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So here is my Bud Bailyn story, for interested #twitterstorians. In Jan 2003 I gave my dissertation proposal as a conference paper at the third year conference. This was Harvard's version of a defense. Most of the faculty attended and Bailyn came to mine. 1/
So I give my paper (the first bit of what would become my first book, The Baptism of Early Virginia). After I was done, Mark Kishlansky (may he rest in peace, lovely man) asked the first question. He asked me how many Africans there were in Virginia in 1650. 2/
Gentle reader, I HAD NO IDEA. In all my reading and thinking, it had never occurred to me to find that out. So I stammer something out that was basically a fancy way of saying I DON'T KNOW. 3/
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A lot has been said about 1619, but not enough about 1520, the year of the first documented voyage of a ship disembarking enslaved Africans in the Americas. #twitterstorians #africanstudies
The Spanish Archives have made the original available to the public at…
The corresponding entry on @slavevoyages is available below.…
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Recently, I saw a thesis adviser mark points off a history student's thesis for including a 19th c 2ndary source in bibliography. So while one needs to be careful w/ 19th c. histories, here's a brief thread w/ 2 reasons y I also love them. Fellow #twitterstorians please add more!
Reason 1) 19th c. historians are incredibly thorough. There are plenty of things they're wrong about or don't know yet, but the breadth of random facts is often far wider than 20th c. histories. This is because of the periods' different habits of scholarly competition (2/?)
Nowadays we praise historians' for judicious selection of facts & information, elegantly choosing & including the details that help make the point w/o cluttering the book with reams of facts that don't actually connect to the central thesis. Not so 19th century historians (3/?)
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1/ A thread: More Context on the 1975 OAU meeting in Kampala and Idi Amin's relationship with Tanzania-- The Tanzanian protest of this meeting/ Idi Amin goes back to the beginning of Idi Amin’s regime and some pretty interesting diplomatic history.
2/ On January 25, 1971, General Idi Amin seized power from then President of Uganda, Dr. Milton Obote. Obote similarly to Nyerere was a left-leaning Pan Africanist leader of the era.
3/ Both Nyerere and Obote were in Singapore at a commonwealth conference protesting the sale of arms to white minority governments in Southern Africa.
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It is way too early in the morning for this, but apparently a scandal is brewing in music theory on race and diversity so I'm going to do my best to recap it for #academictwitter and #twitterstorians.

Consider it the musical equivalent of this convo:
Music theorist Phil Ewell gave a plenary presentation at the Society for Music Theory (SMT) conference in 2019 called "Music Theory's White Racial Frame."
In the presentation, Ewell examined how, in spite of the field's efforts to diversify, music theory scholarship was still mostly white and the composers they taught were mostly white.…
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So this article, while interesting, seems like it could have used the expertise of a greater number of historians of the slave trade and slavery to clarfify and more importantly, complicate certain aspects of this history.…
The shock at Nigerian ancestry proliferating among US descendants of enslaved people until consulting an unnamed historian about the fact of previous stops in the Caribbean in the trade before reaching what became the mainland US? Slave trade 101 guys.
The thin explanations in the piece, for instance of the differences in regional ancestry of enslaved people’s descendants in the US vs Latin America, are bc theyre utterly devoid of references to colonialism. European colonial controls at particular ports meant who went where.
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#VaradharajaPerumalTemple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in the holy city of Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu believed to have been visited by the 12 poet saints or Alwars.


#HistoryEncyclopedia #TemplesOfIndia
along with Ekambareswarar Temple and Kamakshi Amman Temple in Kanchipuram is popularly known as Mumurtivasam (abode of trio).


#HistoryEncyclopedia #TemplesOfIndia #History #temples #Twitter #twitterstorians
Panel in the #VaradharajaPerumalTemple
where the 2 lizards (Golden & Silver) are depicted in the roof.

One legend states that Indra, after getting released from curse of Goddess Saraswati, installed the silver & golden lizards who were the witness of the ordeal.

3/3 #History
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Thanks to the huge book on the payments made to the soldiers of the Barcelona shipyard between the years 1584-91, we can have an idea of what they looked like. To identify each individual and to avoid fraud, a brief physical description was added along with some other data (1): Image
Lorenzo Roger, from Barcelona, son of Lorenzo Roger. Mulatto color, his head begins to turn gray. He has served as a soldier since 17 April 1575 with 30 reales PM and has served as a soldier until 29 March 1583, because from that day he serves as a gatekeeper of the shipyard (2): Image
Esteban Garriga, son of Guillem Garriga, 21-year-old native of Barcelona, of medium height, good face and with a large knife-slash from the head to the right side of the right eyebrow. He settled as a soldier of the shipyard on 24 April 1583 with 30 reals per month (3): Image
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Hi #twitterstorians this is part 3 of our thread on #Srinivas work. We focus on his views on #anthropology as a discipline linked to the nation. If you would like to see more about #Srinivas writings you can check our blog on #rememberedvillage 👇…
#Srinivas considered that #anthropology was a #colonial tool of governance that used used to 'divide and rule'. His views on the #census as a political tool anticipated the views of scholars such as #Cohn and #Dirks
However, for #Srinivas this was a doubled edged sword. Indian nationalists used the categories politicized by colonial rulers to 'discover' India's past and to create myths in the struggle for #independence
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Poor little Dinesh.

Just as wrong & confused as ever. Activists HAVE been targeting the slaveholding legacy of Douglas for years at the University of Chicago (a place he founded in 1856). Two monuments to him there just came down.

A @KevinMKruse style dunk on Douglas/Dinesh
For me it all started here with @TheRAUC's piece on @BlkPerspectives detailing the University of Chicago's ties to slavery via Stephen A. Douglas's 3000 acre cotton plantation in Lawrence County, Mississippi.… #Twitterstorians #BlkTwitterstorians
That work was then peer-reviewed multiple times (both formally and informally) and was then published at the @JAAHistory which is the oldest and most storied academic journal for African American history in the world. Here is the full piece:
But...… @ASALH
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Hi #twitterstorians! This is the second installment on #Srinivas. Today we focus on his concept of #sanskritization
which was key in the development of Indian #anthropology and #sociology.This is part of our history of concepts. @UoMhistdept @LeedsUniHistory @CSMCH_Edin #AHRC
#Srinivas coined the term #sanskritization in the late 1940s and early 1950s while researching the Coorgs of South India. #Sankritization was used as a way to explain how certain groups like the Lingayats of Karnataka had move up in a caste structure that was supposed to be fixed Image
The main idea behind #sanskritization is that lower castes groups imitate and adopt Sanskritic culture and values. Along with economic and political power, eventually, #sanskritization would translate into ritual power too. This would make lower caste groups to move up socially
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Hi Twitter, #MedievalTwitter and #TwitterStorians!

On this first summer #MondayManuscript thread of mine, I'd like to kick this off with the research of medieval tournament illuminations, as to illustrate my @askhistorians contribution on the topic. ⬇️…
This will be a live tweeting experiment, so either come along the way with me (or us?) or come back once the thread is over 🥰⬇️

First stop at the @BDLSS with the wonderful Douce 308 which contains Jacques Bretel's "Tournoy de Chauvency".…
Let's head to folio 107r where the poem begins and tells the story of a lavish tournament held in the northern parts France in 1285 which also involved many nobles from the Holy Roman Empire such as the Luxemburg brothers. Digital Bodleian, Tournoi de Chauvency, Douce 308
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Hi again! This week @WithinOther will be tweeting about MN #Srinivas, 1 of the most important anthropologists in the history of India. We'll cover some of the most important aspects of Srinivas's education, career and legacy. #twitterstorians #OtherfromWithin Image
#Srinivas (1916-199) was part of the first generation of anthropologists in independent India. He study at the University of #Bombay and the #Oxford. Later, Srinivas taught in different places such as Oxford, the University of Delhi and MS University of Baroda among others
#Srinivas academic genealogy came from #Durkheim, #RadcliffeBrown and #EvansPritchard Thus he was influenced by #functionalism and sought to describe how the different parts of societies worked together as an organism.
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The biggest problem with how US theatre history is conventionally written/taught is that it has settled for a segregated narrative. All too often when focused on white Anglophone stories it fails at including any others. Look at late 19th/early 20th c.
Generally the narrative focuses on vaudeville as the emergence of the entertainment industry & monopolistic control over theatre booking/touring. The monopolies foreclose almost every possibility for an independent, heterogeneous local professional theatre. Or so we are taught.
That teaching is so far from accurate. From 1890-1940 there were two hundred Yiddish theatres in the USA & toured across the Americas & Europe. Yiddish theatre would inspire innovation in US theatre and help create the method acting movement. Thalia Theatre poster, New York, 1897.
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First installment of American history through a Lumbee lens: Race and Racism.(Caveat: I didn’t come to comfort the afflicted. I came to afflict the comfortable. I’m not here to explain it. Don’t @ me if you don’t read.) #twitterstorians y’all need this too. Examine yourselves.
Anti-Blackness. Homophobia. It’s real in Indian Country. People like @TheRedNation_ @ndncollective @_IllumiNatives are here to fight it, with art, protest, mutual aid and in other forms. Follow them. Here’s some context:
A letter to the editor published by several N.C. newspapers in Robeson, Cumberland, and Scotland Counties this past week:…
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Thread: for those interested in such things, the revised Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classifications are out. Focusing on the areas I'm involved in, a few things to note. #research #twitterstorians #GLAM #universities
Starting with the FoR (Field of Research) codes, under 43: History, heritage and archaeology we have Heritage, archive and museum studies, which includes: Archival, repository and related studies; Critical heritage, museum and archive studies; and Digital heritage.
Historical studies is also under 43. Good to see the 'excluding Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history' has been removed from the 'Australian history' code. Also, note 430306: Digital history
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In my undergrad #HistoryofMexico class @RutgersU this semester, I gave students the option to create digital timelines using @knightlab's TimelineJS. The results were innovative and inspiring! #twitterstorians #digitalhistory (1/
Students made creative use of digital source material & media on wide range of topics. I was impressed by their willingness to experiment with new formats. Sources incl. historical newspapers, docs from digital collections, archival photos, video, audio, oral histories, maps (2/
Why is a digital timeline assignment an effective #teaching tool? It prompted students to put different types of sources into conversation and to write succinctly while still engaging analytically. I pointed them to #digitalarchives but some also found their own sources. (3/
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As Mississippi prepares to redesign their state flag it's important that legislators pick an innovative design instead of one with ties to the Confederacy and its racist and white supremist legacy. Gather round #twitterstorians let us review rebel southern flags…1/
The most recognizable today is the ‘battle flag,’ or ‘St. Andrew’s Cross.’ The rebel govt, however, had 3 official flags with numerous variants: the ‘stars and bars’, the ‘stainless banner’ & finally the ‘blood-stained banner’. 2/
Less known, the bonnie blue was commonly used as an unofficial flag at the time. Slavers first used the flag in 1810 for the Republic of West Florida & the Republic of Texas used a version w/ a yellow star. After 1861, secessionists flew it at the Mississippi capitol….3/
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Let's talk about the local Confederate monument in Douglas County, GA for a sec. #Twitterstorians #Monuments #LocalHistory #DouglasCounty

THREAD Douglas County Confederate Monument, dedicated 1914, in fron
The American Civil War lasted from 1861-1865. Douglas County was founded in 1870. Yet we have a Confederate monument standing on the lawn of our current courthouse that reads "1861-1865 Douglas County Heroes." Again, Douglas County did not exist at the time. Douglas County Confederate Monument side description, dedica
To be quite clear on this matter: the Confederacy's purpose was to maintain and expand slavery, this went hand in hand with white supremacy. Here's the Cornerstone Speech from the Georgian VP of the Confederacy that lays it out quite clearly.…
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We are living through a terrible time in many ways, but it is a Golden Age for public-facing history. No major pundit, as far as I’m aware, has as consistently & powerfully drawn on historical scholarship to explain the present than ⁦@jbouie⁩./1…
And thanks to @madebyhistory in @washingtonpost, @TheAtlantic @contingent_mag @BostonReview @NewYorker and many other magazines & editorial pages, historians are sharing their research I. Written form with the public in a way that dwarfs the era of the “New York Intellectuals.”/2
Furthermore there are so many amazing podcasts that are either historical in nature of that frequently feature historians and historical topics. Not room to mention them all but the various podcasts of the @NewBooksNetwork showcase a huge variety of historical scholarship. /3
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As Confederate statues come down, I'm reminded of what still needs to go up. Encourage @Reagan_Airport & @Amazon to memorialize those enslaved at Abingdon: "The Virginia portion of Amazon’s HQ2 should acknowledge what lies beneath"… #slaveryarchive #DC
If you visit Abingdon ruins today, you will be transported to the past - but not to the era of slavery -- to the 1990s. At this site of a former plantation, there is no mention of the enslaved, slavery, or enslavement. Signage is entirely about enslavers. #AbingdonEasyFix 2/10
Inside the old terminal's exhibit hall, at the bottom corner of one display case, you can find the only reference to slavery. #AbingdonEasyFix 3/10
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I want to share a few thoughts on why I'm loving #AlbertPike eating dirt. It's probably not for the reasons you think. Yes, he was a Confederate general (a terrible one). But on the outset of the Civil War, Pike played a role in dragging several Native nations into the war. 1/
In 1861, Indian Territory (now OK) held the Five Tribes: Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek (Muscogee), and Seminole. These tribes enjoyed limited sovereignty, were slaveowning, and deeply reliant upon U.S. money. The U.S. bounced at war's start, leaving the Indians alone. 2/
Enter Albert Pike, a clever/pompous Arkansas lawyer who's been appointed commissioner to the Five Tribes by the CSA. He's represented several tribes legally before. Pike starts with the Cherokee, but is told to buzz off by Chief John Ross who prefers neutrality. 3/
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Takeaways from "Searching for Black Confederates" by @KevinLevin
1. Confed soldiers seem to be constantly surprised when slaves ran away from the Confed. Army. Where are they going? We've taken care of them and then the first chance they get they run off? I can't believe it! 🤣
2. Former slaves played a part in Confed. Army reunions through the 30s and 40s. Mr.'s Perry, Shields and Divinity amongst others, are used as examples in the book. They played the white people of the time to get better treatment, meals and support. Good for them.
3. Young black people have always been labeled "uppity" and radical by older whites who liked their less radical parents and grandparents. They were called this in the early 1900s. They were called that in the 1960s. They are called that today. We shouldn't fall for it.
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The past few weeks have got me thinking about ways to expand public awareness of slavery. One way can be to highlight how the history of slavery touches a wide variety of locations throughout the U.S., especially where not immediately obvious. #twitterstorians #publichistory 1/?
To show how this can be done, I'll take the example of Kolomoki Mounds State Park in Georgia, the site of Native American mounds dating from 350-600 C.E. 2/?
I've visited Kolomoki on many occasions, as my local church group held summer camps there. For me, however, the site bears a more personal significance as it is also the former home of my 4x-great-grandfather and his family. Here I am in front of their graves. 3/?
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