Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Ottomans

Most recents (6)

In 1259 AD, 𝘔𝘢𝘮𝘭𝘶𝘬 Sultans took over the Egyptian throne from the 𝘈𝘺𝘺𝘶𝘣𝘪𝘥𝘴. Mamluks stretched from #Egypt to #Delhi. Mamluks were a peculiar people. #Mamluk sultanate was a self-perpetuating military oligarchy that lasted for more than 260 years.
In 1206, Qutb ud-din Aibak, a Mamluk Turkic general of Central Asian descent established the Slave dynasty in Delhi Sultanate. The name 'slave' fell for a terrible yet grudgingly admirable reason. Mamluks purchased youths from Turkic tribes. They were given rigorous training.
They were trained in Islam, military skills, horsemanship and archery, then freed to become soldiers in cavalry regiments. Mamluk system banned sons of soldiers to become soldiers.
Twelve military schools were established with 1200 capacity each, imparting rigorous discipline.
Read 12 tweets
I decided to rewrite the thread on the Seal of Muḥammad to focus on the seal itself, and not the seal as part of the black shahāda flag, on which I have a proper thread. First of all, let's start with the actual design of the #seal on the #prophet's signet ring.
The most common and popular reading of the engraving today is "Allāh Rasūl Muḥammad", an #Arabic linguistic construction which places the subject after the object similar to the famous verse in the Qur'anic Fāṭir: 28: "Innamā yakhshā Allāha min ʿibādihi al-ʿulamāʾu."
Supporters of this theory argue that one should always position #God's divine name(s) in a superior position when writing a text, as did the prophet do when writing his letters. They state that only the top position befits the Divine Being, therefore starting with Allāh.
Read 21 tweets
A short [THREAD] on the symbolism of some of the #IS media, most notably Dābiq and al-Aʿmāq. Might be a bit late, but this is indispensable for an account like mine, and offers a great view on the use of eschatological imagery by such groups.
All throughout #history, #Muslim groups on the rise tried to intertwine their cause with the prophetic eschatological narrations on the ultimate victory of the righteous group (al-ṭāʾifa al-manṣūra) who precede the coming of the Mehdī and the Messias.
A most notable example is the recurring interpretation of the black banners from the East as a sign of the victorious army, more specifically by the #Abbasid revolutionaries and modern-day armed Muslim groups. Dābiq and al-Aʿmāq belong in that same line of thought.
Read 10 tweets
Like announced, I'll start a thread on the symbolism of the (in)famous black & white banner in #Islam. This comprehensive thread will explore its historical origins and cover a list of its contemporary users from a neutral #academic point of view. Not for the faint of heart. 😄
As a political leader & head of a growing religious community, the #prophet Muḥammad used to fly a banner (liwāʾ) and a flag (rāya). The difference? According to the #dictionary, a banner is "a long piece of cloth" while a flag is "a piece of cloth that represents a group."
The Companion Ibn al-ʿArabī was quoted in Fatḥ al-Bārī (6/147) as saying: "A banner is what is tied to the side of a spear to rally around, while a flag is that which is planted and left to be waved by the wind."
Read 37 tweets
1️⃣ This kind of anarchist behavior is totally unacceptable. Societies and states fall apart and turn into failure without controlling the interests and the disadvantages.

Peace be upon you. 🌹❤️😊

#ThinkArabian
Cc: @maitelsadany
2️⃣ #Iraq #Syria #Libya #Yemen are examples can benefit sane order people not the anarchists who have no limits, no values, nothing but insanity, ignorance and vanity with identity disorder.

They even don’t who they are.
3️⃣ Because you read some books or moved from Middle East or anywhere one Earth to settle in Washington, London, Paris or Berlin, doesn’t mean that you have authority to change states and societies that they’re there before your daddy and mommy have been born.

#ThinkArabian
Read 21 tweets
These Moroccan coins feature the so-called Seal of Solomon, often depicted as a hexagram, similar to the Star of David. The coins are dated respectively 1271 A.H. (1855) and 1290 A.H. (1873/4), minted by king 'Abd al-Raḥmān and his successor, Muḥammad IV of #Morocco.
The Seal of Solomon is the signet ring attributed to the Abrahamic king/prophet Solomon. It is said that Solomon used this ring to control the spirits and animals. The design as a hexagram is often depicted on medieval #Islamic banners, coins, drinking-cups or in mosques.
According to the Catalan Atlas (1375), the two Anatolian beyliks of respectively Karaman and Candar featured a Seal of Solomon on their flags. The symbol was popular among the Turkish beyliks, and was later used by the #Ottomans in their mosque decorations.
Read 70 tweets

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