Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #HowToOSINT

Most recents (20)

This photo collage got 22K likes on #Instagram: it shows a swimming pool ๐ŸŠ in #Kharkiv ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ before and after Russian shelling ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ.

"Is this supposed to be the same place before and after?" ๐Ÿค”

Let's find oud! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง Image
We upload the image in Yandex. That search engine suggests that we are indeed seeing a swimming pool in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv ๐ŸŸฅ.

Kharkiv is the second largest city in Ukraine, close to the Russian border and has been under attack since the beginning of the war. 2/... Image
On a Ukrainian website with info about swimming pools in Kharkiv, we found the same photo. โœ…

We also find an address: Alchevskyh Street 50 A. We search for that address on Google Maps and indeed we end up at the sports complex of the Polytechnic Institute. ๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ 3/... Image
Read 18 tweets
11.8 M people have seen this video on #TikTok. ๐Ÿ˜ฒ

A quiet scene at a beach ๐Ÿ–๏ธ with a huge explosion in the background. ๐Ÿ”ฅ

What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
๐Ÿ”ŠThe woman filming curses while a man seems to say "he almost choked".

The caption of the video is ะดะพะฑั€ะพ ะฟะพะถะฐะปะพะฒะฐั‚ัŒ ะฒ ะ‘ะตั€ะดัะฝัะบ, meaning "Welcome to Berdyansk".

Berdyansk is a port city in Ukraine. ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ

You can watch the video here:โ€ฆ

The video raises speculation.

According to some YouTube users, the explosion is the work of Ukrainian resistance fighters. ๐Ÿช–

A Facebook post suggests that the video shows a "Russian military cargo ship being hit by Ukrainians". ๐Ÿšข

What's true? ๐Ÿค” 3/...
Read 24 tweets
We all have seen Ukrainian tractors ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ dragging Russian tanks ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ.

Where do they go? ๐Ÿค”

We traced the โ€œV5โ€ in this #TikTok. It reveals France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท breaking the arms embargo against Russia.

Investigate! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง Image
The TikTok video with this BMD-4, a landing combat vehicle, was shot west of Kyiv.

@sammy7000 from @GeoConfirmed found the location with Google Streetview. ๐Ÿ“โœ…

How? ๐Ÿ“บ๐Ÿ‘‡2/โ€ฆ
@sammy7000 @GeoConfirmed The tractor with the โ€œV5โ€ drove away from the besieged towns of #Irpin and #Bucha in a southerly direction.

Russian vehicles with a โ€œVโ€ entered Ukraine from Belarus and fought around Irpin and Bucha.

You can check on this map from @Cen4infoRes . 3/โ€ฆโ€ฆ
Read 20 tweets
A Russian missile ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ killed at least three Ukrainian citizens ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ on April 16 in Kyiv.

This was NO ordinary attack: it was initiated by volunteers using #OSINT ๐Ÿ”Ž.

Investigation on โ˜ ๏ธ KILLER COORDINATES ๐Ÿ“

๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
This missile strike in the east of Kyiv almost completely destroyed a warehouse.

Satellite imagery from @planet shows how the surrounding buildings were not damaged, indicating a precision bombing. 2/โ€ฆ
@planet ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ The spokesman of the Russian army, Igor Konashenkov, stated that โ€œa high-precision long-range aerial weapon had destroyed the production building of a tank factory in Kyiv (...)โ€. 3/โ€ฆ
Read 26 tweets
"๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hamburg shootout between two groups of migrants. Several people received gunshot wounds [...]. There are several deaths."

In a short blurry video we hear gunshots. What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The tweet above only has little over 1K views, BUT the same video with the same text was uploaded multiple times on Twitter (left), Reddit, Telegram, Facebook (centre) and YouTube (right).

Over 100,000 people saw the images pass by in that context. 2/...
I didn't even try Reverse Image Search this time: the footage was very blurry so matches unlikely. ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ

I did ask German colleague @fiete_stegers to take a look.

He immediately pointed to the number plate of a car in the video ๐ŸŸฅ. 3/...
Read 18 tweets
WHERE was a photo taken or a video recorded? ๐Ÿค” This quest is called #GeoLocation.

Sometimes it's easy, sometimes it's very hard.๐Ÿคจ But it's always exciting to find the exact spot. ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿฅณ

How can you start doing this yourself? ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#OSINT ๐Ÿ”Ž#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
First you should watch or read a tutorial or 2.

I can recommend this one from @BenDoBrown: or my quest for a tree in Africa: 2/...
@BenDoBrown โš ๏ธ But stop consulting tutorials in time.

You can easily get impressed by very complicated research methods ๐Ÿ‘‡ @nixintel . (Don't use them when you start.)

It is much more important to TRY it yourself. 3/...โ€ฆ
Read 10 tweets
2M people have seen this picture on #Telegram (without blur): "๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russian soldier was chained [...] tortured and [...] set on fire while still alive."

What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
Social media users use the photo (bottom left) to make comparisons between Ukraine and the terrorist group Islamic State (IS or ISIS). 2/...
The photo of the scorched body started circulating on 9 April at 21:20 via Danil Bezsonov's official Telegram channel.

He is the head of the press service of the 'people's republic' of #Donetsk, a separatist, Russian-backed region in eastern Ukraine. 3/...
Read 33 tweets
1/ Short ๐Ÿงต on how to find original footage from the war in #Ukraine?

We start from a video on Twitter and look for the original footage.

โš ๏ธ WARNING: this thread contains graphic images of bodies. ๐Ÿ”ž

#OSINT๐Ÿ”Ž #HowToOSINT๐Ÿง #Verification๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
2/ Why is this important?

1โƒฃ) The original video can be longer and reveal more #info.
2โƒฃ) You can find the #context in which this was posted first.
3โƒฃ) The original footage is of higher quality and thus shows more #details.
3/ ๐Ÿ‘†These things may help in further investigation.

So looking for original/older footage is ALWAYS worth the effort.

We start from this tweet with a very horizontal short video and mention of 'Kharkiv'๐ŸŸฉ Image
Read 8 tweets
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukrainian soldier: "We had orders to shoot to kill at any moving person, whether it was peaceful or not."

1.2M have seen this testimony on #YouTube.

May we take this interview as true? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The video of 2 minutes and 6 seconds shows 3 men in army uniforms.

๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธThe one on the right is talking. He is answering questions posed by an interviewer who does not appear on screen.

The English subtitles are a correct translation of what the man is saying in Russian. 2/...
The man says that he was ordered by their commanders to shoot at any moving person.

"At one point people were brought in, both women and men."

"They wanted to shoot them for what was done (allegedly) in #Bucha."

๐Ÿ‘€ We only see the three men and a table: no context. 3/...
Read 39 tweets
According to Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ "The unexpected reveal of "innocent patients" with assault rifles showcased how the Ukrainian military uses ambulances." ๐Ÿšจ

Their proof? A video of 21 sec.

What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The investigation on this tweet from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia is a team effort together with @Techjournalisto, @ArchitMeta and @akhmxt.

(Follow them if you like these kind of #OSINT-investigations.)

The short video is viewed more than 110K times. 2/...
Armed men emerge from a van bearing the logo of the Red Cross.

The International Red Cross (ICRC) has a neutral status, also in the war in #Ukraine.

Do we see a recent war crime by the Ukrainian army in this clip? 3/...
Read 35 tweets
Dubious timelines on #Bucha keep circulating. The #OSINT community, @bellingcat & @nytimes have debunked a lot.

In this thread Iโ€™ll focus on a video from this man, the mayor of #Bucha.๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
@bellingcat @nytimes According to these timelines ๐Ÿ‘‡ Russian troops left #Bucha on 30 March.

Source? Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Telegram.

Other Russian sources claim Russians were still around 1st of April.

โžก๏ธ Exact timing is unclear: no visual proof. 2/โ€ฆ
@bellingcat @nytimes Another source in this discussion is the mayor of Bucha Anatoly Fedoruk.

Timeline: โ€œMar 31: Mayor of Bucha announces town 'liberated', makes no mention of atrocities.โ€

Is this correct? Investigate! 3/...
Read 27 tweets
Millions of Russians saw this 'shooting incident in Kiev' on state television at the beginning of the war.๐Ÿ“บ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ

What? Where? When? Who? And what is this bizarre audio...? ๐Ÿ”Š๐Ÿค”

Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
On Twitter, Reddit, YouTube, Facebook and the Russian platforms Telegram and VKontakte, a disturbing 44-second video has been circulating since the end of February.

The short video was filmed from the window of a flat. 2/...
โžก๏ธ What do we see?

We see a man sitting in the street, and another man threatening him with a firearm ๐ŸŸจ, while a car approaches (1).

A third man with a firearm gets out of the car (2).

The man who was already standing there hits the victim with the butt of his gun (3). 3/..
Read 38 tweets
This awful picture is shared on social media with caption "a Russian girl tied up as a living shield by Ukrainian soldiers in Mariupol". (I blurred the face.)

What happened? Let's investigate. ๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
We take a screenshot of the photo and load it into the Russian search engine Yandex. 2/...
This brings us to a post from 21 March on Zen Yandex.

There we see the same photo ๐ŸŸฅ along with six other similar photos.

The Russian caption reads: "The year 2022. Europe. The usual Nazism in Lviv. Now to ethnicity. The photos feature members of the Roma diaspora." 3/...
Read 27 tweets
#OSINT gets more important in #journalism. ๐Ÿ“ˆ

Today I gave a lecture to ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช teachers in journalism about the force of online investigations. ๐Ÿ”Ž๐Ÿ’ช

Some inspiration. ๐Ÿ‘‡

#HowToOSINT?๐Ÿง 1/5
This interactive map ๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ about Russian military around Ukraine by @TextyOrgUa shows how #OSINT today has the power of military intelligence with satellites ๐Ÿ›ฐ๏ธ in the past. 2/5โ€ฆ
@TextyOrgUa This amazing piece by @FoekePostma from @bellingcat is a good example of an #OSINT driven investigation about ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ nuclear "secrets" in Europe.

Every journalist wants a scoop like this. 3/5โ€ฆ
Read 5 tweets
These pictures of a pool ๐ŸŠโ€โ™‚๏ธ are shared all over the ๐ŸŒ, this tweet with caption "mass stupidity" was shared 1.6K times.๐Ÿค”

No #context is given.

What do we see? Let's find out! ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
We don't find the original context with Reverse Image Search. ๐Ÿ˜ข

But we do find these pictures shared with captions in ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ, ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต and ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง. We see it on an internetforum about #QAnon and in ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ and ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ language.

The image is intriguing. ๐Ÿ˜ฒ People doubt if it's #real or #fake. 2/...
In the top right corner, however, we see the logo of the French TV channel TF1 and 'Le 13h' ๐ŸŸจ.

With this information and the French word for swimming pool ("piscine"), we google. ๐Ÿ”Ž 3/...
Read 15 tweets
๐Ÿ˜ฒ116K people watched this video of a collapsed football player on #Twitter. โšฝ๏ธ

No #context is given, so #rumours start.

What happened? Let's find out! ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The video is also shared on #Facebook where people link it to "side effects" of #COVID19 #vaccines. ๐Ÿ’‰๐Ÿค”

Could there be a link? 2/...
We take screenshots of the video and use them for Reverse Image Search with Google, Bing and TinEye, but no luck. ๐Ÿ˜ข

#Yandex does give a result and leads us to a video on #YouTube ๐ŸŸฉ! 3/...
Read 16 tweets
๐Ÿ“บThird episode of #HowToOSINT๐Ÿง: How to investigate riots with free tools?


No time to watch 11 minutes (now)? I feel you.

In this ๐Ÿงต you jump to the part you are interested in! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#Geolocation ๐ŸŒ
#Chronolocation โฒ๏ธ
How to find original footage? ๐Ÿ”Ž๐Ÿ“ผ (0:25) 2/...

How to find the place where a video is shot? ๐Ÿ“ (1:14) 3/... #Geolocation

Read 9 tweets
5/12/2021: covid protest in #Brussels๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช ends in #riots.
Police ๐Ÿ‘ฎ use water cannon and tear gas, but two kids (11 & 5 yo) are present.

Police brutality or recklessness of the mother?

I looked for #facts in a #visual #investigation.
How? Check ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ: 1/13
A clip of 17 seconds or less is shared on #Telegram, #Instagram, #Facebook and #Twitter. We see two kids in a chaotic scene.

Someone shares the video with this quote: โ€œEven in North Korea ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต they would not dare use a water cannon against children.โ€ 2/13 Image
What really happened?

With the use of open sources (#OSINT) I made a #reconstruction of the events. 3/13

#Verification ๐Ÿ”Ž
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
#FactChecking โœ… Image
Read 13 tweets
๐Ÿ˜ฑVideo of New Zealand PM 'smoking crack'๐Ÿ˜ฑ

#Real or #fake? Letโ€™s find out. ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“น
#SpeurJeMee? ๐Ÿง #HowToOSINT Image
On 1 Oct. someone posts a video on #Twitter.

We see two videos superimposed. According to the caption , we would see the New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern twice.

At the top she appears to be talking to #BillGates and at the bottom she appears to be using #crack. ๐Ÿ”ž2/. Image
We also find the same video in various other posts on #Twitter, #YouTube, #Facebook and on the alternative video site #BitChute.

In total, these videos were viewed more than 31,000 times. Let's verify! 3/...
Read 34 tweets
This #meme shows an 'experiment' on #GMO ๐ŸŒฝ.

It went #viral multiple times in the last decade.

Do we see a scientific study by 'students in England'โ“

I found who took these pictures. How? ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/..

#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒŽ
#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#SpeurJeMee? ๐Ÿง #HowToOSINT
We'll look for the original context 1โƒฃ AND we'll examine whether this 'experiment' meets the scientific standard 2โƒฃ. 2/...
1โƒฃ To find the original context, we need to find who posted this picture first.

You always start this kind of investiagion with muliptle (!) Reverse Image Searches. Always use #Google, #Yandex, #TinEye (๐Ÿ‘‡) and #Bing. 3/...
Read 26 tweets

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