Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Mughal

Most recents (8)

This is a good example for talking about how people use and abuse sources and why it is valuable to demand academic standards. short #THREAD #Mughal #history #Aurangzeb
First red flag - No source is given for the picture with text. It is a slightly adapted version of what's on the Wikipedia page for Dara Shukoh. Wikipedia's pages are full of misinformation on Indian history. Case in point: Bicholim conflict.
Another problem. The source is Manucci. Honestly, for all The Hindu Right goes on against people like me because I'm of European descent, man, do they really rely on European sources too much for Indian history. Manucci especially...
Read 9 tweets
#Samosa ,a very popular dish in India was actually originated in middle East.
Abolfazl Beyhaqi (995-1077) an #Iranian historian mentioned it in his book" Tarikh-e Beyhaghi"
It was introduced to the #Indian subcontinent in the 13th or 14th century by traders from #CentralAsia.
#Samosa A dish with a savoury filling, such as spiced #potatoes, onions, peas, or lentils.
It may take different forms, including triangular, cone, or half-moon shapes, depending on the region.
The #Indian style, often accompanied by a chutney, is probably the most widely-known
The word #Samosa
(Hindi
समोसा /Urdu سموسہ )
can be traced to the #persian #sanbosag ( سنبوساگ)
The #pastry's name in other countries can also derive from this root, such as the crescent-shaped #Sanbusak or sanbusaj in the #Arab world. Or
"#Sambosa" in #Afghanistan
Read 18 tweets
The Mughals used Persian from the get-go, from Babur, alongside Chagatai Turkish.
Chagatai was probably not widely known among Mughal elites by Akbar's reign, since Akbar had Babur's memoirs translated into Persian.
That said, Jahangir claims he knew Turkish.
Akbar declared Persian the official language of administration, thus replacing an older Indo-Islamic practice of using both Persian and Hindavi for official business. This streamlined things and also created a strong incentive for would-be Mughal officials to learn Persian.
Mughal historians agree, I think, that the Mughal kings knew Hindi from Jahangir onward (likely learned from his mom).
We are a bit more split on the question of Akbar. I find substantial evidence that Akbar was fluent in Hindi, likely both spoken and more literary Hindi.
Read 4 tweets
To legitimise ones claim on the #Mughal throne, Khutba had to be read in ones name in the Friday prayers and a Sikka (Coin) had to be struck. Heres a thread of the coins struck in the name of Mughal Emperors with their names highlighted.
Sher-o-Khurshid on a medallion of Jahangir
1. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad #Babur (1526-1530CE)
Known coins: Silver Shahrukhis in his name and Anonymous Copper issues
Known Mints: Agra, Badakshan, Jaunpur, Kabul, Lahore
Coins displayed: #Siver Shahrukhi of #Agra.
@ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @Bagh_eBabur @iamrana @gypsy_heart6
2. Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun (1530-1540/ 1555-1556CE)
Known coins: Gold Mithqals, Silver Shahrukhis and Silver Rupees in his name and Anonymous Copper issues
Known Mints: 11
Coins displayed: #Siver Shahrukhi of #Lahore
@ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @iamrana @gypsy_heart6
Read 32 tweets
Here's an interesting thread on
THE LAST WILL AND TESTIMONY
of the last Great #Mughal- Alamgir
#Aurangzeb.
Below will be the instructions
Alamgir left in his will.
Source: Ahkam-e-alamgiri(Anecdotes of Aurangzeb)
@ssharadmohhan @Biblioventurer @DalrympleWill
1."On behalf of this sinner sunk in iniquity, cover the tomb of Hasan, because those who are drowned in the ocean of sin have no other protection except seeking refugee..forgiveness. This great auspicious act is to be performed by my noble son Prince Alijah(Md. Azam)" @aary_aan
2."Rs 4 and 2 annas, out of the price of caps sewn by me are with Aia Beg, the Mahaldar. Spend this on the shroud of this helpless creature. 300& 5Rs, from the wages of copying Quran,are in my peruse of personal expense.Distribute them to the fakirs on my death, not on my shroud"
Read 14 tweets
These Moroccan coins feature the so-called Seal of Solomon, often depicted as a hexagram, similar to the Star of David. The coins are dated respectively 1271 A.H. (1855) and 1290 A.H. (1873/4), minted by king 'Abd al-Raḥmān and his successor, Muḥammad IV of #Morocco.
The Seal of Solomon is the signet ring attributed to the Abrahamic king/prophet Solomon. It is said that Solomon used this ring to control the spirits and animals. The design as a hexagram is often depicted on medieval #Islamic banners, coins, drinking-cups or in mosques.
According to the Catalan Atlas (1375), the two Anatolian beyliks of respectively Karaman and Candar featured a Seal of Solomon on their flags. The symbol was popular among the Turkish beyliks, and was later used by the #Ottomans in their mosque decorations.
Read 70 tweets
First pit-stop on my #ExploreUP journey, Bhitargaon in #Kanpurdehat. Amidst squalor, in a village seemingly over-run by a combo of buffaloes & pigs, stands what may be north India's oldest existing temple. This brick temple dedicated to Vishnu dates to Gupta period, 6th century.
#ExploreUP: Having read abt a Lodi-era tomb at #Kalpi, #Jalaun dist, I expected it to be in line with the octagonal Lodi-Sur era tombs elsewhere in India. It turned out to be quite different. Locals call it the Chaurasi (84) gumbad.
#ExploreUP: The tomb @ #Kalpi, was described as that of a 'Lodi Badshah'. Aware that of the three Lodi rulers, two buried in Delhi & third in #Panipat, was puzzled abt the Kalpi person. Turns out to be a brother of Ibrahim named Jalaluddin who propped himself as ruler for a while
Read 52 tweets
#Aurangzeb lived 91 years. In death wrote will dividing the empire among three sons. Bahadurshah who was given 12 provinces killed other two but died in another 12 years #History
Bahadurshah’s son Jahandaar Shah killed his brothers and became #Mughal emperor in 1712, and his mistress, Lal Kunwar ruled by proxy. She was paid 2 Cr per Annum. The first NAC Of Delhi 😂🤦‍♂️
Read 17 tweets

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