1/29. 📜NEW BRIEF: Today we launch “PASSED THE POINT OF NO RETURN: A Non-Economic #LossAndDamage (#NELD) Explainer” covering what #NELD is, why and how it happens, where it happens, who is most affected, and importantly, how we can respond.

🔗Get it here: lossanddamagecollaboration.org/publication/pa…
2/29. The brief begins with a foreword by @UNFCCC NELs Expert Group Member @IrfanUllahCDO, who highlights that Non-Economic #LossAndDamage has been largely overlooked in climate negotiations and that urgent action is needed to address #NELD happening now e.g. The #PakistanFloods.
3/29. Then @DLodry of @LossDamageYouth shares the powerful story of his lived experience of Non-Economic #LossAndDamage in #Cameroon called "The Tears Of A Village River And Its Population" which tells how climate-intensified #Drought can lead to a loss of #Culture and #Identity.
4/29. The first chapter "What is Non-Economic #LossAndDamage?" begins by explaining that non-economic losses include things like fatalities, and #Extinction, whereas non-economic damages include things that can be alleviated or repaired such as social cohesion or #Soil quality.
5/29. It then explains why the term “Non-Economic #LossAndDamage” (#NELD) is being used instead of “Non-Economic Loss” (NELs) —which is used by the @UNFCCC — due to non-economic losses and damages being inextricably linked.
6/29. Before highlighting that although the categories of Non-Economic #LossAndDamage that the @UNFCCC uses are instructive, researchers have identified far more ways (1000+) to experience loss as a result of #ClimateChange.
7/29. And giving two detailed examples of Non-Economic #LossAndDamage, one from the #Pacific region exploring the loss of #Indigenous local knowledge such as the use of flora and fauna as climate and weather indicators, and a second from #BlackSummer bushfires of 2019/20.
8/29. Chapter two "Why And How Does Non-Economic #LossAndDamage Occur?" starts by highlighting that #NELD is occurring as a result of #Capitalism driving the burning of #FossilFuels which has led to rising #CO2 levels and #GlobalWarming of +1.1˚C above pre-industrial levels.
9/29. Then explains how #NELD is occurring in exposed and vulnerable societies and ecosystems because #ClimateChange is supercharging events such as #Cyclones, #Wildfires, #Floods, and #Droughts and accelerating #SeaLevelRise, #Desertification, and the melting of #Glaciers.
10/29. Highlights that @IPCC_CH's #AR6 report made it crystal clear that ‘unequivocal’ impacts, including Non-Economic #LossAndDamage, are currently happening across the world with vulnerability highest in the least Developed Countries.
11/29. And makes clear that #NELD could have largely been avoided if action was taken when #ClimateChange risks were first recognised and that 30 years of inaction on #Mitigation, inadequate finance for #Adaptation, and #Maladaptation have resulted in worsening #NELD.
12/29. Before explaining that #NELD may be directly linked to an adverse climate impact, for example, when a cultural site is lost to #Wildfire and/or occur indirectly, for example, when #Malnutrition is experienced as a consequence of the loss of crops due to #Drought.
13/29. That #NELD may be experienced retrospectively after a loss has occurred and/or as anticipatory loss and grief, for example when young people are feeling like they have lost their future or experience #ClimateAnxiety or #EcoAnxiety.
14/29. And that the distinction between #NELD and economic #LossAndDamage can be blurry. For example #EcosystemServices like the production of oxygen by trees are rarely traded on the market but if one of the services an ecosystem provides is food this may lead to economic L&D.
15/29. Chapter 3 "Where Is Non-Economic #LossAndDamage Happening And Who Is Affected?", starts with a map showing that although #NELD is occurring all over the world, it is disproportionately experienced by those in the #GlobalSouth.
16/29. Before presenting one example from the #GlobalSouth and #GlobalNorth to illuminate the context-specific nature of #NELD. (The example from the #GlobalSouth exploring the #India/#Pakistan #Heatwave of March and April 2022.)
17/29.To show that the Non-Economic #LossAndDamage experienced by different people in different places is highly context-specific and influenced by #Intersectional identities, values, and #LivedExperiences. (The example from the #NorthSouth exploring the #EuropeanFloods of 2021.)
18/29. Then we learn about who is most affected by Non-Economic #LossAndDamage, starting with #IndigenousPeoples, who have been exposed to #NELD due to marginalisation and exclusion having contributed least to #ClimateChange.
19/29. Hear how economically, socially, and politically marginalised people are the most vulnerable to shocks and stressors including #NELD because they often have limited access to resources, own few assets, have low incomes and rely on natural resources for their livelihoods.
20/29. That gender can significantly shape experiences of Non-Economic #LossAndDamage. For example, when women have to travel long distances to access water or skip meals in favour of others due to climate-related impacts.
21/29. And that children are often most affected by #ClimateDisasters whilst facing a future of escalating #NELD because they inherit a world in a state of multiple intersecting social, political, economic, and #Environmental crises.
22/29. Chapter four "How Can We Respond To Non-Economic #LossAndDamage?, starts with documenting #NELD and highlights that because #NELD is highly subjective, research must include bottom-up, locally-led and participatory approaches.
23/29. Then talks about measuring Non-Economic #LossAndDamage including how it is inherently challenging to measure and quantify due to the value of #NELD being highly subjective and incommensurable as items and feelings hold different values among cultures or even individuals.
24/29. Explores Addressing Non-Economic #LossAndDamage, highlighting that whilst current #NELD must be addressed and compensated today, minimising future #NELD through Climate #Mitigation and #Adaptation must be a priority.
25/29. And Non-Economic #LossAndDamage in the @UNFCC, where it makes clear that no substantial progress has been made to address #NELD, but that #COP27 in Egypt provides yet another opportunity to address #NELD by delivering #LossAndDamage finance.
26/29. And lastly the moral obligation that the #GlobalNorth has to address #NELD due to its #CO2 emissions and because through #Colonial-#Capitalism, #Imperialism, and #Neocolonialism it has actively underdeveloped the #GlobalSouth making it more vulnerable to #ClimateChange.
27/29. The brief has been written by @Guy_R_Jackson of @LUCSUS_LU, @douwevanschie of @ICCCAD, @ke_mcnamara of The University of Queensland (@UQ_News), @Carthyanna1 of @IIED and @TeoSkeaping of @LossandDamage.
28/29. Who wish to acknowledge the generous assistance of @keesvdgeest, @demetintepe, Guy Ngay Kalasi, @OliviaSerdeczny and @ITsipouridis. And make special thanks to the Storytelling Cohort of @LossDamageYouth and @adelinecyuzuzo.
29/29. 📜Full report here: lossanddamagecollaboration.org/publication/pa…

📜Policy brief here: lossanddamagecollaboration.org/publication/pa…

👩‍🎓Learn more about #LossAndDamage here: lossanddamagecollaboration.org/whatislossandd…

📼Watch "This Is #LossandDamage Who Pays?":

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More from @LossandDamage

Oct 24
1/28.📜NEW BRIEF: Today we launch “THE COST OF DELAY: Why finance to address #LossAndDamage must be agreed at #COP27”, which makes it clear why a #LossAndDamage Finance Facility must be established at #COP27 in #Egypt. 🧵

🔗Get it here: lossanddamagecollaboration.org/publication/co… Image
2/28. The brief begins with messages from The Prime Minister of Barbados @miaamormottley, Mary Robinson Chair of @TheElders, and @MohamedNasheed; Former president of the #Maldives and @TheCVF ambassador for ambition, on why there can be no further delay on #LossAndDamage finance. Image
3/28.The first chapter “As Wealthy Countries Delay” starts by highlighting that #LossAndDamage from #ClimateChange is not a future reality, but something happening right now caused by developed country emissions for which communities in developing countries are bearing the costs.
Read 28 tweets
Sep 1
1/14. 📜Powerful new report to the #UN General Assembly by the @SRClimateChange Ian Fry makes crystal clear that #LossAndDamage from #ClimateChange is causing a litany of #HumanRights impacts. 🧵
2/14. In its introduction, the report highlights the inequality at the heart of the #ClimateCrisis: "50% of countries are responsible for 86 % of the cumulative global CO2 emissions", #AtmosphericColonization, and why #ClimateReparations are being demanded for #LossAndDamage.
3/14. Chapter three "#LossAndDamage: a litany of #HumanRights impacts" starts by highlighting that from a #HumanRights perspective #LossAndDamage is "closely related to the right to remedy and the principle of #Reparations".
Read 14 tweets
Aug 28
1/8. 🚨#Pakistan is seeing massive #LossAndDamage from #ClimateChange as rainfall 2.87 X higher than the national 30-year average leads to catastrophic Moonsoon floods in 116 districts.🧵
2/8. As of the 26th of August, @UNOCHA reported that #LossAndDamage totaled 218k houses destroyed, 452K houses damaged, 2M acres of crops impacted, 774k livestock lost, 1343 injured, and a death toll of 937 lives.

reliefweb.int/report/pakista… Image
3/8. But since the release of @UNOCHA's report, the death toll is believed to have surpassed 1000+ lives.

Read 8 tweets
Jun 14
Here is our #LossAndDamage focused update from the 8th day of the #BonnClimateConference. With negotiations likely to continue into the early
hours of tomorrow morning, we are reaching a decisive moment on #LossAndDamage at #SB56. UNclimatechange, Attributio...
Yesterday the second technical expert dialogue on the New Collective Quantified Goal on climate finance (NCQG) took place where #LossAndDamage finance was raised by several developing countries.
Going forward it will be important for developing countries to continue to raise the importance of integrating #LossAndDamage finance into the NCQG so that it is captured in the final text at #COP27.
Read 22 tweets
Jun 13
Here is our #LossAndDamage focused update from the 7th day of the #BonnClimateConference which saw continued focus on #LossAndDamage as attention turned towards making #LossAndDamage an agenda item at #COP27.
Highlights included @1TeresaAnderson of @ActionAid on the #LossAndDamage that is happening right now due to drought in the Horn of #Africa in #Somaila, #Ethiopia and #Kenya.

Read 10 tweets

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