Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #ph

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#TodayinHistory in 1954, then journalist & peace negotiator, & future #PH senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. and Corazon S. Cojuangco, future 11th #PH president, were married in Pasay City, #PH. Their union was one of the consequential marriages in PH History. THREAD.
Ninoy was one of the promising & ambitious journalists of the time—the youngest correspondent in the Korean War for Manila Times. He was conferred the Philippine Legion of Honor by Pres. Elpidio Quirino in 1950 at the young age of 18.
Due to Ninoy's achievements, crossing enemy lines & diffusing tense situations, in early 1954, then #PH President Ramon Magsaysay appointed Ninoy as his representative to Huk rebel leader Luis Taruc. Soon after, Magsaysay was a volunteer sponsor of Ninoy & Cory's wedding.
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#TodayinHistory in 1915, Francisco "Koko" Trinidad, actor & pioneer in Filipino radio broadcasting, was born in #Manila. His immense contribution to #PH mass media & #pressfreedom is still acknowledged as he mentored the 1st generation of Filipino broadcasters. THREAD. #History
He studied at the Manila North High School. Upon graduation, Koko pursued his passion in radio broadcasting. He entered @FEBC_ph as radio announcer while trying to pursue Law at @FarEasternU. Unfortunately he never completed the course. Soon he became prod manager at the FEBC.
But #WWII came. Even under Japanese occupation, Koko became director of stagings in Avenue, Lyric, and Strand theatres. With the destruction & liberation of Manila in 1945, he was immediately tapped as announcer for the U.S. Office of War Information.
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#TodayinHistory in 1901, at the town plaza of #Balangiga, Samar #PH, Company C of the U.S. 9th Infantry Regiment was ambushed by the Filipino townspeople for the abuses on them. This would be known as the Balangiga Massacre. The Americans would retaliate excessively. THREAD.
The 1st #PH Republic, the 1st republic in Asia, capitulated when the Americans captured Pres. Emilio Aguinaldo at Palanan, Isabela on March 1901. Following the capture, prominent Filipino generals surrendered one by one as the PH-US War came to an end.
Meanwhile, the Company C of the 9th U.S. Infantry Regiment, who also fought in the capture of Manila from the Spaniards in 1898, was assigned to a small town in Samar, called Balangiga, and having arrived there in August 1901, engaged w/ the locals.
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That tweet of Junior about Henry Kissinger reminded me of this memo Kissinger sent to POTUS when Martial Law was declared in #PH in 1972.

“As to our position, I believe we should refrain from comment on Marcos’ action, regarding it as a Philippine matter.” #ML50 #MartialLaw50
“President Marcos’ ambition to hold onto the Presidency after his constitutional limit of two terms runs out at the end of next year is well known.” - Kissinger 1/2
“In this context, and as his first-term lustre as a reform president has dulled, he has constantly underlined the deteriorating security situation as posing a need for a strong leader and improved discipline.” - Kissinger 2/2
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#TodayinHistory in 1865, Filipino revolutionary general, Miguel Malvar, one of the last generals to surrender to the Americans in the Philippine-American War, was born in Barrio San Miguel, Santo Tomas, #Batangas #PH.

THREAD. #history #kasaysayan
Born to Maximo Malvar & Tiburcia Carpio, Miguel was educated early via his hometown's school. Soon, he was mentored by Valerio Malabanan, one of the great teachers of Batangas who offered pro-bono services in Tanauan.
Malvar was a skilled businessman. After making a name for himself in the local sugar industry, his business thrived as was his influence in the community. He was even given P1,000 as seed money by Saturnina Rizal, Jose Rizal's oldest sister, to help his enterprise.
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#TodayinHistory in 1834, due to financial losses, by royal decree, the Real Compañia de Filipinas was abolished, with the Spanish administration finally opening its farthest colony, the Philippines, to world trade. THREAD. #PH #history
With the lucrative Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade for almost 250 years, much of the agricultural & industrial potential of #PH was neglected, as Spain focused on profit thru the galleons. This also bred smuggling & corruption among the merchant class.
The Spanish aversion to agricultural/mechanical work was an opportunity taken on by migrant Chinese. This neglect came w/ unintended positive consequence: it saved Filipinos from the exploitation of colonial plantation system & slavery rampant in other Spanish colonies.
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#TodayinHistory in 1972, 50 yrs ago, a bomb exploded at Joe's Department Store in Carriedo St., Quiapo, #Manila #PH. This was part of a series of bombings that would be used as reason for the proclamation of a nationwide Martial Law by Pres. Ferdinand Marcos on the 23rd. THREAD.
In late 60s to 1970, public opinion was against any prospect of Ferdinand Marcos extending his 2nd & final term. He won as the 2nd reelected #PH president in 1969 under 1935 Consti. At the time, there was push to amend the Constitution.
Protests erupted, expressing sentiment not to use ConCon to extend Marcos' term. People suspect he would be made interim Prime Minister upon change of form of gov. The protests would be known in history as the #FirstQuarterStorm. ConCon began in June 1971.
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🚨🚨🚨New @EuroRespSoc @escardio #PulmonaryHypertension guidelines 2022
There is a lot of new guidance, this is just a short thread to begin with the most notable changes...

Let's go! 🧵 👇👇👇 (1/10)
1⃣New definition:
📌Same mPAP threshold as Nice 2018 (mPAP> 20 mmHg)
📌Lower PVR threshold (PVR >2 WU)! 👈
📌No more DPG to differentiate Ipc & Cpc
📌Re-introduction of #ExercisePH in definition!👈
2⃣Diagnostic algorithm:
📌Fast track for referral to a #PH centre at any point of warning signs or #PAH or #CTEPH suspected
📌Individualised route for suspected #LungDisease but rapid cross-referral if necessary
📌If eventually PAH/CTEPH suspected, follow to tables 😵‍💫
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#TodayinHistory in 1903, Act No. 854 (Pensionado Act), was signed by US Gov-Gen W.H. Taft, allowing the US Insular gov in #PH to sponsor qualified Filipinos to study as scholars in the United States. This was but part & parcel of U.S. colonial apparatus on PH.

THREAD. #history
After ceding #PH as territory in Dec 1898 from Spain thru the Treaty of Paris, & defeating Filipino forces in the Philippine-American War, the United States set out to cement its control of PH w/ carrot-&-stick policy of "Benevolent assimilation."
Part of colonial apparatus was to woo Filipinos by opening civil gov positions to them, & flinging American education access doors wide open to Filipinos—an attempt to remake #PH in U.S. image. The coming of the Thomasites in Aug 1901—approx 600 U.S. teachers—began this project.
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#TodayinHistory in 1601, the Colegio de San Jose was established by the Jesuits in Manila (#Intramuros) #PH. It is now known as the San Jose Seminary, located inside the Ateneo de Manila University campus in Quezon City. THREAD. #Kasaysayan #History
The Society of Jesus (known as Jesuits), a religious order in the Catholic Church, was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and approved by the Pope in 1540. In the backdrop of the Protestant Reformation, the Jesuits were instrumental in the Counter-Reformation efforts in Europe.
The #Jesuit order arrived in #PH from Mexico in 1581 led by their Superior, Antonio Sedeño. From his group's pioneering efforts, Jesuit mission stations & schools were established. Sedeño founded the Universidad de San Ignacio in #Intramuros in 1590.
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#TodayinHistory in 1882, Monte de Piedad y Caja de Ahorros de Manila (Mount of Piety & Savings Bank of Manila), the oldest savings bank in #PH, began its operations. It was 1st in the Philippines to offer loans to the poor w/ moderate interest. THREAD
#banking #kasaysayan
Since the end of the Galleon trade in 1815, #PH economy under colonial administration was forced to diversify. While there were gains in this shift, it caused disparities among wage-earners in colonial Philippines, w/ its effects being felt until 1880s.
Domestic textile, for ex., couldn't compete w/ foreign imports. Low wage earners became susceptible to diseases & unemployment. To alleviate these problems, the funds from Obras Pias (religious charitable foundations linked to the Galleons) was redirected to establish...
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#TodayinHistory in 1944 & in 2009, two #PH presidents died respectively—President Manuel L. Quezon, while in exile in Saranac Lake, New York, & President Corazon C. Aquino, in Makati City. The former died while in office, the latter, after her term. THREAD. #history
With the Japanese invasion of the Philippines & entire Southeast Asia in December 1941, Quezon & select members of his Cabinet moved the seat of gov to Corregidor. After months, knowing imminent defeat, they were urged to escape. They left in March '42.
Quezon established the Commonwealth gov-in-exile in Washington, D.C. while campaigning for the U.S. reprioritization of the liberation of #PH under the Japanese. While doing so, his Tuberculosis worsened. The U.S. Joint Resolution 95 extended his term.
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#TodayinHistory in 1587, the first batch of the Dominicans, a mendicant order of Catholic priests, arrived at the port in Cavite to establish their order in the Philippines. THREAD. #history #kasaysayan #PH Image
Founded in the year 1216 in France by Dominic of Osma (St. Dominic), the Dominicans (known as the Order of Preachers, or OP) were some of the leading scholars of Europe's Middle Ages. After the Augustinians, Franciscans, and Jesuits, they arrived in #PH #onthisday in 1587. ImageImage
Although this group was not the 1st of the order to have arrived, as Domingo de Salazar, the first archbishop of Manila, & Cristóbal de Salvatierra, preceded them in 1581, the objective of this group of 15 men was to establish the order in #PH, sent to Bataan & Pangasinan.
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#TodayinHistory in 1815, Margarita Roxas de Ayala, foremost Filipina philanthropist of the 19th century, businesswoman, & founder of La Concordia College, was born in Santa Cruz, Manila #PH. She was an advocate for women's educ & the Roxas-Zobel de Ayala-Soriano matriarch. THREAD Image
Born to Don Domingo Roxas, a creole, & Maria Saturnina Ubaldo, a Chinese mestiza, both advocates of liberal ideas, Margarita Roxas y Ubaldo grew up as eldest of 3 children. Her maternal great grandfather died an impoverished man, w/c probably deepened her affinity to the poor.
Her father, a known industrialist & businessman earned the ire of the Spanish authorities for campaigning for reforms & going against powerful monopolies. Domingo Roxas was imprisoned several times. In 1842, Margarita went to Spain to implore Queen Isabella II...
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#TodayinHistory in 1974, the Philippines hosted the Miss Universe beauty pageant for the first time, the first international event held in the newly inaugurated Folk Arts Theater in Manila, which only opened seven days prior. THREAD.
Since 1966, prior to the declaration of Martial Law, Pres. Ferdinand Marcos & First Lady Imelda Marcos earned strong criticism from SenatePH & people for having an "edifice complex," that is, pouring public funds on infrastructure at the expense of other more pressing priorities.
With the declaration of Martial Law in 1972, all checks & balances of gov were abolished. The Senate & House of Reps, who checks & approves the yearly gov budget, were suspended, w/ the Legislative Bldg padlocked. The Chief Executive had all the coffers of gov for the taking.
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#TodayinHistory in 1945, recognizing destruction wrought by #WWII on banks in the Philippines, #PH Congress passed Commonwealth Act 672 to rehabilitate the Philippine National Bank, then issuer of currency notes, custodian of bank reserves, & sole depository of gov funds. THREAD.
The Japanese occupiers upon invading Southeast Asia in 1941, heavily relied on printing large quantities of money. Due to Japan's monetary monopoly, & having been cut off from export markets, Southeast Asia suffered from hyperinflation (money devaluation).
Furthermore, Japan needed to finance their war machine, hence confiscation of private assets in their occupied countries. "Mickey Mouse money" became infamous in #PH, as people have had to pay a bayong of these devalued paper bills to buy common commodities such as rice, etc.
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#TodayinHistory in 2016, after taking China to court, the Philippines won its case in the Permanent Court of Arbitration, when PCA declared China's #9dashline illegal and invalid. It was a historic victory not only for #PH but for all of the world's coastal states. THREAD. Image
The @PCA_CPA is the world's oldest intergovernmental org (1899) based in The Hague, Netherlands, tasked to settle disputes bet states. When @UN Convention on the Law of the Sea was entered into by 119 states (incl #PH & China) in 1982, it entitled archipelagic states their own... Image
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), wherein the coastal state has sole exploitation rights over natural resources 370 km from its baseline to the sea. Since the UNCLOS went into force in 1994, 167 states have signed this Charter of the Sea.
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#TodayinHistory in 1860 & 1869, 2 Píos of #PH Revolution were born— Pío del Pilar & Pío Valenzuela. Both were #Katipunan leaders. It was common practice for newborns to be given a saint's name whose feast day falls on the birth date (St. Pope Pius I). Hence the name "Pio." THREAD
Pio del Pilar or Pio Isidro y Castañeda was born at Barrio Culi-culi, San Pedro de Macati, to farmer Isaac del Pilar of Pasay & embroiderer Antonia Castañeda of Mandaluyong. "Del Pilar" was used to hide his family from prying Spanish agents. He became cabeza de barangay & soon...
Teniente del Barrio of Culi-culi in 1890. He was a passionate supporter of Rizal's ideas. In 1896, he joined the Katipunan, & est. his own Sangguniang Balangay in Culi-culi. When the revolution broke out in Aug, he was arrested
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, months after #EDSA People Power Revolution, some Marcos loyalists in the military led by Arturo Tolentino occupied the Manila Hotel. Tolentino proclaimed himself "acting President." This was 1st of the 7 coup attempts vs Pres. Corazon Aquino's gov. THREAD Image
In the Snap Election in early Feb 1986, 2 contending parties competed: Ferdinand Marcos w/ Arturo Tolentino, & Corazon Aquino w/ Salvador Laurel (for Pres & VP respectively). COMELEC proclaimed victory for Marcos despite clear electoral fraudulence.
Aquino challenged the result as mass boycott of Marcos crony companies gained momentum. Meanwhile, the Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) planned a coup vs. Marcos but was prematurely discovered. Upon failing, the coup plotters defected from the AFP.
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1) Welcome to a new #accredited #tweetorial about an important complication of #pulmonaryembolism (#PE): chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension #CTEPH. Follow this thread to earn 0.75h CE/#CME #physicians #physicianassociates #NPs #nurses #pharmacists.
2) I am Jason Weatherald @AlbertaPHdoc of @UAlberta and you may recall my previous tweetorial in this feed. It's still available for credit at @cardiomet_CE is your ONLY home for earning CE/#CME entirely on Twitter! Howdy to @vic_tapson @lauralynndonah1 Image
3) This program is intended for #healthcare providers and is supported by educational grants from Actelion, Bayer, Chiesi, & AstraZeneca. Faculty disclosures are listed at Prior programs, still available for credit, are at
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We often wonder why #ArawngKagitingan happened the way it did. Why commemorate one of the most humiliating defeats in #PH #history & call it “Kagitingan” (Valor)?

History, military strategy, & geography provide the answer.

When the Japanese began its invasion of Southeast Asia in Dec 1941, it first attacked the US fleet in Pearl Harbor, crippling the only reinforcements for the defense of the islands. Hours after the Pearl Harbor attack, the Japanese began its invasion of #PH.
W/ the war machine sustained as Japanese marched from Bicol, Lingayen, and Ilocos towards Manila, to discourage attacks in the capital, Gen. Douglas MacArthur issued his War Plan Orange (WPO-3), gathering all Filipino & American forces in the Bataan peninsula.
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#TodayinHistory in 1978, after the elections for seats in the Interim Batasang Pambansa under Martial Law, incarcerated Ninoy Aquino, who ran for elections in a bid to oppose the dominant Kilusang Bagong Lipunan party, declared a "moral victory." THREAD. #PH #history
Upon Pres. Ferdinand Marcos' declaration of Martial Law on 23 Sept 1972, opposition senator, Ninoy Aquino, was top 1 in the list of people to be arrested, together w/ dissenting lawmakers, journalists, activists, etc.
W/ SC affirming the 1973 Consti giving Marcos both Executive & Legislative powers, the Consti mandated a transitionary unicameral legislature, the Interim Batasang Pambansa, as #PH shifted from presidential to presidential-parliamentary form of gov.
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#TodayinHistory in 1871, Epifanio de los Santos, pioneer Filipiniana collector, historian, writer, assemblyman & polyglot, was born in #Malabon #PH. By virtue of RA 2140, s. 1959, Highway 54 in Metro Manila was renamed Epifanio de los Santos Ave (#EDSA). THREAD. Image
Born to the wealthy couple, Escolastico de los Santos & Antonina Cristobal y Tongco, Epifanio used his privilege to educate himself for his people's benefit. He studied at @ateneodemanilau & earned his Law degree in @UST1611official. He was well versed in Spanish literature...
...finding Juan Valera's novel, "Pepita Jimenez," moving. He sympathized w/ the Ilustrado reformist campaign, & actively supported the #PH Revolution vs Spain on its resumption in 1898. He was an editor for La Independencia, & was columnist for...
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