the Portuguese sent a new group of Jesuits to Ethiopia in 1603,
including a priest named Pedro Paez,
whose diplomacy and sympathy for the
tenets of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church
enabled him to convert the emperor.
his successor, Alfonso Mendes,
was more aggressive about
eradicating Ethiopian religious practices
and a civil war broke out.
In 1632, emperor Susenyos
abandoned the effort to convert the country by force
& rescinded his edict
and his son eradicated Roman Catholicism,
banishing all Jesuits.
This early encounter with Europeans
served as a prophylactic for Ethiopia,
which was never successfully colonized by Europeans.
Check out my article about them:
"Sisters Debating the Jesuits:
The Role of African Women in Defeating Portuguese Proto-Colonialism in 17th-Century Abyssinia"
the other side's view:
*The Latin Letters of the Jesuits (1603-1641)*
written by the missionary fathers in Ethiopia in the 1600s,
including Paez and Mendes' annual reports
from the mission to the Pope.
here you have an early colonial encounter
between Africans and Europeans
in which Africans triumphed,
and which is documented in
primary written sources
by BOTH Europeans and Africans
from the period itself.
The #Africanarchive is abundantly rich.