1st unification under a zealous portion of the population to form a new ‘order’;
2nd consolidation by spreading zeal amongst population;
4th decline/loss of power when the population has tired of promises and zealotry.
* revenues go to his allies, supporters, and military
* revenues are spent on maintaining the leaders’ power
* but to appease a weakening base, revenues from taxes decrease
* thus the state’s need for money becomes more urgent
This leads to the next urgent stage :
* loyalties become challenged from within
Gatekeepers are no longer as loyal as they had originally been.
At this stage, the ruler believes he’s more entitled to the wealth of the position, appropriates it for himself, and becomes more detestable to the people.
Ibn Khaldun concludes,
“The edifice of glory crumbles, after having been supported and built up to a great height by those who shared in it.”
It has stood the test of time. It has affected powers in all states in any country.
And we are seeing it play out right now, today.