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Ayo Adeyemi🇳🇬 @deyemiayo
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As A Serial Coupist:

His journey to military incursion in politics in Nigeria started on 28th July 1966 when he actively participated in a counter- bloody coup that got the then Head of State 👇
Major Gen Aguiyi Ironsi and other senior military officers assassinated. Then he was a commissioned Lieutenant in the Nigerian Army, which subsequently made him a serial coupist and war monger.

Apart from his active participation in the bloody counter coup of 28th July 1966, 👇
Retired Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari also participated actively in the Nigeria-Biafra Civil War of 1967-1970; which led to the genocidal killing of about two million mostly old Eastern Nigerian citizens or more; out of which over one million died of starvation. Specifically, 👇
Retired Major Gen Buhari, with others, was actively involved in perpetration of several war crimes (i.e. massacre of hundreds of thousands of civilians or non combatants particularly women and children) with particular reference to Owerri pogroms of 1968. 👇
As a serial coupist, Retired Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari participated further and actively in the 30th July 1975 palace coup, as a Lieutenant Colonel, which ousted the then military government of Retired General Yakubu Gowon, leading to his appointment between 1st August 1975 & 👇
3rd February 1976 as the military governor of the North Eastern State, after which he briefly held sway as military governor of Borno State from 3rdFebruary to 15th March 1976.

Having also participated in foiling the failed bloody coup of February 13, 1976 that got then 👇
military Head of State, Gen Murtala Ramat Mohammed assassinated, Retired Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari was named in March 1976 by Gen Olusegun Obasanjo (who succeeded late Gen Murtala Mohamed as head of State) as the Federal Commissioner (now Minister) for Petroleum and Natural 👇
Resources and later doubled as the Chairman of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) until 1978.

Prior to his 31st December 1983 main military coup, Retired Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari was the General Officer Commanding, 4th Infantry Division of the Nigerian Army 👇
between August 1980 and January 1981. He was also the General Officer Commanding, 2nd Mechanized Infantry Division between January 1981 and October 1981; and the General Officer Commanding, 3rd Armored Division of the Nigerian Army, between October 1981 and December 1983. 👇
He rose to become a Major General as at December 1983.

Buhari’s 1983 Coup and His Violent Military Presidency

Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari (as he then was) led other recalcitrant and coupist soldiers to overthrow the democratically elected presidency of Alhaji Shehu Aliyu 👇
Shagari on 31stDecember 1983; accusing the ousted civilian administration ofcorruption, favouritism and nepotism. As a result, all democratic structures particularly the 1979 civilian Constitution and its Fundamental Human Rights Chapter, were suspended indefinitely or abolished;
leading to state of terror and perpetration of motley of regime atrocities.

Several anti democracy, human rights and press military laws or decrees were hurriedly enacted with stiff sanction provisions through Special Military Tribunals. The two most notorious of such military👇
decrees were Decrees No.2 and 4 of 1984. Decree 2 was cited as the Nigerian State Security (Detention of Persons) Decree No. 2 of 1984, which allowed for indefinite and incommunicado detention of Nigerian citizens.

The Decree No 2 of 1984 suspended the constitutional freedoms or
Fundamental Human Rights Chapter of the then 1979 civilian Constitution outright and empowered the chief of staff, Supreme Headquarters, to detain indefinitely (subject to review every three months) anyone suspected of “acts prejudicial to state security or contributing to the 👇
economic adversity of the nation.” The Decree also authorised any police officer or a member of the armed forces to arrest and detain such a person at will and without trial.

Another most heinous of over twenty harsh and regime atrocious decrees of the Buhari’s military era was
Decree No 4 of  1984 or anti press freedom military decree. It was drafted on March 29, 1984 and became operational in April 1984.  Decree No. 4 was the most dreaded and repressive press law to be enacted in Nigeria. The law was drafted to punish “authors of false statements and
reports” that exposed the Buhari military administration and or its officials to ridicule or contempt.

Section 1, sub-sections (i), (ii) and (iii) of the obnoxious law - the most harmful section - provided that: Any person who publishes in any form, whether written or otherwise,
any message, rumour, report or statement, being a message, rumour, statement or report which is false in any material particular or which brings or is calculated to bring the Federal Military Government or the Government of a state or public officer to ridicule or disrepute,
shall be guilty of an offence under this Decree.

It further provides that: Any station for wireless telegraphy which conveys or transmits any sound or visual message, rumour, report or statement, being a message, rumour, report or statement which is false in any material
particular or which brings or is calculated to bring the Federal Government or the Government of a state or a public officer to ridicule or disrepute, shall be guilty of an offence under this Decree. It shall be an offence under this Decree for a newspaper or wireless telegraphy
station in Nigeria to publish or transmit any message, rumour, report or statement which is false in any material particular stating that any public officer has in any manner been engaged in corrupt practices or has in any manner corruptly enriched himself or any other person.
By July 1984, the Buhari’s military junta had issued twenty-two decrees, including two backdated to December 31, 1983, prescribing the death penalty for arson, drug trafficking, oil smuggling, and currency counterfeiting. In a related attempt to combat public indiscipline,👇
Buhari's chief of staff, Brigadier General Tunde Idiagbon, launched a largely symbolic and ineffective nationwide War Against Indiscipline (WAI) campaign in spring of 1984, which further landed several political actors and other opponents of the military junta to hash and anti-👇
human rights treatments.

As a result of these, the then National Security Organization (NSO), the Nigeria Police Force and other members of the Nigerian Armed Forces became an outlaw and untouchable. By the end of 1984, over 500 political detainees and several human rights and👇
media activists had been arrested and thrown into indefinite detention without trial. (Reference:…)

The most dreaded armed unit of the Buhari’s security establishment used in perpetrating the regime atrocities under reference was the National Security 👇
Organization (NSO), which is now split into the State Security Services (SSS), the Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) and the National Intelligence Agency (NIA) by virtue of the National Security Agencies Act of 1986, which formally disbanded the NSO. Under Buhari’s 👇
atrocious and tortuous 20 months military era (January 1984 - August 1985), NSO was responsible for the arrest and indefinite detention and disappearances of several opponents of his military regime. 

The Buhari’s atrocious military regime was ousted in a palace military coup of
27th August 1985, which named Major Gen Ibrahim Babangida (as he then was) as the new military head of State; leading to forceful retirement of Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari from the Nigerian Army. It is on record, till date, that since his forceful retirement from the Nigerian 👇
Army on 27thAugust 1985, Retired Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari had never attended any refresher or democratic leadership course or professional program locally or internationally till date. He has also not attended any formal education training or tutorship locally or 👇
internationally till date.

Till date, too, Buhari knows little or nothing about civil leadership, democratic and human rights values and principles; thereby retaining his old military character of crudity, intolerance, primordialism, hate, divisiveness, vindictiveness, crude 👇
religiosity and violence; which have collectively made him a serial human rights abuser and avid intolerant politician till date.
intolerance, primordialism, hate, divisiveness, vindictiveness, crude religiosity and violence; which have collectively made him a serial human rights abuser and avid intolerant politician till date.
Buhari’s Civilian Presidency: A Replica of His Brute Military Regime

The present civilian administration of Retired Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari is substantially, if not totally a replica of his military’s inglorious epoch. The advancements and gains recorded by Nigeria as a 👇
democratic country in the areas of rule of law and democratic free speeches and freedoms have been badly damaged and dragged to the mud on account of the emergence of the administration of Retired Major Gen Muhammadu Buhari and its crude governance styles. 👇
Prior to the emergence of the Buhari Administration in late May 2015, Nigeria’s poor human rights records were largely non-State actor oriented or driven; with the State and its coercive agencies accused of not competently rising to the occasion to protect the rights, lives 👇
and properties of the citizens from malicious non State actors or criminal citizens. In some cases, the Nigerian State was accused of aiding and abetting the criminal conducts of the malicious non State actors and; in other cases, criminal and malicious elements within the 👇
State coercive establishments were accused of corroding with or aiding the malicious citizens and entities in the perpetration of such atrocious conducts.

But the situation got compounded or out of hand in the present Buhari Administration, to the extent that Nigeria’s human 👇
rights records have dangerously plummeted and dualised into State and non State actor dimensions. That is to say that the State of Nigeria under the Buhari Administration, which ought to preserve and protect the citizens’ rights and democratic freedoms has become the lead 👇
violator and perpetrator of regime atrocities of various dimensions.
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