEU @access_info @VoxEurop | #the17million | #YGL #EYL
Alberto Alemanno Profile picture 1 added to My Authors
16 Feb
El nombramiento de Mario Draghi - técnico y alto funcionario italiano - merece ser entendida a partir del espíritu de la Constitución como una expresión puramente política

Mi opinión con @GillesGressani en @el_pais… #Draghi #draghiPremier #italia
La urgencia del nombramiento de #Draghi no debe vincularse únicamente a la pandemia. La profunda crisis del sistema político italiano es anterior y duradera, aunque ha sido fuertemente agravada por la covid-19.
En la convulsión de la crisis sanitaria, económica, política e institucional que atraviesa la República italiana, nadie puede dudar ya de que existe un riesgo real de que una fuerza de extrema derecha con ascendencia fascista pueda determinar el Gobierno del país
Read 4 tweets
13 Feb
Will a Draghi-led government affect the EU?

Despite all the buzz, #Draghi’s mandate - by finding its legitimacy in multiple sanitary, economic & democratic emergencies affecting the country - is set to confine his action to Italy (spoiler)

A thread 🧵 Image
Contrary to conventional wisdom, #Draghi’s government is not technocratic but hybrid in nature with a surprisingly low-profile team, made of 2nd/3rd tier politicians and few technocrats without EU experience

This won’t help Mario in Brussels. Image
To see Draghi play some role in #euco need to wait few months, with Italian action plan submitted &validated, Covid-19 brought under control...

Ultimately, #draghi’s projection into EU conditional on his ability to make his incompatible supporting parties speak with 1 voice Image
Read 7 tweets
5 Feb
A group of academics denounced the lack of transparency regarding appointments to the European Public Prosecutor's Office @EUProsecutor

Very few noticed it then

The Council failed to motivate why it chose some candidates over others in 🇧🇪 🇵🇹 🇧🇬 THREAD…
@ProfPech and I filed a request to Council to gain access to those docs

No response

NOW the EU Parliament @EPPGroup @RenewEurope GUE @TheProgressives @GreensEFA made same request and likely to get the docs… 2/
In the meantime the council appointment decision has been challenged before the @EUCourtPress by Belgian (excluded) candidate

Will the EP follow suit? 60-delay expired 3/
Read 4 tweets
5 Feb
Mario Draghi’s influence on the EU project - as a PM sitting in #EUCO - might potentially be consequential

This will however highly contingent on the NATURE of his government

THREAD #Draghi
The first round of consultations suggests that a Draghi’s government might be:

1. Technocratic (made of independent experts of his will): LEAST likely

2. Hybrid (experts + political figures): MORE likely

3. Political (political figures picked by supporting parties)
By kicking off on a narrow initial majority, Draghi’s government set to rely on ‘variable majorities’:

on each file it will have to find a different constellation of support 3/
Read 6 tweets
3 Feb
How a Draghi's government would look like and entail for Italy?

Already depicted a major vindication by Matteo Renzi, the 4th technocratic government of Italy is set to produce major consequences for the Italian political system

1. A Draghi's government marks a major failure of the Italian political system and its class incapable to work meaningfully work in the country's interests

It's motivated by FEAR, and DISTRUST in the electoral democratic process.
2. Mario Draghi is the man who saved Europe during the Eurozone crisis, and today might be the only man able to save Italy having advocated for / inspired the formula underpinning Next Generation EU…
Read 8 tweets
30 Jan
The Council eventually agreed on its position on the Conference on the Future of Europe.

Despite being more conservative, it essentially confirms the nature of the blueprint put forward by the EP (12/19) and Comm (01/20)

#CoFoE’s launch IMMINENT via Joint Declaration THREAD ImageImage
When compared with the EP/Comm templates, the Council differs as:

1. No commitment to revise EU Treaties (EP did)

2. No reference to institutional reform (electoral law, SpitzenK)

3. Tripartite management (Sassoli+vdl+Michel) 2/ Image
When compared with the EP/Comm templates, the Council confirms :

1 EU-led consultation exercised jointly by 3 institutions

2 List of issues, but open to ‘other topics’

3 No direct involvement of civil society, but

-multilingual digital platform(s)
-citizens’ panels MS+pan-EU Image
Read 7 tweets
22 Jan
Who will lead the Conference on the Future of Europe? THREAD

As no EU institution wants to lose control, the Parliament, Commission & Council may jointly lead #Cofoe

Ironically that’s how they’re going to lose control. For good.

My take to @MehreenKhn @FT
After more than 1 year of inter-institutional wrangling, the only way out seems to set up a tripartite management structure.

Unclear how this will translate into chairs, but confirms the top-down nature of the exercise:

it’s an EU-sponsored and EU led initiative 2/
But does #cofoe really need a chair or chairs to work?

Why those have to be politicians and not civil society representatives? Why bot a mix of the two as in @opengovpart ?

I’ve discussed it with @jameskanter @euscreams… 3/
Read 7 tweets
14 Dec 20
Hungary & Poland just voted against #RuleofLaw mechanism, and reserved their right to challenge it before Court (as anticipated in #EUCO conclusions)

But there’s (much) more

Hungary (not Poland) states that its veto remains on the whole #MFF and just been temporarily lifted pending the imminent Court’s case 2/
The Commission declares to be bound by #EUCO interpretative declaration in toto, which it green lights as legal under the EU Treaties.

Quod non. 3/
Read 6 tweets
14 Dec 20
What’s next in the adoption of EU budget, notably of its #RuleofLaw Regulation, following #EUCO?

(Spoiler: More, much more than is currently reported)

THREAD #MFF #NextGenerationEU
Although #EUCO conclusions on RoL Regulation are a political document, they’re legally relevant as they might potentially (yet illegally) amend the new #ruleoflaw mechanism.

For this they must however be ‘transposed’ by Commission & Parliament…

Here’s a preview of Parliament’s draft resolution to be adopted this week opposing #EUCO attempt at amending the RoL Regulation.

No reference to motion of censure against @vonderleyen but antagonistic tone against Commission is unprecedented 3/
Read 6 tweets
9 Dec 20
Hungary/Poland lift their veto on EU budget, after being reassured that new #RuleOfLaw mechanism won't be applied to them until a judgment of ECJ will define 'methodology' to be applied.

This is not only unprecedented, but also LEGALLY questionable THREAD #EUCO 1/ Image
The draft #EUCO Conclusions, a non-legally binding political declaration, de facto suspend application of #RuleOfLaw mechanism.

As such, notably point 2 c), could be challenged by an EU institution, such as the European Parliament, before @EUCourtPress as ULTRA VIRES 2/ Image
Regardless of whether #EUCO conclusions will be challenged, the inaction of the Commission while omitting to apply #RuleOfLaw mechanism pending the Court's judgement might also be challenged before the ECJ.

Art. 5 of the rule of law mechanism says that the Commission "shall" 3/ Image
Read 8 tweets
17 Mar 20
🆘 As ~150 million Europeans are homeconfined, Germans & Belgians walk freely across their cities. British kids still go to school. Shops are open in Sweden.

How to make sense of these conflicting realities when we — EU citizens — are all equally affected by #COVID2019 ? THREAD
How do we assimilate that each European country and people contributing differently to the attainment of a shared aim: the containment of the disease in a border-free Europe? #COVID2019 #CoronavirusOutbreak
But who’s really to blame for the current EU uncoordinated situation on #COVID2019 ? The EU cannot close schools, or lock down European cities. It cannot even close borders to curb the spreading of the virus. Only its member countries can do that (and some just did) #COVID2019
Read 4 tweets
8 Mar 20
🆘 What scares me the most about #COVIDー19 ? Disregard for Risk vs Risk trade-offs: 1. if you close schools kids stay with grandparents (sensitive group) 2. if you recommend masks people wash less their hands 3. If you announce red zones, people flee with the virus #Coronavirus
A case study of total disregard for risk vs risk tradeoffs is: Italy, where no #COVID2019 measure has been considered against its unintended consequences. An illustration? Think of the increased risk exposure of senior population to virus generated by school closures #Italy
The unfolding of #Coronavirus reveals an embarrassingly modest risk literacy of our decision-makers, whose decisions are disregarding libraries of risk perception and communication studies #availabilityheuristic #probabilityneglect #COVID2019
Read 4 tweets
29 Jan 20
Conference on the Future of Europe: after the European Parliament & the Commission, now it’s the Council set to prepare its blueprint. Here’s an initial analysis based on council first discussion document THREAD #CoFoE #EUCO Image
If the European Parliament proposed a top-down blueprint, leaving aside NGOs’ participation in exchange for citizens’ agoras, the Commission watered down that model by invoking the “successful citizens dialogues” as THE approach to follow Image
The Council discussion document on #CofoE departs even further from the EP blueprint:

- no explicit reference to Agoras or other form of citizens’ assemblies (but citizens’ dialogues mentioned at template) Image
Read 5 tweets
6 Jan 20
What to expect for Europe in 2020? As the EU enters a new policy cycle, here’s to a few predictions that I’ve shared with @euronews #THREAD 1/9
The new EU political leadership overpromised by generating outsized expectations that might reveal too difficult to manage:

1. Defend EU interests vs US & China 2. Take the lead on climate change 3. Tackle rebellious EU illiberal democracies 4. Tame big tech 5. Overcome Brexit
1. The #Suleimani assassination is already putting to test the self-proclaimed first EU ‘geopolitical’ Commission, which has lost in few hours the major EU foreign policy legacy of @JunckerEU @FedericaMog : the nuclear deal #JCPOA | the EU will be bystander of #iran situation
Read 10 tweets
19 Dec 19
How the Conference on the future of Europe will look like? And what will it actually do?

After months of speculation, it's the European Parliament – not the Commission that first initiated #CoFoE – to offer 1st blueprint.

Here’s an initial analysis THREAD @threadreaderapp
(Spoiler): The Conference is in essence a Constitutional Convention model PLUS, but whose 'plus' is so tiny that fails to capture the unprecedented vivacity of EU civil society and mismanage expectations after #EP2019 #CoFoE
Despite its constitutional ambitions, #CoFoE won’t be a grandiloquent Convention entrusted to draft Constitution for EU. Yet a closer look suggests it'll play a similar role: to prepare a set of “concrete recommendations” that may be turned into legislative and/or Treaty changes
Read 12 tweets
14 Nov 19
🤔Why did the EU Commission decide to open an infringement proceeding against the UK for failing to nominate a Commissioner?
Far from being a belligerent or retaliatory act, this is legitimate use of prerogatives to speed up vote on @vonderleyen Commission 1/5 THREAD
First, this is NOT (yet) a legal action, but the first step of a iterative process between the EU Commission and UK, with the former being expected to respond by Nov 22 2/5 #brexit
Second, before bringing the UK to Court, the Commission has to prepare a reasoned opinion against the UK defining the alleged breach before the Court. Only in case of non satisfactory or non response, the Commission may start legal action 3/5 #brexit
Read 5 tweets
26 May 19
What are the major takes of #EUelections2019 ? (thread) 1/7

“The 2019 EU elections will come down in history as giving birth to an embryonic form of EU political space" #EUelections2019
“The record-high turn-out across the continent proves that these elections were felt differently. The unfolding of Brexit as well as unprecedented mobilization by both political parties & civil society ahead of the vote contributed to make these elections more salient" 2/7 #EU
“While these #EUelections seemingly remained a largely domestic affair, with national referenda on governing parties, in countries such as France, Italy and Greece, these elections mark the birth of a more political Europe” 3/7 #EUelections2019
Read 8 tweets