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Parts of a Nagara Shaili Temple (Generally found in North India)

The Vertical Elevation of temple represents the Human Body in standing posture.

The upper part of temple appears like a Meru Mountain

1) Jagati: High Platform that provides elevation from sorroundings – Real Base of Whole Temple – The Feet of Human

2) Vedika: The top of Jagati or Floor above Jagati

3) Pitha: The base of actual temple above Jagati. This part has many layers with mouldings – The ankle of human
4) Rathas: The Base of temple has projections creating extra space inside the temple.

5)Jangha: The Area of Garbha Griha from Pitha to Dandachadya (Chajja) – The thigh of Human.

6) Garbha Griha: The Sanctum Sanctorum, where Moola Virat (Prime Deity) is kept – Womb of Human
7) Pradakshinapath: The path to circumambulate around the Garbha Griha

8) Sandhara Temple: A temple with Pradakshinapath

9) Nirandhara Temple: A temple without Pradakshinapath
10) Anuprastha: Miniature temples on walls around the temple with Gods, Demigods, Avatars of Prime deity etc

11) Dandachadya: Chajja/Eave above Garbha Griha protecting temple from Sun & Rain water
12) Shikhara: Structure above Garbha Griha - Tower - Represents human body above Hip. Includes sub elements like Skanda, Griva, Amalaka, Kalasa etc.

13) Skandha: The Shikhara grows to become like a Shoulder of Human

14) Griva: Neck, the part above skanda
15) Amalaka: Head, above the Griva. Amalaka represents the Sun.

16) Kalasa: Top knot above Amalaka. Kalasa is source of life

17) Bhumi Amalaka: Amalaka in lower storeys of Shikhara
18) Sopana Marga: The staircase to Temple

19) Dwara: Entrance to temple flanked by by animals like Gaja or Simha making it Gaja Dwara or Simha Dwara.

20) Torana: The entrance arch with Gaja or Makara making it Gaja Torana or Makara Torana.
21) Kakasasana: Sofa like arrangement for sitting with parapet walls in the interior of the temple

22) Mukha Mandapa: Hall in the face of a temple

23) Ardha Mandapa: Middle Hall after Ardha Mandapa

24) Maha Mandapa: The main Hall before Garbha Griha for devotees to stand
25) Samvarana Chadi: The Pyramidal roof of Mukha, Ardha, Maha Mandapas

26) Antarala: The gap between Garbha Griha & Maha Mandapa

27) Sukanasi: The roof over Antarala & on the face of Shikhara like a parrot Nose

28) Udayata Singha: Generally a lion above Sukanasi with a Dwaja
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