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'There is a #Nayika in every Woman'.
Written by Bharatmuni c100 BC- 300 AD, #NatyaShastra, a treatise on #PerformingArts represent 8 different states (#AshtaNayika) of the Heroine in her relationship to her lover (#Nayak) in #Art, #Literature & #Music / #Dance form.
The thread. Image
1. Vasakasajja Nayika (One Dressed for Union).
Here, the heroine is depicted in Garden or her bedroom, waiting for her hero to return home.
This #Pahari painting from #Kangra, c1775, is now with @britishlibrary.
@DalrympleWill @JAJafri Image
2. Virahotkanthita Nayika (One Distressed by Seperation)
The heroine (Utka) is the distressed #Nayika pining for lover who has failed to return home. Usually depicted sitting, standing, lying on a bed or out in the pavilion.
This c1700 #Pahari painting frm #Mankot, now @mfaboston Image
3. Svadhinabhartruka Nayika (One having her Husband in Subjection)
The #Nayika is loved by her husband (#Nayak) & controls him. Faithful to her, he is subjugated by her love & pleasing qualities.
This example is from @V_and_A c1790 #Pahari painting from #Nurpur #Guler or #Basohli Image
4. Kalahantarita Nayika (One Separated by Quarrel)
Separated due to quarrel, jealousy or #Nayika's arrogance, the #Nayak is either depicted leaving her or she throwing tantrums & refusing his advances or wine cup. In this c1650 painting from @LACMA she throws away her jewellery. Image
5. Khandita Nayika (One Enraged with her Lover).
Khandita is an enraged #Nayika who is rebuking her lover who had promised to spend the night with her but instead comes to her house next morning.
From @brooklynmuseum c1800 #Pahari painting from #Punjab hills.
@DalrympleWill Image
6. Vipralabdha Nayika (One Deceived by her Lover).
Associated with Raga Bhopali vocal music, this #Nayika waited for her lover the whole night but he has a tryst with another woman.
Artist #Kripal of #Basohli & #Nurpur made this painting c1660-70, now with @mfaboston. Image
7. Proshitabhsrtruka Nayika (One with a Sojourning Husband)
The #Nayika's husband has gone away for some work and has failed to arrive home on the appointed day. The mourning #Nayika refuses to be consoled by her maids.
From @brooklynmuseum c1800 AD. Image
8. Abhisarika Nayika (One Going to meet her Lover)
Setting aside her modesty, defying all odds like lightning, snakes & dangers of the forrest, this #Nayika is often portrayed in a hurry towards her destination.
By #MolaRam, c1800 #Pahari painting from #Nurpur, now in @mfaboston Image
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