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Her story changed history. Our Smithsonian American Women’s History Initiative will tell a more complete American story and empower future generations.

This #WomensHistoryMonth, we'll share stories of the women who changed ours: #BecauseOfHerStory. womenshistory.si.edu Graphic on teal background with white text: “because of her story.” About 10 black and white photos of women’s faces. One wears a top hat. Another works in a chemistry lab.
Caroline Jones started as a copywriter in the early 1960s and later founded multiple ad firms. She fought against the assumption that her ads should only address African American consumers. More about her career from @amhistorymuseum: s.si.edu/2l583vy #BecauseOfHerStory In a pale red and white graphic, there is a black and white photo of a woman. Text reads:
@amhistorymuseum Ruth Asawa wove wire to create airy and evocative sculptures, and her later work included large-scale public art commissions. The Ruth Asawa San Francisco School of the Arts is named after her. Interview in our @ArchivesAmerArt: s.si.edu/2T7tj8d #BecauseOfHerStory In a teal and white graphic, a close photo of a woman's face. Text reads: Ruth Asawa studied art in a Japanese American incarceration camp and became an advocate for arts education.  Ruth Asawa studied art in a Japanese American incarceration camp and became an advocate for arts education. #BecauseOfHerStory
@amhistorymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt Roxie Collie Laybourne wanted to go to aviation school but wasn’t allowed because she was a woman. While working at our @NMNH, she invented forensic ornithology, which identifies dead birds through feathers. @SmithsonianArch story: s.si.edu/2mTOvwZ #BecauseOfHerStory In a blue and white graphic, a photo of a woman sitting behind a table. There is a row of bird specimens in front of her. Text reads: Roxie Laybourne made air travel safer through a new field of scientific study: CSI for birds. #BecauseOfHerStory
@amhistorymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt @NMNH @SmithsonianArch Carmen Lomas Garza is an icon of the Chicano art movement. Her folk-styled works document the lives of Mexican Americans and often portray memories of her own family in South Texas. See her pieces in our @americanart: s.si.edu/2EmXn5z #BecauseOfHerStory In a black and teal graphic, a black and white photo of a woman sitting at a table. There are what appear to be paint brushes in the foreground. The text reads: Carmen Lomas Garza gave Mexican American families representation in children's books. #BecauseOfHerStory
For the March 3, 1913 march in D.C., suffragists debated whether African American participants should walk in a segregated section. Suffrage leader Ida B. Wells joined the parade and marched alongside the all-white Illinois delegation. s.si.edu/2C1UqqH #BecauseOfHerStory In a teal and white graphic, there is a black and white photo of a woman. Text reads: Ida B. Wells exposed racial injustice and violence though groundbreaking reporting. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum Zitkála-Šá (Yankton Sioux) was an author, musician and advocate for policy reform. She founded the National Council of American Indians in 1926, which worked to make U.S. government policies toward Native Americans more just. s.si.edu/2XDdpkL #BecauseOfHerStory In a teal and white graphic, there is a black and white photograph of a woman with long, dark hair. She is in profile. Text reads: Zitkála-Šá led the movement to win rights for Native Americans. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum Margaret Hamilton—shown standing next to listings of the Apollo Guidance Computer source code—was responsible for software that put astronauts into space and got them safely back home again. Some of the listings are in our @airandspace: s.si.edu/2EAx2RF #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white photo of a woman smiling and holding up a stack of 18 thick books or binders. They are as tall as she is. She wears a long sleeve dress and wedge heels. She is in an office-like interior. Red and white graphic with text: Margaret Hamiliton led software development for the Apollo missions to the moon. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace Frances Benjamin Johnston learned photography in the late 1800s. She photographed five U.S. presidents, plus diplomats and other government officials, then focused her work on architecture. s.si.edu/2Tk58n7 #BecauseOfHerStory In a blue and what graphic, a black and white full-length photo of a woman wearing a plaid dress with sleeves that are puffy at the shoulders and tight fitting around the wrists. She sits on a box in front of a brick fireplace lined with photographs, one leg crossed with her ankle resting on her knee, showing a lighter color layer of dress fabric at the hem. She holds a stein in one hand. Text reads: Frances Benjamin
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace Gladys Bentley began her blues career singing at parties, and later performed at one of New York City's most well-known gay speakeasies. Her recording career spanned two decades. This portrait is in the collection of our @NMAAHC: s.si.edu/2TmbW3Q #BecauseOfHerStory Head and shoulders black and white photographic portrait of a woman with glossy lipstick and a top hat. She wears a dark suit and tie with white top beneath. The hat is titled slightly to the left. She is partially smiling and she makes eye contact with the viewer. Aqua and black graphic that reads: Gladys Bentley performed in male drag at clubs during the Harlem Renaissance.
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC Ruby Hirose researched serums and antitoxins as a biochemist and bacteriologist. In 1940, she was among 10 women recognized by the American Chemical Society for their accomplishments. @SmithsonianArch photo: s.si.edu/2UqHp0Y #InternationalWomensDay #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white photo of a woman wearing a lab coat, operating equipment in a lab-like environment full of equipment. She has black hair and is looking at the device in her hands. Blue and white graphic with text:  Ruby Hirose made major contributions to the development of vaccines against polio and other diseases. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch Brownie Wise popularized the idea of hosting parties to promote and sell Tupperware. This transformed its reputation and was an opportunity for women to participate in business. Wise eventually became a vice president of the company. s.si.edu/21vMMbb #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white photographic portrait of a woman with a big smile, mouth open and eyes squinted. She holds her right hand against her face, her elbow resting on the back of a wicker chair. She has short, curly hair and wears a bracelet on her wrist. Black and aqua graphic with text: Brownie Wise pioneered a new way for women to be entrepreneurs at home. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch Sophie Lutterlough was the first woman elevator operator at our @NMNH. In 1957 she was hired as an insect preparator. Lutterlough went on to research and classify insects, helping to discover 40 type specimens in the collection. s.si.edu/2TxYUjz #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white photograph of a woman standing behind a microscope. She is wearing glasses and looks directly at the camera. Blue and white graphic with text: Sophie Lutterlough broke racial and gender barriers to research insects at the Smithsonian. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH Bessie Coleman couldn't get flight training in the U.S. because of her race and gender. She went to France and earned her license. Her flying career inspired many young African Americans to go into aviation. Photo in our @airandspace: s.si.edu/2EXXt44 #BecauseOfHerStory Teal and white graphic with a black and white photo of a woman in a long coat, boots and helmet. She is standing on the wheel on a small plane with a propeller at the front. Text reads: Bessie Coleman was the first African American women to earn a pilot's license. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH Ursula Marvin wanted to change her major from history to geology, but her professor said she should learn to cook instead. Marvin became a planetary geologist at @saoastro. An asteroid is named for her. s.si.edu/2F0fgrg #BecauseOfHerStory Black and teal graphic with black and white photo of a woman standing. She is wearing a thick coat with a hood and holds it slightly open to show a pair of snow pants with suspenders. Text reads: Ursula Marvin hunted for meteorites in Antarctica. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH @saoastro Alma Thomas spent 38 years as a D.C. public school art teacher. Then in 1972—in her 80s—Thomas was the first African American woman to have a solo exhibition at the @whitneymuseum. Her papers are in our @ArchivesAmerArt: s.si.edu/2TG5Mvh #5WomenArtists #BecauseOfHerStory A black and white photograph of a woman wearing a patterned dress. She is standing in front of a wall with paper showing rows of abstract shapes. She is holding a similar piece of paper with paint on it. Teal and black graphic background reads: Alma Thomas introduced generations of children to art. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH @saoastro @whitneymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt Marguerita Mergentime blended bold colors, typography, and a fascination with American history and culture into her festive designs. Her influential but underrecognized work is currently on view at our @cooperhewitt: s.si.edu/2Fgw6lR #BecauseOfHerStory A sepia-toned photograph of a woman's face. She is staring above and to the side of the camera, with a scarf wrapped over her hair. Blue and white graphic with text: Marguerita Mergentime brought modernist design to the dinner table. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH @saoastro @whitneymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt @cooperhewitt Mary Church Terrell advocated for African American women before and after the 19th Amendment. At 86, she sat at a segregated lunch counter and took the restaurant who refused to serve her to court. 📸: @amhistorymuseum s.si.edu/2TOzjmO #HiddenHerstory #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white photograph portrait of March Church Terrell, seated. In the bust-length portrait, she wears a dark, velvet-like top with flower details, a jeweled necklace, and matching earrings. Her hair is pulled back and away from her face. Teal and white graphic with text: Mary Church Terrell fought to secure African American women’s access to the ballot. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH @saoastro @whitneymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt @cooperhewitt Doris M. Cochran was the first woman curator at our Division of Reptiles and Amphibians, where she worked from 1919 to 1968. One of her books has been translated into six languages. She holds a frog in this 1934 @SmithsonianArch photo. s.si.edu/2U0EaAz #BecauseOfHerStory A black and white photo of a woman sitting at a desk. She has dark hair and is wearing a necklace and holding something small. The desk has jars and papers on it. Black and aqua graphic with text: Doris M. Cochran named nearly 100 new species of reptiles and amphibians. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH @saoastro @whitneymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt @cooperhewitt Patricia Cowings investigated psycho-physiological and biological problems astronauts faced in space in the early 1980s. She taught them to regulate many autonomic functions—such as heart rate—through biofeedback. More from @airandspace: s.si.edu/2TWEFf1 #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white photo of a woman who sits at electronic equipment wearing a white lab coat, collared shirt with a printed patter, sweater, skirt, and white headband. She looks at the camera and wears glasses. Behind her, more equipment. Blue and white graphic with text: Patricia Cowings designed a program to help astronauts combat space sickness. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH @saoastro @whitneymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt @cooperhewitt Queen Liliʻuokalani was the last Queen regent of the Hawaiian Kingdom before the U.S. overthrew its government in 1893. She traveled to argue for independence to presidents and statesmen. Her book on Hawaiian history is in @SILibraries. s.si.edu/2U24MRO #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white full-length portrait of a woman wearing a gown with feather-like trim around the collar. She wears a fabric sash across her chest, jewelry, and her hair up. One hand rests on the back of a chair. In the background, plants are visible. Image in a blue and white graphic with text: Queen Liliʻuokalani advocated for the Hawaiian people, culture, and land. #BecauseOfHerStory
@NPG @amhistorymuseum @airandspace @NMAAHC @SmithsonianArch @NMNH @saoastro @whitneymuseum @ArchivesAmerArt @cooperhewitt @SILibraries Belva Ann Lockwood could not vote, but she could seek public office. The Equal Rights Party nominated her as its candidate for president in 1884 and 1888. "Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence" will open at our @NPG on March 29. s.si.edu/2JGLFbR #BecauseOfHerStory Black and white photographic portrait of a woman wearing a high ruffled collar with lace details. Her face is seen almost in profile. Her hair is in a bun with an ornament. Aqua and white graphic with text: Belva Ann Lockwood ran for president twice. #BecauseOfHerStory
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