Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #HumanWildlifeConflict

Most recents (14)

Later in #ScienceWeek, we’ll be hearing from Taronga’s Terrestrial Ecologist, Dr John Martin (@Wingtags), and his collaborators’ work in #urbanecology, but his focus at the human-wildlife interface means #humanwildlifeconflict is on John’s radar too. Image
The 4 #flyingfox species in mainland #Australia predominantly roost in urban areas (42–59%). And as such they are exposed to a number of threats. abc.net.au/news/science/2… .
Dr Martin’s work with @batslab, @CES_UNSW, @CSIRO on #flyingfoxes demonstrated that while they are threatened, they are not effectively conserved. publish.csiro.au/zo/ZO20086
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Through the Myall Lakes Dingo Project, Taronga’s #science team are quickly developing an understanding of the #dingo population. #MyallLakesNationalPark, a beautiful coastal area, has a very pure dingo population of high #conservation value. #ScienceWeek PC: Bobby-Jo Vial Image
Using GPS #radiocollars to keep up with packs, and a comprehensive photo identification library, the team tracks the movements and fortunes of many individuals across several packs. #Dingo pelage patterns, particularly the socks and chest blaze, identifies individuals. Image
We draw these distinctive features on our #dingo ID cards, and use photograph reference photos to identify them. The team are working on making an identikit publicly available, but for now here’s an example for UOM1701 (aka “Bombah Boy”), the dominant male in the Mungo Brush Pack Image
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The Myall Lakes #Dingo Project is a collaboration between Taronga, @CES_UNSW, @UNSW_BEES, NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service through @NSWDPIE, and MidCoast Council, headed up by Taronga’s @HWConflict and @PitcherBen. #MyallLakesNationalPark #ScienceWeek PC: Bobby-Jo Vial Image
Established in 2019, and funded by the Hermon Slade Foundation and Taronga, this project aims to develop and test novel #nonlethalmanagement tools for #dingoes, and to further our understanding and appreciation of this iconic but much-maligned #Australian #carnivore.
#Dingoes and other #carnivores often communicate territory ownership through #scentmarking and #howling. Sound up for this clip! It's a half-hearted howl, but lovely to hear.
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Sound #science underpins effective conservation action, and so developing #conservationmanagement tools requires a deep understanding of #animalecology. #Scienceweek. PC: Bobby-Jo Vial Image
Where #wildlifemanagement tools rely on natural signals to modify behaviour, they must be underpinned by an understanding of #animalcommunication & cognition. Taronga's @HWConflict collaborates on several projects with @BPCTcamp unravelling African large #carnivore communication
For example, #leopard #scentmarking behaviour (doi.org/10.1016/j.anbe…); spotted #hyena latrine-use (doi.org/10.1007/s00265…); #cheetah marking trees (doi.org/10.1111/aje.12…); and scent marking behaviour of #AfricanWildDogs (doi.org/10.1111/eth.12…). PC: Bobby-Jo Vial Image
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In addition to conducting the #science underpinning evidence-based #conservation tools, Taronga also supports their roll out. For example, Taronga supports a #carnivore #coexistence officer, Tshepo Ditlhabang, on @BPCTrust’s “Re Mmôgô” project in #Botswana #ScienceWeek Image
This #coexistence officer provides the community with access to evidence-based #HWC mitigation tools, including eye-cow, and is working to provide protective livestock collars, and flashing lights (#lionlights) at overnight enclosures. Image
While deterring hungry #carnivores, flashing lights also deter #elephants, themselves a major cause of #HWC but also a vital part of the ecosystem. Research led by @TempeAdams at Elephants without borders showed lights deterred field incursions doi.org/10.1017/S00306… Image
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One approach to reducing #HWC and its impacts is to develop tools that promote human-wildlife #coexistence. An eye-catching project conceived by Taronga scientist @HWConflict is one such example. #ScienceWeek PC: Bobby-Jo Vial. Image
By hijacking a common anti-predator signal and applying it in a novel context in #Botswana, the team were able to reduce livestock losses to #lions. nature.com/articles/s4200… PC: Bobby-Jo Vial. Image
The eye-cow approach was very successful in reducing predation by #lions, and Taronga produced detailed “how-to” guides to using the technique with locally available resources, prompting interest and subsequent trials in Peru, USA, India, and Kenya. carnivorecoexistence.info/african-carniv…
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Day 2 this #ScienceWeek we focus on #carnivore ecology and #conservation, particularly #HumanWildlifeConflict, a major contributor to biodiversity decline, and consequently a focus for our #science team. PC: Bobby-Jo Vial. Image
We’ll cover some of the core #science projects that Taronga has established or contributed to, highlighting how science-based solutions and evidence-based approaches to #conservation are critical.
In a conjoint role with @CES_UNSW, Taronga’s Conservation Biologist, Dr Neil Jordan (@HWConflict) works in #HumanWildlifeConflict and management, focusing on the #ecology and #conservation of African #carnivores and #dingoes, Australia’s own apex terrestrial carnivore.
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#Lions less likely to attack cattle with eyes painted on their backsides theconversation.com/lions-are-less… via
@TC_Africa
Great to have this work out on #worldlionday2020 #humanwildlifeconflict #coexistence with
@camthera @BPCTcamp @TraceyLRogers @tarongazoo @UNSWScience @unswbees
Congratulations to @camthera in particular (@CES_UNSW & @EERC_UNSW), on his first #PhD publication in @CommsBio nature.com/articles/s4200…
#HumanWildlifeConflict is a major cause of #lion and #largecarnivore decline, and it's exciting to contribute a potential tool to the #nonlethal toolkit that might help to foster #coexistence.
Read 12 tweets
Excited to share a new paper from my PhD out in Biological Conservation!

Does higher probability of wildlife movement (as modeled thru connectivity) correlate with patterns of conflict? 🐘🇧🇼🌱

Available here (free thru August) authors.elsevier.com/a/1bKC71R%7EeI…. Highlights thread... 1/7
We know when people farm near high-use elephant pathways more crop-raiding incidents occur there. Does this pattern hold even beyond paths, where areas with higher connectivity/higher probability of movement across the landscape see more conflict? 2/7 Aerial view of elephants
We modeled connectivity based on GPS collar data from 15 elephants in the Western Okavango Panhandle of Botswana (data from @TheECOEXISTproj) using #Circuitscape. (all eles collared with appropriate permits/approvals from @BWGovernment and @TAMU) 3/7 Connectivity map of the wes...
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1/6 We explored 3 socio-psych theories to predict livestock producers’ use of lethal dingo control

Social identity was most useful, so understanding ID is important to understand & influence behaviour
@SCB_SSWG #SSWGTC20
2/6 Effective conservation policy & intervention requires understanding what drives human behaviour bc #humanwildlifeconflict is often more about humans than wildlife

I explored conflict b/w dingoes & livestock producers in Australia
3/6 Surveyed Australian livestock graziers to document use of lethal/nonlethal predator control to protect livestock
Linked manmt behaviours with 3 socio-psych frameworks

1. Values/beliefs #TRA
2. #PerceptionOfRisk
3. #SocialIdentityTheory
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Did you miss our recent webinar on reducing #HumanWildlifeConflict in the context of engaging communities to tackle illegal wildlife trade (#IWT)?

Well, you're in luck... We've got all the presentations, videos and follow-up in one thread!👇 African wild dog
The webinar began with an intro to the First Line of Defence initiative, from @HollyDublin1: iucn.org/regions/easter…

This uses an interactive methodology, underpinned by a theory of change, to help engage communities more directly in the design of projects to tackle #IWT.
.@HollyDublin1's presentation focused on one of 4 key pathways central to effective community participation: decreasing the costs of living with wildlife.

She used 2 examples from Kenya to highlight the importance of understanding local contexts --> slideshare.net/IIEDslides/fir…
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Sadly, of the large carnivore species, more than 60% of them are threatened. Of the 17 showing widespread population declines, they now live in only 47% of their historical ranges. The tiger, for example, could have lost 95% of its historical range science.sciencemag.org/content/343/61…
There are fewer than 3,900 tigers left in the world today due to widespread habitat loss, historic overhunting (thanks to us Brits), #humanwildlifeconflict and, more recently, #illegalwildlifetrade. Sadly, tigers are desired for their skins as rugs & their parts for medicine
Tigers continue to decline in many parts of south-east Asia but their population seems to be fairing better in India due to strictly enforced protected areas & efforts from the Global Tiger Forum 🐯hindustantimes.com/environment/ti…
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My research mostly focuses on how we can get people to feel a bit happier about sharing their land with wildlife. When we disagree on how to manage wildlife, this is called #HumanWildlifeConflict. If an elephant destroys a crop, farmers want to get rid of that elephant 👨‍🌾🐘🌽
#DYK there are tamed Asian elephants used to herd wild elephants away from villages to limit crop/property damage? You can read more about them here wwf.or.id/en/about_wwf/w…
There are options for reducing wildlife damage but none are fullproof. Putting up fences can help, but there are consequences of fencing off large parts of land, as this reduces habitat for wildlife. Fences are a touchy subject for lion researchers nature.com/news/fences-di…
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Gooooooooood morning Twitterverse! I'm an environmentalist who sees myself as a bit of a Captain Planet protégé. I am using science to help protect this wonderful world we live in. First things first: does anyone actually remember Captain Planet?!
Captain Planet was a 1990s cartoon aimed at kids but had a very strong environmental message throughout. It brought together the "Planeteers" who were kids that wanted to help make the world a better place. Pretty neat, huh?!
And why do I start my week on Twitter talking about kids' cartoons? Well, to me, science is about making positive change for society. And to do that, we need to get our messages out there & get people interested. Cartoons are a great way of engaging kids in science messages
Read 33 tweets

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