Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #diet

Most recents (24)

Food addiction is real and is related to #obesity and #diabetes

1. Food #addiction (FA) syndrome can be diagnosed by using Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). There are 11 possible symptoms, which can be used to diagnose FA, as well as grade its severity.
#Diet #MedTwitter Image
2. Clinical diagnosis of food addiction (FA)
Individuals can meet a “diagnostic” score for FA on the current versions of the YFAS by endorsing at least two of the 11 behavioral indicators of addiction plus clinical impairment/distress.
#psychtwitter
3. Severity of Food addiction
Severity thresholds for this “diagnostic” score are defined by the number of symptoms endorsed
(mild: 2–3 symptoms;
moderate: 4–5 symptoms;
severe: 6–11 symptoms)
Read 6 tweets
7 Simple Life Hacks for You! A twitter thread...

Here are simple tips to improve your #life and feel the difference. Here’s how you can do it: Image
1) Prioritize Your Health

It doesn’t take time to stay #healthy, wealthy, and wise. Unfortunately, we don’t pay much attention to our personal well-being.

You should know that no work is more important than your #health. Whatever you do make sure it doesn’t affect your health.
Here’s what I do:

Every morning, I practice #yoga for my mental and physical well-being. In addition, I always make sure that my daily diet includes leafy vegetables and fresh fruits. Because I believe health is wealth.

#organic
Read 13 tweets
Epidemiology of Diabetes and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Among Asian American Adults: Implications, Management, and Future Directions: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association: @CircAHA

Nice statement on high risk group

Summary 👇👇👇 Image
1/ 🌏 Asian Americans (AsA) are the fastest growing ethnic group in the US 🇺🇸. They face high risks of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) & atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) - major risks.
2/ 📊 Yet, most studies lump all AsA subgroups in one category, potentially hiding disparities in T2D & ASCVD prevalence.
Read 42 tweets
In this one, after primary treatment for ovarian cancer, those who met or exceeded protein intake recommendations for cancer survivors in general (i.e., >1g/kg) had better progression-free survival than those with lower intake levels.
- This study aimed to investigate whether intake of protein and protein food sources following primary treatment for ovarian cancer is associated with recurrence and survival.
- Those who met or exceeded protein intake recommendations for cancer survivors in general (i.e., >1g/kg) were more likely to have better progression-free survival than those with lower intake levels.
Read 9 tweets
In this one, higher intakes of a pro-inflammatory diet, as assessed by the Energy-adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index (E-DII) score, was found associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality, and incident cardiovascular disease and cancer. Image
- The associations with all-cause mortality and incident cardiovascular disease were observed only for diets that were more pro-inflammatory than the global average.
- In contrast, the association with incident cancer was broadly linear.
Read 6 tweets
In this one, an evening chronotype was associated with emotional eating in three diverse international cohorts.
- "Chronotype" describes the individual preference in sleep and wake timing.
An evening chronotype is usually described as a natural inclination toward later timing of eating patterns, sleep, and activity/work periods.
Read 10 tweets
In this one, 2 years of creatine supplementation during a combined exercise program in postmenopausal women was not associated with improvements in bone mineral density, although some bone geometric properties at the proximal femur were more likely to be preserved. Image
- The aim of the study was to examine the effects of 2 years of creatine monohydrate supplementation and exercise on bone health in postmenopausal women.
- Postmenopausal women with a mean age of 59 years were randomized to receive creatine (0.14g/kg) or placebo during a resistance training (3 days/week) and walking (6 days/week) program for 2 years.
Read 12 tweets
In this one, a high dose (2.5mg) of phenylcapsaicin was associated with a plausible ergogenic effect on strength performance, muscle damage and peripheral perceived exertion in comparison to a placebo and a lower dose of 0.625mg during resistance training. Image
- The aim of this study was to explore the effects of low dose (0.625 mg) and high dose (2.5mg) of phenylcapsaicin on full squat performance, active muscle and overall body ratings of perceived exertion, muscle damage, protein breakdown, metabolic response, and 24-h recovery.
These assessments were approached under a randomized, triple-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover design.
Read 9 tweets
The findings of this one suggest a causal effect of increased PUFA desaturase activity on risk of colorectal cancer and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, with a plausible candidate mechanism for this being an increased synthesis of arachidonic acid.
- Omega 3 and omega 6 PUFAs are metabolized by delta-5 (D5D) and delta-6 (D6D) desaturases to their respective long-chain metabolites.
- The study tried to examine the causal relevance of PUFAs for risk of site-specific cancers through a Mendelian randomization study design, defining the primary exposure as PUFA desaturase activity and secondary exposures as individual omega 3 and omega 6 PUFAs.
Read 12 tweets
This systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that adherence to a healthy lifestyle is likely to reduce the risk of breast cancer.
- The main components included in the healthy lifestyle indices were: diet, physical activity, alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI); followed by tobacco consumption, supplements use, and breastfeeding.
- Most of the prospective studies included five variables in the index : diet, physical activity, alcohol and tobacco consumption and BMI...
Read 8 tweets
The findings of this one suggest that the glycaemic load of a meal is not a major determinant of postprandial response, with a greater impact exerted by the metabolic health of the individual. Image
- The aim of this study was to perform an acute cross-over intervention to examine the interactive actions of meal glycaemic load on the dynamic responses of the plasma metabolome in overweight females.
- Postmenopausal women with a mean age of 63 yeras ingested two differing high-carbohydrate test meals (73 g carbohydrate; 51% energy) composed of either low glycemic index or high glycemic index foods in a randomised sequence.
Read 9 tweets
Using data from 4 different cohorts, this one found positive associations between sugar-sweetened beverages & low/no-calorie beverages intake and NAFLD, as assessed using the Fatty Liver Index (FLI) (≥60). Image
- The study used data from 42,024 participants from the Lifelines Cohort study (Lifelines; The Netherlands), the Nutrition Questionnaire Plus study (NQPlus; The Netherlands), the PREDIMED-Plus study (PREDIMED-Plus; Spain), and the Alpha Omega Cohort (AOC; The Netherlands).
- Harmonized data analyses of showed positive associations between sugar-sweetened beverages & low/no-calorie beverages intake intakes and FLI-defined NAFLD prevalence.
Read 9 tweets
In this one, a higher dietary flavonoid intake was associated with a decreased risk of diabetic nephropathy in US adults, especially flavan-3-ols, flavones, and anthocyanidins. Image
- Logistic regression model revealed that total flavonoids were associated with a decreased risk of diabetic nephropathy.
- Restricted cubic spline analyses showed that when the intake of total flavonoids was more than 153.4 mg per day, the total flavonoid intake had a negative linear association with diabetic nephropathy.
Read 4 tweets
This one failed to find an effect of long-term (24 weeks) daily administration of intranasal insulin at 40IU once daily on food intake, appetite, and weight in older adults with a mean age of 65.5 years, either with or without type 2 diabetes. Image
- A null effect of 24 weeks daily administration of 40 I.U. of intranasal insulin once daily on food intake, appetite, and weight in older adults was observed.
- Similarly, there were no differences in the effect of intranasal insulin when comparing men to women, obese to lean participants, and diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Read 4 tweets
Here, high intakes of sugar sweetened beverages were associated with higher all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality, while intakes of coffee, tea, water and low fat milk were inversely associated with all cause mortality in adults with type 2 diabetes. Image
- This study prospectively investigated individual beverage consumption after a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as changes in individual beverage consumption before and after the diagnosis, in relation to subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality...
...among adults with type 2 diabetes participating in the Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study in the United States.
Read 9 tweets
Here, despite weight-bearing activity, skeletal integrity was impaired in male runners with lower energy availability, in whom caloric intake was lower relative to exercise energy expenditure, even compared to non-athlete controls. Image
- The aim of this study was to determine whether male runners at risk for energy deficit have impaired bone mineral density, microarchitecture, and estimated strength.
- Despite weight-bearing activity, skeletal integrity was impaired in male runners with lower energy availability, in whom caloric intake was lower relative to exercise energy expenditure.
Read 12 tweets
The findings of this one suggest that the dietary management of patients with diabetes is deteriorating in tandem with the rise in diabetes prevalence in the US, and that a heathy dietary pattern may be inversely associated with all-cause and heart diseases mortality. Image
- This study examined the prevalence of diabetes in the general US population, both diagnosed and undiagnosed, as well as the trends in dietary patterns by diabetes diagnoses over the previous decades...
...while investigating the connection between dietary patterns and long-term mortality.
Read 10 tweets
In this one, a higher adherence to the EAT‐Lancet Healthy Reference Diet was associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease but was not associated with lower risk of total stroke, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke.
- Higher adherence to the Healthy Reference Diet as proposed by the EAT‐Lancet Commission was associated with a 14% lower risk of CVD and a 12% lower risk of CHD.
- No significant association was found for total stroke, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke, although the number of cases was relatively small for stroke subtypes and the magnitude of associations was comparable to those of CVD and CHD.
Read 6 tweets
This one in macaques suggests that a maternal Western-style diet may alter long-term immune cell developmental programming in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in utero, predisposing the offspring to inflammatory disease across the lifespan. Image
- Maternal Western-style diet exposure was associated with in utero developmental programming of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells to a pro-inflammatory phenotype.
- Maternal Western-style diet exposure was associated with persistent pro-inflammatory phenotypes at the transcriptional, metabolic, and functional levels in bone marrow-derived macrophages and in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in juvenile offspring...
Read 5 tweets
The findings of this one suggest that about 70% of new type 2 diabetes cases globally were attributable to suboptimal intake of 11 dietary factors in 2018.
Namely: insufficient intake of whole grains, yogurt, fruit, nuts & seeds, and non-starchy vegetables and excess intake of refined rice, refined wheat, processed meats, unprocessed red meat, sugar-sweetened beverages, potatoes and fruit juice.
- Excess intake of harmful dietary factors appeared to contribute to a greater percentage of this burden globally than did insufficient intake of protective dietary factors.
Read 6 tweets
This one found higher dietary intakes of total aromatic amino acids (tyrosine, phenylalanine, tryptophan) to be associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in US adults. Image
- After multivariate adjustment, a higher dietary intake of aromatic amino acids (tyrosine, phenylalanine and tryptophan, or total intake) was associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.
- When assessed as a continuous variable, each 1 SD increase in the dietary total aromatic amino acids, tyrosine, phenylalanine, or tryptophan intake was associated with a 15%, 15%, 16%, and 15% decrease, respectively, in the risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.
Read 9 tweets
In this one, US adults with higher total carotenoids levels had a lower prevalence of emphysema and chronic bronchitis and lower mortality of respiratory disease.
- This study examined the association of total carotenoids, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein/zeaxanthin and lycopene with the prevalence of asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis, and mortality of all-cause and respiratory disease.
- Individuals with higher total carotenoids and beta-cryptoxanthin levels had a lower prevalence of emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Read 5 tweets
This one suggests that U.S. Special Forces candidates who follow less healthy diets and have worse fitness levels are more likely to fail their assessment and selection course.
- Candidates selected during Special Forces Assessment and Selection had higher levels of circulating metabolites that were associated with resistance to oxidative stress, higher physical performance and higher diet quality before the assessment.
- In contrast, non-selected candidates had higher levels of metabolites potentially indicating elevated oxidative stress.
Read 6 tweets
In this one, a greater whole-body protein net balance was observed when protein was evenly distributed between breakfast, lunch and dinner, compared with a skewed protein intake distribution in healthy older adults.
- A greater whole-body protein net balance was observed when protein was evenly distributed between breakfast, lunch and dinner (1/3 of the total daily intake at breakfast, lunch, and dinner)...
...compared with a skewed protein intake distribution (1/6 at breakfast and lunch, and 4/6 of the total daily protein intake at dinner).
Read 7 tweets

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