The "very long-run" solution to Kashmir, to my mind, lies in engineering gradual demographic change and cultural transformation
"Hey...how do you change the demography of a region that is 96% muslim?"
Sure. This is not easy. And one doesn't advocate violence
This may be the work of several decades if not a century or two
But baby steps need to be taken
But you will always find people to move in at the right price
Safety is cited as a concern, Sure. But India did not encourage demographic change even back when security was NOT as big a concern as it is today
So even between 1951 and 1991 - a period of relative peace - the share of Hindus barely increased by 2-3%
So clearly you have not succeeded in encouraging Hindus from elsewhere to settle even in Jammu - not even in 60s-80s
We are not talking about POK here...This is Indian Kashmir
And we have not managed to increase the share of H even during the 60s-70s-80s long before militancy became a very serious issue
The H population is mostly comprising of working men. Who hardly constitute a settled population.
The Indian State knew very well that J&K, with its religious demography being what it is, will be a weak-link and a thorn in our flesh, back in 1947, when it acceded to India
If anything we have taken a few steps back. And that's a shame
Let's not blame "militancy" entirely for this. We failed to take this very seriously even in the 50s-60s-70s, when militancy and security were lesser problems
But as I said in an earlier tweet, you gotta make a start.
And this will be a long process. It may even take a century or two.
"Hey...why do you bother so much about religious demography? Can't Kashmir be an integral part of India while remaining entirely Muslim?"
Maybe in your rose tinted lenses. But I am.a realist. And to my mind it is unlikely
The valley was one of the greatest Hindu centers for many centuries.
Home to Kashmir Shaivism
Home to the great Abhinavagupta
Home to the great Martanda temple in Anantnag
A good start would be to revive and reconstruct the Martanda temple in Anantnag
Constructed in 750 CE, but which has lain in ruins since late 14th century when "Sikandar the Iconoclast" destroyed it
It can be hard to pull off given its sensitive location (Anant Nag). But worth giving it a shot
There was another great Sun temple in Mulasthana (Multan, Pakistan). Which again was destroyed in the 10th century
We can't do much about that. Let's at least try to salvage the one in Anant nag.
We need a 50 to a 100 year plan to engineer cultural change in the valley.
Let's not be deterred by setbacks caused by violence in the short term