Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #WWII

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Army Nurse Corps 2LT Elsie Ott became the first woman to receive the U.S. Air Medal. Stationed in India with the U.S. Army Air Forces, she was assigned to an air evacuation unit.

#Armyhistory Image
On 17 Jan 1943,Lieutenant Ott was aboard an aircraft in route from Karachi, India, to Washington, D.C., with five patients bound for Walter Reed Army Hospital. She was a member of the flight crew that made the first ever intercontinental evacuation of patient by aircraft.
Counting intermediate stops, the flight took one week, evacuation by hospital ship would have taken about three months. During the flight, LT Ott kept detailed notes that improved patient care as the Army continued to develop its innovative aeromedical evacuation procedures. Image
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I don't think we talk enough about how Italy ran at least 16 concentration camps during #WWII where Mussolini ethnically cleansed Croatians, Slavs, and Jews. Italy really just tried to memory-holed their atrocities.
When the camps were shut down in 1943, the Jewish survivors who couldn't flee were shipped to Auschwitz 🙃
Like, how the fuck is Mussolini's party literally back in power in Italy and we're all acting like that's normal and okay? Image
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On the night of 22 March 1945, elements of the XII Corps' 5th Infantry Division began the Third Army's assault crossing of the Rhine River.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #MilitaryHistory #WWIIEurope Image
The assault troops met no resistance when they reached the east bank at Nierstein. Farther upstream at Oppenheim, however, the first wave of boats came under heavy German automatic weapons fire before they were halfway across.
Despite the heavy opposition for about thirty minutes, the assault boats continued over. Once across, the infantrymen attacked and forced the surrender of scattered enemy strongpoints. By midnight assault units had expanded the bridgehead and attacked villages beyond the river. Image
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After attacking Palawan and Mindanao, General MacArthur directed the capture of the now-isolated Central Visayas, or Visayan islands, of Panay, Negros, Cebu, and Bohol.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC
While Filipino guerrillas controlled much of the countryside, 30,000 Japanese troops held the vital coastal town. Beyond his immediate objective to liberate the Philippines, the two ports were to be important staging areas for the expected invasion of Japan.

The four islands were in close geographical proximity, but the high mountain range that ran north-south down Negros divided the region into two areas of operations, code named VICTOR I and VICTOR II.

#MilitaryHistory #WWIIPAcific #Philippines #Visayas @USArmy @TRADOC @FORSCOM
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- The Man Who Fought in WWII with a Sword and a Bow 🧵 -

Born into an old Oxfordshire family, Jack Churchill graduated from the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst in 1926 #Svagaiature #WWII #History #Scotland #Trivia (1/16) Image
In 1930 he left the Army and worked as an editor of a Nairobi newspaper, a model, and a movie extra, he even participated to the 1939 bow World Championship representing Britain (2/16) Image
In 1940 Jack felt the call of duty and re-joined the Army becoming the second in command of an infantry platoon. Everything fine, if it wasn’t for the fact that Mad Jack always marched into battle with bow, arrows and his trusty basket-hilted claymore by his side (3/16)
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1) Het #COC is ontstaan door een hitstige verzetsheld uit de #WWII. Hij ging de homo-acceptatie in #NL bevorderen, met behulp van andere hitstige helden. En daar zitten we nu, verplicht opgescheept met #ltbtqiaap #ltbtqia+ #ltbttq #transitie #queer enz.
Eerst ff dit vooraf:
2) In 2012 heeft #CDA-minister #Bijsterveldt voorlichting over homo en transseksualiteit VERPLICHT gesteld op ALLE scholen in Nederland. (Nog bedankt bitch).
Veel leden uit het kabinet zijn verbonden aan het #COC. En er worden prijzen uitgedeeld (t is niet waar..) 🎖🏆#Bergkamp
3) Eén van die #COC-prijzen viel mij op: 🎖De Bob Angelo Penning🎖
De #ltbtq-priester Wielie Elhorst ontving deze ook. En #Halsema gaf hem de titel 'Ridder in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau'.
Wie is die Bob Angelo, en wat maakt die prijs zo belangrijk? Wie winnen die dan? Dacht ik.
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TRIVIA TUESDAY: The Victory Book Campaign

The Victory Book Campaign (VBC) was a nationwide book drive est. in 1941 by the American Library Association, the American Red Cross, and the United Service Organizations (USO). It provided books to those serving overseas during #WWII Image
The VBC’s first national director was Althea Warren. She took a leave of absence from her job as head librarian of the Los Angeles Public Library to oversee the campaign. Warren contacted librarians across the country to volunteer with her. #WomensHistoryMonth @USArmy @TRADOC
Warren created specialized committees to handle the VBC’s publicity, book collection, and book distribution. She got other organizations to participate in the VBC, including book publishers, universities, the Works Projects Association, and the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts. Image
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With the establishment of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) in World War II, women entered military service as something other than nurses for the first time.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #WW2 #WW2History #WomensHistoryMonth
The original concept for the WAAC was to assign women to critical non-combat roles and “free a man to fight.” They were expressly excluded from combat-related duties, and – as the name "auxiliary" implied – were not considered a formal part of the Army.
However, Army Chief of Staff GEN George C. Marshall experimented with allowing women to serve in a limited combat role as range-finder operators with anti-aircraft artillery (AAA) units of the Coast Artillery Corps (CAC) in the Continental United States beginning in 1942.
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"WAR TIME" or better known as Daylight Saving Time (DST) begins tonight as we "Spring Forward" one hour!! The idea for DST first began as early as the 1700's as a way to maximize daylight working hours and later into the early 1900's as a way to save electricity and coal.
It was the Germans during #WWI who first practiced DST on April 30, 1916 as a way to conserve electricity for the war effort. The British who had been considering it for years followed a few weeks later.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #DaylightSavingsTime #DST #MilitaryHistory
When America entered the war they also adjusted to DST in March of 1918 but it was so despised that it was repealed by President Wilson in 1919.

@USArmy @TRADOC @TradocCG @SecArmy @ArmyChiefStaff @FORSCOM
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With opns on Los Negros in the mopping up stage, the 1st Cav Division's 2d BDE moved on Manus, the next island across Seeadler Harbor in the Admiralty archipelago.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #WWIIPacific #1stcav
On 11 March, reconnaissance patrols landed on three small offshore islands, including Hauwei and Butjo Luto, to determine if they were suitable for positioning artillery to support the amphibious landing on Manus.
On 12 March, 2d Squadron of the 7th Cav made an amphibious assault with air, naval gunfire and artillery support, and overcame the Japanese defenders the next day with the aid of a tank. The division then positioned two field artillery battalions on Hauwei and one on Butjo Luto.
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As the campaign to liberate the Philippines continued, U.S. and Filipino forces prepared to attack Mindanao, the southernmost island in the archipelago, in Operation VICTOR IV.

#Armyhistory #USArmy
Intelligence reported the Japanese had established strong defensive positions around of the city of Zamboanga at the southern tip of the Zamboanga peninsula. Filipino guerrillas seized a makeshift airstrip at Dipolog, about 145 miles northeast of Zamboanga City.
The Americans airlifted elements of the 21st Infantry, 24th Infantry Division, to exploit the opportunity and ensured control of the airstrip.

#TRADOC #MilitaryHistory #Mindinao #Philippines
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Even now, many pages in the history of the Soviet Union remain a mystery.

Documents released shortly before the dissolution of the #USSR confirmed that many of its statesmen, politicians, diplomats, as well as military and intelligence officers, had been born in #Ukraine. Image
In the very first years of the Soviet Union’s existence, Ukrainian Bolsheviks played an important role in building what became the world's largest ever state.

They engaged in the ‘Ukrainization’ that aimed to replace Russian language and culture there during the #Stalin years.
Soviet policy allowed the Ukrainian SSR to become a fairly independent entity. Moreover, many Party officials from Ukraine held key positions in the USSR right up until its collapse.

This thread seeks to explore what influence Ukrainians had on the Soviet Union’s development.
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After the United States entry into #WWII Alaska was vulnerable to attack. The only means of supplying military forces there was by air or sea, both of which were vulnerable to Japanese interdiction.
With the agreement of Canada, the U.S. government moved on plans to build an overland supply route from the Canadian railhead and road junction town of Dawson's Creek in British Columbia, across Yukon to Fairbanks, Alaska.
Work began on 8 March by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) along with civilian contractors and Canadian military personnel to create a "primitive road" before winter. The need to finish accelerated when Japanese forces invaded the Aleutian Islands in June 1942.
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"Women who stepped up were measured as citizens of the nation, not as women. This was a people's war, and everyone was in it."
– COL Oveta Culp Hobby, first director of the Women’s Army Corps (WAC)
A dedicated civil servant and lifelong advocate for women in American public life, COL Oveta Culp Hobby helped open the door to women serving in uniform in the active components of the U.S. Army.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #WAC #WW2 #WW2History #WomensHistoryMonth
Culp Hobby’s service to the nation began in 1941, when she became the leader of the War Dept. Women’s Interest Section. She held this role until 1942, when she was appointed to lead the new Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), an Army auxiliary meant to fill manpower gaps.
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The 9th Armored Division was advancing toward the Rhine River as part of an offensive, when a tank-infantry task force from its Combat Command B reached the high ground on the edge of the west bank resort city of Remagen. Image
The commander of the leading company reported the Ludendorff railroad bridge was still intact. Retreating German troops and fleeing civilian refugees were still crossing even as the enemy prepared it for demolition.
Lieutenant Colonel Leonard Engman, the task force commander, ordered 1st Lieutenant Karl Timmermann to lead the men of Company A, 27th Armored Infantry Battalion in a hasty attack to seize the bridge and establish a foothold on the far bank. Image
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As the Allies advanced in Burma, Gen Joseph Stilwell sent the 5307th Composite Unit, called GALAHAD, better known as "Merrill's Marauders" on a wide march around the Japanese right to cut the enemy's communications.
They were named for their commander Brigadier General Frank Merrill. While the Chinese advanced slowly, the commander of the Japanese 18th Division left a force to block the Chinese while he attacked to destroy the new threat to his rear.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #WWII
The Americans made their way through thick jungle and occasionally clashed with Japanese, to reach their objective on 3 March. They established two roadblocks and dug in with the 3d BN at the Kachin village of Walawbum, the 2d northwest, and the 1st in reserve.
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On the site of today's Graz Airport in Austria is where the world's first concentration camp once stood: Thalerhof.

During #WWI, #Thalerhof was known as the cruellest torture chamber of all Austrian prisons in the Habsburg Empire.

Who was kept there and what was their crime?
Their only crime was being Russian.
The Austro-Hungarian authorities imprisoned leaders of the Russophile movement among Carpatho-Rusyns, Lemkos, and Galicians; those who recognized the Russian language as the literary standard form of their own Slavic language varieties and had sympathy for the Russian Empire.
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The battle for Manila, capital of the Philippines, began on 4 February 1945 as the 1st Cavalry Division in the north and the 11th Airborne Division in the south reported Japanese resistance in the city was stiffening.

After liberating the Santo Tomas and Bilibid prisoner of war camps, the XIV Corps continued its advance. The corps commander divided the northern section of the city into two sectors, the 37th Inf DVN responsible for the eastern half and the 1st Cavalry on the western part.
By the afternoon of the 8 February, 37th Division units had cleared most Japanese from their sector, but the costliest fighting occurred on Provisor Island, where enemy defenders held out at the small industrial center on the Pasig River until 11 February.
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let's talk about an irony—or maybe it's just a delusion: the fact that pampered elitist gasbags like @mtaibbi and @jonathanchait, people seeded into a high social bracket from the start, who have more money and power than 99.9% of humanity, think they're "working class".

or at least people like @mtaibbi and @NateSilver538 like to affect a pose of being true representatives of working-class spirit, not like those Internet basement-dwellers and "woke mind virus" people.

now, that's an old right-wing pose. @RonaldReagan pretended the same.

@RonaldReagan was a Hollywood celebrity—albeit a withered and ludicrous one—and additionally he'd avoided military service, taking advantage of the fact that #WWII sent lots of leading men overseas, which meant that actors who stayed behind (like Reagan) got more parts.

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A five-month lull in ground combat operations followed the Papuan and Guadalcanal campaigns, although there was much action on the sea and in the air.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #USAAF #WWIIPAcific #MilitaryHistory
On 1 March 1943, Allied scout planes sighted a large enemy convoy of eight destroyers and eight transports with a 100 fighter-plane escort. Allied Air Forces engaged the Japanese in what became the Battle of the Bismarck Sea on 2-3 March.
About 335 U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) and Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) planes based on Papua attacked the convoy, and assisted by 8 motor-torpedo (PT) boats in the mop-up phase on 4 March, did great damage.

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1/14 70th anniversary of #Germany's #DebtCancellation after #WWII! This laid the foundation for 🇩🇪’s economic "miracle". Here’s why a debt cancellation for the Global South is a necessary precondition to enable a #JustTransition & #ClimateJustice!
🧵👇 Projection by Koala Kollektiv
2/14 History taught us how intelligent debt policy works. February 27, 2023, marks the 70th anniversary of the cancellation of 🇩🇪’s debt. This contributed decisively to the reconstruction of a heavily war-torn country.… #DebtForClimate #LondonAgreement1953
3/14 Through the #LondonAgreement1953, signed on February 27, 1953, during the the age of bloc confrontation, the young 🇩🇪 nation was closely tied to the Western defense alliance. #DebtForClimate #CancelTheDebt
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Among the most iconic units to fight in WWII were the Tuskegee Airmen, a group of all-Black fighter and bomber units which proved that Black airmen were just as capable as their white counterparts.

#Armyhistory #USArmy
The leading edge of the Tuskegee Airmen was the 99th Fighter Squadron (originally the 99th Pursuit Squadron). The first of the U.S. Army Air Forces units collectively called the Tuskegee Airmen, the men of the 99th began training in Tuskegee, Alabama, in 1941.
Armed with P-40 Warhawks, the 99th shipped off to the Mediterranean Theater in APR 1943. Under the command of LTC Benjamin O. Davis Jr. (who went on to become the USAF’s first Black general), the 99th provided critical tactical combat support to U.S. Army operations. @TradocCG
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After powerful air and naval preparatory bombardments, XI Corps launched a coordinated airborne and amphibious invasion of the strategic rock fortress of Corregidor.

#Armyhistory #USArmy #TRADOC #Corregidor #MilitaryHistory Image
One battalion of the 503d Parachute Regimental Combat Team jumped in on the western portion of the island, followed by an amphibious assault by 3d Battalion of the 34th Regimental Combat Team (RCT), 24th Infantry Division, on San Jose beach southwest of Malinta Hill.
Another battalion of paratroopers dropped later that afternoon. The 503d PRCT and 3d Battalion, 34th RCT quickly joined forces to eliminate the main system of cave and tunnel defenses running through the Malinta Hill district. Image
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The U.S. and #NATO are using #Ukraine in the same way that #Hitler did in #WWII: as a wedge to drive between #Russia and the West.

Just as we dangle the carrot of #NATO membership today, Germany made similar false promises to Ukranian nationalists of defense assistance in 1939.
The #Nazis told their Ukrainian nationalist collaborators that the independence of #Ukraine needed to wait until after they helped Germany win the war. (A promise #Hitler never intended to keep.)
In the Political Diaries of Alfred Rosenberg, he bargained that Ukraine would provide the German war effort raw materials and food during the war, and independent statehood would come when the Germans achieved victory.
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