Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #OTD

Most recents (24)

On this day in 1934, the inhabitants of Tafjord and Fjora, Norway🇳🇴, have been awakened by a strange sound in the night. A few minutes later, a huge tsunami wave destroyed houses and boats and killed 40 people. Most of them will never be found. ⬇️

#OTD #tsunami #landslide

The culprit ? A rock avalanche of about 3 million m3, which the scar is still visible (see orange line). The generated waves (at least three) reached an altitude of 62 m above sea level (more than two blue whales 🐋!!).

I let you see the damages by yourselves with these before and after pictures taken in Fjora. The source is a website with incredible testimonies.

Feel the vibe: "Dead cats, goats and lambs are found in the bushes" 🐈🐐🐑

Read 6 tweets
#OTD 1976. James Callaghan becomes Labour’s fourth Prime Minister.

The leadership contest was the first to be fought in thirteen years following the shock resignation of Harold Wilson

A thread looking at the battle between Callaghan, Foot, Healey, Jenkins, Crosland and Benn
Wilson had given Callaghan a heads up in the days before telling him he ‘should begin to make preparations for the inevitable contest’…
The bookmakers @LadPolitics priced it as follows:

James Callaghan 4/5
Denis Healey 7/4
Tony Crosland 7/2 in from 20/1
Roy Jenkins 5/1
Tony Benn 10/1
Michael Foot 12/1
Shirley Williams 20/1
Eric Varley 25/1
Read 54 tweets
#OTD in 1865, as Grant sought to cut the supply lines of the besieged Rebel army, Robert E. Lee sent a message to George Pickett: “Hold Five Forks at all hazards.”

Now, when someone tells ME to hold five forks, I go to lunch.

And, folks, that’s exactly what Pickett did …
Pickett will always be known for his “charge.” But for my money, the Most Pickett Moment of the War (remember: he was last in his class at West Point) was when Lee told him, in his most desperate hour: “You MUST defend this crossroads.”

And George went to a Shad Bake instead.
Many of you are wondering: “What the hell is a shad bake? Is it an 1860s euphemism?” No, it’s a real thing -- shad are fish that spawn in rivers along the Atlantic coast, and you bake them on planks outside around a fire. If you want to get in trouble on Twitter, call it a “BBQ.”
Read 15 tweets
#OTD 1966 General Election. Labour Landslide.

Winning a majority of 96 seats, Harold Wilson hails the victory as the ‘greatest in peacetime’.

Labour ran its campaign with the slogan ‘You know Labour government works’ and were rewarded with their biggest majority since 1945.
The BBC coverage was presented by Cliff Michelmore, with expert analysis from Ian Trethowan, Robert Mackenzie and David Butler.

Robin Day conducted the interviews

Watch here

From Huyton, Wilson (2:35) spoke to the BBC:

He joked that ‘the more I am away from Huyton, the bigger my majority’
Read 16 tweets
#OTD 1979. Vote of Confidence in the Callaghan Government. After a Commons debate, Labour are defeated by one vote, triggering a General Election.

The story of one of the most dramatic nights in British Political History 👇
In August 1978, the Lib-Lab Pact – which had helped sustain Callaghan in office – disbanded with an expectation that an election would be called for October 1978.
The delay of dissolution has since become one of the great ifs of British politics.

Callaghan claimed he did not want to ‘undergo once again the frustration and uncertainty of no parliamentary majority’ and could not be sure of securing one…
Read 48 tweets
#OTD 1988. Tony Benn challenges Neil Kinnock for the Labour Party leadership.

Seen as Benn’s ‘log shot for final glory’ it was criticised as a 'distraction' by Kinnock as Labour came to terms with a third electoral defeat in a row.

A thread revisiting the 193 day contest...
Tony Benn was the strongest critic of the party’s Policy Review.

He argued Kinnock was ‘increasingly intolerant’ and ‘authoritarian’ in his manner and ‘gave a general impression of indecisiveness and weakness’ on policy.
Benn argued that Labour should be responding radically to Thatcher’s ‘police state’ and that ‘we are fighting a very hard right and they can only be beaten by a left that fights very hard’
Read 52 tweets
#OTD #OscarRomero Arbishop of #SanSalvador was celebrating Mass in chapel of the hospital where he lived. a warm day. From the altar, he saw an assassin line him up thru the open door. Romero didn't flinch to protect others. His clothing shows the sweat 1/
In 2018, I was fortunate to travel with @RomeroTrust on pilgrimage to beautiful #ElSalvador to explore #Romero's life & legacy. Armed guards outside most shops reminded us of the gang scourge. But the beauty & dignity of those we met was unforgettable. 2/
Those who knew Romero: the sister of a murdered priest, Fr Octavio Ortiz, who lost 5 brothers in the war; the young lawyer who worked with Romero on cases of the disappeared. In every village, Romero's memory is revered as the priest who stood with them in crisis & death. 3/
Read 8 tweets
The mathematician Emmy Noether was born #OTD in 1882. She made groundbreaking advances in abstract algebra, and her eponymous theorems articulated the deep connection between symmetries and conserved quantities in physics.
Image: Public domain, photographer unknown
Emmy Noether began university at a time when women studying mathematics were only allowed to sit in on lectures. Even then, the professor’s permission was required.
She spent her first two years at Erlangen, then a year at Göttingen where she attended lectures by Hilbert, Klein, Minkowski, and Schwarzschild. Noether returned to Erlangen, where she began her doctorate in 1904. Three years later she was done, summa cum laude.
Read 36 tweets
The physicist Robert Millikan was born #OTD in 1868. He is best known for his “oil drop” experiment that measured the charge of the electron, but his next experiment may have been even more important.
Image: APS
Millikan’s measurement of the electron charge took place over the period 1908-1912, when he was a professor at the University of Chicago, and it won him a Nobel Prize. So what was his next experiment, and why was it so important?
In 1905, Einstein published his paper on the photoelectric effect. It asserted the reality of quanta. That is, light with frequency f exists only in discrete bundles of energy E = h f.
Read 9 tweets
#OTD 1976. Harold Wilson shocks the world as he resigns as Labour leader after thirteen years.

'The man who came near to making Labour a natural party of government’

A thread on his resignation:
Wilson had planned his retirement months in advance and had decided that he would not go on past the age of 60.

In September 1975, Wilson he told the Queen of his plans to resign at Balmoral.
On Wilson’s 60th Birthday, the Labour Government was defeated on its public expenditure programme after thirty-seven MPs abstained in protest over Chancellor Denis Healey’s cuts.
Read 36 tweets
#OTD 1938. The Anschluss - the German annexation of Austria.

In the Commons two days later, Clement Attlee warns 'We are face to face with events grave in themselves, which may lead us far to still graver events'
'I believe that the hearts of all of us will go out to those who may be imperilled there today, or captives, the Catholics, the Socialists and the Jews, or any others who may suffer'
'We are face to face with an issue which demands something more than a standing firm against further aggression. If the League is to stand firm on its principles, it must stand firm for building up a world of law and a world of justice'
Read 5 tweets
March 9, 1992: Israel's Sixth Prime Minister, Menachem Begin, dies at the age of 78.

1/ Menachem Begin was one of the giants of Israeli history. Born in the city of Brest, then in the Russian Empire in 1913, he saw first-hand the ravages of antisemitism. Raised in a traditional Jewish house, he was raised a fervent Zionist, when he joined Betar at age 16.
2/ He studied law at the University of Warsaw, and learned the oratory and rhetoric skills that would follow him throughout his life. He founded a self-defense group of Jewish students to stop antisemitic harassment, and became a disciple of Zeev #Jabotinsky in 1935.
Read 35 tweets
In my #OTD threads I try my best to draw attention to important scientists who historically haven't received the same recognition as their peers. A science education involves a lot of lore: Stories and anecdotes meant to flesh out a narrative about the development of a field.
In my field –– physics –– that lore typically involves work done by white men. (Not exclusively, just predominantly.) And if that is all you ever hear about, then it's easy for those stories to become the things you tell to your own students.
It's hard for a student to see a place for themself in a field if those stories never involve someone they can identify with. And there's lots of ways to identify, I know, but there has to be some representation in there.
Read 44 tweets
Physicist & chemist Richard Chace Tolman, who showed that electricity in metal is due to the flow of electrons, developed relativistic applications of thermodynamics, & served as science advisor to Gen. Leslie Groves during WWII, was born #OTD in 1881.
Image: Caltech/Oregon State
Tolman is also one of my favorite scientists from the first half of the 20th century, for reasons that I’ll explain below.
Most of Tolman's work is what we would describe as “theory.” But he produced a very important experimental result in 1916! Working with T. Dale Stewart, Tolman confirmed the popular view that electrical current in a metal is due to the flow of electrons.…
Read 43 tweets
#OTD 75 years ago, Major Fred Tilston of the Essex Scottish Regiment was awarded the Victoria Cross for outstanding gallantry while leading his company in the Hochwald Forest. He was wounded 3 times and lost both his legs and an eye.
LAC MIKAN 3524165 & 4233491)
His company's objective was the Schmachdarm on the west side of the Hochwald Forest. The approach was across open fields well sited by German anti-tank guns, mortars, and MGs.
The Schmachdarm is visible in the bottom left corner of this air photo, in the notch in the woods.
This photo shows a German anti-tank gun position captured by the Essex Scottish during the action for which Tilston was awarded the VC. The field of fire of the gun across the open field is clear as is the mortar and its rounds behind the gun.
LAC MIKAN 3396316
Read 20 tweets
#OTD 1900. The Labour Party is founded.

The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) is formed in London following a socialist conference.

The 129 delegates pass Keir Hardie's motion to create a distinct group to represent working class people in Parliament.
It consisted of separate groupings such as the I.L.P, the marxist S.D.F and the Fabian Society. In total, delegates came from 65 trade unions, 3 socialist societies and between them represented of 550,000 organised workers.
Elected to the Executive Committee were trade unionists; Frederick Rogers (Vellum Book Binders); Thomas Greenall (Miners); Richard Bell (Railways); Peter Curran (Gas); Allan Gee (Textile); Alec Wilkie (Shipwrights) and John Hodge (Steel)
Read 17 tweets
#OTD 1986. Labour NEC votes to expel members of Militant after a report finds it operating as a 'party within a party'

The report claims ‘threats and acts of physical intimidation’ and numerous ‘constitutional and organisational breaches' occurred in Liverpool

A thread 👇
The inquiry into Militant in Liverpool was instigated by David Blunkett as a compromise. Following Kinnock’s famous attack on Militant at the 1985 conference, Blunkett suggested the trade unions investigate their finances and recommend a course of action.
After the findings were rejected by the City Council, the Labour NEC instigated a motion to investigate the ‘procedures and practices of Liverpool District Labour Party’ on November 26th 1985.
Read 27 tweets
#OTD 1966. Jennie Lee publishes paper on the ‘University in the Air’ which later became the @OpenUniversity

Initially dismissed as ‘Wilson’s Pipe Dream’, the OU would give millions of people access to higher education

Thread on how on Labour turned the 'dream' into a reality 👇
Harold Wilson claimed the idea for the ‘University of the Air’ came to him on a flight back to Britain after a lecturing tour of Chicago University in 1963. He observed their novel teaching methods such as postal correspondence, TV and radio lectures and telephone tutorials
The first public intervention on the idea came in his ‘University of the Air’ speech in Glasgow in September 1963.

Having been leader for just eight months, Wilson was keen to adopt the language of the future, building up to his ‘White Heat’ speech on technology.
Read 32 tweets
#OTD one hundred years ago, the first speech by a woman in the House of Commons was given by Nancy Astor, MP for Plymouth Sutton between 1919–45. (1/7)
In her speech, she reflected that “I know that it is very difficult for some to receive the first lady MP into the House”. She once said that male MPs would rather have had a rattlesnake in Parliament than a woman. (2/7)
Although Astor hadn’t been a suffragette, she told her fellow MPs that “you must remember that women have got a vote now, and we mean to use it and use it wisely”. In 1918, 8.5 million women over 30, meeting property requirements, had won the vote for the first time. (3/7)
Read 7 tweets
#OTD 21 Feb 1970 a bomb planted by #Palestinian PFLP-GC #terrorists blew up on Swissair Flight SR330 from Zurich, Switzerland to HK with stopover in Tel Aviv, Israel, causing the plane to crash, killing all 47 passengers and crew. #TerrorVictims…
The photos above are of some of the Israel victims of the attack.
Benny Abutbul, 43.
Adela Falk, 56.
Natan Allenzweig, 53.
Yossef Bazovsky, 50.
Melanie Horn, 60.
Paul Horn, 64.
Bert Naim, 33.
Hanoch Lev Kochav, 42.
Mordechai Mona, 42.
Hanoch Milvitsky, 59.
Rafael Noyberger, 44.
Marcel Attiya, 30.
Francoise Freudenberger, 50.
Michael Koren, 39.
I apologise for possible spelling mistakes in the names, translated from Hebrew.
Read 4 tweets

#OTD in 1945, #Dresden was razed to the ground by the British & Americans. The air crews should not be vilified for carrying out orders & avenging the dead, but here are some images of Dresden which illustrate the monstrosity of 'Total War'. /1
1) Bomber Command & the Eighth Air Force knew that Dresden's population had swollen considerably due to refugees fleeing the Soviets in the east. An idea of this over-crowding is given by this packed train at Dresden's Hauptbahnhof. In this picture, most of them are women. /2
2) "Flüchtlingselend!" ('Refugee Misery!') Here, a little boy rubs his eyes as a man sleeps wherever he can lay his head, flanked by another child. With nowhere to sleep, many refugees slept out in the open streets & public squares of #Dresden throughout 1944 & 1945. /3
Read 8 tweets
#OTD 1975. Margaret Thatcher becomes Conservative Party leader.

Seen as a party in terminal electoral decline, pundits wondered whether they could ever win again with their first woman leader

A thread revisiting the contest, the state of the nation and how Labour responded
By February 1975, the Conservatives were seen to be in electoral decline.

Under Heath the party had lost the 1964, 1966, 1974 Feb and 1974 Oct elections to Harold Wilson’s Labour.
Thatcher became the ‘stalking horse’ candidate to challenge Heath with few expecting her to win the contest.
Read 29 tweets
#OTD 80 yrs ago, the USSR began the first #WWII mass deportation of citizens from Poland’s eastern borderlands occupied by the Soviets on Sept. 17, 1939. Deported from Stanisławów prov. at 11 yrs old, Adam J. drew the deportation train scene he witnessed from within a cattle car.
On the drawing, Adam noted: “Bolsheviks are chasing the civilian population away from train cars in which they were deporting Poles”. During #WWII, Polish civilians were deported by the USSR in four waves: February 10, 1940, April 13, 1940, June 1940, and June 1941.
This map – created by the Cartography Service of the Polish Army in the East – estimates the total number of Polish citizens (1,050,000) deported by the USSR from Soviet occupied eastern Poland during the years 1939-1941. Results are shown by region. #WWII
Read 25 tweets
Bruce McCandless and Robert Stewart, mission specialists on the Space Shuttle Challenger during STS-41-B, performed the first untethered spacewalks #OTD in 1984. They used nitrogen-propelled maneuvering units.
Images: NASA…
This photo is McCandless about 320 feet out.

He is a football field away from the shuttle, with no tether.

No astronaut had ever been that far from their ship while in space.
Image: NASA
There is trusting the laws of orbital mechanics on paper, and then there is strapping yourself into a maneuvering unit and wandering off from your ship while moving at 7 km/s.
Read 5 tweets

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