Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #CBAM

Most recents (24)

‼️ Crunch Time ‼️

After months of negotiations, the @EP_Environment is voting on #CBAM today.

What's on the table? 👇
➔ A centralized system with one EU CBAM authority.

➔ The immediate inclusion of indirect emissions.

➔ A clear timeline for inclusion of all EU ETS sectors before 2030.
➔ Hydrogen, organic chemicals and polymers are added to the sectoral scope from the beginning.

➔ Extra financial support for Least Developed Countries.

➔ A gradual phase-out of free allowances by 2030.
Read 5 tweets
Let’s be frank: What Ukraine needs is not full EU membership (unrealistic today), but the prospect of greater access to the EU market, and that beyond the Association Agreement which underperformed.

How to attain that? 🧵

A thread on #Ukraine️EU after #EUCO
1. Ukraine's future into the EU should go beyond the narrow opposition:

Full membership vs Association Agreement

Neither of them would do justice to the emergency circumstances characterizing #Ukraine️' s demand nor the country's needs
2. The Association Agreement with the European Union - which originally triggered the Revolution and permanent war since 2014 - never delivered on its commercial promises with the EU benefiting more than Ukraine
Read 7 tweets
.@EU_Commission proposed a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (#CBAM) as part of #Fitfor55. Aim: carbon leakage protection. Our Impulse shows how to tweak the proposal to create an effective CBAM & how #climateclubs & CBAM can work together to accelerate #industrytransition. 1/9 Our new impulse is out: Getting the Transition to CBAM Right
1️⃣ With higher EU climate targets, free allocation of CO2 allowances in the EU ETS is not a sustainable solution to solve #carbonleakage problem. #CBAM is the most credible alternative to free allocation. 2/9
2️⃣ With right objectives, #climateclubs can complement an EU #CBAM - climate clubs cannot replace EU carbon leakage tools as vast differences in climate ambition and policy are likely to prevail among potential climate club members, not to mention non-club members. 3/9
Read 9 tweets
Was bringt das #Klimajahr 2022? Hier ein kleiner Ausblick auf #IPCC Bericht Teil 2+3, #G7 & #G20, Klima-#Sofortprogramm, Bericht des Expertenrats @ERK_Klima, EU-#Fitfor55, #COP27, und, und, und...
Es gibt wieder viel zu tun! Ein 🧵1/n
2/ Das Jahr startet mit einer kritischen Bilanz für 2021 durch @AgoraEW: Der Anteil #Erneuerbarer am Stromverbrauch sinkt auf 42,3% und fällt damit zurück auf das Niveau von 2019. Die Emissionen stiegen ggü dem Corona-Jahr 2020 um 4,5%…
3/ Die offiziellen Zahlen für die Emissionen 2021 kommen am 15.3. vom @Umweltbundesamt und werden bis 15.4. durch den #Expertenrat für Klimafragen @ERK_Klima geprüft. Dann ist auch klar, welche Sektorziele verfehlt wurden und wo Sofortprogramme notwendig werden
Read 12 tweets
Today we sent our draft report on the legislative proposal to establish a carbon border adjustment mechanism (#CBAM) to the shadow rapporteurs.

The Commission proposal is an excellent starting point, but I see room for improvement in several areas.

First and foremost I want to thank everyone who reached out to me during these last months, to discuss #CBAM.

After careful analysis of reports, position papers, assessments, draft opinions etc, my team and I came the following conclusions and suggestions 👇

The scope of the CBAM should be broadened to organic chemicals, hydrogen and polymers.

These products have the right characteristics to be covered by CBAM, and technical complexities can be overcome.

Read 10 tweets
@EU_Commission presented its #ownresources proposal today. It lays out 3 new revenue streams to:
- repay EU debt #NextGenerationEU
- finance the #SocialClimateFund

A short thread on what it means for #EUETS contributions based on some initial rough calculations 🧵1/13
First things first. 3 proposed new revenue streams are:
- 25% ETS (1+2) revenues: ~12.5b/y
- 75% CBAM revenues: ~0.8b/y
- 15% residual profits from large, profitable multinational enterprises: ~2.5-4b/y

On #CBAM, this was obviously expected; still disappointing. Many (including @e3g) argue that revenues should flow back to vulnerable #LDCs through adaptation and mitigation finance.
@Europarl_EN also seems keen on this @MChahim @kvanbrempt @MalinBjork_EU @KarinKarlsbro 3/13
Read 14 tweets
FACTCHECK opinie #kernuitstap @Bart_DeWever in @destandaard…
Hier gaan we. Niet zeker of zinvol. Feiten lijken er niet altijd toe te doen. Tegelijk zoeken velen opheldering, en mss is het daarom toch nuttig. Lang draadje. 1/n
(Ik spring even over uitspraken over paars/groene regeringen - ben geen politicoloog) 2/n
CO2. Fossiel gas stoot per MWh idd veel meer CO2 uit dan nucleair (of zon/wind). Het klopt dat ETS extra uitstoot niet volledig neutraliseert. Grotendeels wel, maar door complexe werking MSR resteert moeilijk exact te schatten netto extra uitstoot.… 3/n
Read 22 tweets
President Macron speaking now outlining his intentions for France’s presidency of the Council of the EU, which starts 1 January.
Macron says he wants to set up a decision-making body for the Schengen Area like the Eurogroup for the Eurozone.

It would take decisions on emergency actions and Frontex missions at EU borders (a step toward EU external border management).
Macron says the suspension of EU budgetary rules for the pandemic needs to end, and EU states need to get back to convergence.

But “we can’t pretend like nothing’s happened”. Budget rules should be less stringent (a long time French ask).
Read 9 tweets
Hello again, #MCGConf2021CP! (If you didn’t join me earlier for Data Driven Support of Change Management, you should go check that out; my gif game was on point.) Let's take a closer look at one my favorite #CBAM diagnostic dimensions: Innovation Configuration Maps.
An Innovation Configuration Map (IC Map) is one of three diagnostic dimensions in the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (#CBAM), the framework I’m currently using to measure the implementation of @MCG_AUG’s new three-year curriculum. #MCGConf2021CP
An IC Map is ideally developed by the product owner or key stakeholders. Or, in the case of a complex innovation and/or rapid development, it can be constructed through observations of meetings, interviews, and document analysis by a tenacious researcher. #MCGConf2021CP
Read 12 tweets
Welcome! Join me for a journey into the choppy waters of data driven change management in health professions education. But buckle up! Institutional change is messy and hard to measure. We're in for a wild ride. #MCGConf2021CP
The commonality of innovations in #MedEd is change management (CM). CM is complex & multifactorial; it's a process rather than an event. CM can either ensure success or prevent adoption. So integrated evaluation & support is critical to implementing any innovation. #MCGConf2021CP
At @MCG_AUG, I’ve embedded collection & reporting of change management data into the implementation of our new 3yr curriculum. I used a framework developed by our keynote speaker, Gene Hall. Drs. Hall & Hord wrote the book on ed change: #MCGConf2021CP
Read 14 tweets
The #CBAM proposal was released almost 3 months ago. Various aspects of the proposal have been already discussed: impact on economy, int'l trade patterns, compatibility w/ WTO & Paris Agreement.

I’d like to highlight here a number of less discussed issues. (thread)
At the outset, let me point out that two main issues that in my view will determine the future of #CBAM in the Council and the Parliament have been somewhat discussed in the media, but in an insufficient and highly distorted way: free ETS allowances and export competitiveness. /1
Free allowances are an emotional issue. I won't focus on them here: I will address them separately in a few days. But I would like to emphasize that these two issues are insufficiently analyzed and the public discussion on them is distorted, so expect major surprises. /2
Read 83 tweets
An important voice in the debate about #CBAM and its compliance with WTO rules. Here, major critique from a leading expert on WTO law, James Bacchus. /Thread
First, let me just note that nothing I write below should be taken as my attempt to question Mr. Bacchus' interpretation of WTO law. He is a legend of WTO. Twice the chairman of WTO Appellate Body. An expert and authority like no other. Hats off. /1
To make a long story short, Mr. Bacchus notes four potential problems with CBAM. He sees potential violations of the following clauses of the GATT:
- art. I (Most Favored Nation);
- art. II (bound tariffs);
- art. III (national treatment); and
- art. XX (exceptions).
Read 37 tweets
With the #SofiaDeclaration, the 6 #WesternBalkans countries have committed to #climateneutrality in 2050. To achieve this, a #lignite phase-out for power production is needed, ideally by 2040. To support the debate, we have developed 6 pathways (THREAD). #EUGreenDeal 1/12 The Future of Lignite in the Western Balkans
Where do we stand today? WB-6 power markets consist almost exclusively of two generation technologies: #lignite and #hydro. The share of either source varies considerably between the countries. 2/12 The Future of Lignite in the Western Balkans
Finding 1: 90 % of #lignite power plants in the #westernbalkans was put into operation 30 or more years ago. 40 % of the capacities are older than 40 years. The power plant park is in urgent need of #modernisation. 3/12
Read 12 tweets
#unpostalgiorno dal trimestrale #ENERGIA 3.21
@palmisval Lettera da Bruxelles: The survival of the fit(test) for 55 (pp. 76-81)

#Fitfor55: “Chi ricorda il Clean Energy Package del 2016 sarà alle prese con un déjà-vu”

1/8… Image
L'ultima lettera da #Bruxelles non poteva che essere dedicata al #Fitfor55

@palmisval propone una versione ‘light’ dell’articolo su, evidenziando gli aspetti inediti dell’ultimo pacchetto di iniziative legislative UE

Per il gruppo dei Socialisti e Democratici “La transizione dovrà essere #giusta, o la transizione non ci sarà affatto”

Il Partito Popolare Europeo afferma: “Vogliamo la decarbonizzazione, non la deindustrializzazione”

Read 8 tweets
Thx to @Tim_L_Meyer for his thoughtful & honest response to my critique of @ChrisCoons & @RepScottPeters carbon border adjustment bill. Genuine debate is what US America needs & allows me to elaborate on why the C/P bill - & Tim - are wrong on law, politics & policy. A 🧵
First, and fundamentally, the professor and I disagree on the target of my critique. The core problem w the C/P bill isn’t the lack of a US carbon tax or a cap & trade scheme (an explicit price for carbon). The problem w the proposed policy is that it...
1⃣would only coincidentally – if at all - mitigate carbon leakage & CC

2⃣would tax the US economy w/o effectively combating carbon leakage, render it less competitive, and eventually decrease net employment
Read 28 tweets
Carbon border adjustment (CBA) corner:

After the release of the @EU_Commission's #CBAM proposal, Dem Congressmen Coons & Peters tabled a US CBA bill proposal that is so flawed that if adopted could irreparably poison transatlantic cooperation on carbon leakage & CC mitigation 🧵
In contrast to @toddntucker’s more than charitable reading of the Dem proposal, I argue that the bill

1⃣would do close to nothing to combat carbon leakage
2⃣would not stand the slightest chance of surviving the WTO legal test

3⃣has only two objectives: 1st, to protect US industry from fair import competition and, 2nd, to deter the EU from adopting its CBAM proposal as it stands;
4⃣deflects attention from a politically controversial piece of US policy homework: the adoption of a US price for carbon.
Read 18 tweets
Es braucht eine #Bauwende, sagen @Architects4F. Dazu gehört: Weniger bauen & auch: anders bauen. Künftig müssen mehr ökologische Baustoffe eingesetzt werden, um emissionsintensive mineralische Baustoffe zu ersetzen. Was steht dazu in den Bundestagswahlprogrammen der Parteien?
Kontext: Der Gebäudesektor spielt mit einem Endenergieverbrauch von 40% eine wichtige Rolle für das Erreichen der Klimaziele. Es muss in den nächsten Jahren vieles passieren: Steigerung der energetischen Sanierungsrate, Reduktion des Wärmebedarfs im Bestand, neue Heiztechnologien
Während der Fokus hier auf energetischen Aspekten liegt, blieb ein anderer Aspekt bisher oft außen vor: sog. graue Emissionen von Gebäuden, die etwa während der Konstruktion oder der Herstellung der Baustoffe entstehen.
Read 28 tweets
Thread: Following today's #FitFor55 package, here's my initial analysis of the #EUETS revision proposal. Long story short: It becomes more difficult to pollute, but sustainable frontrunners are still disadvantaged compared to laggards.
#EUETS target: Increased to -61% by 2030 compared to 2005, which covers industry + power + intra EU aviation and maritime. This is taken from last year's 2030 #ClimateTargetPlan (see pic), which implies that the target for stationary installations (industry/power) is only -64%
Big plus: #EUETS Linear Reduction Factor almost doubled to 4.2% as of 2024 + one-off reduction ("rebasing") of 119 mln allowances. Leads to a big 15%-POINT cut in free allowances (FA). This LRF was a huge battle in the previous reform, so hope it stays.
Read 14 tweets
Here we are ! Finally, after 18 months of big talks and long-term objectives about #EUGreenDeal, @EU_Commission releases its mammoth package #FitFor55 #FF55.
Here is my key take-aways: the good, the bad, the ugly. #Thread 👇
Good 1: that’s a massive policy push to transform #EUGreenDeal promises into concrete actions to change our ways of life. @FransTimmermans recognises this will be “bloody hard”, but righly underlines that our future depends on it.
Good 2: Creation of the Social Climate Fund that we @DelorsInstitute have been calling for years. This Fund should start as of 2025 with EU budget, and could invest up to 70Bn€ from 2025 to 2032 to finance national plans to ensure social justice in the transition. #EnergyPoverty
Read 12 tweets
President @VonDerLeyen unveiling #FitFor55 climate package now.

It is the largest single batch of legislation to stop climate change proposed by any government anywhere, designed to update EU laws to meet the new 2030 emissions reduction target of 55% (raised from 40%).
That EU 2030 target was raised in December, motivated partly by the #FridaysForFuture climate protests.

But for the past 6 months there have been many questions about how the new target will be met.

Today we're getting answers.…
Other major economies are also setting more ambitious 2030 emissions reduction targets.

But today the EU becomes the first to spell out how to reach the goal with detailed policy proposals.…
Read 14 tweets
Am Mittwoch, 14.7. wird die #EUKommission das #Fitfor55 Paket vorstellen, ein riesiges Paket mit 12 Initiativen & Gesetzesvorschlägen zur Erreichung der #Klimaziele und zur Umsetzung des #EUGreenDeal.
Hier eine erste Einordnung auf Basis der bisherigen Leaks (1/n)
2/ Um was geht es:
Bei den #Klimazielen geht es um 55% Emissionsreduktion bis 2030, THG-Neutralität bis 2050 und netto-negativ danach. Den Ramen bildet der #EUGreenDeal, der eine umfassende Transformation inklusive einer #JustTransition beschreibt
3/ Das größte Paket ist sicherlich das rund um die Revision des #EUETS. Im #EUETS soll der Schiffsverkehr einbezogen werden und die #MSR angepasst werden. Weiterhin soll es einen neuen separaten "adjacent ETS" #ETS2 für Gebäude und Straßenverkehr geben, der 2025 starten soll.
Read 17 tweets
As the cat seems to be out of the bag, and most people following EU #CBAM discussions have seen some draft of the proposal, let me share with those out of the loop some info on the structure of the proposal. /Thread
First, CBAM will first apply to 4 pre-selected sectors., listed in Annex I These are - for the time being - electricity, fertilizer inputs plus some selected fertilizers, cement, many iron & steel products, plus aluminum 1/n
Cant speak for other products, but for fertilizers, the list is clearly too short. Main inputs (ammonia + nitric acid) and only two finished products: urea and some ammonium nitrate. 2/n
Read 37 tweets
EU #CBAM proposal was leaked today. While the main elements may not come as a surprise to those having paid close attention to this file in recent months – a few things are worth unpacking, especially as trade partners gear up to react. 👇A thread 1/n
On the table is a limited tool oriented towards managing domestic interests over external and climate considerations. It will initially cover a handful of sectors which, over time, can be extended to other ETS sectors deemed at risk of carbon leakage. Thus, final products... 2/n
.. will likely never be covered. The compliance mechanism will be a notional ETS, meaning exporters to the EU purchase credits at similar prices of the #EUETS and surrender those at the end of each year to cover their products' actual embedded scope 1 and 2 emissions 3/n
Read 10 tweets
The EU steel industry is at the crossroads: by 2030 ~50% of blast furnaces will reach their end-of-life. Which EU countries are affected by 2030? Do we have a plan for the transition? Spoiler: bold policy will make all the difference. Thread (1/11)
What are the EU countries where blast furnace capacity will reach their end-of-life before 2030?
🇦🇹 49% of total primary steel capacity
🇧🇪 50%
🇨🇿 81%
🇩🇪 50%
🇪🇸 50%
🇫🇮 50%
🇫🇷 48%
🇮🇹 5%
🇳🇱 100%
🇵🇱 47%
🇸🇰 100%

🇬🇧 39%

From now on there’s barely a business case for reinvestments into coal-based blast furnaces.
Even efficient blast furnaces would come under immense pressure during a typical 20-year campaign, regardless whether EU goes for #CBAM or continued #free allocation. (3/11)
Read 12 tweets

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