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Pro tip: being against "forced busing" was the preferred northern way to oppose desegregation (while distinguishing themselves from the south). Most students were bused before "busing" without objection from white parents. As Julian Bond observed, "It's not the bus, it's us."
The language of "neighborhood schools" was new after Brown and emerged as a Northern way to oppose desegregation. Northern sponsors of the 1964 Civil Rights Act built a loophole in the legislation for their white constituents to prevent their own schools from being desegregated.
The largest civil rights protest of the 1960s was not the '63 March on Washington but the 1964 NYC school boycott where nearly a half million students and teachers stayed out of school to protest lack of desegregation in NYC. The @nytimes called it "unreasonable" & "unjustified."
Busing was a false issue the media, politicians & historians helped further.The vast majority of students, white, Black & Latino, were being bused before "busing"in part to maintain segregated schools.Over 85% of Boston high school students in Boston were being bused before 1974.
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