Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #nehru

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The Bucher Papers - A 🧵

#India has long been accused of attempting to stop the declassification of documents from 1947 pertaining to #Kashmir out of concern that the "sensitive" letters might have an impact on international relations.

The letters, also known as the Bucher papers, are thought to include political and military grounds for Jawaharlal Nehru, #India's first prime minister, to request a cease-fire with #Pakistan and grant the state of Jammu & Kashmir special status.

For the current nationalist government in Delhi, which has derided Nehru's decision to reach a compromise on status of disputed Kashmir as an ignorant "blunder," the correspondence from the then-commander-in-chief, Gen. Roy Bucher, will have major political implications.

Read 14 tweets

समाज के जिस वर्ग से बिस्मिल और चंद्रशेखर आते थे, वहाँ पैतृक संसाधनों की आशा #Nehru के समान कुलीन, धनाढ़्य परिवारों की अपेक्षा कम थी।…
जहाँ #Nehru के जीवन में शिक्षा, व्यवसाय में परिवार का अपना महत्त्व था, बिस्मिल और आज़ाद के सामाजिक वर्ग में संघर्ष और सफलता या विफलता, दोनों व्यक्तिगत थे। समाज के आर्थिक पिछड़े वर्ग से आने वाले ये नेता स्वभाविक रूप से अधिक साहस और दृढ़ता रखते थे।
जब असहयोग आंदोलन ने ज़ोर पकड़ा, चंद्रशेखर 'महात्मा गाँधी की जय' का नारा लगाते हुए उसमे कूद पड़े। गिरफ्तार हुए और आईसीएस खरेघाट के सामने प्रस्तुत किये गए। वहीं प्रसिद्ध प्रसंग हुआ जिसमे खरेघाट पूछते हैं–

पिता का नाम?
Read 4 tweets
#History, #India #China #Nehru Aksai Chin, a part of India in 1947 created a kind of Kangaroo's lap for Tibet in which it kept safe from prying eyes of the Chinese. Xinjiang- Tibet Highway passed through this land. It was inaugurated on 6th October, 1957.
On 3rd of February, 1958, only a few months later, Foreign Secretary Subimal Dutta wrote letter to #Nehru that there was no doubt that this road to Tibet cut through Indian territory of Aksai Chin. Nehru kept quiet. He had already lost territory in PoK to Pakistan. He knew.
On 4th of February, 1958, five months after illegal construction of road through Indian territory by #China, #Nehru resists formally raising the issue with China, suggests a quiet survey and informally raising the issue with the Chinese.
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The #RSS & Left inhabit two different ideological spheres. But Gopal Mukund (Balaji) Huddar, the 1st general secretary of the #RSS made a transformation to being a Marxist. He fought the Spanish civil war & joined the #CPI
#Maharashtra #history #Nagpur #Spain #SpanishCivilWar
#BalajiHuddar was born on 17 June 1902 at Mandla (Madhya Pradesh). The family's original surname was Rauldev. They were known as 'Huddar' as they were Huddedars or noblemen of the Gond kings in Vidarbha.
Since the age of 4, he was brought up by Umabai, a rich widow from the Udhoji family, who had saved him while he was drowning. Though this was done with the consent of his birth parents, his formal adoption had not been done. This took place when he was 40! #BalajiHuddar
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#Savarkar was sentenced with double life sentence in September, 1910. #Congress session in 1910 December was to be held in Allahabad (now Prayag). Gokhale pleaded with Sir William Wedderburn to take over the presidentship of Congress (which was fighting the British).
In July 1911, #Savarkar was sent to Cellular Jail for hard labour prison term. In December, 2011, Calcutta Convention, it was proposed that Ramsay Macdonald, takes the mantle of #Congress President. Bengal congress telegrammed Gandhi to take over. The majority supported Mudholkar
#Nehru on 1912 #Congress- 'It was very much an English-knowing upper class affair where morning coats and well-pressed trousers were greatly in evidence.'
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(1/16) Glorified by some & vilified by some. #Nehru's legacy is complex. Read on for a data centric report card. Sorry no spicy stories Edwina/Padmaja Naidu. We're professional not personal. If bhakts & kambhakts fight over #Nehru in ur whatsapp groups share this thread with them
(2/16) We evaluate the KPIs of 16.7 years of strictly PM years with report card in last tweet. We assume that a person that spent 10 years in jail & was a relentless freedom fighter won't have bad intent. But the road to hell is paved with good intentions–read on
(3/16) Nehru was undemocratically imposed by Gandhian veto but was PM from 1947 to 1966. He inherited an India ravaged by colonial excesses. Fair comparison would be how he fared in the economic/HDI/security vs other equivalent countries with similar numbers & colonial baggage
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🧵Ayodhya,Kashi,#Ujjain:@narendramodi's focus on refurbishing major temples is deeply linked with idea of ‘New India’ that PM heralds as radical break with the past. In 5 ways.

First, look at this table (part1) on some temple projects viz @PMOIndia @BJP4India govt,2014-2021.1/n Image
2. Part 2 of Temples Data Table is here👇Combining religiosity,cultural identity & Hindu-ness with a new unapologetic cultural nationalism; and deeply rooted in Hindu cultural symbols, this cultural play reaches out to many religious Hindus beyond core Hindutva supporters 2/n Image
3. On temple 🛕🛕 projects: Beyond symbolism & reordering of ritual economies,it carries within it a much deeper remaking of the political economy.

There are 5 key features of this shift.

I have summarised them here 👇 @news18dotcom @CNNnews18 3/n
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Nehru’s legacy:

India’s first working PM (India’s first PM, provisional, was Netaji) Jawaharlal #Nehru , who remained PM of our poverty stricken country for 17 years consecutively, could call to his credit only a single AIIMS, an ISRO, a BARC, a few IITs & a handful…1/9
of money guzzling Public Sector Enterprises (white elephants) to maintain whom Indian tax payers had to pay through their noses. This is the legacy that #Congress party, Gandhis & their acolytes tom-tom about. Is it really worth it, forget bragging about it?? Shameful !!…2/9
A nation neck deep in poverty & illiteracy, in the first 17 plus years were denied food, roads, health, poverty alleviation programmes, housing, toilets, drinking water and electrification. In the name of education, there were these hand full of institutions developed…3/9
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"स्वातंत्र्याचा पहिला दिवस"
#तिरंगा #IndiaAt75 #Gandhi #Nehru

स्वातंत्र्य - जी कालपर्यंत अमूर्त कल्पना होती, आज ती मूर्त स्वरूपात येत होती.
जे, काळ एक स्वप्न होते, ते आज सत्य ठरणार होते.
जो, कालपर्यंत एक संकल्प होता, तो आज सिद्ध होणार होता.
कालपर्यंत गुलाम असलेला एक देश आज स्वतंत्र होणार होता.
पारतंत्र्याचा काळोख संपून स्वातंत्र्यासाठी मंगल प्रभात आज उगवणार होती.

गप्पागोष्टी चालल्या होत्या, आम्ही साजऱ्या केलेल्या पहिल्या स्वातंत्र्यदिनाची आठवण निघाली होती
स्वातंत्र्य चळवळीचा एक भाग म्हणून लाहोर काँग्रेसमध्ये संपूर्ण स्वातंत्र्याचा ठराव मंजूर झाला, त्या दिवशी २६ जानेवारी १९३० ला स्वातंत्र्यदिन साजरा करण्याचे आदेश काँग्रेसने दिले होते.

म.गांधीजींच्या नेतृत्वाखाली चाललेल्या लढाईतील आम्ही सैनिक आहो
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@tanjil_rashid_ @ZareerMasani @saliltripathi 1. #Partition1947 counterfactuals aren't counterintuitive. #Partition ended a zero sum game among the same stale set of interlocutors conducting a dialogue of the deaf #Simla, June '45 onwards. #CabinetMissionPlan's devolution did NOT solve #India's impasse.
@tanjil_rashid_ @ZareerMasani @saliltripathi 2. #Jinnah accepted the #CabinetMissionPlan for an embryonic #Pakistan was assured, and permitted to secede, come 1957, if the #confederation was not to the #MuslimLeague's liking. Routinely overlooked by #Nehru's #Indian and #Pakistani baiters.
@tanjil_rashid_ @ZareerMasani @saliltripathi 3. To iterate: #CabinetMissionPlan was a pilot project to be reviewed decadally. Just how was #India and #Nehru to embark on #economic #planning and consolidate a #democratic #union of disparate elements riven by #regionalism, #casteism and #sectarianism?
Read 9 tweets
#IndiraPriyadarshini perpetuated immorality in the Nehru dynasty. Intellectual Indira was admitted in Oxford University but driven out from there for non performance. She was then admitted to Shantiniketan but, #RabindranathTagore chased her out for her bad conduct.
After driven out of Shantiniketan, Indira became lonely as father was busy with politics and mother was dieing of tuberculosis in Switzerland. Playing with her loneliness, #FerozeKhan, son of a grocer named Nawab Khan who supplied wines etc to Motilal Nehru's house in Allahabad!
He was able to draw close to her. The then Governor of Maharashtra, Dr. Shriprakash warned Nehru, that Indira was having an illicit relation with Feroze Khan. Feroze Khan was then in England and he was quite sympathetic to Indira. Soon enough she changed her religion!
Read 25 tweets
The key points to note in this brilliant article by @dharmadispatch in @Openthemag are given in the pictures below. The biggest mystery for me is when you look at 1947 even though a #Nehru could have been sympathetic to the #Muslim cause given the #partition where was the need
to glorify the invaders, the most brutal barbaric rulers of the Mughal period & make them the heroes & representatives of Indian muslims? For someone who claimed to be secular & fighting for united India the #Nehru ecosystem could have found so many other heroes to represent the
Indian muslims. Accepting the extra sympathy for a community in the aftermath of partition #Nehru & his eco system by promoting barbaric figures as their heroes actually did the greatest disservice to the Indian muslims. Fissiparous elements drove the wedge deeper over time.
Read 5 tweets
The flood of foreign Govt visitors post-Ukraine, suggests, that they are finally trying to understand #India & #GOI #policy from the "horses mouth" (instead of seeing it through the biases of neo-colonialists and their Indian agents).
3/IFP #Japan #Kishida visit
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11-12 Nov'47 when whole India was celebrating first Diwali after Independence, 10000s of Hindus were being massacred in Rajouri city of J&K.

#RajouriMassacre arguably one of the most brutal & biggest genocide in India's modern history, yet Unreported & #Undocumented #Thread 1/n Image
#Rajouri was a predominantly a Hindu populated city, surrounded by Muslim populated villages.

Till Sep'1947, Rajouri was a town with a population of 5,000. By early Nov, this number had swelled to over 40,000, with Hindu-Sikh refugees streaming in from the west. 2/n Image
12 Oct'47, Paki invaders had attacked and occupied the areas of J&K. Brig. Chattar Singh of Mirpur Brigade ordered Col Rehmat Ullah, who was commanding 9 JAK Co, posted at Jhangar, to recapture Sensa tehsil. 3rd JAK, under the command of Maj. Nasarullah was also sent to help. 3/n ImageImage
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20 years to #Godhra_Carnage & they’re called victims?
#GodhraMassacre is an accident/ an inside-job to execute a pre-planned violence against Muslims?
Burning alive Hindus is a spontaneous reaction of alleged misbehaviour of Hindus with Muslim women at #Godhra ?
2- #Godhra Hindus were not victims of #GodhraTrainBurning alone, them, their shops & houses have been through same carnage in 1947, 1952, 1959, 1961, 1965, 1967, 1972, 1974, 1980, 1983, 1989, 1990 and in 1992 as well!
Gujarat alone has seen 244 riots from 1950 to 1995!
3- From 1961 to 1971, Gujarat saw 685 incidents of muzlim violence in urban & 114 in the rural areas, out of which 578 took place in in 1969 alone!
Ahmedabad has seen 71 riots from 1950 till 1995!
What must Hindus do, retaliate never?
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Who betrayed Azad?

Betrayed by his own, Chandrashekhar Azad attained martyrdom this day in 1931 in Allahabad. 🙏

- चंद्रशेखर आजाद की मुखबिरी किसने की ?
- आजाद के जाने के बाद उन की माता जगरानी देवी का क्या हुआ?

Now the question is, who betrayed Azad?

It is said that Vibhadra Tiwari (Azad’s old companion) turned into traitor.

Recently many people have started believing that Jawaharlal Nehru was the one betrayed him.

This is what at least Azad’s nephew Sujit Azad claims.

HSRA and INC didn't really have good relations with each other.

#Nehru criticized #ChandrashekharAzad in his autobiography that they did not have same point of view towards freedom struggle.

And MOST IMPORTANT is that Azad met 2/3 hours ago with Nehru before his death.

Read 24 tweets
PM #Modi adopting a sombre and measured cadence ..warming up slowly. #PMinLokSabha
2/n Now coming to #Corona ....for the first time speaking aggressively on the pandemic after nearly two years. He was waiting for this day. Rebuttal is best served cold. #NarendraModi #PMinLokSabha 3/n
3/n Recounts the role of Congress in Maharashtra and AAP in Delhi in encouraging reverse migration to #UttarPradesh, #Punjab #PMinLokSabha 4/n
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🧵Two by @ChawlaSwati

1/ On #Tibet in the Indian imagination:

Yesterday, we looked at how #Tibetans perceived India+ how the @DalaiLama walked in the path of many of his countrymen before him when he came into exile in India.

Let's turn the gaze in the other direction today.
2/ Indians have at least two vantage points from where to view #Tibet. Parts of #Himalayan India border Tibet👇. Thanks to older connections of religious patronage, pilgrimage, and trade, the perspective from these regions is often v. diff from the capital in New Delhi.
~SC Image
3/ Indian cities of Gaya, Sanchi+ Sarnath were imp pilgrimage sites for Tibetan Buddhists; as was Kailash Mansarovar in Tibet for Hindu+ Buddhist pilgrims from India. The imagination of an “Akhand Bharat” (Undivided India) often included #Tibet.


~SC Image
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🧵One by @ChawlaSwati

On the @DalaiLama & India:
1/ Many of us know that the 14th @DalaiLama has been living in #exile in #Himalayan town of #Dharamsala in northern India since 31 Mar 1959.

Why India?
Was he blazing a trail w/ his escape?

Map from @TIME (1959)
2/ Second question first: No, he wasn't.

In coming to India, the @DalaiLama trod the path of many #Tibetans before him-- traders+ aristocrats, monastics+ laity, and his predecessor, the 13th #DalaiLama, Thupten Gyatso, who had lived in exile in British India from 1910-12.

3/ Aristocratic families in #Tibet were closely tied in networks of monastic patronage, intermarriage +trade w/ eastern #Himalayan kingdoms of #Bhutan+ #Sikkim. The British Political Officer in Sikkim kept close watch on these alliances. Here he is w/ the 13th #DalaiLama👇.

Read 12 tweets
#Nehru & the Phone 1/n

First Invented by Chacha Nehru. It was the silent one. Nehru invented the Ringtone too 🔔🔔

Graham stole the idea from Nehru and called himself Graham "Bell" & claimed credit for inventing the phone.

#Nehru & the Phone 2/n

Then Nehru invented pleasurable techniques & uses with this Phone & called it PHONE SAX!

Once the “F” word was serendipitously added to PHONE SAX, people started calling it the FAX Machine.

This idea was also stolen from him

#Nehru & the Phone 3/n

Then Nehru introduced concept of TRUNK Calling. This also had something to do with the mid section of the human anatomy - the TRUNK!

This later progressed further with developments in science & technology & was later known as STDs.

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#चंद्रशेखर_आझाद : मृत्यु-आक्षेप, संशयाचे धुके
#थ्रेड #Thread
२७ फेब्रुवारी १९३१ रोजी अलाहाबाद येथील सीआयडी पोलिस प्रमुख सर जे.आर.एच. नॉट-बॉवर यांना कोणीतरी माहिती दिली की आझाद आल्फ्रेड पार्कमध्ये आहेत आणि साथीदार सुखदेव राज यांच्याशी बोलत आहेत. टीप मिळाल्यावर, बोवरने अलाहाबाद Shaheed Chandrashekhar Azad
पोलिसांसोबत उद्यानाला घेराव घातला. आझाद यांचे जुने सहकारी वीरभद्र तिवारी व यशपाल यांना फितुरीसाठी जबाबदार धरण्यात येते.बोवरने सलग अलाहाबाद,लखनौ,बरेली जिल्ह्यांचे कारभार केला व गुन्हे अन्वेषण विभागातही काम केले. 27 फेब्रुवारी 1931 रोजी चंद्रशेखर आझाद यांना पकडल्याबद्दल 1931 Sir John Reginald Hornby Nott-Bower
च्या बर्थडे ऑनर्समध्ये, किंग्ज पोलिस मेडल देऊन सन्मानित करण्यात आले.

क्रांतिकारी स्वातंत्र्यसैनिक चंद्रशेखर आझाद यांचे पुतणे, सुजित आझाद यांनी अलीकडेच असा दावा केला आहे की जवाहरलाल नेहरू यांनी ब्रिटिशांना त्यांच्या ठावठिकाणाविषयी विशिष्ट माहिती दिली होती ज्यामुळे आझादांना
Read 23 tweets
A brief history of #AirIndia
1) #JRDTata creates a airline that has 30% market share & had one of the highest best in class reputation globally
2) #Nehru derails it by nationalisation
3) #Morarji kicks out JRD Tata & sending it diving down
4) #RajivGandhi thinks #RatanTata will
avoid crash landing & makes him chairman. Later #AnandMahindra is made chairman. Nothing helps becoz both have no control
5) #UPA/#SoniaGandhi/#PrafulPatel/#MMS decide crash landing inevitable & they encash on it by spending 11 billion $.
6) To soften crash landing they further
merge it with #Indianairlines & #AirIndiaexpress so more employees can share the pain of the crash
7) Airline approaches crash point & #NarendraModi looks for a new pilot without success
8) Modi govt finally bites bullet, jumps out without parachute thus reducing the excess load
Read 4 tweets
श्रीमान @rautsanjay61 विचारतायत की, नेहरूंशी वैर का? राऊतांनी विचारलेल्या प्रश्नाचे उत्तर मी या थ्रेडमध्ये देतोय,
नेहरूंनी त्यांच्या कारकीर्दीत अभिव्यक्ती स्वातंत्र्याची आणि लोकशाही मूल्यांची अनेकदा गळचेपी केली. त्याची ही काही उदाहरणे (१/n)
नेहरूंनी केंद्रीय कायदामंत्री #बाबासाहेब #आंबेडकर यांना डावलून गोपालस्वामी अय्यंगार यांच्या हातून कलम ३७०चा मसुदा तयार करून घेतला आणि लोकसभेत बळजबरीने मंजूरही करून घेतला. देशाच्या कायदामंत्र्याला डावलून घटनादुरुस्ती झाल्याची ही भारतातली एकमेव घटना आहे. (२/n)
कलम ३७० हे भारत आणि भारतीयांवर अन्याय करणारे आहे असे #बाबासाहेब #आंबेडकर यांचे ठाम मत होते. कारण, नेहरूंनी जम्मू-काश्मीर विधानसभेला अमर्याद अधिकार देऊ केले होते. (३/n)
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Today when they want to make the country ignorant of Nehru and spread hatred against him, it is our duty to pass on Nehru and his legacy to all the new generations.
So here are some facts about Nehru, read and share.👇
1) Jawahar Lal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad to Pandit Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani. He was the eldest of his siblings.
2) Till the age of 16, Nehru's father had him educated at home by private governesses and tutors.
Read 14 tweets

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