Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #HistSCI

Most recents (15)

The English-speaking folks here might have noticed something very unusual has happened in the Danish media regarding science communication/HEI this past week. I thought I’d give an English summary of what’s been going on, because it is wild 1/
#histsci @BSHSNews #AcademicChatter
The danish broadcasting company, DR, (our BBC) really wanted to engage younger audiences. DR had noticed that young folks watch a lot of videos on YouTube (😂!) and they wanted to get in on that. 2/
#videnerfandemeikkeetsynspunkt
Last year DR released a mission statement on their plans to reach young folks online “We want to show the world of the young, as it is, and not as the adults think it should be”. dr.dk/om-dr/nyheder/… (see translation of screenshot in alt text) 3/ Translation of text from English to danish: We are now getti
Read 15 tweets
Let me continue with my journey throughout French positivism! Today: Louis Rougier. Fascinating figure who brought logical positivism to France; laid the foundation of neoliberalism; and participated in secret diplomatic missions between Vichy-France and the UK during WWII 🧵 1/
Louis Rougier (1889 – 1982) is more or less forgotten. This despite (or because) the controversies during his lifetime; typically seen as far-right figure, mainly due to his connections with the Vichy Regime in WWII and later with the New Right in France (e.g. GRECE) 2/
Together with @MasiglioFicino, I published an article on Rougier in @hoposjournal where we correct this view. it is misleading to label him as ideologically right-wing. Instead, we highlight the history of his projects that led him to that route. 3/ journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/71…
Read 29 tweets
Want to hear a story abt Jewish astrolabes?

An #astrolabe is an astronomical instrument for various calculations, superseded by clocks, calculators, computers

But the astrolabe built the world as we know it & Jews played a key role in transferring this knowledge across cultures
The 14thcen Iberian astrolabe pictured above, w/ Hebrew lettering, was chosen by the @BBC for its History of the World in 100 Objects

You can see much more detailed info & images of it here: britishmuseum.org/collection/obj…

There's robust scholarship on these

bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00…
A mashup of Greek technologies, knowledge of the astrolabe wends its way, as with much ancient thought, into Syriac & Arabic then sometimes via Hebrew and/or European vernaculars into Latin.

Astrolabe is a Grk word transliterated in Arabic, Persian & Hebrew, at times translated
Read 17 tweets
As promised, a thread that collects all my threads about the history of French philosophy of science. I will add more in the future. It all started with a thread on Léon Brunschvicg #histsci #philsci #hopos 1/

I am doing a series on history of French positivism, starting with Auguste Comte 3/

Read 7 tweets
@AnnalsOfScience just published an article I wrote with my colleague @smolinab1 as part of our research on a chronological and cosmographical Tratado composed in the New Kingdom of Granada (c.1696) 🧵(1/17)
tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.10…
The manuscript presumably entitled "Treatise on astronomy and the reformation of time" is housed in the @BibliotecaNalCo. Using other sources (@ArchivoGeneral @Banrepcultural), we read this Tratado as part of the #earlymodern globalisation of Spanish cosmography (2/17) Heading of Sanchez's first ...
Under the influence of Spanish cosmography, the repertorios de los tiempos–books encompassing astronomical, agricultural, ecclesiastical, medical, and calendrical questions–incorporated cosmographical elements coming from Sacrobosco and the Theorica (3/17) Engraving of Jeronimo de Ch...
Read 17 tweets
A is for Artes Radium Cream. Launched in London in 1931 it was advertised as a revolutionary home beauty treatment: "the active properties in this scientific preparation stimulate the skin cells, clearing the complexion and refining the texture of the skin in a wonderful way." A close up of a photograph ...
This advert is from Tatler and is dated June 1932. "It was first thought of by Madame Maria Hornes .... while observing the wonderful rejuvenating action on the skin's texture of Radium Springs baths at a continental spa." Image
Day 2 of my Radium A-Z challenge. B is for Blandford's Radium Hair Food Tonic and Restorer. I will post more about this brilliant product throughout the day #HalfLivesBook Image
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This is my favorite part of the semester--and not just because this hellish academic year has come to a close. But because my #HistSci students still did a great job on their @WikiEducation projects and I'm excited to share their work with you lovely people. 1/
First, I've started to wonder if this has become boring or old-hat for students. But then I remember that this is their first time doing something like this. Their enthusiasm is still apparent and they like a lot about the project. Here's a short list: 2/
1. the real-worldness of it. REAL people see their work and the views stats really shock them. 46,000 people saw the article? YIKES
2. they learn the research process, step by step with a pro (that's me)
3. they don't have to write 5000 words, or even 1000. Just 500. 3/
Read 22 tweets
So, as promised: why Brunschvicg claimed “Aristotle had the mental age of an 8-year old.” This was not just a random insult, but highlights a complex, yet forgotten research program in early 20th century French philosophy of science. A thread... 1/17

Short answer: Jean Piaget! Psychology had a central role in early 20C French #philsci, an aspect that disappeared after WWII, when structuralism took over. Let's have closer look.. 2/
Let me start by saying something about Brunschvicg. Though forgotten now, he was one of the most influential French philosophers at the beginning of 20C. He competed with Henri Bergson for the title, and was typically seen as his ‘rationalist’ opponent. 3/
Read 17 tweets
LAST CHANCE TO SEE (for now): talks and events from the @BSHSNews History of Science Festival #HistSciFest are online for the rest of today at bshsfestival.org.uk/index.php/prog….

Here is a slightly random thread of things I attended and enjoyed... ImageImageImageImage
(The intention – to be confirmed – is to make all the videos available again long-term on a different platform, if participants agree... but we need to take them off the current system now, as it's costing the Society a lot and mainly designed for live events) #HistSciFest
I'll start with the session which generated the biggest buzz from attendees: FUTURE DIRECTIONS
bshsfestival.org.uk/index.php/prog…, featuring five PhD students on their experiences and plans, with a particular focus on the opportunities and challenges of decolonising academia. #HistSciFest Image
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Hi #histSTM #histsci #histmed #twitterstorians of #biology & #biomedicine!

I haven't seen a list of digital #archive materials to use in this moment of quarantine, so I'll start one

Emphasis on collections with broad & eclectic materials.

picture: me in papery days. Image
the @CSHLLibrary has a digital repository which includes papers of individual life scientists but also lots of the material they accrued on related issues (the war on cancer, human genome project, etc.)

archivesspace.cshl.edu/repositories/2
@nlm_news maintains the "Profiles in Science" page, which has scanned and distributed papers from numerous (bio)medical researchers-- once again a great collection to run keywords through!
lhncbc.nlm.nih.gov/project/profil…
Read 13 tweets
Today I visited a skull that is arguably my favorite fossil in paleoanthropology’s history, the Gibraltar Neanderthal from Forbes Quarry. Here’s why (a short #histsci thread): Image
The skull was discovered in 1848 and considered noteworthy enough to be presented at a meeting of the Gibraltar scientific society. They likely viewed the skull as simply human (though perhaps a slightly odd one) and left the specimen on a shelf to collect dust. Image
Over the next few years, it was packed away and shuffled around, before resting in a cabinet of the local library. Then, an event occurred—8 years later and 2,000 kilometers away—that brought the skull into the limelight: a similarly oddly shaped skull was uncovered in Germany. Image
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So @sapinker is talking trash about me re: my piece in #Nature150 (nature.com/articles/d4158…). <cracks knuckles>
The scrumptious irony is how well Pinker’s tweet makes the central argument in my @Nature article. Here’s the tweet in question.
1/
I write satire from time to time, and I’d be hard-put to parody Pinker’s language. So let’s break down his own words:
“Unlike past anti-scientism rants in lit/cult/pol mags, this [my piece] is in Nature.”
nature.com/articles/d4158…
2/
My @nature piece is not a rant, @sapinker, either in tone or in argument. It’s an analysis and a plea for more good science and less bad science. (You do believe there’s bad science?)
Now THIS, now, is a rant.
3/
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Irish-born Oliver Byrne (1810-1880) was an innovator in mathematics education, particularly in the teaching of geometry.
His most well known book was his colorful version of ‘Euclid’s Elements’, published in 1847.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Biogra… #science
Nearly a century before Mondrian made geometrical red, yellow, and blue lines famous, mathematician Oliver Byrne employed the color scheme for the figures and diagrams in his most unusual 1847 edition of Euclid's Elements.
brainpickings.org/2013/11/29/tas…
Byrne faced physical and financial hardship and ridicule from his contemporaries for his mathematical and pedagogical innovations. He also published How to Measure the Earth with the Assistance of Railroads (1838). #maths #histsci
math.ubc.ca/~cass/Euclid/b…
Read 21 tweets
The end of another semester of engaging students with @WikiEducation at @MissouriSandT @sandtcasb in #HistSCI means another tweet thread about this super fun project.
49 students, 32 articles, 40K words added, +285K views so far. I love their work! Take a look!
I'm going to group them. First group-- #WomenInSTEM #WomeninHistory
Students found that, uh oh, it's HARD to find reliable sources on women in science! This didn't stop them, though. They pushed through and learned some new research skills.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annie_S._… is 1 product.
Tycho's sister, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophia_Br… was another article that needed work. The women who worked on this one had to find all sources on Tycho then sift through for the 2-3 pages about Sophia. Thank goodness for good #librarians at S&T who were patient and helpful!
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Metrodora was a Greek physician sometime around 200-400 CE. She was the author of the oldest medical book known to be written by a woman, "On the Diseases and Cures of Women".#WomenInMedicine #HistSci #WednesdayWisdom opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewconten… Image
Greek physician Metrodora was one of the first to suggest surgical treatment for both breast & uterine cancers. Her manuscript was translated into Latin somewhere between the 3rd & 5th centuries.
#WomenInMedicine #histsci #WednesdayWisdom nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/ody… Image
Aspasia of Athens (ca 4th century AD). She founded the origins of the obstetrical practice, both regarding the early techniques of induced abortions & the surgical management of the early failure of pregnancy.#WomenInMedicine
jusurgery.com/universalsurge… Image
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