UK gov thus has already asked to continue participation in selected agencies, in particular in sectors important to the UK economy, like aviation, chemicals or pharma.
Agencies also have a lot of cooperation agreements with third countries like Canada, Australia or even the US. Our table provides the full overview
- implemention of all EU regulation in the area (with no say)
- paying into the agencies' budget
- implementation of agency decision
- no vote in agency
On a closer look it becomes clear that Norway et al do not have access to the single market via the agencies, but precisely particpate in agencies because of the EEA and their role in the single market.
Think CETA-type FTA vs. full single market participation.
EU agencies can therefore not be a back door into the single market.
The 'common regulatory area' in the EU's proposed backstop would bind NI to single market rules in crucial areas, including the binding decisions of EU agencies - like on food safety, electriticy etc.
This underlines the need for an extensive goverance structure if the backstop ever comes to pass.
Here the UK accepted that it will
- cease all representation or vote in EU agencies on #Brexit day
- will continue to pay into the budget
- accept their decisions
-> this is a worse position than Norway is in