A woman does not need to fight back or resist in order to prove that she did not consent to unwanted sex. (Canadian sexual assault law does not require proof of resistance to demonstrate a lack of consent.) Nevertheless, in popular imagination
This is a normal response to threat. It’s the brain’s way of priming us for the next steps in reflexive action.
powerlessness. People who are used to a sense of self-efficacy and personal power and agency find it difficult to
imagine such circumstances.
But women in intimate situations with men who they believe are trustworthy
cognitively constricted because of altered thinking capacity or physically restricted due to
The general public, the criminal justice system, even victims themselves often misunderstand neurobiological-based responses to threat and to traumatic events.
Sexual assault victims often find these reactions extremely frightening and confusing and they often blame themselves for these responses.
The self-blame and lack of information about these natural brain-based responses keep many victims from coming forward to report their sexual assault experiences to police or to get support services.
a result undermining their investigation.
lawyers inaccurately characterize, question, and challenge these seemingly counterintuitive behaviors.