Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #HistMed

Most recents (24)

[1/9] In honour of the animals that contribute to medical advancement, here’s a story of how four scientists and a donkey made a discovery in the 19th c that has helped to save thousands of lives on the operating table! #histmed #oldoptheatre #animalsinmedicine #frontliners
[2/9]Naturalist and intrepid explorer Charles Waterton was invited by colleague Sir Joseph Banks, surgeon Benjamin Brodie and veterinarian William Sewell to test the effects of the poison curare (wourali, back then).
[3/9] They injected a donkey with enough curare that she collapsed after ten minutes, then performed an emergency tracheotomy using a pair of bellows to keep the animal alive. After about four hours of pumping, the animal recovered enough to rise and walk around the room.
Read 9 tweets
**Newsflash #MedievalTwitter**

'Inks and Paints of the #MiddleEast: A Handbook of #Abbasid Art Technology', @joumajnouna's new book, is AMAZING! 🎨🖌️📖

And here's why: a thread touching on #Manuscripts, #MedievalMedicine, #GlobalMiddleAges, etc. (1/12)
Note: this informative, accessible (and, extra bonus, beautiful) handbook is a good read for historians of all periods - not just medievalists! - but it's especially relevant for medievalists, archaeologists, conservators, artists, material scientists, etc. (2/12)
And it should be essential reading for anyone working on/interested in:
- Manuscript studies #Manuscripts
- History of medicine & pharmacy #MedievalMedicine #MedMed #HistMed
- The transfer of knowledge/movement of substances in a global context #GlobalMiddleAges

Why? (3/12)
Read 12 tweets
[1/7 Thread 👇] Today we salute another African-American pioneer and historical #frontliner: Doctor Rebecca Lee Crumpler, born in 1831.
#BlackLivesMatter #HistMed #OldOpTheatre Image
[2/7] She was the first black woman doctor in the United States of America, obtaining her medical degree in 1864 in the middle of the American Civil War. Early on, Lee Crumpler was a nurse, and her transition to become a doctor was not an easy one!
[3/7] It took several letters of recommendation from doctors she used to work for, before she was able to secure a place to study at the New England Female Medical College, currently known as Boston University School of Medicine.
Read 7 tweets
(1/14) THREAD ON BLOODLETTING 👇 for #WorldBloodDonorDay. When King Charles II suffered a sudden seizure on the morning of 2 February 1685, his personal physician had just the remedy. He quickly slashed open a vein in the King’s left arm and filled a basin with the royal blood.
(2/14) Over the next few days, the King's physicians gave enemas and urged him to drink various potions, including boiled spirits from a human skull. Charles was bled a second time before he lapsed into a coma and died.
(3/14) Even without his doctors’ ministrations, the King may have succumbed, yet his final days were certainly not made any easier by the relentless bloodletting and purging. By the time of Charles II’s death, however, bloodletting was standard medical practice.
Read 14 tweets
(1/8) #Histmed THREAD👇On 7 April 1853, Queen Victoria became the first monarch to use chloroform to ease the pains of childbirth. Prince Leopold was born within 53 minutes of administration of the drug, which Victoria described as "delightful beyond measure.”
(2/8) The anaesthetic powers of chloroform was first discovered in 1847 by the Scottish physician James Young Simpson. He and his two friends experimented with it on the evening of November 4th. At first, they felt very cheerful and talkative. After a short time, they passed out.
(3/8) Impressed with the drug’s potency, Simpson began using chloroform as an anaesthetic. In December 1847, he delivered the first baby using it. Simpson nicknamed the girl “Saint Anaesthesia.” Her real name was Wilhelmina Carstairs, pictured here.
Read 8 tweets
[1/6] Let us introduce you to this extraordinary African-American pioneer: Mary Eliza Mahoney (1845-1926). She was the first black professional nurse in America, & an active organizer among African-American nurses.
Today we salute this historical #frontliner 👇#BlackLivesMatter
[2/6]She was born in Boston on 1845. At age 18, she decided to pursue a career in nursing, working at the progressive New England Hospital for Women and Children. Age 33, she was accepted in that hospital's nursing school, the first professional nursing program in the country.
[3/6]After graduation, Mahoney registered for work as a private-duty nurse. Families that employed Mahoney praised her calm and quiet efficiency. Her professionalism helped raise the status of all nurses.
Read 6 tweets
(1/11) FOUR DAYS LEFT TO SAVE @drjennershouse, which is under threat due to #COVID19 pandemic!

Edward Jenner was an 18thC pioneer of vaccination. Let me tell you about his importance in medical history.

[Photo of two children - one vaccinated against smallpox, the other not].
(2/11) Smallpox is one of the deadliest & most contagious diseases known to man. The virus killed over half a billion people in the twentieth century alone—three times the number of deaths from all of the century’s wars combined.
(3/11) On 8 May 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the eradication of smallpox. This was an unprecedented event in history, signaling the first and only annihilation of a human disease.
Read 12 tweets
I wrote this piece for @STATNews to mark the tricentennial of the start of the Great Plague of Provence, the last of the great* outbreaks of plague in W. Europe. I discuss some of the many parallels between the 1720 plague & the #COVID19 pandemic. THREAD statnews.com/2020/05/25/bub…
Today marks 300 years since the start of what I argue represents a major moment in the history of disaster mgmt. As the story goes, the Great Plague of Provence (aka Plague of Marseille) began in France #OnThisDay in 1720 with the arrival of the vessel, the Grand Saint-Antoine in
the port of Marseille. The ship had journeyed for a year in the Mediterranean collecting cargoes of fine imported goods destined for an annual trade fair. In that time, there had been a series of deaths on board, many with the telltale signs of bubonic plague,
Read 28 tweets
The history of public health is also the history of women in health care. Let’s take a moment to reflect on how the discipline of public health arose out of social justice reforms in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

HISTORY OF MEDICINE THREAD 1/
The second half of the 19th century saw an increasing appreciation of the health consequences of poverty. Among other factors, the development of germ theory created an understanding of how the crowded, unsanitary conditions of slums propagated infectious disease. 2/
At the same time, women were fighting for a greater voice in all aspects of public life. A popular suffragist argument was that women had unique skills and traits that could balance the harms men caused to the world. 3/
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Hello #polyam history fam! We return from a bit of a hiatus because 1) it seems there's a worldwide pandemic on and 2) your authors were preparing and then editing (and editing and editing) a article on the work we are doing, which will form part of the introduction Image
and the theory that will eventually underlie our book. We will be sharing more about this in the future!

If you are reading this, we hope you and yours are safe&sound&healthy&staying inside! This is one of the harder challengs the #polyamory #polyam community
has faced--challenges about quarantining, not being able to see other partners, and, in some cases, being trapped with abusive partners, but from the bottom of both of our hearts we hope that all are safe and quarantining--we're all in this together now <3
Read 35 tweets
Hi #histSTM #histsci #histmed #twitterstorians of #biology & #biomedicine!

I haven't seen a list of digital #archive materials to use in this moment of quarantine, so I'll start one

Emphasis on collections with broad & eclectic materials.

picture: me in papery days. Image
the @CSHLLibrary has a digital repository which includes papers of individual life scientists but also lots of the material they accrued on related issues (the war on cancer, human genome project, etc.)

archivesspace.cshl.edu/repositories/2
@nlm_news maintains the "Profiles in Science" page, which has scanned and distributed papers from numerous (bio)medical researchers-- once again a great collection to run keywords through!
lhncbc.nlm.nih.gov/project/profil…
Read 13 tweets
A thread for #InternationalWomensDay
My g-g grandmother (and a character in my novel “The Virgin Cure,”) Dr. Sarah Fonda-Mackintosh (1836-1903) was an early graduate of the Women’s Medical College of the New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children. 1/4 #WomenInMedicine
The Women’s Medical College of the NY Infirmary (shown here in a Frank Leslie’s illustration from 1870) was founded in NYC in 1868 by sister-Drs Elizabeth and Emily Blackwell. 2/4 #histmed #InternationalWomensDay #WomenInMedicine
When Sarah was admitted to the Medical Association of New Jersey in the early 1870s she was the first female physician to be admitted to any medical association in the United States. 3/4 #WomensHistoryMonth #WomenInMedicine #InternationalWomensDay
Read 4 tweets
Some thoughts about my week of lectures in the UK. I presented on Tuesday at Durham, on Wednesday at Newcastle, & on Thursday at Edinburgh. All three lectures had different themes, but all circled around the common fact that we are in a new era of medical history (#histmed). 1/n
In Durham, my topic was "Are Pandemics Comparable? The Present State of Research in Justinianic Plague and Black Death Studies." For my 2014 volume on the Black Death as a (semi-global) pandemic, I had used the definition of Morens et al. 2009. It still holds now, I think. 2/n
Which means, of course, that contrary to the BBC's headline, we are not in "uncharted territory" in an absolute sense. The work I've been doing the past 12 yrs to develop a new kind of epidemiological history has taken the insights of the field of Emerging Infectious Diseases 3/n
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In celebration of international #WomenInScience day, l’d like to introduce you to 3 nutritionists/ medical researchers that I worked on during my PhD. They were pretty tough and persevering... THREAD 1/8 #histmed #histSTEM
Many women nutritionists in the mid-20th century were field workers. Field work is complex and messy, and it can be harder to implement controls. It was often looked down upon by fundamental researchers/laboratory scientists. Thus, their work was often overlooked. 2/8
First let me introduce you to Dr Lucy Wills. She was key in the discovery of #folicacid and its importance to pregnant women and their babies. Relatively overlooked in histories of #nutrition, she was recently recognised via a #googledoodle newscientist.com/article/220246… 3/8
Read 8 tweets
Okay, since @KevinMKruse now seems to have given his imprimatur to this piece in the @washingtonpost today about #nCoV2019 & past plagues, it seems time for a mini-thread about #medhist & hot takes. #epitwitter: you might want to listen in on this, as it effects you, too.
@KevinMKruse @washingtonpost The @washingtonpost piece by Eisenberg et al. makes 3 main points: 1) that the #BlackDeath (the #plague pandemic usually dated to the mid-14thC) is the most commonly invoked analogy when people think of epidemics; 2) that not all "plague" epidemics/pandemics were alike; and 3) ..
@KevinMKruse @washingtonpost ... that there's an "outbreak narrative" that "we replay .. as a script with each new outbreak — whether real or fictional." First, some background on what #histmed (History of Medicine) is: it's probably pretty much as you would assume from its name. The field of history that ..
Read 17 tweets
Thread:
1.
What does disability offer as a category of historical analysis? Why does #DisHist matter?
Here is an eg:
Born in Sardinia, Antonio Gramsci (1891–
1937) lived with physical disability, possibly due to Pott's disease (image not of him).../ The image shows a black and white photograph of the back of a young boy with deformities of the spine and neck.
2.
His mother held to the idea that he was disabled after a fall down a flight of stairs which she blamed on a servant. The young Gramsci lived with chronic pain, and his condition may have impacted his growth as well.
#DisHist #DisabilityHistory #histmed The image shows a black and white photograph of a middle aged woman with dark hair wearing a dark dress, holding a toddler with dark curly hair and a white dress. The photo appears to be from the early 20th century.
3.
Gramsci's own writings describe how he was called a gobbo (hunchback) by those around him & described how his condition made him feel like an "intruder" in his family.../
#DisHist #histchild #histmed
Read 8 tweets
From gathering moss to a multi-million dollar industry, we’re about to bring you the #WW1 story you never knew you always needed. It’s a tale of sacrifice, service … and sanitary napkins.

#philanthropy #AmericanGiving #GivingTuesday #BecauseOfHerStory #HistMed
Open wounds and blood loss can be some of the most dangerous issues on the battlefield.
First aid chests and U.S. Hospital Corps belts would be sure to contain sterile dressings to staunch bleeding. A kit with tools to stop bleeding.A kit with tools to stop bleeding.
During #WW1, sphagnum moss was used to create bandages and dressings like this one. While moss may seem like a weird fit, it was super absorbent, with antiseptic properties, and grew plentifully in America. A large absorbent pad.
Read 6 tweets
Over the past 10 years, I've worked hard to build a brand around medical history. Much of my content is made richer with images from some truly fantastic #histmed collections around the world. Here's 10 institutes/organizations you should be following on Twitter.👇
#10: Wellcome Collection (@ExploreWellcome) in London which explores "ideas about the connections between medicine, life and art." It features, amongst many objects, NAPOLEON'S TOOTHBRUSH with bristles made from horsehair.
@ExploreWellcome #9: National Museum of Health & Medicine (@medicalmuseum) in Maryland, which was established during the Civil War as a center for the collection of specimens & artifacts related to trauma & pathology. Here's the BULLET which killed ABRAHAM LINCOLN, which was recently on display.
Read 12 tweets
It's time for a #histmed #medthread about the discovery of microbes!

To say that mankind has a complicated relationship with the microscopic world would be an understatement, since a major selling point of many products is that they kill 99% of it.
For what it’s worth, there’s an awesome meme about the bacterial one percenters who somehow make it through the Lysol and Listerine apocalypse (this one is from itsthetie.com)
By the way, this #medthread is meant as a companion for Micrographia, the latest episode of @BedsideRounds (bedside-rounds.org/episode-48-mic…), since you can’t really see pictures through the radio.
Read 23 tweets
1/ Why are EKG waves named starting with the letter P? What happened to letters A through O?

I’m guessing you’ve probably never wondered this, but if you’re curious, here’s a brief historical #medthread / #tweetorial on how the EKG waves got the names they did.
2/ The first electrical tracings of the heart were obtained in 1887 by A.D. Waller, a British physiologist and physician, who used a Lippmann capillary electrometer to capture the tracings.

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/P…
3/ As a physiologist, Waller labelled the two waves on his initial tracing V1 & V2 based on their site of anatomic origin- the ventricle. He would continue, often rather adamantly, to refer to the electrical waves as A, V1, & V2 throughout his career.

sciencedirect.com/science/articl…
Read 11 tweets
Time for the first @BedsideRounds #histmed thread, written by @BrendanTDaly!

Most of you probably know the Circle of Willis - the anastomosis blood supply to the brain. So who was this guy Willis?
He came to prominence as a physician in 1650 with the “Miraculous deliverance of Anne Green” in which he “resurrected” and then exonerated a woman who was falsely accused and hanged for the murder of her child.
Willis is now known for his detailed case notes where he described osteomyelitis, nephrotic syndromes, meningitis and narcolepsy.
Read 13 tweets
(1/14) THREAD ON BLOODLETTING 👇 for #WorldBloodDonorDay. When King Charles II suffered a sudden seizure on the morning of 2 February 1685, his personal physician had just the remedy. He quickly slashed open a vein in the King’s left arm and filled a basin with the royal blood.
(2/14) Over the next few days, the King's physicians gave enemas and urged him to drink various potions, including boiled spirits from a human skull. Charles was bled a second time before he lapsed into a coma and died.
(3/14) Even without his doctors’ ministrations, the King may have succumbed, yet his final days were certainly not made any easier by the relentless bloodletting and purging. By the time of Charles II’s death, however, bloodletting was standard medical practice.
Read 14 tweets
The end of another semester of engaging students with @WikiEducation at @MissouriSandT @sandtcasb in #HistSCI means another tweet thread about this super fun project.
49 students, 32 articles, 40K words added, +285K views so far. I love their work! Take a look!
I'm going to group them. First group-- #WomenInSTEM #WomeninHistory
Students found that, uh oh, it's HARD to find reliable sources on women in science! This didn't stop them, though. They pushed through and learned some new research skills.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annie_S._… is 1 product.
Tycho's sister, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophia_Br… was another article that needed work. The women who worked on this one had to find all sources on Tycho then sift through for the 2-3 pages about Sophia. Thank goodness for good #librarians at S&T who were patient and helpful!
Read 29 tweets
It’s time for another #histmed Tweetorial -- this time I'm going to talk about the pesky definition of a fever, and where the 98.6 F average body temp came from!

Full disclosure: will use C AND F for temp, but no K or R.
FYI this is a complementary Tweetorial to @tony_breu's amazing one on why we have night sweats
Let’s start with a case!

A 29 year-old woman presents with a week of cough, myalgias, and chills. Her temperature is 99.9 F (37.7C). She tells you, “This is a fever for me because I run low.”
Read 31 tweets

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