Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #WW1

Most recents (24)

Finding myself with time on my hands during the #CoronavirusUK #Lockdown I thought I’d spend some of that time wisely and tweet the story of Sidney Carlin MC DFC DCM who is, in my opinion, one of Hull’s bravest sons and a war hero that you have most probably never heard of…
Sidney Carlin was born in Kingston upon Hull in 1889 He enlisted with the 18th Hussars in 1908 but bought himself out and resigned in December 1909 for the sum of £18. In 1911 he was working as a farm labourer at North Frodingham in East Yorkshire.
He re-enlisted on 8th Aug 1915 and was refunded half the money (£9) he had bought himself out with. No 28677 Private Sidney Carlin 18th Hussars won the Distinguished Conduct Medal during the heavy fighting of 13th May 1915 when very heavy casualties were suffered
Read 19 tweets
#HistoryKeThread: Kenya’s Flu Pandemic of 1918

As the end of World War 1 approached, about a quarter of the world’s population, estimated at about 500 million, caught a debilitating bout of a flu-like disease.
This was the Spanish flu of 1918.

Between 20million and 100million people succumbed to it in the years from 1918 to 1919.

In Africa, East Africa was one of the continent’s deadliest hotspots of the pandemic.
But let’s first familiarize ourselves with the situation that existed in Kenya - or British East Africa, as the territory was then known.
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1/ IT. IS. HABBENING. Some of you already know that. But did you know EUROPE IS BEING INVADED/SAVED BY THE US... AGAIN? (Third time's a charm...)

#qanon #wwg1wga #covid19 #thehabbening #DeepState
2/ 11.3 or 3.11 was the marker date for the final stage of The Plan and will last 30 days: "done in 30". A travel ban between EU and US was announced by @POTUS lasting 30 days.

#qanon #wwg1wga #covid19 #DefenderEurope20 #DeepState
3/ Many people believe the US is being isolated. But my theory is that it is the EU that is being isolated and controlled. For an invasion by the US... WTF? Bear with me.

#qanon #wwg1wga #covid19 #DefenderEurope20 #DeepState
Read 21 tweets
@gelibolu2015 seeing as you asked me, & for the benefit of @TGTandV here's my review on this new book by Neil Storey, published by @penswordbooks which I hope you'll all read to the end...
...This book offers nothing new by way of new evidence towards the fate of the 5th Norfolks at Kuchuk Anafarta Ova on 12 Aug 15 . Neil Storey is good at writing stories. His books are always well written and full of nostalgia when it comes to Norfolk...
...The first three chapters of his book follow that route when he looks at aspects of Norfolk prior to WW1, how the Territorial Force was formed and then looks at the Sandringham Company prior to the declaration of war...
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From gathering moss to a multi-million dollar industry, we’re about to bring you the #WW1 story you never knew you always needed. It’s a tale of sacrifice, service … and sanitary napkins.

#philanthropy #AmericanGiving #GivingTuesday #BecauseOfHerStory #HistMed
Open wounds and blood loss can be some of the most dangerous issues on the battlefield.
First aid chests and U.S. Hospital Corps belts would be sure to contain sterile dressings to staunch bleeding. A kit with tools to stop bleeding.A kit with tools to stop bleeding.
During #WW1, sphagnum moss was used to create bandages and dressings like this one. While moss may seem like a weird fit, it was super absorbent, with antiseptic properties, and grew plentifully in America. A large absorbent pad.
Read 6 tweets
Seeking #WW1 history experts:

Why were psychologists recruited to start new testing methods and experimentation related to the selection of soldiers and dealing with combat fatigue, on the very same day that the USA entered the war?

This shows an unsettling level of foresight
[2] This was handled by Walter Dill Scott,

Walter Dill Scott (May 1, 1869 – September 24, 1955)[1] was one of the first applied psychologists. He applied psychology to various business practices such as personnel selection and advertising.
[3] Any chance Elizabeth Warren's husband is an ancestor of Walter Dill Scott ?

Possible. Need to verify. All I know is Bruce Hartling Mann's brother is Jeffrey Scott Mann, with "Scott" from Alice Gladys Scott.

Read 4 tweets
A little thread on the importance of building knowledge beyond the exam spec, with my beautiful assistant: the forgotten Western Front battles of 1915. #historyteacher #aqahistory #firstworldwar #ww1
So the AQA GCSE First World War course syllabus only mentions 1915 in the context of Gallipoli. I imagine this is all most schools focus on. 1915 wont really happen on the Western Front for most students. A year of soldiers sitting in trenches twiddling their thumbs.
But hang on- 1915 is so crucial to the war’s development. For starters the first use of gas at the Second Battle of Ypres is a major use of new technology. Sure, most schools will teach that. But not in the context of a battle. Just a random use of a weapon by the Germans.
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Will be posting up some interesting stuff on the formation of the UVF.... busting a few myths to boot..stay tuned.
Here’s a teaser.. the photo has a distant building or tower in the background-anyone know what it is.?
Ok, the scene is set-literally at the bottom of a steep slope in a sleepy hamlet overlooked by Lord Dufferin’s folly of ‘Helens Tower’ (a sad story I will link back to) in the midst of Clandeboye in a busy and tidy Uvf encampment.....
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Thread: I’m visiting D-Day Normandy beaches soon and my head will be replaying images and sounds I have seen on TV the last few days. There is no such footage for Battle of Messines 7 June 1917, for when I often visit that area, but I do have the written words of an eyewitness.
Hearsay claims the 19 mine explosions that went off at 3.10am were heard in London. Post war memoirs describe the battle. Here’s a description from an uncensored letter, written on 12th June 1917 of a participant in 16th (Irish) Div sector of Battle of Messines. (Photo IWM Q5461)
Fr Willie Doyle had already been awarded the MC for cumulative acts of bravery in both the Loos and Somme sectors. The padre was helping the doctor man the Regimental Aid Post at Vandamme farm for the Battle of Messines and ...
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Travelling to France for #DDay75? Fancy seeing some lesser-known locations connected to #DDay & the Battle of #Normandy? Then I hope this is of interest!
No 1: 50th (Nortnumbrian) Division Memorial, Bayeux. This division landed on Gold Beach on D-Day & pushed inland, fighting at Tilly and Hottot. The memorial is on an old convent wall, opposite the cathedral & easily missed. #DDay75
No 2: The church at Saint Côme du Mont. Inland from Utah Beach, Fallschirmjager Major von Der Heydte famously watched the Allied landings from the spire. US Para Joe Beyrle was taken POW here after landing on the roof, sent to Poland, escaped & fought alongside the Russians!
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Erebus class monitor HMS Terror (I03), seen here in 1933.
Launched May 1916, commissioned August 1916, sunk February 1941.
(Long-ish thread - sorry!) #royalnavy #warship #history #navalhistory #WW1 #WW2 #worldofwarships #bigguns #navalwarfare #waratsea
Armed with 2 x 15" BL Mk1 guns in a single twin turret mounted on a high barbette to increase range, the monitor's primary role was gunfire support; a shallow draft permitted her to get in close to shore, providing heavy fire up to a theoretical distance of 40,000 yards.
Terror was fitted with anti-torpedo bulges, which proved quite effective when she was hit by three 17.7" tin fish in an encounter with German torpedo boats near Dunkirk in October 1917. She was initially beached, before being towed back to Blighty for repairs.
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I twit this as a thread but a PC, more academic in tone, refined version will probably be offered for publication as an article to whoever wants to it.
4 days ago, @troop_bell told me of some kind of healthy living/fitness initiative and it was called 'Warrior Something'
Do you remember when Zack Snyder’s take on Frank Miller’s take on an old sword & sandal’s take on Ancient Greek propaganda’s take on actual events hit the screens?
Every soldier and his dog went crazy over this story of 300 hipster/crossfiter hybrids kungfuing the hell out of legions of decadent, effete hajis-eh-Persians in a Huntingtonian wet dream. There was an epidemic of ΜΟΛΩΝ ΛΑΒΕ patches down to the REMFiest RAF bod in Akrotiri
Read 11 tweets
WOMEN //a thread//

I was raised by all women.

My father had gotten my mother pregnant when she was just 15. His father
insisted on an abortion or he'd 'write my pops out of the will'. My pops bailed.

My mother raised me--and 4 siblings--mostly alone.

Mom's water broke in biology class. she finished HS--preggo--with me, in 1975. There's pictures of me as the little cheer squad mascot for the #RioLindaKnights.

As I grew up, I remembered the power and influence and wisdom of WOMEN in my life. My Great Grandmother was the key:
Great Grandma Florence had bought 3/4 of an acre in #NorthSac (w/ her husband), when acres were $5.00 ea. They couldn't afford a full one! Great Grandpa died & I never knew him.

Grandma was our true #MATRIARCH. She had a huge garden w/veggies on one side, flowers on the other.
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Visiting the Trench of Death in 2014. #Diksmuide #WW1 #WW1Centenary
From the sandbags the flowers bloom #Diksmuide #WW!
Bending to go from one part of the trench to the next. A letterbox opening for rifles to defend the trench ahead #Diksmuide #WW1
Read 21 tweets
I am a specialist in 18th-19th Cy European history, but I once spent a summer doing research on the First World War. Here in honor of #WWI100 are some of the horrible things I learned:
First, some numbers: in #WWI an average of 900 French and 1300 German soldiers died EVERY DAY. At the end, 20,000,000 (twenty million) soldiers were disabled. 2/n
Western Front was 475 miles long, but it is estimated that 25,000 miles of trenches snaked along it. #WWI was a boon to the barbed-wire industry. Before 1914, British Army annually used 2500 shovels. During it? 2,500,000
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It's been just over 2 years since I started investigating the story of these 4 #WW1 graves in Auld Aisle Cemetery in Kirkintilloch.
They commemorate the deaths of 4 men: Thomas Nelson, James Weir, William Gallagher and William Lemon.
The headstones are pretty much hidden in a neglected part of the cemetery. If you look really carefully you can just about make them out on the far left of this photo.
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The end of #WW1 saw the beginning of proxy wars, occupation, millions of refugees, hundreds of thousands killed, revolts & the carving up of the Middle East (Sykes-Picot Agreement) by #Britain & #France that would plague, curse & bleed the region for a century (& continues today)
The destiny of millions of people, including my great-grandparents/grandparents/parents & myself included was shaped by a map printed by Colonel Sykes drawing a line from the ‘e’ in Acre to the last ‘k’ in Kirkuk, and thus dividing/re-defining the ‘Middle East’...
The French & the British sent in armies & agents into Syria, Lebanon, Iraq & Palestine to spike revolts, occupy, control & further the colonialist project over the region in the guise of a British/French ‘mandate’ backed by Arthur Balfour, Mark Sykes & Francois Georges-Picot...
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Nov. 11 1918: The last Austro-Hungarian Emperor Charles I signs a proclamation in which he "relinquish(ed) every participation in the administration of the State" marking the end of the 600-year rule of the Habsburgs over #Austria. #TodayInHistory #ArmisticeDay100 #Armistice100
On 13 November, Charles IV issued a similar (Eckartsau) proclamation for #Hungary. In neither declaration did the emperor use the word 'abdication'. Indeed, he tried to reclaim the Hungarian throne twice in 1921. "I did not abdicate, and never will," he wrote to a confidant.
Altogether the losses of Austria-Hungary during #WW1 can be estimated at around 2 million (excluding direct civilian war deaths). #ArmisticeDay100 #ArmisticeDay
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#VintageNairobi: The war memorial in honour of #KAR #WW1 native askaris over the years.

1st pic 1928 (est.) ; 2nd pic 1936; 3rd pic 1962; 4th pic (present time, courtesy of M. Muriuki).

Kenyatta Ave. was previously known as Sixth Street, then Delamere Avenue.
This memorial, of course, is found along Nairobi’s Kenyatta Avenue.
I guess the bazaar-like building in the background of the 1928 pic was situated near or at the spot presently occupied by Town House, which hosts Trattoria Restaurant 😀.
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Okay. History time!

You've probably seen photos of Commonwealth war cemeteries, with rows of white graves. They're heartbreaking images.

What you DON'T see are the thousands of small, tragic stories on each gravestone.

So I'm going to share some with you here. /1 #history #WW1
These stories exist because although every stone is similar, family members were able to pay to have a small, custom inscription made on each stone.

Which is why on Pvt J Low's grave you'll find this desperately sad inscription:

"Until we meet again. Mother." /2
Of course, the ABSENCE of anything is even sadder. Too often you'll see the nine saddest words in the English language:

"A soldier of the Great War. Known only unto God"

Those words appear when we know a body is there but not who. It was Rudyard Kipling who came up with them /3
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Right now, 100 years ago, Col. George C Marshall was staring at a map very much like the one below, save that he had no idea how far the massed US Army divisions would advance. It was the eve of America's largest battle: the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. And Marshall had planned it.
From the Aisne River to the Meuse River stood the largest US Army ever assembled in our history to that point. Fifteen divisions - 28k men each, twice the size of French & German divisions - stacked up, waiting for the word to go. Some were veterans. Most were very, very green.
Over 30 French divisions are stacked up to their left and right. The Americans, with 1.2 million troops now in France, have their own front. But it's a hell of a front: the Argonne Forest. Already a natural obstacle, it has been held by the Germans for 4 years. It is a fortress.
Read 17 tweets
At 0100 this morning 100 years ago, thousands of US guns opened fire in a deafening crescendo of steel. In the 26th Division sector alone were 202 guns of all calibers, from trench mortars all the way up to massive railway guns. The St Mihiel Offensive had begun.
Across the lines, the guns paused for a five minute sound ranging an hour before the infantry advance. Germans who scrambled out of their dugouts to man defensive positions were caught in a hail of steel and high explosive when the bombardment resumed.
On the south end of the Salient, the @FightingFirst, 42nd, 89th, 2nd, 5th, 90th, and @82ndABNDiv (still legs) went over the top at 0500, attacking from south to northwest. US Renault FT17 tanks rolled forward over the wet ground in support of the infantry.
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Intrigued by #Amiens100 but want to find out more about the battle and its contribution to the end of #WW1? This thread will provide a few recommendations to get you started...
John Terraine, 'To Win a War: 1918, the year of victory' (1978). Terraine made his name as one of very few historians to question the dominant narrative of the war as a futile bloodbath overseen by incompetent, obstinate 'donkeys' during the 1960s. 'To Win a War' represents...
Terraine's argument in its clearest form, building upon nearly two decades of refinement. However, it is largely based upon published accounts rather than archival material, and covers 1918 as a whole rather than just the Hundred Days. For those seeking a readable alternative...
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The #selfie stick: a military history thread.

Selfie sticks have, of course, been around as long as the wheel. But despite this, their use in the military can only be traced back to the 17th century.
Prince William of Orange bought the fad to England from Europe when he landed at Torbay in 1688. Not one to show off, William always avoided looking directly at his phone. Artist Jan Wyck has beautifully captured William's sideways glance as he struggles to line up the shot.
It was George Washington who started the fashion for looking directly at the camera when he captured the moment of his victory at Trenton in 1777. Enraged that his horse, Blueskin, refused to look at the phone, Washington later returned him to his original owner.
Read 16 tweets

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