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To legitimise ones claim on the #Mughal throne, Khutba had to be read in ones name in the Friday prayers and a Sikka (Coin) had to be struck. Heres a thread of the coins struck in the name of Mughal Emperors with their names highlighted.
Sher-o-Khurshid on a medallion of Jahangir
1. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad #Babur (1526-1530CE)
Known coins: Silver Shahrukhis in his name and Anonymous Copper issues
Known Mints: Agra, Badakshan, Jaunpur, Kabul, Lahore
Coins displayed: #Siver Shahrukhi of #Agra.
@ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @Bagh_eBabur @iamrana @gypsy_heart6
2. Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun (1530-1540/ 1555-1556CE)
Known coins: Gold Mithqals, Silver Shahrukhis and Silver Rupees in his name and Anonymous Copper issues
Known Mints: 11
Coins displayed: #Siver Shahrukhi of #Lahore
@ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @iamrana @gypsy_heart6
3. Jalal ud-din Muhammad #Akbar (1556-1605 CE)
Two major types of coinage; pre Din-i-Ilahi (complete name) and post (Jal Jalalu Akbar)
Coin displayed: 1. Square #Rupee of Urdu Zafar Qarin Mint
2. Ilahi Rupee of Ahmedabad Mint
@seemarkmenon @ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @iamrana
4. Nur ud-din Jahangir (1605-1627 CE)
His initial coins for 2 years were in his pre-accession name of Salim after which used his complete name. Acknowledged his fathers name on coins. Wide plethora of couplets employed by him on coins
Coin displayed: #Silver Rupees of #Ahmedabad
5. Nurjahan (1623-1627 CE)
For 4 years coins were struck in the name of Nurjahan as Empress. Coins were struck from Agra, Ahmedabad, Akbarnagar, Allahabad, Lahore, Patna and Surat. Coins mentioned as being struck by the authority of Jahangir
Coin displayed: SIlver Rupee of Lahore
6. Dawar Baksh (1627-1628 CE)
Ruled only for a few months and hence coins are very rare. They range from between INR 12Lakhs - 20Lakhs. Only silver Rupees of Lahore Mint are known.
@mukhoty @AudreyTruschke @ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier @dpanikkar @gypsy_heart6
7. Shahab ud-din Muhammad Shahjahan (Khurram) (1627-1658CE)
Initial coins were in his pre-accession name of Khurram which are extremely rare Later coins were in the name of Shah Jahan
Coin displayed: 1. Gold Mohur Khurram Lahore Mint
2. Silver Rupee of Akbarabad Mint
8. Shah Shuja'a (1657-1660 CE)
Crowned himself in Bengal as he was stationed there. Issued coins in his name from Akbarnagar, Patna and Katak. Silver Nisar, 1/2 Rupees and Rupees are known
Coin displayed: Silver #Rupee of Akbarnagar Mint
@gypsy_heart6 @mukhoty @iamrana
9. Muhammad Murad Baksh (1658 CE)
Crowned himself in Ahmedabad as he was stationed there. Issued coins in his name from Ahmedabad, Khambayat and Surat. Coins in Gold, Silver & Copper are known
Coin displayed: Gold Mohur of Khambayat Mint
@PunjabiRooh @ssharadmohhan @India_Atelier
10. Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658-1707 CE)
Ruled over the largest area of the Indian sub-continent amongst all the Mughals.
Had all religious invocations removed from coins.
Initial coins had his complete titles
Coins displayed: 1. Silver Rupee of Tatta
2. Silver Rupee of Akbarabad
11. A'azam Shah (1707 CE)
Crowned himself at #Ahmednagar, as he was incharge of #Gujarat and Malwa.
Coins from 10 mints were struck in his name. Silver and #Gold coins are known in his name from his relative short reign of about 4 months.
Coin displayed: #Silver Rupee of #Surat
12. Kam Baksh (1707-1708 CE)
Kam Baksh issued silver coins from just more than half a dozen mints (Ahsanabad, Bijapur, Gokak, Gulbarga, Hyderabad, Imtiazgarh, Nusratabad & Torgal).
Ruled for about 11 months.
Coin displayed: Gold Mohur of Hyderabad Mint
@India_Atelier @PunjabiRooh
13. Shah Alam Bahadur (1707-1712 CE)
Initial coinage had his name as Bahadur Shah Alamgir Sani which was later changed to Shah Alam Bahadur. Silver, Gold & Copper coins are known from a large number of mints.
Coins Displayed: 1. Silver Rupee of Khambayat
2. Silver Rupee of Surat
Coin displayed: Silver Rupee of Agra in the name of Nurjahan.
14. Azeem ush-Shan (1712 CE)
Crowned himself in Bengal as he was stationed out there
Silver Rupees are known from Jahangirnagar & Katak mint where the name is inscribed differently
Coins displayed: 1. Silver Rupee from Jahangirnagar
2. Silver Rupee from Katak
15. Jahandar Shah (1712 - 1713 CE)
In his rule which lasted for about a year he struck coins in Gold, Silver and Copper with about 2-3 couplets but all in his name
Coin displayed: Silver Rupee of Surat
@mukhoty @iamrana @AudreyTruschke @India_Atelier @irfhabib @ssharadmohhan
16. Farukhsiyar (1713 - 1719 CE)
Coins were struck in his name from a large number of mints and by independent entities like the #Marathas and the East India Company.
Coin displayed: #Silver Rupee of Multan
@mchidarazvi @MedhaviGandhi @_aimanjafri @datta_sona @s_oworld @dpanikkar
17. Rafi ud-Darjat (1719 CE)
With a rule spanning about 3 months his coins were struck from around 25 mints. Sayyid brothers were controlling the #Mughal throne & hence were making Emperors who they felt could not challenge them
Coin displayed: #Gold Mohur of #Akbarabad
18. Nikusiyar (1719 CE)
Another Emperor put on the throne by the Sayyid brothers, only a Silver Rupee of Akbarabad is known in his name. So rare is the issue that only 3-4 specimens are known to exist. Missing in most of the collections worldwide.
@ssharadmohhan @PunjabiRooh
19. Raji ud-Darjat (Shajahan II) (1719 CE)
Brother of Rafi ud-Daula, majority of his coins were struck as Shah Jahan. Coins from Ajmer and Multan were struck with his name as Rafi ud-Daula & are extremely rare
Coins displayed: 1. Silver Rupee of #Ajmer
2. Silver Rupee of #Gwalior
20. Muhammad Ibrahim (1720 CE)
Crowned as Mughal Emperor and ruled for about a month, his coins are known only from the mint of Shahjahanabad (Delhi). Gold Mohurs are extremely rare while Silver Rupees are scarce to get.
@DelhiHeritage @DelhiWalks @seemarkmenon @India_Atelier
21. Muhammad Shah (1719 - 1748 CE)
More of a puppet put on the throne by Sayyid brothers after the nod of various Independent powers like the Marathas. Muhammad Shah's reign saw the invasion of Nadir Shah which impacted Mughal rule deeply.
Coin depicted: Silver Rupee of Multan
22. Ahmed Shah Bahadur (1748 - 1754 CE)
His reign saw most of the now independent powers (Nawabs, Nizams, Marathas) calling the shots. The #Mughal Empire was on a steady declining phase.
Coin displayed: Nazarana #Gold Mohur of Shahjahanabad Mint.
@India_Atelier @PunjabiRooh
23. Akbar 'Adil Shah (1753 CE)
Due to a conflict with Ahmed Shah, the Nawab of Awadh on 13 May 1753 raised on the throne a son of Emperor Aurangzeb with the title Akbar ‘Adil Shah.
The conflict was resolved in November 1753 & Akbar Adil Shah disappears. @ssharadmohhan @iamrana
24. Aziz ud-din Alamgir II (1754-1759 CE)
Reintroduced the Kalima on coins but discontinued it after a year. The Mughal Empire had almost collapsed with the #EastIndiaCompany making in roads through various Independent powers.
Coin displayed: #Gold #Mohur of Kora @gypsy_heart6
25. Shah Jahan III (1759-1760 CE)
Imad ul-Mulk the Wazir had Alamgir II assassinated & installed Shah Jahan III on the throne. However, #Marathas deposed Shah Jahan III in the hope of getting the Nawab of Awadh to their side.
Coin displayed: #Silver Rupee of Ahmednagar Farukhabad
26. Shah Alam II (1759-1806CE)
#EastIndiaCompany rule began during his reign
Coins minted by Marathas had the name Shah Ali Gauhar whereas the other coins bore the name Shah Alam II
Coins displayed: 1.Silver Rupee of Ganeshpur urf Cinchwar
2. Gold Nazarana Mohur of Shahjahanabad
27. Bedar Bakht (1780CE)
A puppet King placed on the Mughal throne by Ghulam Qadir after blinding & deposing Shah Alam II. Bedar Bakht reigned in the name only for little over 2 months. Coins known from Shahjahanabad (Displayed), Ahmadabad (Saharanpur) and Mohammadabad. @iamrana
28. Muhammad Akbar II (1788CE/ 1806-1837CE)
Made the Emperor briefly in 1788 by Ghulam Qadir & then deposed by Shah Alam II, Akbar II was formally made the Emperor in 1806
Delhi was under the firm control of #EastIndiaCompany
Coin displayed: Silver Nazarana Rupee of Shahjahanabad
29. Bahadur Shah Zafar II (1837-1858CE)
ai vaa.e inqalāb zamāne ke jaur se
dillī 'zafar' ke haath se pal meñ nikal ga.ī
EIC had closed the mint at Delhi except for occasional Nazaranas to please the Emperor. This too stopped in 1842
Last Silver Nazarana Rupee from Shahjahanabad
That brings this thread to an end. Coins in the name of 28 Mughal Emperors and 1 Empress exist from 1526 to 1858 CE. Some Emperors are known only because of their coins. I hope justice has been done and that this thread has proved useful
@iamrana @ssharadmohhan @katherineschof8
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