So. Everyone knows this story, right?
Cool. Where was each tree located in the garden?
So in the center, we have the tree of life.
(Tov v'ra, "good and bad," is an idiom that means "everything" -- the English equivalent would probably be closer to "Knowledge from A-Z.)
But adam in Hebrew is also just "human." (adam from the adama, an earthling from the earth, a human from the humus.)
So maybe she was around.
But if you want to be literal, the text only records this instruction to the man.
So, first, let's get something out of the way: she adds to the instruction. The original instruction didn't contain anything about touching.
-God gave Eve different instructions (Adam wasn't told not to touch; she was).
-Adam relayed the instructions to Eve and added the part about not touching.
-Eve added the part about not touching.
So either Adam or Eve engaged in the first instance of the rabbinic practice of "building a fence around the law."
God tells Adam, don't eat from the tree of knowledge.
Eve says, we're not supposed to eat from the tree in the center of the garden (which has already been identified as the tree of life).
she took from its fruit and ate and gave also to her husband THERE WITH HER (imah) and he ate.
This entire time, the shmuck was standing right there not saying anything. All those stories about her running off to find him and seduce him? Heh.
from the tree God had commanded them not to eat from
(God initially identifies the tree of knowledge, Eve identifies the tree in the center of the garden--it's like the text is doing a shell game with the trees.)
God speaking (unclear to whom, or who can hear), saying "we can't let them also eat from the tree of life" or... they'll live forever.
But they were already eating from that tree, no? They had permission to eat from everything except tree of knowledge.
Midrash goes WILD about the trees. It was two trees with a single root system, it was the same tree, one tree was the root system of the other, etc. Haven't encountered it, but there's probably stuff about the trees switching places.
Jewish mysticism doesn't always treat time as linear, so.
Eden as paradise
Sarah laughing to herself at the idea that she will have pleasure (edna) again in her old age. It's a root that doesn't occur all that often, so the link between those two instances rings out.
You can also read it with God as an overprotective parent, who wanted to keep the knowledge of what inevitably awaits adults--toil, exhaustion, and ultimately death--from the kids for a little longer
And birth is intimately connected with death. In the natural order of things, the birth of a child marks the entry into your life of someone who will see you die.