Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #safavid

Most recents (17)

1) Let’s talk about #Nakhichevan - a lost homeland. ImageImageImageImage
2) The the name "Nakhichevan" in #Armenian literally means "the place of first descent", a Biblical reference to the descent of Noah's Ark on the adjacent Mount #Ararat. Armenian tradition says that Nakhichevan was founded by Noah. Image
3) The region was at the center of the ancient Kingdom of #Armenia (858 BC-428 CE). During the invasion by Sassanid #Persian Shah Shapur II (r. 309-379) he removed 2,000 Armenian and 16,000 #Jewish families from #Nakhichevan (360-370 CE). ImageImage
Read 63 tweets
#manuscripts #ShiiLaw this is a collection of the works of Shaykh Luṭfullāh al-Maysī (d. 1032/1622) MS Kitābkhānah-yi Burūjirdī in Qum 255 1/ Image
Shaykh Luṭfullāh was a jurist in the age of Shāh ʿAbbās and is perhaps best known to posterity through his mosque in the Maydan-e naqsh-e jahān in #Isfahan 2/ Image
Shaykh Luṭfullāh was born in Mays in Jabal ʿĀmil (southern Lebanon) and migrated with his grandfather Ibrāhīm to the Safavid realms and #Mashhad where he studied and where he was appointed briefly as a custodians of the endowments associated with the shrine 3/
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#manuscripts #ijazat are extremely significant sources for #intellectual_history MS Mar’ashi Qum 6446 1/ ImageImageImageImage
This is a license to transmit #hadith of Sayyid Husayn Kashani dated Sha’ban 1288/1871 2/
The test begins with #hadith on the importance of transmitting #knowledge of the #Imams 3/ ImageImageImageImage
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#manuscripts MS King Abdul Aziz Library Riyadh 906 #IslamicPhilosophy Mawdih al-diraya Li-sharh bab al-hidaya of Ibn Abi Jumhur al-Ahsa’i (d. 909/1503) 1/ ImageImageImage
IAJ was a prolific author in theology #fiqh philosophy on the cusp of the #Safavid period and there is a Institute devoted to publishing his work based in al-Ahsa headed by Sayyid ‘Ali al-Musa 2/ ImageImage
His best known works are his massive al-Mujli a combination of insights from #Shii #kalam #Avicennism #IshraqiPhilosophy and the #Sufism of #IbnArabi 3/ ImageImage
Read 14 tweets
#manuscripts #Shii #PositiveLaw #fiqh for much of the middle period through the #Safavid period the main text for the introductory study of the law was al-Lumʿa al-Dimashqīya of the #FirstMartyr #ShahīdAwwal Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Ibn Makkī al-Jizzīnī al-ʿĀmilī (d. 1384) 1/
#ShahīdAwwal famously wrote this work in prison in Damascus - and there has always been a sense that he may have had some links with the #Shii #Sarbadar rulers of Khurasan for whom he may have written it as a manual to implement… 2/ Image
On #ShahīdAwwal the #Shia of Syria and his execution see this excellent article by Stefan Winter in the #MamlukStudiesReview… 3/
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#manuscript #IslamicateMedicine an autograph of Muhammad Sharif Khatunabadi from the family of Bagir Majlisi on medical reports from the Prophet and Imams 1/ Image
MS Mar’ashi (Qum) 14597 dated 1111/1700 entitled Tuhfat al-abrar with paratext by the current librarian Sayyid Mahmud Mar’ashi 2/ Image
Andrew Newman (Edinburgh) has written on this genre of works and the rise of interest in the #Safavid period as part of the recovery of the #Shii heritage 3/
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#manuscripts #IslamicTheology this is an autograph dated 1003/1595 of Shaykh Baha’ al-Din al-‘Amili (d. 1621) the #Safavid #ShaykhalIslam of Isfahan of his commentary on 43rd supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiya MS Tehran University Central Library 1 1/ Image
Al-Hadiqa al-hilaliya as the text is also known is a commentary on the Supplication of the Crescent Moon ketabpedia.comتحميل/الحديقه-الهلاليه-شرح-دعاء-الهلال-من-صح/ 2/ Image
Al-‘Amili played an important role in the popularisation and dissemination of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiya, a prominent collection of supplications attributed to the 4th Imam #ZaynalAbidin… 3/
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#manuscripts #ShiiTheology an autograph of Sayyid Ahmad ‘Alawi ‘Amili (d. c. 1650), son-in-law of Mir Damad (d. 1631), commentary on one of the #FourBooks of #ShiiHadith al-Istibsar of al-Tusi (d. 1065) MS Mar’ashi 5368 dated 1039/1629 1/ ImageImage
It seems that this commentary was written in refutation of the #Akhbari commentary of Muhammad Amin Astarabadi (d. c. 1626)… 2/
The #FourBooks seem to have become canonised during the #Safavid period with the earliest explicit reference in the work of al-Shahid II Zayn al-Din al-‘Amili d. 1558), although one finds reference in the later 15th century to الاصول الاربعة and الاصول الخمسة
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One of the genres of writing that emerged in #Safavid Iran was triumphalist #Shii history and biographies that imagined a past connected to the sacred time of the Prophet and the Imams as continuous chains of notables figures who made contributions to #Islamic culture 1/
Perhaps the best example was the large work Majālis al-muʾminīn of Sayyid Nūrullāh Shūshtarī known as Qāżī Nūrullāh (d. 1610), scion of the Marʿashī sayyids, who settled in India, becoming judge in #Lahore and eventually dying, following the wrath of #Jahangir in #Agra 2/ ImageImageImage
The Majālis was written late in his life, a large #Shii history divided into (not surprisingly #12erShii) 12 sections: 1) places associated with the #Imams and #Shii communities such as #Kūfa #Kāshān and so forth 2) #Shii tribes and sayyids such as his own #Marʿashī lineages 3/
Read 16 tweets
As a follow-up to a thread on the #GunābādīNiʿmatullāhī order and #ShiiSufism some thoughts on Maʿṣūm ʿAlī Shāh (d. 1926) the famous 'historian' of Sufism 1/
His father Raḥmat ʿAlī Shāh (d. 1861) came at the end of a scholarly lineage of #Niʿmatullāhī Shaykhs: Muḥammad Jaʿfar Majdhūb ʿAlī Shāh (d. 1824), Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn Shīrvānī Mast ʿAlī Shāh (d. 1838), and Raḥmat ʿAlī Shāh himself all of whom had good relations at court2/
Majdhūb ʿAlī Shāh was closely linked to the traditional seminarian philosophers in Isfahan and Tehran and wrote a scholarly polemic against Henry Martyn (d. 1812) called Mirʾāt al-ḥaqq…مجذوب-علي-شاه 2a/
Read 23 tweets
Let's explore a bit further East and browse our exquisite #Persian language resources.
@SOASLibrary has 15,000+ published items in/about Persian on its shelves.
@SOAS_SpecColl hold a very fine selection of manuscripts, rare books, periodicals and archives in Persian.
#SOASLangs ImageImageImage
Want to know more about #Persian?
Halt here and get's captivated by the history of that beautiful language recounted by Narguess Farzad for @SOAS Languages for Lockdown series, in 3 episodes:
One of our shining stars of #Persian manuscripts is Ms10102: a sumptuous Mughal Court copy dated 978 AH (1570 CE) of the famous Anvār-i Suhaylī (Lights of the Canopus) by Ḥusayn Vāʻiẓ al-Kāshifī, also known as Fables of Bidpai.
#SOASLangs #Persian #Manuscripts #Mughal ImageImage
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A new book published on #IslamicPhilosophy and what the current engagement with philosophies in #Iran tells us about contemporary #intellectual_history and #political_theology 1/ ImageImage
The author Esmail Noshad is a philosopher at Isfahan university and it seems to be based on his #PHD - he has written extensively on the contexts and #political_theology of different phases of #translation_movements in philosophy from the #GreekIntoArabic onwards 2/ Image
Here is a write up about this new bookتاریخ-ما-بیشتر-ادبی-است-تا-نظری-مفصل-بندی-تئوریک-تاریخ-ایران 3/
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Back in 2011 I was standing on a pavement in Qum taking a picture of a small car park - and being rather quick about it - because until a few years before it had been a centre for the #Gunābādī #Sufis - a thread on #Shii #Sufism 1/
The place of #Sufism within a #Shii context since the #Safavid period has increasingly become contested but orders have survived into the present and different levels of accommodation found in post-79 #Iran 2/ ImageImageImage
The late Leonard Lewisohn's two part article in #BSOAS is a useful if at times polemical summary of the #Sufi orders in modern Iran and their history… 3/
Read 29 tweets
The #FususalHikma was a popular work in #SafavidIran attributed to #Farabi (d. 950) although it seems to bear the marks of #Avicennian metaphysics and its terms 1/ Image
The authorship was discussed around 70 years ago in two classic articles 2/ Image
#Intisharat_e_Mawla published it in a #Persian translation with three famous sets of glosses that indicate its popularity in #SafavidIran and #QajarIran 3/ Image
Read 14 tweets
This intriguingly titled book on the #Shii nature of #IbnArabi is by Muhammad Hasan Vakili (b. 1980) a young mullah based in #Mashhad who defends Sufism and is associated with the school of #HusayniTihrani #ShiiSufism 1/ his own bio on his site makes major claims for him as a heir to the school of #HusayniTihrani which convinced him to go to the #hawza in #Mashhad 2/
Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Husayni Tihrani (1926-1995) is one of the more interesting and prolific writers on #ShiiSufism especially his biography of the Karbala based ‘mystic’ Sayyid Hashim Haddad (1900-1984) and on his own teacher ‘Allama Tabatabai (1899-1981) 3/
Read 14 tweets
The major work of the #Zahabi #Sufi of the #Safavid period Najib Riza Tabrizi known as Zargar (d. Isfahan c. 1698) Nur al-hidaya on mystical ideas and lexicon #ShiiSufism 1/ Image
Najib al-Din was born in #Isfahan in 1048/1638 and became a disciple of Muhammad Ali Mu’azzin Khurasani (d. 1672) arguably the first #Zahabi spiritual master - he had been author of Tuhfa-yi ‘Abbasi dedicated to Abbas II (d. 1666) on the identity of #Sufism and #Shiism 2/
A translation of the Tuhfa was done by Faghfoory around a decade or so ago #ShiiSufism 3/ Image
Read 9 tweets
#Ijazat are critical licenses to teach and transmit texts given by a teacher to a disciple and constitute highly useful sources for the intellectual historian working on #ShiiTheology and this is one recent collection #Najaf 1/ Image
This work is published by Dar al-turath attached to the shrine in #Najaf and they are doing some excellent work on texts, authors, archival documents, and bibliographies 2/
The author, son of a prominent scholar Muhammad Taqi Aqa Najafi Isfahani (d. 1914), is a useful guide to the networks of scholarship in the shrine cities of #Iraq and their links into #Iran and further as well as #Shiiconstitutionalism #ShiiTheology… 3/
Read 15 tweets

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