It is well known that China's Per-capita income is close to $18K in PPP terms - over twice that of India that languishes at $7-8K

But what's interesting is that while India is poor almost everywhere, China already has several provinces that have PCIs on par with Western Europe
Let's take India -

Barring small states like Delhi and Goa, there is not a single major state in India whose PCI is in excess of $12K

Haryana and Telangana are the richest at $11K and $10K respectively

UP and Bihar are the poorest at $3.1K and $2.4K
So the whole country is in that narrow range between 3K and 11K. Even a capital city region like Delhi has a PCI of about $18K - about the same as China
Now let's look at China

While the nation's PCI is 17-18K, it has several regions way above $30K!

Beijing: $40K. (20MM)
Shanghai: $38K (23MM)
Tianjin: $34K (13MM)
Jiangsu: $33K (79MM)
Zhejiang: $28K. (54MM)
Fujian: $26K (37MM)
Guangdong: $24K. (104MM)
Shandong: $22K (100MM)
That's almost 430MM people - nearly a third of the population, enjoying a first-world standard of living!

So while we tend to think of China as middle income, let's not lose sight of the fact that about a third of the country is as rich as Europe already
China's poorest provinces like Yunnan, Heliogjiang, and Tibet are at PCIs of $11K, $12K, and $12K respectively

That's as rich as Haryana and Telangana.

So China's poorest states are a notch richer than the "Stars" of India like Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra!!
I dont think too many have internalized this.

We don't even have a metropolitan region in this country whose Per-capita GDP is anywhere close to that of large provinces like Guangdong and Jiangsu!

Sobering
Another point to note

While India's poorest regions are among its densest - UP, Bihar (with 800+ per sq km)

In China its densest provinces are among its richest!

Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang, Guangdong (all above 500)....let alone metropolitan provinces like Beijing, Shanghai
Postscript : @harshmadhusudan pointed out that PPP for intra country comparisons can be dicey as the PPP factor can be very different for say Shanghai vs Tibet

Sure. But the purpose here is provide a rough sense of how affluent the richest parts of China are
@harshmadhusudan As a purist, in that case we must desist from provincial comparisons even in local currency, given that it is much cheaper to live in Bihar than Bangalore!

Yet we do compare, given that both belong to the same monetary union

A methodological imperfection we put up with
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