Krutika Kuppalli, MD FIDSA Profile picture
ID Physician | COVID-19 Health Ops @WHO | US Congress COVID-19 witness | IDSA Global Health Committee Chair | ELBI @JHSPH_CHS| @PLOSGPH Ed Board -Tweets my own
Jan 31 4 tweets 6 min read
New data out today from #Denmark demonstrating that #Omicron #BA2 is more transmissible than #BA1 and has immune evasive properties reducing protective effect of #vaccination

Full 🧵👇
1/ medrxiv.org/content/10.110… - Of 8,541 primary household cases with #Omicron, 2,122 were #BA2
- There were 5,702 secondary infections among 17,945 potential secondary cases
- In households with #Omicron, secondary attack rate was
29% - #BA1
39% - #BA2
2/ Image
Jan 10 17 tweets 17 min read
Latest @WHO #TechnicalBrief on #Omicron
Overall risk remains very high & threat depends on

1⃣Transmissibility of #variant
2⃣How protective vaccines & prior infection are
3⃣Virulence of variant
4⃣Understanding of dynamics & uptake PHSM

Full 🧵👇 (1/)
who.int/publications/m… Epidemiology (1)
-#Omicron has large growth advantage over #Delta - grows significantly more than Delta in countries with community transmission
- Evidence that immune evasion contributes to rapid spread
-Wk 52, global weekly #COVID19 incidence ⬆️ 71% compared to prior wk
(2/)
Jan 1 5 tweets 4 min read
This narrative is exactly what I was worried about👇

We still don’t know #Omicron causes less severe disease but has become so politicized leaders say it only causes a “sore throat” without thinking of the immediate & long term (post #COVID19 condition #LongCovid) effects #COVID19 and #Omicron most certainly does not only cause a “sore throat” we are seeing ⬆️⬆️ numbers of ICU admits and hospitalizations.
Yes some may have mild disease (thank you #vaccines) but these people can still transmit and put others (ie immunecompromised) at high risk.
Dec 30, 2021 5 tweets 3 min read
💯agree with @jabarocas - in the past 24 hours 5 healthcare worker friends in different parts of the #US have been diagnosed with #COVID19.
At this rate as hospitalizations ⬆️ there will be an ⬆️ shortage of HCW's- who will care for patients & what will it look like a🧵
1/ ✅The provider: patient ratio ⬆️⬆️⬆️
✅Patients wait longer for things like water, ice, food, & meds as nurses are stretched caring for more patients
✅The lab is stretched thin so bloodwork takes longer to return
✅Radiology is busier so it takes longer for an X-ray
2/
Jul 30, 2021 6 tweets 6 min read
Here is a link to the @MMWR with the data from the #Provincetown outbreak which led @CDCgov to change their recommendation on #Masks due to the #DeltaVariant

Here is a🧵highlighting the important points
1/

cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/7… -There were 469 cases of #COVID19 in Barnstable, MA in July 2021
- 346 (74%) cases in fully #vaccinated
- #Sequencing in 119/133 (89%) specimens confirmed #DeltaVariant
-274 (79%) with breakthrough infection were symptomatic
-4/5 hospitalized were fully #vaccinated

2/
Jul 30, 2021 7 tweets 5 min read
Here is some of the @CDC data that was looked at and published by @washingtonpost to make the recommendations to re-implement #masks earlier this week

Note that the #DeltaVariant is MORE transmissible than
- MERS & SARS
- Ebola
- Seasonal Flu and the Flu of 1918
- Smallpox
1/ #DeltaVariant associated with lower Ct value in breakthrough cases, longer duration of Ct < 30, and higher risk of re-infecton
2/
Apr 14, 2021 8 tweets 3 min read
1/
Information regarding the six patients who have developed CVST after the #JohnsonandJohnson #CovidVaccine
- All were white females
- Only one was on oral contraceptives 2/ Clinical features of the patients
Jan 10, 2021 9 tweets 4 min read
Thoughts on #CovidVaccine Rollout

I see a lot of suggestions/posts about #vaccine rollout and since I have been involved with this thought I would provide insight based on my experiences

See thread below 👇

1/
1. Expecting our hospitals/healthcare systems to absorb the #CovidVaccine rollout without support is unreasonable.

- Hospitals are running on empty and short staffed trying to manage caring for patients
- Rolling out this vaccine takes a lot of support and planning

2/
Dec 13, 2020 4 tweets 3 min read
Since I am helping lead the #Pfizer #CovidVaccine rollout at our institution I have spent a lot of time doing town halls and engaging with people on the vaccine.

One of the most common questions I get is in regards to side effects so I thought I would post my slides Overall localized side effects of the #CovidVaccine
Nov 7, 2020 4 tweets 1 min read
I want people to understand what we mean when we say that hospitals are at "capacity"

- That means there are no more beds for patients
- If you are in a trauma and need care there is not a bed
- Your elective surgery cardiac cath, or biopsy is will be postponed - When you come to the Emergency Room you are going to wait much longer because doctors and nurses are busy trying to manage all the patients
- You may have to stay in a bed in a hall (if you are lucky)
- Nurses will be further stretched and have less time to tend to you
Nov 7, 2020 4 tweets 3 min read
Given the #surge of #COVID19 in the US we need to focus on containing the pandemic. Here are some things we need
1. We need a #NationalPlan to combat this infection
- Right now we have 50 states doing 50 different things
2. Scale up testing
- Use of PCR, saliva, rapid, Ag
1/
3. Focus on community engagement at the local, state, and national level
- Empower communities and people to be proactive
4. Statewide #MaskMandates
5. Limitations on crowd and gathering sizes
6. Support of I&Q
- Paid sick leave, mental health, and healthcare
-Food delivery
2/
Aug 3, 2020 4 tweets 3 min read
This statement made concerns for a "October surprise" alive and well. I can't believe I am typing words that say we may have a #vaccine for the greatest public health tragedy of the modern day that may not be vetted through the @US_FDA advisory panel of experts. The continued politicization of this pandemic is a grave danger to the health and wellbeing of not just the public but to the very foundation of our democracy. I keep saying we need to let science lead and that is no where more true than with the development of a #vaccine.
Jul 27, 2020 9 tweets 3 min read
I recognize that $22,200,000,000 a year to prevent a pandemic sounds astronomical, but honestly we should have been proactive and been doing this way before the #SARSCoV2 pandemic. We have had numerous warning signs over the years this was coming and did not take them. (1/9) We have seen re/emerging infections increase over the past 40 years. We have had SARS, MERS, Zika, and numerous Ebola outbreaks as warnings this was coming. Yes we did invest after the 2014 W Africa outbreak but it was not on the scale needed to prevent, prepare, for this (2/9)
Jul 17, 2020 5 tweets 4 min read
#SouthKorea has done a fantastic job with #ContactTracing This article analyzed reports for 59,073 contacts of 5,706 #COVID19 index patients. I believe it has important info for decision making related to #SchoolReopening

wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26… - Of 10,592 household contacts, 11.8% had #COVID19
- Of 48, 481 nonhousehold contact, 1.9% had #COVID19
- All contacts were monitored for an avg 9.9 days after #SARSCoV2 was detected
- In houses with index 10-19 y.o, 18.6% of contacts had #COVID19
Apr 11, 2020 7 tweets 4 min read
Exciting article in @NEJM on #remdesivir (Rx I had my eye on from the start, NOT #HCQ). Info below
1. Pts confirmed with #SARSCoV2 with O2 Sat < 94%
2. Received 10 days of drug (200 x 1 then 100 daily)
3. 36/53 patients (68%) had clinical improvement

nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.105… 4. 30 (57%) on mech ventilation and 4 (8%) ECMO
5. Median f/u 18 d
- 36 (68%) improvement with oxygen support
- 17/30 (57%) on mechanical vent, extubated
6. 25 pts (47%) were discharged
7. 7 pts (13%) died
8. Mortality
- (18%) (6/34) pts inv. vent
-(5%) (1/19) not w/ inv. vent
Apr 2, 2020 7 tweets 2 min read
Interesting info from Wuhan. From 2/4/20-2/28/20 62 pts with #COVID19 randomized to receive SOC vs SOC+HCQ medrxiv.org/content/10.110…

1. Inclusion:
- >18
- RT-PCR positive #SARSCoV2
- Chest CT w/ PNA
- SaO2/SPO2 ratio >93% or P/F ratio >300
- Willing to be randomized 2. Exclusion:
- Severe/critical illness not deemed to meet benefit
- Retinopathy/Retinal dz
- Conduction block or arrhythmia
- Liver Dz (Child-Pugh >C or AST >2x ULN)
-Pregnant/Breastfeeding
-GFR <30 or CRRT
-Received other tx for COVID w/in 30d
-Transfer to OSH in 72h
Apr 1, 2020 18 tweets 6 min read
Here are some additional slides from my presentation I gave to the @MDAndersonNews #Oncology healthcare providers. While I covered a lot, here is further information on #therapeutics for #COVID19

Not enough time to discuss everything so I highlighted a few.
Mar 21, 2020 5 tweets 3 min read
Ppl ask, why not try #Hydroxychlorquine and #Azithromycin for #SARSCov2 #COVID19. Here is some important info to know about the study sciencedirect.com/science/articl…

1. 20 HCQ pts (200 mg TID) & 16 controls with SARSCoV2
2. Pts w/ URTI, LRTI, or asx
3. 6 HCQ pts received Azithro x 5 d 4. Pts received Azithro to prevent bacterial superinfxn
5. At day 6 post-inclusion 70% of HCQ pts were virologically cured vs 12.5% in control
6. At day 6 100% (6 pts ) with HCQ+Azithro were virologically cured vs 57.1% of HCQ only (14 pts) vs 12.5% in control (16 pts)
Mar 20, 2020 4 tweets 4 min read
Since #California is #shelteringinplace for #COVID19 here tips for how to survive based on my 21 day quarantine after returning from W. Africa

1. Develop a daily routine/schedule
2. Limit time on TV/Internet dedicated to COVID-19
- Check news 1-2x/day
- Follow a few sources 3. Exercise
- Go for a walk/run, try an online yoga class or video
4. Schedule FaceTime or Skype calls with friends/loved ones (particularly the elderly)
5. Pick up a new hobby
-Cooking, painting, take an online course in something you always wanted to learn (@coursera)