Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #mughal

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The Mughals used Persian from the get-go, from Babur, alongside Chagatai Turkish.
Chagatai was probably not widely known among Mughal elites by Akbar's reign, since Akbar had Babur's memoirs translated into Persian.
That said, Jahangir claims he knew Turkish.
Akbar declared Persian the official language of administration, thus replacing an older Indo-Islamic practice of using both Persian and Hindavi for official business. This streamlined things and also created a strong incentive for would-be Mughal officials to learn Persian.
Mughal historians agree, I think, that the Mughal kings knew Hindi from Jahangir onward (likely learned from his mom).
We are a bit more split on the question of Akbar. I find substantial evidence that Akbar was fluent in Hindi, likely both spoken and more literary Hindi.
Read 4 tweets
To legitimise ones claim on the #Mughal throne, Khutba had to be read in ones name in the Friday prayers and a Sikka (Coin) had to be struck. Heres a thread of the coins struck in the name of Mughal Emperors with their names highlighted.
Sher-o-Khurshid on a medallion of Jahangir
1. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad #Babur (1526-1530CE)
Known coins: Silver Shahrukhis in his name and Anonymous Copper issues
Known Mints: Agra, Badakshan, Jaunpur, Kabul, Lahore
Coins displayed: #Siver Shahrukhi of #Agra.
@ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @Bagh_eBabur @iamrana @gypsy_heart6
2. Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun (1530-1540/ 1555-1556CE)
Known coins: Gold Mithqals, Silver Shahrukhis and Silver Rupees in his name and Anonymous Copper issues
Known Mints: 11
Coins displayed: #Siver Shahrukhi of #Lahore
@ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @iamrana @gypsy_heart6
Read 32 tweets
@DalrympleWill Watch this thread of portraits of all the 28 #Mughal rulers and a brief history.
To start with,credit @Wikipedia here are some known Standards (Alam) of the empire. Left: possible one, from paintings. Right: captured by British in 1857.
@India_Atelier @mukhoty
The first #Mughal Emperor was Zahir ud din Mohammed #Babur Born in #Ferghana #Uzbekestan he ruled #India from #Delhi from 1st April 1526 to 26th December 1530.
This c1630 painting is from @V_and_A Artist unknown.
@DalrympleWill @India_Atelier @mukhoty @Bagh_eBabur
From @RCT this c1603 painting by artist #Mohan is of the 2nd emperor, Nasir ud din Mohd #Humayun, ruled from 26th Dec 1530 to 27th May 1540. Defeated by #Suri dynasty, he recovered the empire, ruling from 22nd Feb 1555 till 27th Jan 1556. Died falling from stairs
Tomb at #Delhi
Read 30 tweets
#Aurangzeb lived 91 years. In death wrote will dividing the empire among three sons. Bahadurshah who was given 12 provinces killed other two but died in another 12 years #History
Bahadurshah’s son Jahandaar Shah killed his brothers and became #Mughal emperor in 1712, and his mistress, Lal Kunwar ruled by proxy. She was paid 2 Cr per Annum. The first NAC Of Delhi 😂🤦‍♂️
Read 17 tweets

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