Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #openaccess

Most recents (24)

Impressive life science research that would not have been possible w/o machine vision #AI (that they developed)
secure.jbs.elsevierhealth.com/action/getShar…
400,000 fly videos-> whole #brain maps for gene expression + anatomical basis of 14 traits @CellCellPress @HHMIJanelia Kristin Branson 1/3
@CellCellPress @HHMIJanelia Beyond DeepLabCut, new #AI software to do that is DeepPoseKit elifesciences.org/articles/47994… @eLife #deeplearning from flies to giraffes 2/3
@CellCellPress @HHMIJanelia @eLife This week @NatureNews reviewed these #AI machine vision tools: "Deep learning powers a motion-tracking revolution"
by @robertakwok #openaccess
nature.com/articles/d4158… 3/3
Read 3 tweets
On red meat: "this is sure to be controversial"
5 systematic reviews, including 100's of studies, millions of participants, RCTs, show little evidence for adverse #cancer or cardiovascular outcomes
annals.org/aim/fullarticl…
@AnnalsofIM ★editorial- 6 papers
@aaronecarroll @DrTiff_
@AnnalsofIM @aaronecarroll @DrTiff_ @IUMedSchool The 6 papers/guidelines are all #openaccess
annals.org/aim/latest
This does indeed fulfill the Dunning–Kruger effect
(The less people know, the more they actually think they know) owing, in part, to poor methodology/analysis/bias of #diet studies
@AnnalsofIM @aaronecarroll @DrTiff_ @IUMedSchool What a wacky day for #diet research:
1. Red meat may not be so bad for health risk, after all? (I haven't had for ~40 yrs)
2. ⬆️vegetarian diet by increasing choices; see @PNASNews by @eegarnett89 @MarteauTM
3. Cooked plant food ->⬆️ gut #microbiome diversity @NatureMicrobiol
Read 5 tweets
The 1st systematic review of deep learning #AI for medical imaging @LancetDigitalH shows how early we are in the science & validation
by @DrXiaoLiu @FaesLiv @A_U_Kale @sktywagner @DunJackFu @Denniston_Ophth @pearsekeane me, et al; + @asset25's ★ editorial thelancet.com/journals/landi…
@LancetDigitalH @DrXiaoLiu @FaesLiv @A_U_Kale @sktywagner @DunJackFu @Denniston_Ophth @pearsekeane @asset25 "Perhaps the better conclusion is that, in the narrow public body of work comparing #AI w/ human physicians, AI is no worse than humans, but the data are sparse and it might be too soon to tell."
"stick to the facts, rather than risking ..... a third major AI winter."—@asset25
Read 3 tweets
A @nature issue dedicated to #ClimateChange
Yes, It's Time to Act. Great cover by @Jasiek_Kr
By the numbers: nature.com/immersive/d415… by @jefftollef #openaccess
@nature @Jasiek_Kr @jefftollef @TheEconomist "The human imperative of stabilizing global #ClimateChange at 1.5°C" (already very serious at 1°C) science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/36… an extraordinary review by @oveHG @UQScience and collaborators @sciencemagazine
Read 4 tweets
THREAD: It’s true. I’ve been running the @GroupBABEL Twitter account for way too long & no one gives a damn. Not to mention that I no longer want to be associated with this group since they attended @KzooICMS 2019 even though Medievalists of Color were iced out. #MedievalTwitter
To be super-frank, I’ve been (heart)sick because of @GroupBABEL’s inattention to divisive issues in the field ever since 2016 when I urged boycotting the Kalamazoo Congress after Allen Frantzen’s misogynist & racist writings came to light, to no avail. I haven’t been back since.
I spent a lot of time in 2016 ranting about Frantzen’s misogyny & racism (& theft of junior colleagues’ work) & also wrote letters to every learned society begging them to censure him, to no avail. But thank you @JonathanHsy, Suzanne Akbari & @muellerale for helping me with that.
Read 21 tweets
#Thread
Our new #OpenAccess work @AnnalsATS examines how ICU doctors talk to families when they don’t expect a patient to survive. Congratulations to @SVasherMD, Sandra Zaeh of the @JHUPCCMFellows, and @mneakin
#ICU #PalliativeCare @creativecommons

atsjournals.org/doi/abs/10.151…
63 intensivists in the intervention arm of the SCIP trial (NCT02721810) answered the question “Do you expect this patient to survive to hospital discharge?”

50 of the 63 in the intervention arm answered that they did NOT expect the patient to survive.
These intensivists then participated in a recorded simulated family meeting.

During the meeting, 25 intensivists told the actor playing the daughter that her dad might not live. The actor responded verbatim:

“What do you think is most likely to happen?”
Read 8 tweets
"Digital Orthodoxy," aka Deep Phenotyping or High-dimensional human data, is a great research tool w/ many proven advances, but has NO commercial/clinical validation and may be harmful
thelancet.com/journals/lance…
Our latest @TheLancet Digital Medicine essay
@EvanMuse @ScrippsRTI
@TheLancet @EvanMuse @ScrippsRTI The multi-modal testing may someday be validated to benefit, but until that time we raise concerns about the practice, ethics and safety for companies to be charging individuals for such data accumulation.
@TheLancet @EvanMuse @ScrippsRTI In @TheLancet essay we briefly touched on advances that deep phenotyping of people has made in biomedical research. I'm going to briefly review 5
1. Pre-diabetes-> #diabetes
2. Individualized diet
3. Colon #cancer+ microbiome
4. Gut #metagenomics sequence Δ
5. Tumor microbiome
Read 8 tweets
A special symposium #EvoDevo19 honored Dr. Günter Wagner for his leadership & service to our profession, especially as Journal of Experimental Zoology editor-in-chief . To show our appreciate of his contributions to #evodevo, here are some books & papers we like!
Landmark paper with Lee Altenberg in 1996 in Evolution is a must read!

Complex Adaptations and the Evolution of Evolvability
jstor.org/stable/2410639 (read online free)
FYI, Laura Nuño de la Rosa used a co-citation analysis to show that Wagner & Altenberg (1996), Houle (1992), and Kirschner & Gerhart (1998), were the three key papers that made "evolvability" into a "true research front"

Computing the Extended Synthesis: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.10…
Read 13 tweets
While reviewing my usual data on usage, discoverability, visibility, etc. I was motivated to look at the usage impact experienced by institutions which have retired their repo in favour of the Pure Portal product. I am shocked at what I found. /Thread/
All data is open from @IRUSNEWS but I haven't labelled these charts to avoid instiutional embarrassment. I am also acutely aware that it isn't always those who are best qualified to make decisions about these systems that ultimately make the decision to retire a repo.
Such decisions are often made in a fact-free vacuum by groups far removed from the coalface. This is an important caveat to make. Note too that whilst data are open you need to know which institutions to look at, so some knowledge of which systems instiutions are using is needed.
Read 18 tweets
1/ Hi everyone! Today we’re going to take a bit of time to talk more about protocols, permissions and some Indigenous-led projects and resources relevant to the #GLAM sphere. And we’re going to start talking about #metadata!
2/ As we’ve mentioned, in many Indigenous knowledge systems, a person’s right to access certain information (especially traditional knowledge and customs) may be bound by specific, contextual permissions. #OpenGLAM
3/ Here’s an example relevant to the G in #GLAM: the proceedings from @_FPCC's Cultural Protocols & the Arts Forum in 2014. As the late Dr. Greg Younging said, “Protocols provide guidelines for behaviour.”

fpcc.ca/files/PDF/Arts…
Read 18 tweets
1/ Happy Wednesday afternoon @OpenGLAM community! Today we're hoping to talk a little more about the L and the A in #GLAM: #Archives and #Libraries and some of their experiences with #OpenAccess re. Indigenous materials and belongings :)
2/ #Openness & #access are inseparable & access is a core value of librarianship & the archival profession. In both the American Library Association @ALALibrary Core Values & Int'l Federation of Library Associations & Institutions @IFLA Code of Ethics access is @ the forefront.
3/ The ALA’s Core Values of Librarianship state that "all information...should be readily, equally, & equitably accessible to all library users." Likewise IFLA pinpoints Access to Information as the core mission of librarians & other information workers.

ala.org/advocacy/intfr…
Read 25 tweets
(01/42) Glad to be a part of #HCTwitterConf19 today! Hi, I'm Sherri Helwig - @CanadianAAAE President, faculty at the University of Toronto Scarborough @UTSC @UofT and Queen's University @queensu - here to expound a bit about better connecting academia and practice in my field.
(02/42) My field is arts management (aka arts admin, cultural mgt, etc.), a relatively young area of study about work that was "professionalized" only in the last 3/4 century or so - though I suspect and hope the ideas here are relevant and applicable in many areas of #HigherEd.
(03/42) In other professional disciplines (#law, #medicine) there is a rich tradition of sharing innovations across the divide. In #business there are academic journals, practice-based materials, & important resources that span them like The Harvard Business Review @HarvardBiz.
Read 44 tweets
July 16, 2019 marks a milestone in the history for scholarly practice and publishing for #museums because of @GettyMuseum @gettypubs . #digitalarthistory #digpublishing #thread
@GettyMuseum @GettyPubs The Corpus of Ancient Vases (CVA) is significant especially as it among the first by an internationally leading art museum to utilize the #CreativeCommons 4.0 International Attribution License for a publication creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.…. #openglam Screenshot of CC-BY License at Getty CVA Publication
The contents of this digital publication, subject to the license and terms of conditions, may be used with attribution to @GettyMuseum, including for commercial purposes. This extends to third-party applications like @internetarchive @Wikimedia @creativecommons. #openglam
Read 13 tweets
Thread: the public vs. procurement

<HUGE> development spending hides in plain sight.

Do you ignore it? Think someone else has it covered?

In LMICs upto 50% of all government spending is via <PUBLIC PROCUREMENT>

Myriad contracts: roads/bridges/hospitals/drugs....
1/24
(hand) Pump Primer:

India 1999: I worked in WATSAN. Over 1000 new handpump tubewells would replace contaminated shallow wells & rusting pumps that often stood in puddles. You paddled to collect drinking water, and the puddle seeped into the well.
2/24
The Good: The new pumps were installed on large concrete platforms, in turn mounted on a large buried concrete ring. This stopped water undermining the platform, which would crack and break up the concrete. Back to puddles and contamination.
3/24
Read 26 tweets
In veel gesprekken, praatjes, en bijeenkomsten met onderzoekers en staf bemerk ik nog regelmatig onbekendheid met #openaccess. Voor open toegang is men wel te porren, maar vooral het wat, hoe en waar is lang niet altijd duidelijk. Vandaar dit #openaccess draadje met tips:
Voor meer informatie over alles rond #openaccess (kleuren, vormen, modellen, etc.) wordt door @deVSNU @NWONieuws @SURF_NL en UKB de website openaccess.nl onderhouden. Hier vind je ook meer informatie over de huidige landelijke #oa deals met grote uitgeverijen.
Op dit moment zijn er 14 landelijke #openaccess deals met onder andere @SpringerNature @WileyOpen @BrillPublishing @SAGEPublishers. Een overzicht vind je hier: openaccess.nl/nl/in-nederlan…

1 juli werd bekend dat de lopende deal met @ElsevierConnect t/m 31 december 2019 verlengd is.
Read 25 tweets
The human gut #microbiome never ceases to amaze me. Now a discovery of a bacterium that coverts Type A or B blood to type O, with big implications for blood transfusion.
nature.com/articles/s4156… @NatureMicrobiol by @PRahfeld Steven Withers and colleagues @UBC
Our gut #microbiome is a treasure for discovery. More coming out on this later this week that is mind-blowing.
BTW, another example of a striking finding that has not garnered coverage by any media. Surprising, in light of the public's interest in science.
Read 5 tweets
Next #APS19DC presentation is from @JoHenrich: "W.E.I.R.D.: How Westerners became psychologically peculiar and particularly prosperous." Henrich is chair of the Dept of Human Evolutionary Biology at Harvard. #psychology
.@JoHenrich says this presentation is the culmination of 13 years of work. He has a paper in review and an upcoming book about the topic. #psychology #APS19DC
.@JoHenrich: Most #psychology studies were based on Westerners, but they are psychologically different from other peoples in the world. He wrote this up in a lit review:
cambridge.org/core/journals/…
#APS19DC
Read 33 tweets
A GOVERNANCE HALF-LIFE* IN 25 TWEETS
‘Doing’ governance & (self indulgent) thoughts on #governance & #evidence & #health

I joined DFID on 9/11 (11/09/2001) as a Social Development Adviser.
Not drunk on the MDGs, but slightly merry.
I had never heard of governance. 1/25
I started work in 1993 in health research (Tz, malaria; drug prescribing), then disability inclusion (India) & consulting in health, WATSAN.
After 6 yrs in Kolkata I heard that DFID was recruiting regional specialists.
I fancied myself as a DFID South Asia specialist! 2/25
....DFID sent me to Malawi.
I hadn’t heard of ‘Governance’.
But slowly realised that I had worked on it – local govt, politics, rights in health; water tariffs, participation & transparency, health management.
So Governance in sectors, not Governance as a thing. 3/25
Read 27 tweets
SEMINAR or SAME-INAR?
We use @ukaid to commission governance/conflict/inclusion research.
We are ‘Mission Driven’- research on policy/operational priorities where evidence is thin. Let through competition, all research is #OpenAccess.
We want people to read & use it!
1/11
We support research engagement & uptake in pursuit of real world impact (impact is where Value For Money bang is biggest) though understand that pathways to impact take time & not all research has impact. Research engagement may be digital/virtual (e.g. this tweet)… 2/11
….but often physical- seminars/workshops/conferences - which can be costly. We 💖efforts to make events as effective as possible– clear objectives, best possible 'performance' by researchers; more inclusive, insightful, & energetic discussion; reporting; real evaluation. 3/11
Read 12 tweets
(1/26!) Here at @UoMLibrary we’re serious about supporting #OpenAccess to research. Since we launched our Open Access Gateway back in 2016, we’ve processed 7,500 papers and ensured that they are, or will be, openly available to everyone.
(2/26) Making work #OpenAccess is really important. It means that more people can potentially read, use and cite research. However, publishing open access or sharing a copy of your paper in a repository is just the start in terms of removing barriers to access.
(3/26) A change we made to the Open Access Gateway back in December enabled depositors to flag papers that they thought might have the potential to generate media attention.
Read 26 tweets
Does social media use affect the life satisfaction of young people?

In what follows, please find the results of the most recent and probably largest longitudinal study on the topic -- which has just appeared in the Journal PNAS. 1/11
Together with @OrbenAmy & @ShuhBillSkee we have analyzed data from Understanding Society, the largest panel study worldwide. 8 Waves of data were collected, each separated by 1 year. The results are based on the answers of altogether 5,491 British Youth. @usociety 2/11
The data were analyzed using Random Intercept Cross-Lagged Panel Models – after RCTs arguably the best method to estimate causal effects. Using Specification Curve Analyses we ran overall 2,268 models – thereby increasing the results’ robustness. 3/11
Read 11 tweets
Beeinflusst Social Media-Nutzung die Lebenszufriedenheit? Stimmt die These, u.a. vertreten von Spitzer, dass Jugendliche durch Social Media unglücklicher werden?

Hier die Ergebnisse der umfangreichsten längsschnittlichen Studie zum Thema - soeben erschienen im Journal PNAS! 1/11
Zusammen mit @OrbenAmy & @ShuhBillSkee analysierten wir Daten von Understanding Society, der weltweit umfangreichsten Längsschnittstudie. 8 Wellen wurden bisher erhoben, mit jeweils 1 Jahr Abstand. Insgesamt gingen Antworten von 5.492 britischen Jugendlichen ein. @usociety 2/11
Ausgewertet wurden die Daten mittels Random Intercept Cross-Lagged Panel Models – nach RCTs die wohl beste Methode zur Bestimmung kausaler Effekte. Anhand von Specification Curve Analyses wurden insgesamt 2.268 Modelle berechnet - was die Robustheit der Ergebnisse erhöht. 3/11
Read 11 tweets
So it's out now in @PolStudies! Bram Geurkink, Andrej Zaslove, Roderick Sluiter and me wrote on the difference and similarities between populist attitudes, external political efficacy & trust and apply this to voting for populist parties & non-voting. (1/3)
In essence we examine the question: are populist attitudes old wine in new bottles? (a phrase borrowed from the great work of @mrooduijn).

The research shows that populist attitudes are not the same as political trust or external political efficacy. And this matters. (2/3)
Indeed, we also examine what affects voting for populist parties.

It's not political distrust nor low external political efficacy, but populist attitudes that unites voters from left- & right-wing populist parties.

Trust relates to non-voting, populist attitudes do not (3/3)
Read 4 tweets
THREAD: This might possibly count as weirdest #OpenAccess publishing news ever, at least in the landscape of OA books in HSS. Mark Edington, former director of @acpress & @Lever_Press initiative is now an Episcopal bishop living in Paris? episcopalnewsservice.org/2019/04/08/mar… @insidehighered
2/ @M_Publishing + @charleswatkinso: Has anyone been appointed to run @Lever_Press since Edington’s departure? And what is the progress toward releasing books? The website appears to be somewhat defunct? 60 titles were promised by 2021. insidehighered.com/news/2018/01/1… #BestPractices
3/ We ask because the @insidehighered article published today about the new OA history monograph initiative funded by @MellonFdn and steered by @uncpressblog mentions @Lever_Press as pushing the boundaries of what monographs can be in the present tense: insidehighered.com/news/2019/05/0…
Read 6 tweets

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