Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #jawaharlalnehru

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#OnThisDay, in 1951, the famous Somnath Temple in #Gujarat was restored to its former glory. In the words of the then President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad, it proved that “the power of reconstruction is always greater than the power of destruction". 1/9
#Indianhistory Image
The Somnath #Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva as ‘Lord of the Moon’, has been one of the most sacred shrines in #India for over 1,500 years. Due to its fame as a centre of wealth, it was attacked and plundered by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in 1026 CE. 2/9
#Hindu #religion Image
A few years after this infamous sack, the temple was restored and continued to serve as an important pilgrimage centre. But over the centuries, the temple was attacked and plundered repeatedly. 3/9
Read 9 tweets
" If you go to Kashmir, you will find an extremely beautiful tree called the chinar. Now you cannot grow the chinar in Delhi. However much you may try, there is no way of growing it in any other part of India.

(1/n).
Therefore it is narrow-mindedness to think that all of us should become identical in our food and dress habits. What will be the result if you do that? You cannot succeed in doing so as the country will come to a standstill.

(2/n).
Also, you create a spirit of anger among the people of the different provinces and create dissensions when you try to coerce them."~Jawaharlal Nehru.

#JawaharlalNehru.

(3/n).
Read 4 tweets
" In the ancient times, India became great because our ancestors kept their minds open to new ideas and to all new developments in the outside world and showed adventurous spirit when they undertook perilous voyages across the high seas and cultivated great minds.

(1/n).
In later period, that spirit almost disappeared and India degenerated because she lost contacts with outside world, while internal quarrels weakened the nation marking her a prey to foreign aggression.

(2/n).
Modern India should derive inspiration from our ancient history as well as learn lessons from the world outside. We cannot grow by closing our doors and shutting ourselves in dark cells. "__ Jawaharlal Nehru.

#JawaharlalNehru.

(3/n).
Read 4 tweets
" Gradually, a change came. We became afraid of others and shrank into ourselves. We did not want either to go out ourselves or to let others come in. We developed narrow grooves of thought and narrow divisions among ourselves, each division keeping apart

(1/n).
divided into various castes and groups. We practically imposed a ban on our people to go outside India. People were afraid that they would lose their caste or religion if they went out of India .

(2/n).
We came to attach more importance to what we ate, drank or touched than to other, far more important, aspects of life. The transformation that you see now was gradual __ this shrinking into ourselves, this closing of our eyes to all that and that there was going on

(3/n).
Read 6 tweets
" People talk about a secular State. Some think about it as a silly word and yet, what we simply mean by it is to have a normal and a civilized country. The communal idea is synonymous with an uncivilized idea. It is a primitive idea, a vulgar and a childish idea.

(1/n).
It does not matter where it exists, whether in the mind of a Hindu, a Muslim, a Sikh, a Parsi or a Christian. It may be in anybody's mind. If it is there, it shows an uncivilized thinking.

(2/n).
Therefore, if you are to go ahead, you have to get rid of this narrowness of outlook and thinking, which prevents our growth. 

Now, it is obvious enough that this narrowness of outlook has been one of the major weakening factors in India.

(3/n).
Read 5 tweets
" We were a small people but we had the privilege of serving under a great leader, Gandhiji, and we learnt much from him and we held aloft the torch of India's freedom and not only held that aloft, we have held aloft also that things which Gandhiji always taught us,

(1/n).
that we must always pursue peaceful and good methods, that even a good objective does not entitle us to use bad methods. So we have held aloft this torch of freedom and the torch of peace.

(2/n).
And sometime or other, the time will time will come when this generation will hand over that torch to the younger generation which is preparing for it today. May you be worthy of India and worthy of carrying that torch aloft."~Jawaharlal Nehru.

(3/n).
Read 4 tweets
" I have no objection to any kind of religious faith that you practise, or any individual may practise, provided, of course, you do not force it down on me. I want freedom of conscience, just as I wish to give you freedom of conscience, faith and worship.

(1/n).
But undoubtedly, speaking from the point of view of the social fabric, certainly, in the last few hundred years, the caste system has been a disrupting influence coming in the way of India functioning with unity. It has weakened us.

(2/n).
Each group thought of itself rather than of the other, and of course, was overwhelmed in turn.

Taken from a speech at a public meeting , Madras , 9 October 1952. AIR tapes , NMML. Extracts . For other parts of the speech , see post page number 343_345 , 649 and 677_678.

(3/n).
Read 4 tweets
" As the House knows, he was a Minister, a member of our Cabinet, for many years, and I had the privilege of cooperating with him in our governmental work. I had heard of him and, of course, met him previously on various occasions.

(1/n).
But, I had not come into any intimate contact with him. It was at the time of the Constituent Assembly that I got to know him a little better. I invited him to join the Government.

(2/n).
Some people were surprised that I should do so, because, it was thought that his normal activities were of the opposition type rather than of the governmental type.

(3/n).
Read 7 tweets
" When I think of Dr Ambedkar, many things come to my mind, because he was a highly controversial figure. He was not a person of soft speech. But, behind all that was this powerful reaction and an act of rebellion against something that repressed our society for so long.
(1/n).
Fortunately, that rebellion had the support, not perhaps in the exact way he wanted it, but in a large measure, the principle underlying that rebellion had the support of Parliament, and, I believe, every group and party represented here.

(2/n).
Both in our public activities and in our legislative activities, we did our utmost to remove that stigma on Hindu society.

(3/n).
Read 9 tweets
" Both Jainism and Buddhism were breakaways from the Vedic religion and its offshoots, though in a sense they had grown out of it. They deny the authority of the Vedas and, most fundamental of all matters, they deny or say nothing about the existence of a first cause.

(1/n).
Both lay emphasis on non-violence, and build up organizations of celibate monks and priests. There is a certain realism and rationalism in their approach, though inevitably this does not carry us very far in our dealings with the invisible world.

(2/n).
One of the fundamental doctrines of Jainism is that truth is relative to our standpoints. It is a rigorous ethical and non-transcendental system, laying a special emphasis on the ascetic aspect of life and thought.

(3/n).
Read 5 tweets
" Dr Ambedkar, as every Member of this House knows, played a very important part in the making of the Constitution of India, subsequently in the Legislative part of the Constituent Assembly and later in the Provisional Parliament.

(1/n).
After that, he was not a Member of Parliament for some time. Then, he came back to the Rajya Sabha of which he was a sitting Member.

(2/n).
He is often spoken of as one of the architects of our Constitution. There is no doubt that no one took greater care and trouble over Constitution making than Dr Ambedkar.

(3/n).
Read 7 tweets
" Visited Jallian Wala Bagh- walked round and saw numerous bullet marks- Counted 67 on one part of one wall-There must have been at least 200 on the walls I saw (I need not examine all walls).

(1/n).
Changes being made in the garden- Walls raised-Wooden planks put up -A lot of earth being thrown up etc-Many bullet marks very high up - One bullet mark on a balcony just outside the bagh facing lane over canal

(2/n).
-Most peculiar-Could only have been fired at from the lane or else the bullet bounced off.

Visited the lane where people were made to crawl on their bellies. Told that one respectable woman raped in a neighbouring house .General misbehaviour of tommies.

(3/n).
Read 6 tweets
"India is a very old country with a great past. But she is a new country also, with new urges and desires. Since August 1947, she has been in a position to pursue a foreign policy of her own.

(1/n).
She was limited by the realities of the situation which we could not ignore or overcome. But even so, she could not forget the lesson of her great leader. She has tried to adapt, however imperfectly, theory to reality in so far as she could.

(2/n).
In the family of nations she was a newcomer and could not influence them greatly to begin with. But she had a certain advantage. She had great potential resources that could, no doubt, increase her power and influence.

(3/n).
Read 6 tweets
" Now , therefore, I invite you all in this great task of building new India. It is a tremendous thing, an exciting thing. There is nothing more exciting in the wide world today than this task of building new India, after hundred of years of subjection.

(1/n).
I tell you, when I think of it, and I think of it often, I feel exhilarated and excited. People ask me, where does your energy come from? I tell you, because energy comes when you undertake great tasks, and you are full of the enthusiasm and the exhilaration

(2/n).
that comes from undertaking great things. It is from that we derived our energy to achieve independence, it is from that faith & belief that we are going to derive energy to achieve

(3/n).
Read 5 tweets
" In the ancient times, India became great because our ancestors kept their minds open to new ideas and to all new developments in the outside world and showed adventurous spirit when they undertook perilous voyages across the high seas and cultivated great minds.

(1/n).
In later period, that spirit almost disappeared and India degenerated because she lost contacts with outside world, while internal quarrels weakened the nation marking her a prey to foreign aggression.

(2/n).
Modern India should derive inspiration from our ancient history as well as learn lessons from the world outside. We cannot grow by closing our doors and shutting ourselves in dark cells. "__ Jawaharlal Nehru.

#JawaharlalNehru.

(3/n).
Read 4 tweets
" When a nation is dynamic and vital, it reveals itself in many activities. We hope to become dynamic again. Perhaps, it was necessary for us to learn that lesson before we become dynamic once again.

(1/n).
How far are we going in that direction or what inspiration can we draw from something which is static and half_ dead? That is the question.

(2/n).
I am amazed that people should function in such a narrow way that they should shut their minds and demand that others too shut their minds, against everything new, and talk only about Indian culture.

(3/n).
Read 6 tweets
Maulana Azad, A Luminous Mind .

" Mr Speaker, Sir, it has fallen to my lot often to refer in this House to the death of a colleague or some great man.

(1/n).
I have to perform that duty, a sad duty, again today in regard to one who was with us till a few days ago & who passed away rather suddenly, producing a sense of deep sorrow and grief not only to his colleagues in Parliament, but to innumerable people all over the country.
(2/n).
Now, it has become almost, if I may say so, a commonplace, when a prominent person passes away, to say that he is irreplaceable, that his passing away has created a void which cannot be filled.

(3/n).
Read 29 tweets
" The Maulana, our Amir-e-Karavan (leader of the caravan), has passed away. All of us will have to face the same fate one day or the other. But the caravan of the nation will go on. Of course, the Maulana's death has caused a gap in the caravan which will not be filled up. (1/n).
No one will be able to fill it up. I do not say that there is no great man in the country now but there is no one like him. The intensity of grief will gradually diminish, but what about the loss and the shock. the country has sustained?

(2/n).
To whom shall we now go for consultation and mature advice?"__Jawaharlal Nehru.

Taken from a speech at a public meeting, Delhi, 23 February 1958. From The Hindu, The Hindustan Times and National Herald, 24 February 1958.

(3/n).
Read 4 tweets
"The final ascent of Everest has been a great achievement in which all of us should take pride. Here again there has been pettiness and the narrowest type of nationalism shown by some people.

(1/n).
Controversies have arisen as to whether Tenzing got there first or Hillary and whether Tenzing is an Indian national or a Nepalese national. I was amazed to learn of these disputes and the excitement shown over them.

(2/n).
It does not make the slightest difference to anybody whether Tenzing first reached the top or Hillary.

(3/n).
Read 8 tweets
" We have taken our motto from the Upanishads__Satyamev Jayte__ Truth shall prevail. We have certainly chosen the right symbols. Our flag is an extremely beautiful one and the motif on it is a constant reminder of our ancient pasts.

(1/n).
It is the Ashok Chakra. Our national anthem is a song, a beautiful song, written by Rabindranath Tagore. Its words proclaim  our love for our country and the world. Often such  songs are full of bitterness towards others. In our national anthem, there is nothing but love.
(2/n).
You must have heard it a thousand times, sign by people or played by a band for an orchestra. It is the opinion of many people, and I have confirmed this in other countries too, that of all the national anthems, ours is the best musically.

(3/n).
Read 6 tweets
"We have a great deal of evidence to show that the R.S.S. is an organisation which is in the nature of a private army and which is definitely proceeding on the strictest Nazi lines, even following the technique of organisation.

(1/n).
It is not our desire to interfere with civil liberties. But training in arms of large numbers of persons with the obvious intention of using them is not something that can be encouraged.

(2/n).
The fact that the R.S.S. is definitely and deliberately against the present central and provincial governments need not be considered enough for any action to be taken against them and any legitimate propaganda might certainly be allowed.

(3/n).
Read 10 tweets
"I have some knowledge of the way the Nazi movement developed in Germany. It attracted by its superficial trappings and strict discipline considerable numbers of lower middle class young men and women who are normally not too intelligent

(1/n).
and for whom life appeared to offer little to attract them. And so they drifted towards the Nazi party because its policy and programme, such as they were, were simple, negative and did not require an active effort of the mind.

(2/n).
The Nazi party brought Germany to ruin and I have little doubt that if these increase in India, they would do enormous injury to India. No doubt India would survive. But she would be grievously wounded and would take a long time to recover."___Jawaharlal Nehru.

(3/n).
Read 4 tweets
A Glory That is No More

" Sir, may I associate with what you have said? It is customary in this House to pay some tribute to the eminent departed, to say some words of praise and condolence.

(1/n).
I am not quite sure in my own mind if it is exactly fitting for me or for any others of this House to say much on this occasion for I have a sense of utter shame both as an individual and as head of the government of India that

(2/n).
we should have failed to protect the greatest treasure we possessed. It is our failure in the past many months, to give protection to many an innocent man, woman and child.

(3/n).
Read 36 tweets
The Light Has Gone Out

" Friends and Comrades,

The light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere. I do not know what to tell you and how to say it. Our beloved leader, Bapu as we called him, the Father of the Nation, is no more.

(1/n).
Perhaps I am wrong to say that. Nevertheless, we will never see him again as we have seen him for these many years. We will not run to him for advice and seek solace from him, and that is a terrible blow, not to me only, but to millions and millions in this country.

(2/n).
And it is a little difficult to soften the blow by any other advice that I or anyone else can give you.

The light has gone out, I said, and yet I was wrong. For the light that shone in this country was no ordinary light.

(3/n).
Read 25 tweets

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