Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #diet

Most recents (24)

Diet news that presents ever-changing and sometimes contradictory advice creates the impression that #nutrition scientists constantly change their minds.

How can newsreaders better navigate the difficult landscape of #diet news? Here are five useful steps and resources.👇 1/7
Check out these 10 red flags to identify misleading diet claims by @ColoradoStateU, including:

- non-scientific testimonials
- lists of “good” & “bad” #foods
- recommendations based on one study
- simplistic conclusions drawn from a complex study

2/7
➡️extension.colostate.edu/topic-areas/nu… Image
A @HarvardChanSPH guide encourages readers to put #HealthNews into context by asking 7 questions, including:

- How does the study fit into the body of evidence on a topic?
- How large was its sample size?
- Was it done on #animals or humans?

3/7
➡️hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsourc… Image
Read 7 tweets
We are excited to share our new work @Nature with @ThaissLab, uncovering the impact of ketogenic diet and beta-hydroxybutyrate on colorectal cancer, led by @OxDmitrieva. (1/7)

nature.com/articles/s4158…
We screened different diets for their potential to inhibit the development of colorectal cancer, and found that ketogenic diets had the most potent effect, in collaboration with @SGrivennikov. (2/7)
Ketogenic diets induce hepatic ketogenesis, similar to long periods of #fasting. We found that the ketone body beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) was similarly protective against colorectal cancer as ketogenic diet. (3/7)
Read 8 tweets
🧵#Iron
The most important factor in how much dietary iron you absorb is not whether it is heme or non-heme, plant🌱or animal🐮 - it is your current #iron #status.
If you are iron #deficient you may absorb 25% from plants, if you are iron #replete you may absorb less than 1%. Image
#IronStatus (is your body low in stores?) is the main factor determining how much iron you will absorb from your diet🌱🥩. The body doesn't want too much so high absorption ONLY occurs if your #storage is #low. The body is smart🩸🧠🫀🫁💡! Image
The body is very good at recycling #iron from dead red blood cells.
Only 5-10% of our iron needs come from our #diet🍽️
🥬🍠🍳🍔🍗🥜🍞🥩 Image
Read 8 tweets
🌬️ Breath testing for #SIBO: everything you need to know! 🎈 😮‍💨 💩 🦠 🐄 📈

#MedTwitter #medicine #science #GITwitter #GI #microbiome #IBS #diet #nutrition

cghjournal.org/article/S1542-…
To kick things off: how do you diagnose #SIBO?
#SIBO is a disorder characterized by excessive colonization of the small intestine by organisms usually found in the colon, especially Gram-negative bacteria.

(NB: the more we learn, it seems the *type* of bacteria is more important than the *number!*)
Read 26 tweets
While #science thought us that we can even cut and paste #genes with #CRISPR technology…even with that we only influence 3% to 5% of #chronicillness. The rest depends on #how you #live your #life!!! So how do we #SelfRegulate our #body?
1. Good #sleep is more important than most think! What happens during sleep? The fluctuation of consciousness…that we call the waking state. But in many wisdom traditions of the world, the waking state is merely a lucid dream that consciousness is having…
Read 41 tweets
Does #gut #microbiota interact with #microglia in the #aging #brain? Are microglia metabolically affected (#mitochondria)? Does #diet take part? any #translational data?
Our paper made it last week in @NatureNeuro
so it's about time for a 🧵!
nature.com/articles/s4159… Image
1. Microglia from aged and young-adult #male & #female mice, under SPF or #germ_free conditions were profiled by bulk #RNAseq. We identified a gene-set, which depended on the housing condition regardless of #age & regulate central processes in microglia. "Microglial GF signature" Image
2. Utilizing #WGCNA, we found major differences between microglia of SPF and GF mice in the aged groups. But do we see any functional difference on a cellular level? Image
Read 13 tweets
This one suggests that conventional daily caffeine intake does not provide sufficient time for the elimination of caffeine and paraxanthine. Image
- Worse still, even though the salivary caffeine nearly reaches a clear state, the caffeine-associated brain responses seem to require a longer time to be fully restored.
"The concurrence of a reduced hippocampal GM intensity and an incomplete caffeine elimination, together with a GM recovery after being deprived of caffeine, underscore the importance of a sufficient cessation period...
Read 5 tweets
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy of increasing dietary protein ingestion to improve lean body mass gain, skeletal muscle strength, and physical function in healthy subjects.
- Additional protein ingestion together with resistance training leads to small additional lean body mass and lower body strength.
- This effect seems to be more prominent in younger subjects ingesting ≥1.6 g/kg/day.
Read 8 tweets
In this prospective analysis of the PREDIMED-Plus trial, higher increases of vitamin K dietary intake were associated with a better cognitive function, as assessed by the MMSE test in an adult high cardiovascular risk population followed for 2 years.
- Participants were men aged 55-75 years and women aged 60-75 years, with overweight or obesity, who at baseline met at least three components of the metabolic syndrome.
- This association was not found in the other considered cognitive function tests, with the exception of the semantic verbal fluency test.
Read 4 tweets
Here, co-ingestion of cluster dextrin with meat protein hydrolysate did not augment postprandial amino acid availability or myofibrillar FSR as compared to co-ingestion of glucose during recovery from a whole-body resistance exercise despite increased intramuscular signaling.
- Cluster dextrin is a branched carbohydrate produced from waxy maize starch by the cyclization of a branching enzyme.
It has been shown to increase the rate of gastric emptying compared to glucose and standard dextrin due to a lower osmotic pressure.
Read 10 tweets
This one found an inverse dose–response relationship between diet quality and prevalence of both physical and comprehensive frailty in adults aged ≥ 65 years living in Kameoka City, Japan.
- Higher adherence scores signified a higher intake of vitamin C, vegetables, dairy products, and fruits.
- Higher scores of adherence to vegetable dishes and milk intake were inversely associated with both physical and comprehensive frailty.
Read 4 tweets
Interestingly enough, this study suggests that residual confounding is likely to account for much, if not all, of the observed associations between the beneficial associations it found between higher intakes of raw vegetables and CVD risk.
- When assessing the independent effect of raw and cooked vegetable intake, only raw vegetable intake showed inverse associations with CVD outcomes, whereas cooked vegetables showed no association.
- For models of CVD incidence and raw vegetable intake, covariate adjustment attenuated HR from 0.79 to 0.88, with the LR chi-squared statistic declining by 81.9%.
Read 6 tweets
This one suggests that consuming protein (8g) in close proximity (20 min) to consuming an energy dense ultra-processed food may slightly reduce caloric intake (by ~60 kcal).
- 60% of participants (30/50 participants) mounted a response to a high-protein preload with an acute decrease in intake of an HSFLP ultra-processed food, (vanilla ice cream).
- The intake after a high-protein (8g) preload, but not a low-protein preload (1.2g), was significantly, and negatively, correlated with habitual physical activity.
Read 7 tweets
This one does not support the notion that selecting foods with a low glycemic index has a major impact on insulin sensitivity or β-cell function in individuals with prediabetes, at least in the short term.
- Using a controlled feeding study, the authors compared the effects of a high vs. low glycemic index diet in the setting of relative weight stability on insulin sensitivity and β-cell function in adults with prediabetes.
- Glucose responses to a test meal were dependent on the GI of the meal, with lower glucose and insulin secretion observed on the low glycemix index diet.
Read 9 tweets
In the 2-year POUNDS lost weight-loss intervention trial, higher blood DNA methylation level at TXNIP was related to lower fasting glucose, HbA1c, and HOMA IR, and such individuals benefited more in improvements in glycemic control from an average-protein weight-loss diet.
- Higher regional DNA methylation level at TXNIP was associated with lower fasting glucose, HbA1c, and HOMA-IR among participants who were overweight or obese.
- Dietary protein intakes significantly modified the relation between regional DNA methylation level at TXNIP and changes in insulin and HOMA-IR at 6 months, independent of weight loss.
Read 5 tweets
This systematic review and meta-analysis found that lifestyle modifications can be effective in the treatment of NAFLD with diet, exercise, or the combination of both being beneficial in its treatment.
- Exercise reduced weight compared to maintaining physical daily activities and education about a healthy lifestyle, HOMA-IR, oxygen consumption and intrahepatic lipids, assessed by H-MRS.
- The combination of diet and exercise reduced weight only compared to education about healthy lifestyle, HOMA-IR compared to the control group, intrahepatic lipids assessed by NAS score and liver enzymes.
Read 5 tweets
@MondayNightIBD @southasianIBD @ibdesis @Empoweringpts9 @DCharabaty @ownyourcrohns @crohnsbabble @LivingWithUmeed @vkckiranpullela @TheMaveilousGut @dunung_ruchita 📣 #IBD patients & caregivers:

#IBDPoll 1️⃣

📊Thinking abt your IBD needs, what's been the biggest hurdle to your care?
📝 In the replies, elaborate. What’s helped your care?

Please share your #PatientExperience w #MondayNightIBD 👇🏽

👨‍👩‍👧‍👦=Family
👩🏼‍🤝‍👩🏽=Friends
🥼=Specialist
@MondayNightIBD @southasianIBD @ibdesis @Empoweringpts9 @DCharabaty @ownyourcrohns @crohnsbabble @LivingWithUmeed @vkckiranpullela @TheMaveilousGut @dunung_ruchita #MondayNightIBD #PatientExperience
#IBDPoll 2️⃣

🧐Thinking about your culture’s expectations

📊 Have you tried Complementary and Alternative (CAM) Therapies (ex: ayurveda, homeopathy)?

What drove you to try these therapies? Please share your experience.

SE=side effects
@MondayNightIBD @southasianIBD @ibdesis @Empoweringpts9 @DCharabaty @ownyourcrohns @crohnsbabble @LivingWithUmeed @vkckiranpullela @TheMaveilousGut @dunung_ruchita Thank you @MondayNightIBD for shining a spotlight on 🌏 #SouthAsianIBD pt experience!

I'm Madhura from 🇮🇳, co-founder Team @ibdesis. We are proud to lead #PatientExperience on #MondayNightIBD!

We hope to improve care for our community around the 🌍 through @SouthAsianIBD.
Read 22 tweets
I stopped doing all of this since 2018, which led to excessive weight gain. I have restarted the regimen few days back that I had till 2016 when I lost oodles of weight. It is easy, balanced & does not deprive you of any guilty pleasures. I call it #FoodiesHealthPlan #Thread
1. #Food: Instead of eating 3 big meals, eat 6 small meals. Avoid eating carbs, fried food post Sundown. Snack on fruits, nuts, salad instead of fried or packaged snacks. Avoid all fizzy or packaged drinks. Instead drink water, fresh juice, lemonade, lassi, butter milk, etc
2. #Exercise: No Gym. Brisk long walks, swimming, free hand exercises, stretches, Yoga, sports & generally being active in the house by doing as much domestic chores as you can. Making bed, sweeping floors is very good form of exercise. None of these lead to injuries.
Read 12 tweets
This study evaluated the association between nutrient patterns with body fat and regional adiposity in middle-aged black South African men and women.
- "the plant-driven nutrient pattern is the most commonly consumed in South Africa. It is characterised by high factor loadings of magnesium, phosphorus, plant protein, carbohydrates, iron, B-vitamins and fibre...
"...Although the plant driven nutrient pattern was not significantly associated with total or regional fatness in the combined sample of men and women, we show for the first time that this nutrient pattern was associated with higher abdominal SAT in women but not men."
Read 10 tweets
This one suggests that the antithrombotic effect of weight loss is preserved in the postprandial state, irrespective of the weight loss intervention.
- "This is the first study exploring postprandial changes in FVII activation and thrombin formation as a potential harmful mechanism in individuals with obesity during weight loss."
- "The present study demonstrates a postprandial increase in FVIIa after high-fat meals during diet-induced weight loss and surgery-induced weight loss...
Read 6 tweets
This one found that whilst glycine, both alone and within a multivariate model, can estimate appetite response to both water and whey protein beverage consumption, a large proportion of variance in appetite response remains unexplained.
Most biomarkers, when assessed in isolation, were found to be poor predictors of appetite response, therefore they're likely of utility only in combination with Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) and energy intake (EI).
"our current study demonstrated that glycine was the most prominent biomarker of appetite response, investigated in a whey protein model in a cohort of women with overweight/obesity."
Read 8 tweets
This one found that there is a marked decrease in the total dietary level sweetness intake, described as grams of approximate sugar equivalent of the diet with significant declines for both total sugars and from low/no calorie sweeteners sources in the US.
"This decrease was observed among both adults and children and appears to be driven predominately by beverages, including CSDs, 100% fruit juice and fruit drinks...
"...Modest declines in total ASE from tabletop sweeteners were also shown, though no meaningful changes in the overall contribution of foods to the total ASE of the diet were observed."
Read 4 tweets
This systematic review and meta-analysis compares the efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets and low-fat diets on glucose control, body weight loss, cardiovascular risk, and renal safety for type 2 diabetes management.
- "We found that treatment with LCDs achieved more effective improvements in glycemic and body weight control, as well as the concentrations of TG and HDL-C...
"...Our study proved that a more favourable effect of LCDs on HbA1c and TG levels could persist up to 1.5 years. The result of HDL-C concentration suggested a longer-term effectiveness of LCDs, which lasted for 2 years...
Read 6 tweets
In this one, dietary intake of ALA and total omega-3 PUFA were associated with muscle strength and function in older women aged 65–72 years living in Finland.
- Both omega-3 PUFA and ALA were positively and significantly associated with short physical performance battery score, one leg stance, walking speed, and with lower inability to squat to ground.
- ALA intake was positively associated with knee extension force and inversely associated with fat mass.
Read 5 tweets

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