A thread on pre-Islamic gods and goddesses of Arabia:
She watched over graves and images of her could be found in stone and wood often covered in blood from sacrifice
Along with Hubal she was invoked in divinations and oracles.
She is simultaneously Venusian and Lunar.
Stone edifices to her included lions and gazelles
A warrior deity, his idol was fashioned of red stone, likely agate or carnelian
They share characteristics of Semitic fertility deities and part of their rites included running between hills representing them
It is unclear whether Al Kutbay was a god or goddess, though evidence for a female goddess of intellect is compelling.
Al Kutbay is also found in Petra and generally invoked alongside Al Uzza
Under Islam he become a djinn of disease, though its unclear if he was one before who happened to be worshipped
Women would caress Manaf’s statue
Magical inscriptions are found with his name and lunar iconography as perhaps part of binding sorcery.
His idol is described as a large man with double robes with spear and arrows
Snakes were sacred to him
He protected caravans
His servant was the oracle god, Anbay who dispensed justice and oversaw legal matters
Guilt & innocence would be ascertained by divination through Anbay and his counterpart Hawkam
Anbay likely was related to the Babylonian Nabu
His imagery included thunderbolts
He was related to the sun goddess Shams and his worship is also found in the Ethiopian Aksum
She may have been the female representation of the Mesopotamian Shammash
Dhat Badan was the gentle goddess of the oasis who offered sanctuary to the weary traveler.
Her scared site was the pool encircled by trees
Most were unique to various tribes while there were some that were shared more broadly forming a core pantheon with diverse tribal expression
There likely was some notion of a High God above all
While there may have been some custodian priest and priestess class, the Kahin or soothsayer looms large
They may likely have also been healers and were consulted in a variety of different issues or for magic
Some djinn were worshipped and others needed to be warded off