Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #intellectual_history

Most recents (16)

Slowly it seems that interest in Islamic thought - the rational disciplines including philosophy and logic - in India is growing, and the recent book by Shankar Nair is a good indication towards it #IslamicPhilosophy #India 1/
His chapter in the Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy is also a very positive approach; now a number of older works discussed the contributions of Indian scholars to the intellectual traditions in Islam… 2/ Image
Apart from works that focused on outlining the texts in the curricula and method known as the dars-e niẓāmī of which there are plenty especially in Urdu and some mentions in works by Francis Robinson and Jamal Malik 3/ Image
Read 35 tweets
#manuscripts #Shii_arcana an important genre of writing concerns the arcana of acts of worship (asrār al-ʿibādāt) and here is MS Maktabat al-Imām al-Ḥakīm in Najaf 2032 - a copy of Asrār al-ṣalāt of Ibn Fahd al-Ḥillī (d. 841/1437) 1/ Image
There are a number of classic works in the #Shii tradition on this including works by Sayyid Ḥaydar Āmulī (d. after 786/1385), Qāḍī Saʿīd Qummī (d. 1107/1696) and even recently Āyatullāh Khumaynī (d. 1989) 2/ ImageImageImageImage
Ibn Fahd was a prominent jurist and pivot of disseminating legal and ethical thought in the 14th century between #Iraq #Iran #JabalʿĀmil and a number of his students were from #EasternArabia - this is an important study 3/ ImageImageImageImage
Read 9 tweets
#manuscripts #ijazat are extremely significant sources for #intellectual_history MS Mar’ashi Qum 6446 1/ ImageImageImageImage
This is a license to transmit #hadith of Sayyid Husayn Kashani dated Sha’ban 1288/1871 2/
The test begins with #hadith on the importance of transmitting #knowledge of the #Imams 3/ ImageImageImageImage
Read 8 tweets
#manuscripts MS King Abdul Aziz Library Riyadh 906 #IslamicPhilosophy Mawdih al-diraya Li-sharh bab al-hidaya of Ibn Abi Jumhur al-Ahsa’i (d. 909/1503) 1/ ImageImageImage
IAJ was a prolific author in theology #fiqh philosophy on the cusp of the #Safavid period and there is a Institute devoted to publishing his work based in al-Ahsa headed by Sayyid ‘Ali al-Musa 2/ ImageImage
His best known works are his massive al-Mujli a combination of insights from #Shii #kalam #Avicennism #IshraqiPhilosophy and the #Sufism of #IbnArabi 3/ ImageImage
Read 14 tweets
#manuscripts this is a copy of Sayyid Muḥammad ʿAbbās al-Jazāʾirī work on #epistolatry #inshāʾ in Arabic and Persian entitled al-Ẓill al-mamdūd - MS Marʿashī (Qum) 6644 - a short thread on him #ShiiIntellectualHistory #NorthIndia 1/ ImageImageImageImage
The #intellectual_history of the #Shiʿa in North India was covered well by the late Saiyad Athar Abbas Rizvi and he devotes a few pages to him in vol 2 2/ ImageImage
Justin Jones in his book on #Shiʿi politics in colonial North India also discusses him briefly 3/ ImageImage
Read 22 tweets
There is little doubt that sometimes the best way to make sense of the transmission of texts, debates and commentaries is to dive deeply into codices of collected texts (majmūʿa-s) #manuscripts #Islamic #intellectual_history 1/
One good example is the majmūʿa MS Majlis-e Shūrā (Tehran) 5284 which includes ten texts mostly copied by Sulṭān Muḥammad b. ʿAlī Shāh Iṣfahānī in 962/1555 in Bharuch in West India 2/
The collection begins with some works of Jalāl al-Dīn Davānī (d. 1502) - usually called Muḥammad b. Asʿad al-Ṣiddīqī in the incipits - reflecting on Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (d. 1274) works on the #intellect and #nafs_al_amr and on the logical notion of #conception_taṣawwur 3/
Read 11 tweets
Hajime Nakamura (1912-1999) was an eminent Indologist and specialist of #Vedanta and #BuddhistPhilosophy at #TokyoUniversity 1/ ImageImage
His early work was on the #Vedanta and remains important work 2/ ImageImage
His studies on #Buddhism were equally valuable 3/ ImageImage
Read 14 tweets
A new book published on #IslamicPhilosophy and what the current engagement with philosophies in #Iran tells us about contemporary #intellectual_history and #political_theology 1/ ImageImage
The author Esmail Noshad is a philosopher at Isfahan university and it seems to be based on his #PHD - he has written extensively on the contexts and #political_theology of different phases of #translation_movements in philosophy from the #GreekIntoArabic onwards 2/ Image
Here is a write up about this new bookتاریخ-ما-بیشتر-ادبی-است-تا-نظری-مفصل-بندی-تئوریک-تاریخ-ایران 3/
Read 6 tweets
It is not difficult to understand why Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) has been influential in Iran along with other major theorists in #phenomenology and #hermeneutics like #Gadamer - both visited #Iran in 2002 - a thread on #Ricoeur in #Iran 1/
Especially for those interested in religion and making sense of the word and the world, of text, action and hermeneutics, it is often the triumvirate of Jacques Derrida (1930-2004), Paul Ricoeur, Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002) and Emanuel Levinas (1906-1995) who come to mind 2/ ImageImageImageImage
The revolution of 1979 brought up issues of authenticity, a desire to reconcile one's political and social being with one's faith; it brought political theology to the fore; no doubt both the #hermeneutics of suspicion and #reconstruction of #Ricoeur were attractive 3/
Read 24 tweets
A number of encounters made me think of the significance of #Hegel (1780-1831) as a bridge between premodern and modern philosophy in #Iran 1/ Image
The first was Hamid Enayat (1932-1982) the political philosopher whose memory was still relevant when I was a grad student at #Oxford and who had translated #Hegel into #Persian 2/ Image
The second was Karim Mojtahedy (d. 2019) whose work based on his #Sorbonne doctorate examined the #Qajar era encounter with #European philosophy and #Hegel starting in the circle of Comte de Gobineau (1816-1882), notorious race theorist and diplomat, in #Tehran 3/ ImageImage
Read 8 tweets
Just got this wonderful book of interview reminiscences by Daryush Shayegan (1935-2018) with #RaminJahanbegloo 1/ ImageImageImage
#Shayegan was sent to school in #England after WW2 and then read philosophy, Sanskrit and literature at #Geneva 2/
#Shayegan was close to #Corbin and his life’s account is a wonderful journey in the #intellectual_history of #Iran and its encounter with #Europe 3/ ImageImageImageImage
Read 14 tweets
One of the more unexpected elements of Restating Orientalism of #WaelHallaq was finding him use perhaps the most important 'traditionalist' of the 20th C René Guénon (later ʿAbd al-Wāḥid Yaḥyā, 1886-1951) to critique #Said… 1/ ImageImageImageImage
#Hallaq account is classic decolonizing use of elements of #Orientalism against the overarching apparatus and discourse 2/
I first came across #Guénon as a fresher reading the works of Seyyed Hossein Nasr (b. 1933) - and read his La Grande triade and later Fundamental Symbols (reprinted in a series of his by Philosophia Perennis, a traditionalist publisher based in Cambridge) #Traditionalism 3/ ImageImage
Read 9 tweets
Most specialists of #Islamic #intellectual_history know about the connection between the philosopher and Orientalist specialist of philosophy in #Iran Henry Corbin (1903-1978) and the German philosopher #MartinHeidegger (1889-1973) - a short thread 1/
Corbin first met #Heidegger in #Freiburg in 1934 and took on the translation of Was ist Metaphysik? as well as some other works and entered into a correspondence and meetings on the work 2/
This was published in 1938 by #Gallimard in #Paris and reviewed in Revue neoscolastique 3/
Read 6 tweets
Picked this up last year in Casablanca - Gadamerian reading of the divine form or image in #IbnArabi by محمد امعارش published @MominounWB and the notion of the barzakh/in-between 1/ Image
The divine image alongside divine discourse is the grounds for a hermeneutical understanding of the nexus of transcendence and immanence as the disclosures of the divine in the cosmos 2/
The ultimate expression of the divine image is of course the human - not least the ultimate barzakh of the #InsanKamil or #PerfectHuman - who is in-between divinity and creaturely nature 3/
Read 13 tweets
Fascinating conversation @DandiaAsad @Simon_W_Fuchs on #Shiism in #Pakistan tradition and reform, decentering #Lucknow, rise of #Shii claims to Islam and not just content with polemical vernacularisation… 1/
And as @Simon_W_Fuchs says those #VernacularTracts volumes in the @BLAsia_Africa are really neglected treasure troves - just yesterday discovered three philosophical texts never seen before 2/
One of the key findings @Simon_W_Fuchs is the role of the scholarly debates in #Shii journals on the nature of religious authority demonstrating a dynamic and involved relationship between religious elites and communities in #Pakistan and in #Najaf… 3/
Read 12 tweets

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