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A compilation that I #Kant but share. :)

Tweet-quotes from "Grounwork for the Metaphyics of Morals" (1875) #Thread follows:

"Nothing can possibly be conceived in the world, or even out of it, which can be called good, without qualification, except a good will."
"Intelligence, wit, judgement, and the other talents of the mind, however they may be named, or courage, resolution, perseverance, as qualities of temperament, are undoubtedly good and desirable in many respects;" #Kant
"but these gifts of nature may also become extremely bad and mischievous if the will which is to make use of them, and which, therefore, constitutes what is called character, is not good. It is the same with the gifts of fortune." #Kant
"Power, riches, honour, even health, and the general well-being and contentment with one’s condition which is called happiness, inspire pride, and often presumption... #Kant
...if there is not a good will to correct the influence of these on the mind, and with this also to rectify the whole principle of acting and adapt it to its end.” #Kant
"Thus a good will appears to constitute the indispensable condition even of being worthy of happiness." #Kant
"Moderation in the affections and passions , self - control , and calm deliberation are not only good in many respects , but even seem to constitute part of the intrinsic worth of the person;" #Kant
"...but they are far from deserving to be called good without qualification , although they have been so unconditionally praised by the ancients." #Kant
"A good will is good not because of what it performs or effects , not by its aptness for the attainment of some proposed end , but simply by virtue of the volition" #Kant
"We have then to develop the notion of a will which deserves to be highly esteemed for itself and is good without a view to anything further , a notion which exists already in the sound natural understanding..." #Kant
"..., requiring rather to be cleared up than to be taught , and which in estimating the value of our actions always takes the first place and constitutes the condition of all the rest" #Kant
"if adversity & hopeless sorrow have completely taken away the relish for life; if the unfortunate one, strong in mind, indignant at his fate rather than desponding or dejected, wishes for death... #Kant
..., and yet preserves his life without loving it - not from inclination or fear, but from duty, then his maxim has a moral worth" #Kant
"To be beneficent when we can is a duty;...there are many minds so sympathetically constituted that, without any other motive of vanity/self-interest , they find pleasure in spreading joy around them & can take delight in the satisfaction of others so far as it is their own work"
"It is just in this that the moral worth of the character is brought out which is incomparably the highest of all , namely , that he is beneficent , not from inclination , but from duty" #Kant
"That an action done from duty derives its moral worth , not from the purpose which is to be attained by it, but from the maxim by which it is determined, and therefore does not depend on the realization of the object of the action, but merely on the principle of volition..."
"Duty is the necessity of acting from respect for the law" #Kant
"The pre-eminent good which we call moral can therefore consist in nothing else than the conception of law in itself , which certainly is only possible in a rational being , in so far as this conception, and not the expected effect , determines the will" #Kant
"The immediate determination of the will by the law , and the consciousness of this , is called respect , so that this is regarded as an effect of the law on the subject , and not as the cause of it" #Kant
"The object of respect is the law only , and that the law which we impose on ourselves and yet recognise as necessary in itself" #Kant
"Here it would be easy to show how, with this compass in hand, men are well able to distinguish, in every case that occurs, what is good, what bad, conformably to duty or inconsistent with it... #Kant
...if ,without in the least teaching them anything new, we only, like Socrates, direct their attention to the principle they themselves employ; and that ,therefore ,we do not need science and philosophy to know what we should do to be honest and good, yea ,even wise and virtuous"
"even wisdom — which otherwise consists more in conduct than in knowledge — yet has need of science , not in order to learn from it , but to secure for its precepts admission and permanence" #Kant
"This descending to popular notions is certainly very commendable , if the ascent to the principles of pure reason has first taken place and been satisfactorily accomplished" #Kant
"This implies that we first found ethics on metaphysics , and then , when it is firmly established , procure a hearing for it by giving it a popular character . But it is quite absurd to try to be popular in the first inquiry , on which the soundness of the principles depends"
"Act as if the maxim of thy action were to become by thy will a universal law of nature" #Kant
"We must be able to will that a maxim of our action should be a universal law . This is the canon of the moral appreciation of the action generally" #Kant
"The will is conceived as a faculty of determining oneself to action in accordance with the conception of certain laws" #Kant
"Now that which serves the will as the objective ground of its self - determination is the end..." #Kant
"...that which merely contains the ground of possibility of the action of which the effect is the end , this is called the means" #Kant
"The subjective ground of the desire is the spring , the objective ground of the volition is the motive ; hence the distinction between subjective ends which rest on springs , and objective ends which depend on motives valid for every rational being"
"The ends which a rational being proposes to himself at pleasure as effects of his actions ( material ends ) are all only relative , for it is only their relation to the particular desires of the subject that gives them their worth..." #Kant
"...,which therefore cannot furnish principles universal and necessary for all rational beings and for every volition , that is to say practical laws . Hence all these relative ends can give rise only to hypothetical imperatives" #Kant
"So act as to treat humanity , whether in thine own person or in that of any other , in every case as an end withal , never as means only" #Kant
"For all rational beings come under the law that each of them must treat itself and all others never merely as means , but in every case at the same time as ends in themselves" #Kant
"Morality consists then in the reference of all action to the legislation which alone can render a kingdom of ends possible" #Kant
"Whatever has a value can be replaced by something else which is equivalent ; whatever , on the other hand , is above all value , and therefore admits of no equivalent , has a dignity" #Kant
"Whatever has reference to the general inclinations and wants of mankind has a market value ; whatever , without presupposing a want , corresponds to a certain taste , that is to a satisfaction in the mere purposeless play of our faculties , has a fancy value..." #Kant
"...but that which constitutes the condition under which alone anything can be an end in itself , this has not merely a relative worth , i.e . , value , but an intrinsic worth , that is , dignity" #Kant
"Thus morality , and humanity as capable of it , is that which alone has dignity" #Kant
"Skill and diligence in labour have a market value ; wit , lively imagination , and humour , have fancy value ; on the other hand , fidelity to promises , benevolence from principle ( not from instinct ) , have an intrinsic worth" #Kant
"Act always on such a maxim as thou canst at the same time will to be a universal law ” ; this is the sole condition under which a will can never contradict itself ; and such an imperative is categorical" #Kant
"We have also shown above that neither fear nor inclination , but simply respect for the law , is the spring which can give actions a moral worth" #Kant
"Autonomy of the will is that property of it by which it is a law to itself ( independently of any property of the objects of volition)" #Kant
"If the will seeks the law which is to determine it anywhere else than in the fitness of its maxims to be universal laws of its own dictation , consequently if it goes out of itself and seeks this law in the character of any of its objects , there always results heteronomy" #Kant
"Empirical principles are wholly incapable of serving as a foundation for moral laws" #Kant
"..principle of private happiness however is the most objectionable, not merely because it is false, and experience contradicts the supposition that prosperity is always proportioned to good conduct, nor yet merely because it contributes nothing to the establishment of morality"
"..(on private happiness)..since it is quite a different thing to make a prosperous man and a good man , or to make one prudent and sharp - sighted for his own interests and to make him virtuous..." #Kant
"...(on private happiness)...but because the springs it provides for morality are such as rather undermine it and destroy its sublimity..." #Kant
"...(on private happiness)...,since they put the motives to virtue and to vice in the same class and only teach us to make a better calculation, the specific difference between virtue and vice being entirely extinguished" #Kant
"Amongst the rational principles of morality, the ontological conception of perfection, notwithstanding its defects, is better than the theological conception which derives morality from a Divine absolutely perfect will" #Kant
"...while we do not comprehend the practical unconditional necessity of the moral imperative, we yet comprehend its incomprehensibility, and this is all that can be fairly demanded of a philosophy which strives to carry its principles up to the very limit of human reason" #Kant
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