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Education platform of the WSO @WorldStrokeOrg
Feb 14 12 tweets 19 min read
#WeekendLecture
#ISC22
Highlights

300 invited talks
Nearly 200 oral abstracts
>1000 posters
Here we review some of trials and presentation from Main Events at #ISC22 #ISC22 Highlights
#RESCUE_Japan LIMIT
EVT for acute LVO with #large ischemic #Core

NIHSS>6, #ASPECT 3-5 , CT or MRI (~85%)
<6hr, or DWI/FLAIR mismatch <24hr
🚶mRS 0-3 at 90d: 31 vs 12.8%, RR 2.43🩸sICH,<48hr: 9 vs 4.9% NS
⚫️Death: 18 vs 23.5%, NS

nejm.org/doi/full/10.10…
Nov 27, 2021 21 tweets 22 min read
#WeekendLecture
#HistoryofEVT

It’s no secret that #EVT for AIS has been a complete game changer for the field resulting in dramatic reduction in death & disability

Join us to explore the #history of EVT in collaboration with @SVINJournal, to celebrate the inaugural issue Image Many thanks to @Mahmoudneuro, #RaulNogueira and @DiogoHaussen whose review entitled:
👉“Tx Advancements in the Endovascular Management of Stroke” celebrates the advances in #ETV

🆓 #openaccess

ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.11…
Oct 17, 2021 11 tweets 16 min read
#WeekendLecture
#Tenecteplase #TNK
Part 1
✅3rd generation rtPA
🧬Targeted genetic upgrade
3 specific alterations to #alteplase molecule:
👉⬆️Half life
👉⬆️Binding affinity for #fibrin
👉⬆️Resistance to inactivation by #PAI-1
bit.ly/3pqbEb1 Image #WeekendLecture
#TNK

👉⬆️T1/2 allows single bolus dosing and⬆️clot exposure to TNK
👉Higher affinity to fibrin-rich clots & + potent/faster clot #lysis vs alteplase
👉 < consumption of fibrinogen/plasminogen/ a2- antiplasmin👉⬇️systemic fibrinolytic effect👉⏬risk for bleeding Image
Oct 11, 2021 13 tweets 20 min read
#WeekendLecture
Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease #ICAD

#ICAD leads to changes ranging from minor wall thickening to #hemodynamically significant luminal stenosis and is one of the most #common causes of #stroke worldwide
ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CI…

🧵 Image #WeekendLecture
#ICAD

✅10% of stroke, based on autopsy studies
bit.ly/3v6Lhrd
✅More prevalent in #African Americans, #Hispanics, and #Asians as compared with whites
bit.ly/3AuSiDt

Other risk factors in table Image
Oct 4, 2021 15 tweets 23 min read
#WeekendLecture
#GeneticsAndStroke

#Genetics is involved in several #stroke related conditions, such as small vessel disease #SVD, aneurysms, dissections, cavernomas, and intracranial #hemorrhages

Check this 🧵!
Prepared by @J_Rosales_MD
Edited by @interneurona Image #Weekendlecture

#Genetic & #SVD
🧬🧠

✅1,5% of cerebral #SVD are #monogenic disorders
✅AR, AD or X-linked
☝🏼Absence of family history doesn't rule out diagnosis because of
👉de novo mutation
👉reduced expression or
👉incomplete penetrance
ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/ST…
Aug 29, 2021 12 tweets 23 min read
#WeekendLecture
#CarotidArteryDisease #CAD

#CAD causes ~ 10-20% of #strokes
Atherosclerosis occurs most frequently at carotid #bifurcation, an area of low vessel-wall shear stress and oscillatory/turbulent blood flow

Welcome to this mini review! #WeekendLecture
#CAD
Endothelial dysfunction
⬇️
Inflammatory response to Lp retention in arterial wall
⬇️
Accelerated accumulation of Lp in subendothelial matrix
⬇️
Macrophages
⬇️
VSCM migrate/proliferate to fibroblast-like cells👉 production of EC matrix
atm.amegroups.com/article/view/7…
Aug 15, 2021 12 tweets 18 min read
#WeekendLecture
Stroke outcome #prognostication

☝️#Stroke clinicians are routinely asked by patients and families regarding prognosis.
🧠The cognitive process underlying prognostication is #complex, poorly understood, and sometime #biased by personal experiences Image #WeekendLecture
#StrokePrognostication

#Fact: Clinicians, even those with expertise in stroke, perform poorly in predicting clinical outcomes
In this case-based study, overall accuracy for predicting death or disability at discharge was <20%😩
#JURaSSIC
n.neurology.org/content/81/5/4… Image
Aug 1, 2021 12 tweets 20 min read
#WeekendLecture
#PregnancyAndStroke

#Pregnancy and #puerperium confer an ⬆️ risk for ischemic as well as hemorrhagic stroke, with incidence rates being 3-fold higher as compared with nonpregnant women

👉doi.org/10.1016/j.ncl.…

a short 🧵 Image #WeekendLecture
#PregnancyAndStroke

@DrRickSwartz @patrice_lindsay et al metaanalysis
👉11 studies
👉>85 million #pregnancy and #postpartum admissions in various countries
👉overall incidence of #stroke was 30 per 100,000 hospitalizations👈
@IntJStroke

journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/17… ImageImage
Jul 18, 2021 8 tweets 15 min read
#WeekendLecture
#CerebralMicrobleeds #CMB

Radiological construct: small (2–10 mm diameter) round or ovoid #hypointense foci with associated #blooming with enhanced visibility on #MRI sequences sensitive to #susceptibility effects

thelancet.com/journals/laneu… ImageImage #WeekendLecture
#CMB
🔬#Pathology: recent or old microhaemorrhages
🩸Microvessel injuries, ie: dilatation/fragmentation of the wall, amyloid-ß (in CAA) and fibrin extravasation
🩸Extravasation of red blood cells
🩸#hemosiderin-laden macrophages
karger.com/Article/FullTe… ImageImage
Jul 12, 2021 10 tweets 19 min read
This is a very late #WeekendLecture
but you can review it anytime you want😉
🧠#Aneurysm & #Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Unruptured intracranial aneurysms are pathologic dilations at major branching brain arteries
~3% of adult population
nejm.org/doi/full/10.10…
thelancet.com/journals/lance… Image #WeekendLecture
#Aneurysms & #SAH
The most common presentation of intracranial aneurysm is rupture leading to #SAH
The risk of rupture depends on patient and aneurysm related factor, ie: age/gender/location/size/growth, etc
🧠ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/ST…
🧠journals.lww.com/continuum/Abst… Image
Jul 4, 2021 8 tweets 13 min read
#WeekendLecture
#ESUS
In most studies ~25% of ischemic stroke are classified as #cryptogenic
In 2014 the Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source clinical construct was introduced, as a subset from cryptogenics
Criteria & diagnostic assessment were proposed

thelancet.com/journals/laneu… ImageImage #WeekendLecture
#ESUS

Although a long list of causes was described, covert AF was conceived as perhaps the most important underlying mechanism
It was hypothesized that oral #anticoagulation may⏬ the risk of stroke recurence in #ESUS Image