On June 30, 1941, the #Nazis marched into L’viv, with assistance from the Ukrainian nationalists (the OUN-B) — who, on their own initiative and without authorization from Germany, immediately declared that #Ukraine was now a country.
The Germans prevented OUN-B leader Stefan #Bandera from entering the Ukrainian territories during the invasion citing security concerns, so Stetsko (Bandera’s second in command) delivered the proclamation of statehood in his stead.
Stetsko announced that Bandera would lead the new state as Providnyk, and Stetsko would serve as the prime minister.
The capital would be Kyiv, and the new nation would work closely with “National Socialist Great Germany, which, under the leadership of Adolf #Hitler, is creating a new Europe and the world, and is helping the Ukrainian nation liberate itself from Muscovite occupation.”
The meeting ended with a fascist salute to Adolf #Hitler, Stepan Bandera, and Metropolitan Andrei Sheptyts’kyi, a prominent Ukrainian Catholic religious leader.

Shouts of “Slava Ukraini!” rang loudly through the hall. 🇺🇦
First, members of Nachtigall broadcasted information about the proclamation of Ukranian statehood from a captured radio station, glorifying the German military as liberators who had made independence possible.
This helped spread awareness of the proclamation throughout Western Ukraine, and widespread nationalist celebrations followed.

Immediately, pogroms took place throughout the territories now under German control.

The worst pogroms happened in L’viv, starting on 1 July 1941.
In the early hours of July 1, members of Nachtigall and Ukrainian militiamen gathered in anticipation of anti-Jewish violence.

The impetus for the pogroms was the discovery of the bodies of thousands of Ukranian nationalist prisoners executed by the Soviet NKVD.
Two other pogroms comparable to the L’viv pogroms occurred in Ternopil and Zolochiv.

In Ternopil, Sonderkommando 4b, dutifully recorded that 600 Jews were killed in a pogrom that they “inspired.”

In Zolochiv, Einsatzkommando 6 organized the pogrom.
The local Ukrainian population in both locations carried out the killings, but the German troops played a role in stirring up antisemitic sentiment, relying on longstanding prejudices and the myth of Judeo-Bolshevism.

Antisemitism had long been a cornerstone of OUN ideology.
Members of the OUN have since tried to distance themselves from the pogroms in West #Ukraine during the Summer of 1941.

However, these arguments are often unconvincing.
For example, during the 1960 West German investigation into Theodor Oberländer (the German commanding officer of Nachtigall), Ivan Hryn’okh claimed that he never saw anti-Jewish violence during his time in L’viv.
When confronted with other eyewitness testimonies, he said that he could not deny the pogroms took place, only that he never saw or heard anything while in L'viv.

Many published denials of Ukrainian participation use uncertainty as a defense. 🤷🏼‍♂️
Further, historians like Jeffrey Burds have shown through cross-examination of Ukrainian militia ID cards and photographs of the pogroms that the militia members undoubtedly perpetrated acts of anti-Jewish violence.
This argument rests on the denial of Ukrainian participation during the L’viv pogroms and the German retaliation against the OUN-B roughly a week later, after news of the proclamation reached Berlin and angered top #Nazi politicians.
#Bandera and Stetsko’s “government” was allowed to operate for about a week, before #Hitler shut it down.

Alongside the mass persecution of L’viv’s Jews, they targeted rivals of the OUN-B and killed members of the OUN-M in the streets.
In his week as #Bandera’s prime minister of the illegally-declared state of #Ukraine, Stetsko sent several letters to the
other fascist leaders of Europe professing Ukraine’s loyalty to the fascist new world order.
Among the recipients of Stetsko’s letters were Benito #Mussolini, Adolf #Hitler, Francisco #Franco, and Ante Pavelić (the leader of the Croatian Ustaše movement).
Stetsko’s outreach to other European fascist movements shows that the OUN-B’s proclamation of statehood was an attempt to establish Ukrainian independence under German auspices and receive international recognition as part of the new #Fascist order in Europe.
Hitler wasn’t amused, or flattered. He took this declaration of Ukranian independence as a direct challenge to his authority.

He demanded that Stetsko rescind the proclamation.

Stetsko refused and, along with Bandera, was taken as a special political prisoner on July 5, 1941.
However, the Germans did not throw them in prison.

Bandera and Stetsko were confined to house arrest, but they could still conduct their political activities freely during their “incarceration.”
Bandera remained active in Berlin while Stetsko traveled to Kraków to transfer control of the OUN-B to Mykola Lebed.

Further, the OUN-B headquarters in L’viv remained open for several weeks, suggesting the German crackdown on Bandera and Stetsko was not as serious as it looked.
Supporters and defenders of the OUN-B argued that this action against their leaders represented a betrayal by the Germans and marked the shift from a pro-German to anti-German stance.
Despite their arrest, in August 1941, Bandera and Stetsko noted they cooperated with the Germans “not out of fear or opportunism” but because a close relationship with Nazi Germany was paramount to Ukrainian independence.
Stetsko’s Zhyttiepys, a short autobiography he wrote after his arrest, acknowledged his intention to continue working with the Germans.

He wrote:
On July 26, 1941, the newspaper Rohantyns’ke Slovo republished an article by Melnyk, the leader of the OUN-M, titled “#Ukraine and the New Order in Europe.”

The article again pledged the OUN’s eternal allegiance to #Nazi Germany:

“We collaborate closely with Germany and invest everything in this collaboration: our heart, feelings, all of our creativeness, life and blood.”
Although the Germans were happy to work with the Ukrainians during the invasion of the Soviet Union, once they occupied the territory, they were less tolerant of nationalist expressions — an independent state was out of the question, as far as Hitler was concerned.
The repression of Ukrainian nationalism under German rule did not result in a complete break in their relationship.

Both factions of the OUN hoped that the Germans would change their mind about the possibility of an independent Ukraine and continued to collaborate with them.
Although the OUN’s collaboration with the Nazis was a significant part of their experience during World War II, this part of their history is often overlooked in favor of the narrative of their “heroic resistance” to Nazi Germany.

As you can see in the documentation, it’s a lie.
Source: Chapter 3.

(Chapter 4 thread coming soon..)


• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Lori Spencer

Lori Spencer Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @RealLoriSpencer

Feb 14
The U.S. and #NATO are using #Ukraine in the same way that #Hitler did in #WWII: as a wedge to drive between #Russia and the West.

Just as we dangle the carrot of #NATO membership today, Germany made similar false promises to Ukranian nationalists of defense assistance in 1939.
The #Nazis told their Ukrainian nationalist collaborators that the independence of #Ukraine needed to wait until after they helped Germany win the war. (A promise #Hitler never intended to keep.)
In the Political Diaries of Alfred Rosenberg, he bargained that Ukraine would provide the German war effort raw materials and food during the war, and independent statehood would come when the Germans achieved victory.
Read 10 tweets
Feb 14
One of the big revelations in #JFKFiles declassified in 2017:

At the time of the assassination, #Dallas Mayor Earle Cabell, brother of one-time Deputy Director of Central Intelligence Charles P. Cabell, had been a CIA asset since 1956.

This missing piece of the puzzle is HUGE.
Earle Cabell had been elected Mayor of Dallas in 1961, while actively serving as a secret CIA asset.

The Mayor’s brother Charles Cabell, was forced to resign from the CIA — along with CIA Director Allen Dulles — after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of #Cuba in 1962.
Dallas Mayor Earle Cabell oversaw arrangements for #JFK’s trip and motorcade, which took him through Dealey Plaza, a route that violated almost all standard rules for presidential safety — and where normal security safeguards were ignored.
Read 8 tweets
Feb 13
The late Mikhail Gorbachev on #communism: 🚩 Image
Been re-evaluating Gorby since his recent passing, reviewing his legacy, reading his words.

Obituarists admired his decency, but what they find merit in has often been off the mark.

He was NOT a convert to western liberalism – he wanted to save communism, not bury it.
Francis Fukuyama wrote The End of History and The Last Man in 1992, which climaxed in the dawn of a new universal liberal order.
Read 5 tweets
Feb 12
How did Ukranian #Nazi collaborators and war criminals become regarded as “heroes” both in modern day #Ukraine and the entire Western world?

In this thread we will unpack the strange mythology Ukranians (and their Western intelligence handlers) created to cover-up their crimes.
This thread is sourced from a Graduate History Thesis published in October 2022 by Liam Hilferty, University of Vermont.

His thesis is 150 pages long. I will summarize it here with highlights and provide a link at the end for further reading.

Let us begin… 🧵
Hilferty’s interest in writing his Graduate Thesis on the #NazisInUkraine began when he saw this tweet from the Russian Embassy of #Canada 🇨🇦 in Oct. 2017:
Read 38 tweets
Feb 12
My favorite weekend binge-watch for the past 3 weekends.

The Unknown War, made in 1978 by Burt Lancaster — with the full cooperation of the Soviet Union — was a 20-part documentary about The Great Patriotic War against the #Nazis.

Well worth a watch!

The documentary was shown in both the United States (on @PBS stations) and the #USSR.

The above series is how it looked on Soviet TV (English version). ☝️
The story behind “The Unknown War” is as interesting as the documentary itself.

I tell the backstory in this thread.🧵 👇🏽
Read 5 tweets
Feb 11
In this classic speech from the year 2000, author and researcher John Loftus talks about the shocking discoveries he found in top secret CIA files about collaboration w/ #Nazis.

This led to Congress passing the #Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act in 1998.
At 20 minutes, 45 seconds Loftus explains how the “Bush family fortune came from the Third Reich.”

Prescott Bush’s grandson, George W. Bush was running for president at the time.

Loftus’ book made the Bush campaign very uncomfortable 🥵 for a while… 📕
Loftus’ search into documents showing Nazi officers and sympathizers smuggled to the West as anti-communist informants led to his resignation from a federal Nazi-prosecution unit in 1981. That’s when he began his one-man probe into the government’s secret work w/ fugitive Nazis.
Read 15 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Don't want to be a Premium member but still want to support us?

Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal

Or Donate anonymously using crypto!


0xfe58350B80634f60Fa6Dc149a72b4DFbc17D341E copy


3ATGMxNzCUFzxpMCHL5sWSt4DVtS8UqXpi copy

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!