🌎

(1/21) On November 6, 1965, the U.S. agreed with Cuba to airlift Cubans to the United States.

In the next eight years, around 300,000 Cubans took advantage of this program and left for the country that had played a central role in its domestic politics for a long time. 🧡
🌎

(2/21) On that very same day, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson's science advisory committee sent him a report entitled Restoring the Quality of Our Environment.Β 

Summarized in one line: a warning that burning fossil fuels will change the climate.

#science #climatechange 🧡
🌎

(3/21) Although the report correctly warned about the increase of carbon dioxide, it noted that it would take a few more years before climate models could reasonably project future global surface temperature changes.
🌎

(4/21) They were right; nine years later, one of the report's authors presented a climate change model that turned out to be remarkably accurate by today's measurements.

#climatecrisis #science #history #environment #nature #climateaction
🌎

(5/21) Of course, some essential aspects of climate change that we know of today were missing in the report, like the warming by other greenhouse gasses or the cooling by aerosol pollution, but these more or less leveled out each other's impacts.

#CO2 #carbon
🌎

(6/21) Johnson had other things on his mind than the first climate change report on the desk of an American president.

November 1965 is the month of the U.S. forces' first major battle in Vietnam.

It was also the year of civil rights marches and anti-war protests.
🌎

(7/21) Had Johnson put on the radio on that day, he would have heard America's number one single.

Starting with Charlie Watts' spectacular rhythm that was the spine of 'Get Off My Cloud,' while Mick Jagger sang about 'looking out the window, imagining the world has stopped.'
🌎

(8/21) But the world didn't stop. American intervention didn't stop (only sometimes for good reasons), nor did anyone stop climate change (for no good reason).

Instead, the wheel of history started spinning faster and faster, a trend that hasn't stopped.
🌎

(9/21) I could fill this page with exponentially growing graphs beginning in 1965: use of #resources, #production, #pollution, #population, #defense spending, or the number of fast-food restaurants in the city where you are living.
🌎

(10/21) Those graphs lead to other exponential growing graphs, like greenhouse gas emissions or rising atmospheric temperatures and destruction by #extremeweather events.
🌎

(11/21) Thirty years later, Jagger described the song as a post-teenage-alienation song; "the grown-up world was a very ordered society in the '60s, and I was coming out of it." And I guess we all joined.Β 

#MickJagger #CharlieWatts #RollingStones #sixtees
🌎

(12/21) Today's main headline news covers the airlift from #Kabul and the hurricane #Ida, which is likely to have developed into a powerful CAT4 hurricane by the time it reaches the #Louisiana Gulf Coast on Sunday.
🌎

(13/21) By then, it is likely to be still strengthening, which would make it a much more damaging storm at landfall than a weakening storm at similar wind speeds.

It is too early to tell how this one will end, but people in the area should urgently take measures.
🌎

(14/21) I don't think history should guide us on predicting events on specific dates, but let's call it a reminder of past events that meteorologists expect Ida to make landfall precisely on the 16th anniversary of hurricane #Katrina.
🌎

(15/21) The measures should, of course, be more structural than local preparedness in the days before a hurricane strikes. Scientists predict an increase of quickly intensifying storms as they approach landfall as a consequence of climate change.

#science #climateaction #Ida
🌎

(16/21) If we don't collectively and efficiently tackle climate change, we will get more extreme weather, human suffering, and #inequality.

It is frustrating to know that scientists warned the president of the most powerful nation in the world more than half a century ago.
🌎

(17/21) I suppose Johnson never read the report, presidents get a lot on their desks, and he had urgent news asking for this attention.

One of his predecessors, Eisenhower, knew all about the urgent and important principle.
🌎

(18/21) Each president since (well, I can think of one exception), and every kid at school, understands the principle, but they all struggle to act upon it. The #climatecrisis is the perfect example.
🌎

(19/21) As a last thought before I close, the report that Johnson received speaks in its final paragraph about a possible fix for climate change.

The report recommends further investigating:…
🌎

(20/21)

'injection of condensation or freezing nuclei that will form cause cirrus clouds to form at high altitudes.'

It is an early reference to geo-engineering. To end with the words of Mick Jagger; he sang in that same week in early November 1965: β€˜Get off my cloud.’
🌎

(21/21) Wow, you made it this far!

Thank you πŸ™

This was a recent article in The Planet newsletter.

I have two requests/suggestions:

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More from @Alex_Verbeek

22 Nov
🌎

1. How to start a Substack newsletter

Looking back at an exciting journey.

β€œI knew about newsletters from the early days of digitalization, some 30 years ago, when we all started with our first email accounts; likely your Hotmail address.”

🧡 A thread

➑️ RT

@SubstackInc
🌎

2. Do you follow the daily journey of this year's events in the last 52 days of 2021? We are in Week 15, which started on March 12.

Today’s story begins at precisely the spot where I am sitting now. I remember reading my first Substack newsletter.

🧡theplanet.substack.com/p/how-to-start…
🌎

3. Since hotmail, and Internet cafΓ©s, we moved on, got our Facebook accounts, then other social media, and the joy of having that virtual world in your smartphone apps.

But then, quite recently, there was suddenly the revival of the newsletter.

🧡
theplanet.substack.com/p/how-to-start…
Read 8 tweets
20 Nov
🌎

1. The world's oldest known wild bird is a Laysan Albatros.

She is called Wisdom, because of her age and surviving many current threads like fish-lines, climate change, and plastic pollution.Β 

This is her. Isn’t she beautiful?

🧡Start of a thread
🌎

2. While I work on this thread (with more albatrosses videos), you could subscribe for The Planet newsletter.

You will like it if you are interested in #nature and #wildlife.

🧡This thread continues

theplanet.substack.com/subscribe
🌎

3. Wisdom was probably born around 1951. Five years later, in 1956, the young albatross, got a red ankle band with the number Z333.

By now, that albatross, Wisdom, has become famous as the world's oldest known wild bird.Β 

#birds #nature #wildlife
Read 13 tweets
2 Nov
🌎

1. For all readers who don't warm to the idea of future palm-fringed beaches in the Arctic, I wrote an explainer about COP26, climate change, and why we need to do more.

🧡 The start of a thread.

➑️ RT

#COP26 #climate #ClimateCrisis
🌎

2/12. Current policies set us on track to about 2.7Β°C or 2.9Β°C of warming by the end of this century, a disastrous cause to a world where you don't want your children to live.

🧡

#COP26Glasgow #news #environment

theplanet.substack.com/p/cop26-a-meet…
🌎

3/12. This graph from Our World in Data shows the global average temperature relative to the average of the period between 1961 and 1990.

These changes are almost all caused by human behavior, especially the burning of fossil fuels and land (ab)use.

🧡

#ClimateAction
Read 12 tweets
31 Oct
πŸŽƒ

1. Starting COP26 on Halloween, a festival for the dead, doesn't give much hope.

➑️ RT

🧡 The start of a thread on #history, #Halloween, #leadership, #nature, #climate, and #COP26 Image
πŸŽƒ

2. Traditions can alienate you if you don't feel part of it. So in my efforts to blend in with the Canadians, I searched the internet to explain #Halloween and found that we have to go back into history as I so often do in The Planet newsletter.

🧡
theplanet.substack.com/p/starting-cop…
πŸŽƒ

3. There was not much of #Halloween celebration in colonial New England, where rigid Protestant beliefs prevented frivolously celebrating, especially of traditions with some doubtful pre-Christian fingerprints all over it.

🧡

theplanet.substack.com/p/starting-cop…
Read 11 tweets
23 Oct
🌎

1. I’m fascinated by the beauty of nature and enjoy learning more every day. Look for instance at these mushrooms realising millions of microscopic spores to propagate.

🧡 A thread about the beauty of planet earth, our only home.

#nature #science
🌎

2. That’s right, it’s our only home. That means we have to be extra careful, we don’t have a spare.

When it heats up, or loses it’s complex ecosystems, we will all be in trouble.

NASA took this photo of the dark side of the moon from 1 million miles away.

🧡

#climate
🌎

3. If you care about the beauty of nature and follow issues like climate change, read The Planet.

Subscribe, and start your day with this newsletter, it really needs your support. πŸ™

🧡This thread continues with more videos.

theplanet.substack.com/subscribe
Read 6 tweets
21 Oct
🌎

1. Brazil and Argentina lobby against evidence in the draft scientific UN/IPCC report on the need to reduce meat consumption to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

@BBCNews reports this, based on leaked documents obtained by @UE (follow them).

➑️ RT

🧡

#vegetarian #vegan #COP26
🌎

2. The leaked documents also reveal how Australia pushed back against the need to phase out coal power plants to tackle climate change.

That is like removing references to quit smoking in a scientific report on preventing lung cancer.

🧡
#Australia #IPCC #climate #COP26 #UN
🌎

3. Australia is not alone: it is also revealed how OPEC and Saudi Arabia are lobbying the UN's climate change experts to delete the finding that the world needs to rapidly phase out fossil fuels.

And #COP26 will start in only ten days...

🧡
#ClimateCrisis #environment #news
Read 6 tweets

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