This week I’m visiting Brazil to consider that question.
Combining mobile inspection teams, social action & big data, Brazil’s efforts are amongst the most sophisticated in the world.
Modern slavery victims are in these cases quite literally treated worse than cattle.
That is something the @FinComSlavery is looking at closely.
The lista suja is an employer register recording those employers found to have used labor practices violating Art 149.
This PM @MPT_PGT, the Prosecutor-General for Labor, Ronaldo Fleury + I talked about how the dirty list can be seen as a business asset...
As Brazilian markets open up, foreign investors will make their own calls, if they don't have a reliable local list.
1. CONATRAE for modern slavery
2. CONAETI for child labour and
3. CONATRAP for human trafficking (seen in the picture)
Today @Delta87org heard & learned from them all.
A 2014 complaint from the real estate and construction industry based on due process and constitutional concerns led to the temporary suspension of the dirty list.
It is now back in operation.
The State of Para, eg, is home to one of the world’s largest iron ore deposits, which has led to a pig iron industry relying on vegetal charcoal.
Tomorrow, Sao Paulo…
This allows the state government to exclude from SP for 10 years companies based there that have enslaved workers.
-- local political & economic forces create over-supply of unskilled labour
-- global markets create sudden demand for commodities – coffee + latex in the 19th C, more recently for pig iron, ethanol, beef.
But social audits are easily gamed.
There is no substitute for effective govt monitoring + inspection.