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What did the #OldArabic of the #Levant sound like? Here is a reading of an inscription in the Hismaic script from the region of #Madaba, #Jordan. It dates to the Nabataean period, ~ 2000 years ago. The commentary is in the following tweet but can you understand it without help?
The pronunciation is triangulated with Arabic data from Nabataean, Hismaic, and Greek inscriptions. Greek is especially important because it gives us the values of the vowels and some of the consonants.
The text begins with the man’s name: le-phalhān ben ḥonayne ben ʔatme ḏī ʔāl natag ‘By Phalhān son of Ḥonayn son of ʔatm of the lineage of Natag’. Notice that the Arabic fāʾ in this period and region was likely still pronounced as an aspirated p =
Read 11 tweets
Alright, so the esteemed @ArmoryBazaar posted some pictures of coins found in Idlib - Syria. I would like to make a thread out of this, for future coins. I will post my take on these coins, but I'm very much interested in other opinions.
The two small copper coins (picture 2 & 3) are in my opinion #Umayyad copper fals. The inscription features Islamic texts, most definitely the Islamic shahada. That indicates they're from the later Umayyad period. I would say 8th century.
It's really possible that the last coin is much older that the other coins. It still features a cross and human imagery, indicating Byzantine influences. This kind of coins were used in early Umayyad times, when the caliphs still imitated #Byzantine en #Persian coinage.
Read 70 tweets

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