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Everton’s 2018/19 financial results covered a season when they finished 8th in the Premier League for the second year in a row. Marco Silva replaced Sam Allardyce as manager in May 2018 #EFC
As a technical point, it’s worth noting that #EFC changed their accounting close date from May 31st to June 30th, so the 2018/19 accounts covered a 13 month period with little impact on turnover, but an additional month of expenses, which adversely impacted the bottom line.
#EFC loss shot up from £13m to a club record £112m, as revenue fell slightly (1%) to £188m, still second highest in club’s history, despite dropping out of the Europa League, and profit on player sales fell £68m to £20m, while player investment meant expenses increased by £46m.
Failure to qualify for the Europa League meant #EFC broadcasting fell by £10m (7%) to £133m, while gate receipts decreased £2m (13%) to £14m for the same reason. This shortfall was largely compensated by a £10m (34%) increase in commercial to £41m.
Note: #EFC include Europa League prize money in Other Commercial, which I have reclassified to Broadcasting in order to be consistent with the way that other clubs report this revenue.
Following further investment in the squad, #EFC wage bill increased £15m (10%) to £160m and player amortisation rose £28m (42%) to £95m, while other expenses were up £6m (17%) to £43m. On the other hand, exceptional items and player impairment were £18m and £6m lower respectively
#EFC £112m loss is the highest reported to date in the 2018/19 Premier League, though #CFC also suffered a deficit over £100m. This was significantly more than the worst reported in 2017/18 (Crystal Palace £36m). Both Manchester clubs posted profits: #MUFC £27m and #MCFC £10m.
Indeed, #EFC £112m loss is actually the 4th worst ever posted in the Premier League, though a long way below #MCFC £198m in 2010/11. Chief Executive Denise Barrett-Baxendale observed, “These results reflect our position in the early stages of a long-term investment cycle.”
#EFC could have reduced the loss with more player sales, but they looked to retain their key talent. As a result, profit on player sales fell from £88m to £20m, mainly Davy Klaassen to Werder Bremen and Funes Mori to Villarreal. Prior season included Lukaku, Barkley and Deulofeu.
#EFC have reported losses 4 times in last 5 seasons with the sole exception being £31m profit in 2017. Total deficit over this period was £123m, but £112m of this in last season. In 14 years since 2005, club has only been profitable 4 times – and 2008 was just £26k.
#EFC figures hit by £62m exceptional costs in last 4 seasons, including £26m payments for management changes (Martinez, Koeman & Allardyce). Silva compensation still to book in 2019/20. Also £19m new stadium costs, which can be capitalised once planning permission granted.
On the other hand, #EFC have increasingly relied on profit from player sales, which has averaged £53m a season over the last 3 years, compared to just £14m in preceding 7 years. Should also be fairly high in 2019/20, due to sales of Gueye, Lookman, Vlasic and Onyekuru.
Consequently, #EFC have made more money from player sales in the last 6 years (£199m) than #AFC £177m, #MCFC £147m and #MUFC £76m. However, they will probably need to adopt this as a regular part of their business model to achieve sustainability in the short-term.
#EFC EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation & Amortisation), considered as a proxy for cash operating profit, as it excludes player sales and exceptional items, fell from £7m to £(15)m, down from £27m just two years ago.
Not only is #EFC EBITDA of £(15)m the worst in the Premier League, they are actually the only club to report a negative figure in the last 3 years. To further place this into context, #MUFC and #MCFC generated £186m and £118m respectively, while big-spending #CFC had £43m.
#EFC £188m revenue is 54% (£66m) higher than £122m reported just 3 years ago. Vast majority of the growth (£50m) is due to higher Premier League TV deal, though commercial is also up £19m. Note: if outsourced catering/retail were included, revenue would be £7m higher at £195m.
Despite #EFC £188m revenue being 2nd highest in the club’s history, there remains a huge disparity with the “Big Six”, where the lowest revenue (#AFC £393m) is more than twice as much, while #MUFC £627m is around £440m higher. Also overtaken by #WHUFC £191m last season.
More positively, #EFC had the 19th highest revenue in the world per the Deloitte Money League, though they did drop two places and were one of only two clubs in the top 20 not to generate any revenue growth in 2018/19.
#EFC £129m Premier League TV money was slightly more than the previous season, as lower facility fees £1m (team broadcast live 18 times vs. 19) were offset by higher overseas distribution £2m. Club has received £962m from the Premier League in the last 14 years.
Broadcasting accounts for 71% of #EFC total revenue, though lower than 76% peak in 2017. No fewer than 13 Premier League clubs are above 70% with #AFCB “leading the way” with 89%. That said, club wants to expand its “controllable” revenue, i.e. commercial and match day.
#EFC 2018/19 revenue suffered a €14m reduction after failing to qualify for the Europa League, which CFO Sasha Ryazantsev said, “demonstrated why regular European football is so important for us financially”.
#EFC CEO Barrett-Baxendale noted, “Significant revenue from regular Champions League football creates considerable financial barriers to entry.” The earnings over the last 5 years reinforce her point, e.g. #MCFC €337m, #LFC €264m and #THFC €236m, compared to Everton’s €22m.
#EFC commercial revenue increased by 34% (£10m) to £41m, excluding Europa League TV money. Comprises sponsorship, advertising & merchandising £29m and other commercial £12m. Highest outside Big Six, but a long way behind, e.g. #MUFC 275m, #MCFC £227m and #LFC £186m.
Since 2013 #EFC commercial income has more than tripled from £13m to £41m, but the absolute growth of only £28m means that the gap to the leading clubs has actually widened. In the same period, the Big Six have all grown by £84-123m (except #AFC £48m).
In 2018/19 #EFC training ground naming rights deal with USM Holdings (where majority owner Farhad Moshiri is a shareholder) doubled from £6m to £12m. Deals with SportPesa (shirt), Umbro (kit) and Angry Birds (sleeve) are reportedly worth £9.6m, £6m and £1m a year respectively.
#EFC have also announced an “innovative” deal whereby USM will pay £30m for an option to buy naming rights for the new stadium at a pre-agreed price and term. Note: this is not for the naming rights, but just an option for first refusal. Premier League will scrutinise the deal.
#EFC gate receipts fell £2m (13%) to £14m, due to club not participating in the Europa League, partly offset by 2 more domestic Cup games. This is very low compared to the elite clubs, e.g. #LFC earn around 6 times as much £83m, while Everton are even below #SaintsFC and #BHAFC.
#EFC average attendance rose slightly from 38,797 to 39,043, representing a sellout of all home tickets at Goodison Park. This was still 5,800 (18%) higher than the recent low of 33,208 in 2011/12. Some of cheapest ticket prices in Premier League – frozen for 5 consecutive years.
#EFC average attendance of around 39,000 was the 9th highest in the Premier League, only surpassed by the Big Six plus West Ham (Olympic Stadium) and Newcastle United. Season tickets have reached the cap with more than 10,000 on the waiting list.
#EFC have recently submitted the planning application for a new 52,000 capacity stadium at Bramley Moore Dock. CFO Ryazantsev underlined its importance: The stadium is paramount for our long-term success as a football club.” Cost estimated at £500m.
#EFC wage bill rose almost £15m (10%) to £160m, due to significant investment in the squad, despite number of players and management falling from 172 to 151, with wages to turnover ratio worsening from 77% to 85%. Wages are up by incredible £76m (90%) from £84m in last 3 years.
#EFC £160m wage bill is currently 6th highest in the Premier League, though #THFC may well overtake them when they publish their 2018/19 accounts. Despite the growth, it’s still only around half of #MUFC £332m and #MCFC £315m.
Following increase, #EFC wages to turnover ratio of 85% is the highest (worst) in the Premier League, though “artificially inflated” by additional month in 13 month reporting period. Adjusting for this factor plus outsourced catering & retail revenue, ratio would reduce to 76%.
Based on reported figures, #EFC 85% wages to turnover ratio is the second highest in the Premier League in last 5 years, only just surpassed by #AVFC 2015/16 and around the same level as QPR 2014/15 & Swansea City 2015/16. Club looking to bring the ratio more in line with peers.
#EFC player amortisation, the annual charge to expense transfer fees over the length of a player’s contract, shot up £28m (42%) from £67m to £95m. More than quadrupled in 3 years, though £8m due to additional month from change in year-end. Player impairment down £6m to £3m.
Following the growth, #EFC player amortisation of £95m is now the 4th highest in the Premier League, though could be overtaken by #LFC when they publish their 2018/19 accounts. Still a fair way behind big-spending #CFC £168m, #MCFC £127m and #MUFC £126m.
#EFC other operating costs rose £6m (17%) from £37m to £43m, driven by additional month from the change in year-end plus no repeat of previous year’s rebates received for players injured on international duty. These have basically doubled since 2013.
#EFC made £146m player purchases, including Richarlison, Lucas Digne, Yerry Mina, Bernard and Andre Gomes, taking their expenditure in the past 3 years to an amazing £453m. In 2018/19 to date, spend is far lower than #CFC £281m, but more than #MUFC £103m and #MCFC £87m.
Since Moshiri’s arrival, #EFC have been far more active in the transfer market. In the last 3 seasons they averaged £127m gross spend, more than double the £53m average in the preceding 3 seasons. Over the same period, net spend has increased from £30m to £56m.
Per #EFC gross debt was cut from £75m to £37m, repayable in July 2019 and July 2020 at an interest rate of 3.5%. Everton classify the £300m interest-free loan provided by owner Moshiri as equity, as no agreed repayment date, but other clubs treat such friendly loans as debt.
If the Moshiri loan is considered as debt, #EFC £337m is the 3rd largest in England, only below #MUFC £511m and #THFC £466m. Club also has £40m contingent liabilities, based on things like number of appearances, plus £38m possible signing-on fees & loyalty bonuses.
#EFC paid £1.7m interest on their loans, which is much lower than £19m #MUFC pay for the privilege of having the Glazers as owners. The fact that Moshiri’s loans are interest-free is a big plus, but interest payments will increase in future due to funding for new stadium.
In 2018/19 #EFC had £10m negative cash from operations before spending £68m (net) on players, £40m repaying external debt, £12m on stadium and training ground and £2m interest, leading to a £131m cash deficit. This was funded by a £149m additional loan from Moshiri.
In the last 3 years #EFC available cash of £305m was almost entirely provided by loans from Moshiri. The vast majority of this (£211m) has been used to improve the squad, while £26m went on capex, £23m external loans and £16m interest payments.
#EFC cash balance increased from £9m to £27m, the club’s highest for many years. However, this pales into insignificance compared to #MUFC £308m, #AFC £231m and #MCFC £130m.
#EFC hefty loss has raised concern over the Premier League’s Profitability and Sustainability rules. These allow £105m loss over 3 years, so club is currently fine, as reported losses are only £94m, even before deductions for depreciation, women’s football, youth & community.
However, this season #EFC will lose £31m profit from 2016/17, so it is more challenging. My estimate is that club can only afford £20m loss in 2019/20, though they would be able to capitalize £19m stadium costs if planning permission is given before end-June, meaning £39m loss.
#EFC might also be able to make an adjustment in their Profitability and Sustainability submission to reduce their 2018/19 expenses for the impact of the additional month arising from change in year-end. Otherwise, they will need to make more player sales.
Since these accounts were finalised, the owner has added a £50m loan, which means he has provided £350m of funding (on top of the price he paid for his shares). Little wonder that chief executive Barrett-Baxendale said, “Mr. Moshiri’s investment has been vital and impactful.”
The #EFC CEO justified the noteworthy loss, “We want to challenge at the very top of the game, but in the modern Premier League-era it is extremely difficult to permanently break the virtuous cycle enjoyed by the richest teams in our league without this period of investment.”
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