Sajjad Rizvi سجاد رضوي Profile picture
Jan 15, 2020 12 tweets 14 min read Read on X
Fascinating conversation @DandiaAsad @Simon_W_Fuchs on #Shiism in #Pakistan tradition and reform, decentering #Lucknow, rise of #Shii claims to Islam and not just content with polemical vernacularisation… 1/
And as @Simon_W_Fuchs says those #VernacularTracts volumes in the @BLAsia_Africa are really neglected treasure troves - just yesterday discovered three philosophical texts never seen before 2/
One of the key findings @Simon_W_Fuchs is the role of the scholarly debates in #Shii journals on the nature of religious authority demonstrating a dynamic and involved relationship between religious elites and communities in #Pakistan and in #Najaf… 3/
And that the contestations of who represents the #marja in #Pakistan is not a new phenomenon nor are such conflicts of the periphery and centre merely a result of #1979 and the #Revolution; furthering exploding the activism vs quietism reading of Shii #marjaiyya 4/
Further @Simon_W_Fuchs shows that #esotericism matters - it’s socially significant, theologically involved and politically significant - suggesting an interesting comparative study of the political theology of esotericism in #Pakistan between Sufis and Shia (of all types) 5/
@Simon_W_Fuchs on impact of #Revolution and #Khomeini and importance of #SayyidArifHusaini who indigenised the politics becoming a major new #martyr followed by #Lahore as centre more recently of #khatt_e_imam by #SayyidJawadNaqvi 6/
New Iran influenced politicised clergy emerge in the age of dictatorship under #Zia and further decenter #Lucknow and #Najaf in an idiom of resistance rooted in South Asian of discourse of civil disobedience 7/
Not just a result of violence but #Shia in #Pakistan highly visible - but this was not just post #1979; while it is the subject of other studies one needs to link up the different political choices of the #Shia from earlier #communism to later #islamism albeit #state-centred 8/
Last point #sectarianism and similar phenomena show that #texts matter (very much agree); @Simon_W_Fuchs acknowledges #Devji work on this and contestations of what #Islam and #Pakistan mean for rival political projects without discounting the imp of social political contexts 9/
@Simon_W_Fuchs imp point that early anti-Shii polemics #ahl_e_hadith and non-political but politicised as #Shia become ‘political problem’ post-1979 and led by #Deobandis (and I would add now by #Barelvis in the Labaik movement) 10/
one major take home @Simon_W_Fuchs is the need for a more connected #intellectual_history that works between and across languages and transationally - #SouthAsia #Iran #Iraq #WestAsia are far more historically and recently connected - study of #Islam needs integration 11/
And authority need not be unidirectional influence or mono-causal or unipolar - but negotiated with multiple centres as well as overlapping types of allegiances and identities - these can be gauged by a range of sources including the more popular and literary 12/

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More from @mullasadra

Aug 28, 2023
In a recent article on the canonisation of the #Nahj_al_Balāgha, Aun Hasan Ali cites the words of the eminent authority of contemporary #Shii_Islam Sayyid ʿAlī Sīstānī that advises believers to read this famous collection from the 11th century - a thread on the Nahj 1/
The article itself can be found here 2/…
While there is little doubt that the Nahj is popular in contemporary Shii households and lives - and increasingly also among Zaydī and Ismaili Shiʿa as well - how did it attain its status as the pre-eminent text after the Qurʾan since it is not normally considered canonical? 3/
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Jan 17, 2022
Any consideration of a #decolonial approach to #philosophy must engage with #Africana philosophy - but what is often occluded in that is the #Islamic element 1/
@HistPhilosophy with @ChikeJeffers has done an excellent job in introducing many to #Africana philosophy and let’s hope they continue to flourish 2/
A number of works have recently appeared that are relevant to our understanding of the Muslim element in that often focused on #WestAfrica 3/
Read 18 tweets
Jan 17, 2022
The influence of Immanuel Kant on modern philosophy cannot be underestimated - a thread on #Kant in #Iran
Often in academic departments of philosophy (#analytic but also beyond) #Kant is the key figure if the modern period 2/
He represents a systematic approach to philosophy, to metaphysics, ethics, and much beyond covering theoretical and practical philosophy displacing #Aristotle 3/
Read 21 tweets
Oct 31, 2021
Sad to hear that Mahmoud Ayoub (1935-2021) one of the pioneers of #ShiiStudies and #intrafaith and #interfaith #MuslimChristian studies has passed away earlier today - a 🧵
Much of his career was in #MuslimChristian understanding partly influenced by his own biography - born into a #Shii family in Qana in Southern Lebanon in 1935 and converting to Protestantism 2/
He went onto study at #AUB and #Pennsylvania finally writing a PhD on Redemptive Suffering and #Christology as an approach to #ShiiIslam in 1975 at #Harvard 3/
Read 15 tweets
Oct 16, 2021
With the recent passing of Āgha-ye Ḥasanzādeh Āmulī, mention was made of his teacher Mīrzā Abūʾl-Ḥasan Shaʿrānī (1903-1973) whom most Iranians know through his translation of the Qurʾan - a 🧵
In terms of his scholarly family background, his father was a descendant of Fatḥollāh Kāshānī, author of the 16th century #QurʾanExegesis Manhaj al-ṣādiqayn, and his maternal grandfather was Navvāb-e Tehrānī, author of the literary Shiʿi martyrology Fayż al-dumūʿ 1/
Shaʿrānī trained in the seminary, first at the Madrasa-ye Khān Marvī with important philosophers such as Mīrzā Mahdi Āshtiyānī (1888-1953), one of the first to teach university students as well, and Mīrzā Maḥmūd Qummī (d. 1925), a specialist on the school of #IbnʿArabī 2/
Read 23 tweets
Sep 26, 2021
The seminarian philosopher and polymath Āqā-ye Ḥasan Ḥasanzāde Āmolī (b. 1307Sh/1928) passed away yesterday 25 September 2021 - a 🧵 on his life and works #ShiiPhilosophy #mysticism #ʿerfān #ḥekmat
As his name suggests, he was born in Āmol and began his seminary studies there and only moved to Tehran as a young man in 1950 to continue his studies 2/
In Tehran, he studied philosophy and mysticism with a major teacher at the Madrasa-ye Marvī, Shaykh Muḥammad Taqī Āmolī (1887-1971) best known for his work on #Avicennism and his glosses on Sharḥ al-manẓūme of Hādī Sabzavārī (d. 1873) 3/
Read 33 tweets

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