Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #HowToOSINT

Most recents (24)

3.3M views for this video by @EuromaidanPress:

"American ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ infantry fighting vehicles M2 Bradley are spotted in Poland ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ [...] toward the Ukrainian border ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ. "

TRUE โœ… or FALSE โŒ? Investigate! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
@EuromaidanPress The exact location of the video is difficult to find due to the limited visual elements in the background. ๐Ÿ˜ข

But it's admittedly plausible that the video was shot in Poland. How do we know this? ๐Ÿ‘‡2/...
@EuromaidanPress On the locomotive we read PKP Cargo ๐ŸŸจ, which is the largest rail freight carrier in Poland ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ.

We find a picture of a PKP-locomotive with the same serial number ST44-1232 ๐ŸŸฅ.

The road sign in the video ๐ŸŸฉ corresponds to the Polish W9 sign for train signals. 3/...
Read 18 tweets
"Ukrainians ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ in the World Cup of Qatar ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ arrested for spreading Nazi symbols."

This "report from Al Jazeera" gets 391K views on Telegram. ๐Ÿ˜ฒ

Fake or real? Let's investigate!๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
#WorldcupQatar2022 โšฝ๏ธ Image
"Three drunken Ukrainian supporters were arrested in Qatar. The reason? They made a Nazi salute and vandalised posters at the Al Bayt stadium by drawing a Hitler moustache on the World Cup mascot La'eeb. When arrested, they showed no resistance."

Source: @AlJazeera Really? ๐Ÿค”2/ Image
@AlJazeera The video features Al Jazeera's official logo ๐Ÿ‘†, has high quality and looks professionally made.

Any video on (right) has an almost identical layout to the video circulating on social media (left). 3/... Image
Read 22 tweets
"Happy Birthday for Vladimir Putin from Belgium ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช" from men in army uniform with guns. ๐Ÿค”

Let's investigate this deleted TikTok-video. ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
This is the video. ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ๐Ÿ‘€ 2/...

Is this a real video shot in Belgiumโ“

The video was previously uploaded on the social networking site TikTok on the account '@batyab.e.a.r', we can tell by the caption with the TikTok logo ๐ŸŸจ. 3/...
Read 23 tweets
11.8M views for a TikTok of "a mosquito ๐ŸฆŸ with a number on its back". ๐Ÿ˜ฒ

Is Bill Gates involved? (Spoiler: no.) Investigate! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง

#BillGates #TikTok #FactCheck #Weird
The Russian caption (albeit with typo) on this viral video reads: 'Guys who know where the numbers on mosquitoes come from (?)'.

Good question! Let's start with some basic Google... 2/...โ€ฆ
To find out the origin of the images, we google part of the Russian inscription.

So we come to an article on the Kazakh news site Ekspress.

That article features the same video and situates it in Kazakhstan. ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ3/...
Read 19 tweets
On Facebook and Twitter hundreds of thousands saw a video of "Queen Elizabeth feeding vulnerable kids...๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ"

Is this #QueenElizabeth "feeding humans as if they are animals"?

Let's find out! ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿงต1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
We take a screenshot of the video and load it into the Russian search engine Yandex. #ReverseImageSearch

This brings us to a site with film recommendations. ๐ŸŸฅ2/...
The French title of that page ๐Ÿ‘‡ reads 'Annamite children collect sapรจques for the pagoda of the ladies'.

Sapรจque is an ancient Chinese coinage. ๐Ÿช™

Annamite refers to a mountain range โ›ฐ๏ธ on the border of Vietnam ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ and the neighbouring countries of Laos ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ and Cambodia ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ. 3/
Read 13 tweets
77K watched a clip of "tens of thousands of cattle suddenly dying after being given a vaccine" in #India ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ.

๐Ÿ˜ฒ"Worldwide, they are destroying cattle." ๐Ÿ„๐Ÿค”

What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The tweet mentions the Indian region Gujarat, so we google with the search terms 'Gujarat dying cows'.

This leads us to an article by The Shillong Times, a local newspaper in north-east India, entitled 'More than 1200 cattle die of Lumpy Skin Disease in Gujarat'. 2/...
The article does not contain a video, but it does contain screenshots.

If we compare one of the screenshots from the article (right) with the Twitter video (0'26", left), details ๐ŸŸจ๐ŸŸฉ๐ŸŸฅ appear to match.

โžก๏ธSo the article seems to be about the same images. 3/...
Read 14 tweets
๐Ÿ”๏ธProbably you have seen this breathtaking video of an avalanche. ๐Ÿ˜ฒ Everyone survived.

Where was it shot? ๐Ÿ“

Letโ€™s do some #GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง

There are NO street signs, logos, number plates, trees or any other visual indications ๐Ÿซค... except ๐Ÿ”๏ธ๐Ÿ”๏ธ.

This part of #GEOINT is new to me. ๐Ÿคซ

I used a mountain range only once for a fact check of migrants arriving in the Balearic Islands ๐Ÿ‘‡:โ€ฆ 2/โ€ฆ
๐ŸฅณLuckily a great TUTORIAL was released by Eyran Millis (@Istihbarat1800L) recently:โ€ฆ (as seen on Week in #OSINT by @Sector035)

With only this pdf-cocument ๐Ÿ“„ I decided to give it a try. 3/โ€ฆ
Read 20 tweets
216K views for a video of "Vatican Burning". ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ”ฅ

Fact or fiction? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿงต 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
We can start with Reverse Image Search, but a very simple Google search for news about "Rome" and a "fire" might be a kick start too. 2/...
This brings us to an article by ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช newspaper @destandaard with the title "Rome burns for the fourth time in a month: coincidence or malice?".

That article also included a tweet with the same video. However, there is NO mention of the Vatican City. 3/..โ€ฆ
Read 13 tweets
Footage of violence spreads like wildfire.๐Ÿ”ฅ๐Ÿ”ž

Often itโ€™s used to blame a group of people: Ukrainian refugees in this case.

How to investigate such videos? I have 4โƒฃ easy steps for you. ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
We see a brawl in broad daylight on a public road. There are heavy blows, and when two cars with perpetrators drive off, someone is left lying on the ground, apparently unconscious.

It would be 'Ukrainians' in 'Austria'. 2/...
๐Ÿ”Ž1โƒฃ Find location

In the video, we see a flag of the United Kingdom ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง, but the images are usually located in the Austrian capital Vienna ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น.

We also see a statue of a horse on top of a building ๐ŸŸฅ. 3/...
Read 29 tweets
250K views for a terrifying video from Nukus, #Karakalpakstan.

A street "covered in the blood of protesters" or "red paint"?

Investigation by @Lotte_Lambrecht and me. ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง Image
@Lotte_Lambrecht Some context first.

Karakalpakstan is a semi-autonomous region in Uzbekistan, Central Asia.

Authorities in Uzbekistan have said that 18 people were killed during last weekโ€™s unrest after plans to strip Karakalpakstan of its autonomy. 2/...โ€ฆ
@Lotte_Lambrecht Thousands took to the streets in the biggest protest in Uzbekistan in recent years. President Mirzijoev declared a state of emergency.

Blood was certainly shed in Karakalpakstans capital, Nukus.

Official figuers confirm, we've seen a lot of gruesome videos of victims. 3/... Image
Read 36 tweets
This photo collage got 22K likes on #Instagram: it shows a swimming pool ๐ŸŠ in #Kharkiv ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ before and after Russian shelling ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ.

"Is this supposed to be the same place before and after?" ๐Ÿค”

Let's find oud! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
We upload the image in Yandex. That search engine suggests that we are indeed seeing a swimming pool in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv ๐ŸŸฅ.

Kharkiv is the second largest city in Ukraine, close to the Russian border and has been under attack since the beginning of the war. 2/...
On a Ukrainian website with info about swimming pools in Kharkiv, we found the same photo. โœ…

We also find an address: Alchevskyh Street 50 A. We search for that address on Google Maps and indeed we end up at the sports complex of the Polytechnic Institute. ๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ 3/...
Read 18 tweets
11.8 M people have seen this video on #TikTok. ๐Ÿ˜ฒ

A quiet scene at a beach ๐Ÿ–๏ธ with a huge explosion in the background. ๐Ÿ”ฅ

What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
๐Ÿ”ŠThe woman filming curses while a man seems to say "he almost choked".

The caption of the video is ะดะพะฑั€ะพ ะฟะพะถะฐะปะพะฒะฐั‚ัŒ ะฒ ะ‘ะตั€ะดัะฝัะบ, meaning "Welcome to Berdyansk".

Berdyansk is a port city in Ukraine. ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ

You can watch the video here:โ€ฆ

The video raises speculation.

According to some YouTube users, the explosion is the work of Ukrainian resistance fighters. ๐Ÿช–

A Facebook post suggests that the video shows a "Russian military cargo ship being hit by Ukrainians". ๐Ÿšข

What's true? ๐Ÿค” 3/...
Read 24 tweets
We all have seen Ukrainian tractors ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ dragging Russian tanks ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ.

Where do they go? ๐Ÿค”

We traced the โ€œV5โ€ in this #TikTok. It reveals France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท breaking the arms embargo against Russia.

Investigate! ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง Image
The TikTok video with this BMD-4, a landing combat vehicle, was shot west of Kyiv.

@sammy7000 from @GeoConfirmed found the location with Google Streetview. ๐Ÿ“โœ…

How? ๐Ÿ“บ๐Ÿ‘‡2/โ€ฆ
@sammy7000 @GeoConfirmed The tractor with the โ€œV5โ€ drove away from the besieged towns of #Irpin and #Bucha in a southerly direction.

Russian vehicles with a โ€œVโ€ entered Ukraine from Belarus and fought around Irpin and Bucha.

You can check on this map from @Cen4infoRes . 3/โ€ฆโ€ฆ
Read 20 tweets
A Russian missile ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ killed at least three Ukrainian citizens ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ on April 16 in Kyiv.

This was NO ordinary attack: it was initiated by volunteers using #OSINT ๐Ÿ”Ž.

Investigation on โ˜ ๏ธ KILLER COORDINATES ๐Ÿ“

๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
This missile strike in the east of Kyiv almost completely destroyed a warehouse.

Satellite imagery from @planet shows how the surrounding buildings were not damaged, indicating a precision bombing. 2/โ€ฆ
@planet ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ The spokesman of the Russian army, Igor Konashenkov, stated that โ€œa high-precision long-range aerial weapon had destroyed the production building of a tank factory in Kyiv (...)โ€. 3/โ€ฆ
Read 26 tweets
"๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hamburg shootout between two groups of migrants. Several people received gunshot wounds [...]. There are several deaths."

In a short blurry video we hear gunshots. What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The tweet above only has little over 1K views, BUT the same video with the same text was uploaded multiple times on Twitter (left), Reddit, Telegram, Facebook (centre) and YouTube (right).

Over 100,000 people saw the images pass by in that context. 2/...
I didn't even try Reverse Image Search this time: the footage was very blurry so matches unlikely. ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ

I did ask German colleague @fiete_stegers to take a look.

He immediately pointed to the number plate of a car in the video ๐ŸŸฅ. 3/...
Read 18 tweets
WHERE was a photo taken or a video recorded? ๐Ÿค” This quest is called #GeoLocation.

Sometimes it's easy, sometimes it's very hard.๐Ÿคจ But it's always exciting to find the exact spot. ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿฅณ

How can you start doing this yourself? ๐Ÿงต๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#OSINT ๐Ÿ”Ž#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
First you should watch or read a tutorial or 2.

I can recommend this one from @BenDoBrown: or my quest for a tree in Africa: 2/...
@BenDoBrown โš ๏ธ But stop consulting tutorials in time.

You can easily get impressed by very complicated research methods ๐Ÿ‘‡ @nixintel . (Don't use them when you start.)

It is much more important to TRY it yourself. 3/...โ€ฆ
Read 10 tweets
2M people have seen this picture on #Telegram (without blur): "๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russian soldier was chained [...] tortured and [...] set on fire while still alive."

What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
Social media users use the photo (bottom left) to make comparisons between Ukraine and the terrorist group Islamic State (IS or ISIS). 2/...
The photo of the scorched body started circulating on 9 April at 21:20 via Danil Bezsonov's official Telegram channel.

He is the head of the press service of the 'people's republic' of #Donetsk, a separatist, Russian-backed region in eastern Ukraine. 3/...
Read 33 tweets
1/ Short ๐Ÿงต on how to find original footage from the war in #Ukraine?

We start from a video on Twitter and look for the original footage.

โš ๏ธ WARNING: this thread contains graphic images of bodies. ๐Ÿ”ž

#OSINT๐Ÿ”Ž #HowToOSINT๐Ÿง #Verification๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ
2/ Why is this important?

1โƒฃ) The original video can be longer and reveal more #info.
2โƒฃ) You can find the #context in which this was posted first.
3โƒฃ) The original footage is of higher quality and thus shows more #details.
3/ ๐Ÿ‘†These things may help in further investigation.

So looking for original/older footage is ALWAYS worth the effort.

We start from this tweet with a very horizontal short video and mention of 'Kharkiv'๐ŸŸฉ Image
Read 8 tweets
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukrainian soldier: "We had orders to shoot to kill at any moving person, whether it was peaceful or not."

1.2M have seen this testimony on #YouTube.

May we take this interview as true? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The video of 2 minutes and 6 seconds shows 3 men in army uniforms.

๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธThe one on the right is talking. He is answering questions posed by an interviewer who does not appear on screen.

The English subtitles are a correct translation of what the man is saying in Russian. 2/...
The man says that he was ordered by their commanders to shoot at any moving person.

"At one point people were brought in, both women and men."

"They wanted to shoot them for what was done (allegedly) in #Bucha."

๐Ÿ‘€ We only see the three men and a table: no context. 3/...
Read 39 tweets
According to Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ "The unexpected reveal of "innocent patients" with assault rifles showcased how the Ukrainian military uses ambulances." ๐Ÿšจ

Their proof? A video of 21 sec.

What do we see? Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/...

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
The investigation on this tweet from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia is a team effort together with @Techjournalisto, @ArchitMeta and @akhmxt.

(Follow them if you like these kind of #OSINT-investigations.)

The short video is viewed more than 110K times. 2/...
Armed men emerge from a van bearing the logo of the Red Cross.

The International Red Cross (ICRC) has a neutral status, also in the war in #Ukraine.

Do we see a recent war crime by the Ukrainian army in this clip? 3/...
Read 35 tweets
Dubious timelines on #Bucha keep circulating. The #OSINT community, @bellingcat & @nytimes have debunked a lot.

In this thread Iโ€™ll focus on a video from this man, the mayor of #Bucha.๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
@bellingcat @nytimes According to these timelines ๐Ÿ‘‡ Russian troops left #Bucha on 30 March.

Source? Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Telegram.

Other Russian sources claim Russians were still around 1st of April.

โžก๏ธ Exact timing is unclear: no visual proof. 2/โ€ฆ
@bellingcat @nytimes Another source in this discussion is the mayor of Bucha Anatoly Fedoruk.

Timeline: โ€œMar 31: Mayor of Bucha announces town 'liberated', makes no mention of atrocities.โ€

Is this correct? Investigate! 3/...
Read 27 tweets
Millions of Russians saw this 'shooting incident in Kiev' on state television at the beginning of the war.๐Ÿ“บ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ

What? Where? When? Who? And what is this bizarre audio...? ๐Ÿ”Š๐Ÿค”

Investigate! ๐Ÿ‘‡ 1/โ€ฆ

#Verification ๐ŸŽฅ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
On Twitter, Reddit, YouTube, Facebook and the Russian platforms Telegram and VKontakte, a disturbing 44-second video has been circulating since the end of February.

The short video was filmed from the window of a flat. 2/...
โžก๏ธ What do we see?

We see a man sitting in the street, and another man threatening him with a firearm ๐ŸŸจ, while a car approaches (1).

A third man with a firearm gets out of the car (2).

The man who was already standing there hits the victim with the butt of his gun (3). 3/..
Read 38 tweets
This awful picture is shared on social media with caption "a Russian girl tied up as a living shield by Ukrainian soldiers in Mariupol". (I blurred the face.)

What happened? Let's investigate. ๐Ÿ‘‡1/...

#Verification ๐Ÿ“ธ
#GeoLocation ๐ŸŒ
#HowToOSINT ๐Ÿง
We take a screenshot of the photo and load it into the Russian search engine Yandex. 2/...
This brings us to a post from 21 March on Zen Yandex.

There we see the same photo ๐ŸŸฅ along with six other similar photos.

The Russian caption reads: "The year 2022. Europe. The usual Nazism in Lviv. Now to ethnicity. The photos feature members of the Roma diaspora." 3/...
Read 27 tweets
#OSINT gets more important in #journalism. ๐Ÿ“ˆ

Today I gave a lecture to ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช teachers in journalism about the force of online investigations. ๐Ÿ”Ž๐Ÿ’ช

Some inspiration. ๐Ÿ‘‡

#HowToOSINT?๐Ÿง 1/5
This interactive map ๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ about Russian military around Ukraine by @TextyOrgUa shows how #OSINT today has the power of military intelligence with satellites ๐Ÿ›ฐ๏ธ in the past. 2/5โ€ฆ
@TextyOrgUa This amazing piece by @FoekePostma from @bellingcat is a good example of an #OSINT driven investigation about ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ nuclear "secrets" in Europe.

Every journalist wants a scoop like this. 3/5โ€ฆ
Read 5 tweets

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