Liberal POV: Sees Christianity / Islam as "faiths" - no different from Vaishnavism / Shaivism...Just a matter of personal choice
Conservative POV: Sees Christianity/Islam as long term civilizational challenges to Indian nationhood
At a very fundamental level, this is what Indian politics is about.
Is religion personal? Or does it have civilizational consequences?
And there is no consensus on that in India
Indian demography had changed in a drastic way in two frontier regions - Punjab and Bengal over centuries
And it had consequences. It resulted in Partition of the land
And the end of Indian civilization in the parts that seceded
Liberals may disagree with this.
But again, the Partition is a case in point.
So it is explained away using alternative explanations...
Oh...Partition happened because of Jinnah...Because of the greed of Congress leaders. Because of British connivance and chicanery....etc
And that is - change in religious demography - an irreversible change in the two regions of India - Punjab and Bengal
In which case I would like to hear it.
I grew up subscribing to the Liberal POV, but lost faith in that POV as the study of history proved sobering
But instead base their argument on - "This time it is different".
Partition was a long time ago. An age when we were 90% illiterate and a destitute nation
We have transcended the passions that the multitude was susceptible to back in the 40s
We are now capable of having a nation that derives its strength from a Constitution, not religion
Constitutional Patriotism so to speak
But to my mind it is up against the Conservative POV that bases itself less on reason and ideals, but on history and experience of the not so distant past.
The next 50 years will tell us which POV will be proven right