Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #byzantine

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The menōrah is a characteristic symbol of #Judaism. The six-branched lamp stand with a seventh central lamp was reportedly already present when the Israelites crossed into Samaria (#Canaan) and pitched their tabernacle tent in the town of Shiloh during the late 2nd millennium BC.
The #Hebrew name menōrah is related to the word נור (nōr), meaning light, made feminine (by means of the post-fixed ה) and prefixed with the particle מ, which denotes a noun of place. It literally means lamps-stand and is closely connected to the #Arabic word منار (manār).
In Exodus 25:31-32, God reveals the design of the menōrah to Moses: "Make a lamp stand of pure gold. (...) Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lamp stand; three on one side and three on the other." It was to light the tabernacle tent and the Temple of Jerusalem.
Read 39 tweets
Alright, so the esteemed @ArmoryBazaar posted some pictures of coins found in Idlib - Syria. I would like to make a thread out of this, for future coins. I will post my take on these coins, but I'm very much interested in other opinions.
The two small copper coins (picture 2 & 3) are in my opinion #Umayyad copper fals. The inscription features Islamic texts, most definitely the Islamic shahada. That indicates they're from the later Umayyad period. I would say 8th century.
It's really possible that the last coin is much older that the other coins. It still features a cross and human imagery, indicating Byzantine influences. This kind of coins were used in early Umayyad times, when the caliphs still imitated #Byzantine en #Persian coinage.
Read 70 tweets
“My name is here presented more to be understood than to be read” said once a #Roman senator.
For my #EarlyMedievalPills, let’s explore what monograms can tell us about changes in political culture & social communication between late antiquity & #Carolingian times.
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Monogrammatic culture has its roots in the #classical world. Producers used monograms to mark mass-produced objects such as pottery. We also see them on Hellenistic coins. However, they didn’t encode the name of the issuing authority, but functioned as control marks.
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Influenced by Hellenistic models, #Roman emperors adopted monograms on their coins. They were used to encode the emperor’s name thus becoming personal graphic devices that could also mark certain objects the trade of which was an imperial monopoly.
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Read 30 tweets
When visiting #Rome, tourists usually (and comprehensibly) focus on its #ancient remains. Today for the series #EarlyMedievalPills I'll take you through the #Carolingian city of Pope Paschal I (817-24) who, in only 7 years, left a permanent mark on #Roma's sacred topography 1/11
First I need to tell you about his family: he was the son of Bonosus and Theodora and he was very attached to his mother whom he wanted to be immortalised in the stunning #mosaics decorating that little jewel that is the Chapel of St Zeno in Santa Prassede #Roma 2/11
"Theodora Episcopa": lots of speculation about the reasons why she was called bishop-ess. Two possibilities: either Paschal I's father was a bishop and the honorific title extended to his wife, or Paschal paid homage to his mother by granting her a title of distinction 3/11
Read 22 tweets

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