Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #pompeii

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#MuseumsUnlocked - Religious Art and Places of Worship

The Temple of Isis in #Pompeii - one of my favourite ancient cults and a gorgeous little temple.
A temple to the Egyptian goddess Isis was probably established in the Theatre district of Pompeii towards the end of the second century BC. Nearby Puteoli had established a Temple of Serapis by 105 BC, with evidence of an Isis cult also being found at Herculaneum.
The discovery of the temple in the 1760s caused a sensation, highlighting the interconnectedness of the ancient world.

Image: Fresco showing the cult of Isis, Herculaneum (Museo Nazionale Archeologic, Naples Inv. no. 8924.)
Read 5 tweets
Today we are going to talk about the pink hues in mural paintings from @pompeii_sites. As we will see, their chemical characteristics make it difficult to be analysed in-situ. To overcome this, the pigments conserved at the Applied Research Laboratory have been of great help. Bowl containing a pink pigment, conserved at the Applied Research Laboratory (Archaeological Park of Pompeii).
This pink tone is to be found in certain examples at the Archaeological Park, frequently associated to the depiction of Venus, as in this painting of the House of the Venus in the Shell (Regio II, 3, 3).

In some cases, the pinkish hue is less astounding and often mixed with other tones, as in the grey elephants that are accompanying the goddess in this example of the Shop of Verecundus (Regio IX, 7, 6).

Read 16 tweets
In today’s thread, we will be explaining the darkening of the vivid red cinnabar, a pigment employed in the most lavish mural paintings at @pompeii_sites. Mural painting fragment fou...
This example, shared by @PaulHar77393852, is surely among the most well-known. Let’s recreate ourselves with this poisonous yet fabulous red hue.

As you know, one of the most important mercury (and cinnabar) ore is located in Almadén (the Roman Sisapo). According to Pliny the Elder, it was exploited by the "socii sisaponensis" and only a certain quantity was allowed to be extracted per year (up to 100 net pounds). Almadén Mining Park. Source...
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A very brief history of Pompeii in plans:
Historically, the hill that covered the ancient city of #Pompeii was known as ‘La Civita’ – the settlement.
Gaultier 1754
raremaps.com/gallery/detail…
#cartography @_MiBACT #viaggioinitalia #ArTyouReady #paesaggioitaliano
While excavation of #Pompeii was in its infancy plans of the city were being made and I love that they are barely identifiable as being the ancient city we see today.
Lapatie 1776
Piranesi 1792 (detail)
La Vega 1800

#cartography for @_MiBACT #viaggioinitalia
Under the auspices of French rule at the start of the 19th cent, excavations in #Pompeii opened up huge swathes of the ancient site & the city walls were uncovered revealing the extent of the urban area.
Unknown 1800
De Jorio 1825

#cartography for @_MiBACT #viaggioinitalia
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Amongst the wealth of online resources relating to their #Pompeii exhibition that @GrandPalaisRmn have generously made accessible online is this lovely film of a reconstruction of the recently discovered House with the Garden in Region V by @pompeii_sites
The House with the Garden became renown for the discovery of the charcoal inscription which initiated further debate as to the date of the eruption but many other, now familiar finds were also uncovered in the property.
Image: @pompeii_sites
I was fascinated to see the House with the Garden in #Pompeii being excavated and it slowly emerging from the volcanic debris on my couple of visits to Region V.
Separated by 4 months here are “before & after” photos in March then in July 2018 as more pumice had been removed...
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For #WorldFoodDay where to start in #Pompeii & the Vesuvian sites? So many foods are represented in frescoes but have also been found preserved, predominantly in the form of carbonised remains, in archaeological excavations. The most famous is the daily staple of a loaf of bread.
One of my favourite food discoveries from #Pompeii is the incredible survival of this ceramic bowl of eggs found in the House of Julius Polybius. His near neighbour, Julia Felix, had a fresco of a plate of eggs (and a tea towel!) adorning the wall of her study. #WorldFoodDay
Possibly the most infamous foodstuff from #Pompeii is garum made by fermenting blood & innards of fish. Umbricius Scaurus was a proud garum producer & had mosaics of his garum amphorae in his house. It’s an ingredient used to bring together flavours of the dish. #WorldFoodDay
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Your annual reminder that although it is claimed, today probably wasn’t the day that Vesuvius erupted in AD 79 burying the landscape in volcanic debris and covering the Roman cities of #Pompeii and #Herculaneum as well as other settlements and rural villas in the area.
According to letters Pliny the Younger wrote to Tacitus, detailing his eye-witness account of the AD79 eruption, it happened on Aug 24th.
We only have transcribed copies of these letters & the eruption date on each version varies. It’s more likely that Vesuvius erupted in Oct/Nov
A charcoal inscription uncovered in #Pompeii contains the date ‘XVI K Nov’—16 days before the Kalends of Nov—equating to 17th Oct. Though no year is mentioned, the impermanence of charcoal suggests this could have been written close to the time of eruption.
Image:@MassimoOsanna
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To @AshmoleanMuseum, there to gawp at its new exhibition on Pompeii!
The exhibition - ‘Last Supper In #Pompeii’ - seems in fact not to be about Pompeii, but about the infinitely fascinating topic of Roman attitudes to food & drink. Here, to kick things off, are Bacchus’ #buttocks...
Etruscan duck
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ROTOLO n.2 – Lararia in Pompeii and Herculaneum
Follow @Polemicarc for more –
#larario #lararium #pompeii #herculaneum #architecture #arquitectura #RomanEmpire
The Lararium is an altar sacred to the Lares, the deities of the ancestors according to the Romans. The word has an Etruscan origin, as 'lar' meant 'father' in their language.
Lararia were mini-shrines, permanently in use, and were worshipped by both the high and low class.
Here, one of the richest ones I’ve ever seen (Herculaneum):
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ROTOLO n.1 – Public Fountains in Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Follow @Polemicarc for more –
#fountain #herculaneum #pompeii #architecture #arquitectura #RomanEmpire
Public fountains were execptionally important for every urbanized civilization.
They served an important logistic and social function, located in the most strategic places to relieve the thirst of the people walking by, supplied by the local aquaduct. (pic thru @wrathofgnon)
@wrathofgnon Water was supplied through mighty infrastructures (here, Aqua Claudia – the 8th aquaduct built), and canalized along very long distances, thanks to the deep insight Romans had over hydraulics.
Romans built their aquaducts with a slope of 0,00034%, which is 34 cm/Km.
Read 15 tweets
There are few things I love more than archive photos of the excavations of #Pompeii. These capture the 1950s excavations of the Via dell’Abbondanza. Brilliant contrast between the suited visitors and the workmen. And oh just look at the painted written signs & frescoes. Fabulous.
[Images taken from Varone & Stefani, 2009. Titulorum Pictorum Pompeianorum. CIL IV]
And of course I meant to write 1910s not 1950s. #sigh
Read 3 tweets
Annual reminder that although it is claimed, this probably *wasn’t* the day that Vesuvius erupted in AD 79 burying the landscape in volcanic debris and covering the Roman cities of #Pompeii and Herculaneum as well as rural villas in the area.
According to letters Pliny the Younger wrote to Tacitus, detailing his eye-witness account of the AD 79 eruption, it happened on August 24th.
Except that it probably didn’t. We only have transcribed copies of these letters & so there’s a chance the date was copied down wrong.
The most persuasive archaeological evidence we have from the cities that Vesuvius buried to indicate the eruption may have been later in the year, are ripe pomegranates. These generally ripen & are harvested in autumn not August. The eruption date is probably in Sept or Oct.
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Had the great honour of talking to @pompeii_sites Director General, @MassimoOsanna, at the site of his new excavations: the first in 20 years to entirely dig through the 4 metres of ash and pumice stones from the AD 79 eruption.
Such an exciting project to watch unfold. #Pompeii
@pompeii_sites @MassimoOsanna A few more views of the incredibly exciting first glimpses of the tops of the walls emerging from the volcanic ash & amphorae nestled in the pumice in the new excavations in Region V, #Pompeii.
Latest photographs from the new excavations in Region V of #Pompeii. Painted wall plaster emerging from the pumice and a winged putto (cherub) sees daylight once more.

[images courtesy of @MassimoOsanna]
Read 59 tweets

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