Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #reconstruction

Most recents (24)

#OTD in 1864 the House passed the Wade-Davis Reconstruction bill. The House version of the bill was written by Rep. Henry Davis of Maryland. By this time Congress attempted to preemptively take control of post-war policy, creating a rift with President Lincoln.
Lincoln issued the "Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction" on December 8, 1863. It required only 10 percent of a seceding state's population to take an oath of loyalty before a new state government could be formed. These states would also be required to abolish slavery.
Radical Republicans in Congress felt Lincoln's plan was too lenient and began crafting legislation of their own to address the issue. They asserted that Confederate states were not states, but conquered territory. Lincoln maintained that those states never legally seceded.
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#OTD in 1865 the Thirteenth Amendment passed the House of Representatives, sending it to the states for ratification. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States “…except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted."
The amendment ended race-based chattel slavery in America, but did not rid the nation of forced labor, which exists through America’s prison system today. #13thAmendment #Constitution #slavery #HistoryMatters #CivilWar #USCivilWar #AmericanCivilWar #PoliticalHistory #knowhistory
Congress abolished slavery in Washington D.C. in 1862. The Emancipation Proclamation outlawed slavery in rebelling states Jan. 1, 1863 and former rebel states were forced to ban slavery in new state constitutions. Republicans in Congress still wanted a Constitutional Amendment.
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Black(#ADOS) communities were shut out of entrepreneurial investments in the seafood industry during #Reconstruction. “Bohemian”, or Romanian/Yugoslavian immigrants, migrated to Biloxi, MS from Baltimore, MD. to offset The Natl. Child Labor Comm’s ruling.…
The National Child Labor Committee was formed in 1904 to combat the growing number of children who were working in what would be considered shocking and appalling conditions today; especially in Mississippi’s seafood industry.…
“In the Child Labor Bulletin for 1912 and 1913, Hine stressed the importance of bringing the abuses and mistreatment of child labor practices to an end.”…
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5/12/2021: covid protest in #Brussels🇧🇪 ends in #riots.
Police 👮 use water cannon and tear gas, but two kids (11 & 5 yo) are present.

Police brutality or recklessness of the mother?

I looked for #facts in a #visual #investigation.
How? Check 📽️: 1/13
A clip of 17 seconds or less is shared on #Telegram, #Instagram, #Facebook and #Twitter. We see two kids in a chaotic scene.

Someone shares the video with this quote: “Even in North Korea 🇰🇵 they would not dare use a water cannon against children.” 2/13 Image
What really happened?

With the use of open sources (#OSINT) I made a #reconstruction of the events. 3/13

#Verification 🔎
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A shocking thread about...historiography. Really.

Our story begins in 1901, when John Garner published his dissertation—what became for decades the standard history of #Reconstruction in #Mississippi—with adviser William A. Dunning at Columbia, the leading historian.
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Garner had to answer why in 1875 an armed insurrection overthrew the elected government of Mississippi under Gov. Adelbert Ames. He started with the carpetbagger stereotype: thieving yankees came to despoil the prostrate South. But he found that Ames didn't fit it.
2/11 Image
A few facts. Mississippi had a Black majority. Ames was made provisional governor under Congressional Reconstruction. He named its first Black officeholders & oversaw a constitutional convention that enfranchised Black men—creating real "home rule," lifting federal control.
3/11 Image
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Can we all have a serious bipartisan conversation around the history of immigration in America and it’s impact on #ADOS? The Immigration Act of 1864 was one of Lincoln’s most signature pieces of legislation prior to the #EmacipationProclomation of 1865.…
“This law legalized and bureaucratized labor recruitment practices similar to indentured servitude to encourage immigration to the United States and economic development.”
“Although many poor Europeans had arrived as indentured servants during the colonial period, the practice had ended in the 1820s.”Congress repealed this law in 1868 after protests by labor organizations.…
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A woman of African descent inherits significant property. Hubby and son have her hospitalized as insane. She challenges them and gains her business back, founds/sells a town - much as her mother did. Meet Gertrude Covington Phillips. #Keweenaw #BlackHistory #WomensHistory 🧵 Image
Gertrude was born in Detroit in the late 1850s to Anna Ward Covington & unknown Covington (#genealogytwitter 👀 for a challenge? Find Covington lol) in 1860 she and her mother are in the household of barber James Evans in Owosso. Might Mary Evans sister to Anna? #MichiganHistory Image
By 1864 Anna and Gertrude Covington were established in Houghton (MI state census) where soon, Anna remarried to recent widower Larkin J. Jones Image
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I am trained in #developmental #psychology and #neuroscince. I have been screaming the #teenagebrain is #underreconstruction from the rooftops! Am totally ashamed of my peers who wilfully ignore this. #neuroplasticity #frontallobes #psychologists #gender #rogd #trans #detrans
The teenage brain is under reconstruction. The prefrontal cortex is not fully developed until minimum aged 25. A bit longer for males. The prefrontal cortex is largely responsible for: decision making, planning, organisation, focusing, impulsivity, aka executive functions
Managing emotions, predicting consequences of one’s choices and moderating social behaviour. This is #science #facts Anyone who says otherwise is brainwashed by #ideology Shame on any professional who ignores this #gender #trans #detrans #shame
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Daily Bookmarks to GAVNet 12/19/2020…
Albert Edwards: The 10-Year Yield is Heading to Zero - Articles - Advisor Perspectives…

#investing #deflation #forecast
Optimization is as hard as approximation – Machine Learning Research Blog…

#optimization #MachineLearning
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1/x Big kitchen rebuild. Complete new kitchen from scratch. Calling it Project K! Daunting & difficult during #covid. Wish us luck! SVP #kitchendecor #kitchendesign #newkitchen #moderninteriordesign #reconstruction #remodel #interiordesign #ProjectK @preetipatankar @MeetaPatankar
2/x The consultant to this project is Preeti Patankar Interiors, NY. I know no other designer I’d trust more. And not just coz she’s family! Will show you our plans & progress as we go. SVP #kitchendecor #kitchendesign #newkitchen #moderninteriordesign #interiordesign #ProjectK
3/x First set of look options for #ProjectK. White with wood/grey look. Love all these. Any favourites guys? More design options coming. SVP #kitchendecor #kitchendesign #newkitchen #moderninteriordesign #interiordesign #ProjectK #remodel
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Daily Bookmarks to GAVNet 10/22/2020…
A digital reconstruction of the 1630–1631 large plague outbreak in Venice | Scientific Reports…

#reconstruction #venice #epidemic
Religion, Violence, Tolerance & Progress: Nothing to do with Theology | by Nassim Nicholas Taleb | INCERTO | Oct, 2020 | Medium…

#tolerance #religion #theology #violence
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Nous sommes ce matin en direct pour la Rentrée des Territoires d’@enmarchefr pour parler Transition Écologique avec @EmmWargon, @b_abba, @StanGuerini, Bruno Bienaimé et Mélanie, la Convention Citoyenne pour le Climat…
La crise sanitaire que nous connaissons, d’une ampleur inédite nous amène aussi à nous interroger collectivement sur notre société.
C’est tout le travail de #réflexion et de #Reconstruction que notre Mouvement a souhaité structurer à travers 10 thèmes et en moins de trois mois, ce sont près de 60 000 contributions écrites qui ont été récoltées !
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There is an economic war being prosecuted against American workers through global wage arbitrage. The U.S. economy was hijacked & by globalists when Reagan ascended to power and broke the backs of organized labor. Successive administrations have proceeded apace.
It was executed by the BOTH corporate (they're corporations) political parties reaching peak treachery under Clinton. His administration unshackled monopoly finance through t/repeal of Glass-Steagall, ended limits on foreign & consolidated media (control the narrative) & telecom.
He did the mass immigration version of tariff reductions, stripping U.S industry ass-naked b4 putting it on the pole for de-industrialization & "global competition" (WTO); which was really the ownership class divesting of U.S. industrial preeminence for cheap Asian labor.
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It is not difficult to understand why Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) has been influential in Iran along with other major theorists in #phenomenology and #hermeneutics like #Gadamer - both visited #Iran in 2002 - a thread on #Ricoeur in #Iran 1/
Especially for those interested in religion and making sense of the word and the world, of text, action and hermeneutics, it is often the triumvirate of Jacques Derrida (1930-2004), Paul Ricoeur, Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002) and Emanuel Levinas (1906-1995) who come to mind 2/ ImageImageImageImage
The revolution of 1979 brought up issues of authenticity, a desire to reconcile one's political and social being with one's faith; it brought political theology to the fore; no doubt both the #hermeneutics of suspicion and #reconstruction of #Ricoeur were attractive 3/
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Décideuses, décideurs, il est temps de revoir nos priorités ! Nous appelons à ce que la reconstruction se fasse au service d’impératifs écologiques, sanitaires et solidaires.

Rejoignez notre #AppelReconstruction au côté de 70 organisations sur
Le “business as usual” n’est plus une option. Plusieurs pans de la société civile l’affirment aujourd’hui. C'est pourquoi nous appelons à mettre en œuvre les mesures suivantes.
🚑 Garantir la pérennité des activités essentielles rendues par nos services publics.
👨‍🌾 Développer les activités et métiers nécessaires à une #reconstruction écologique et sociale.
📉 Imposer le ralentissement des activités qui nous mènent au désastr
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26. The Legacy of US, UK, France, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey,Bahrain, Canada, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Jordan, Nato in Syria

#RegimeChange #FakeNews #FalseFlag #terrorism #SyriaInvasion #WarCrimes #CrimesAgainstChildren #CrimesAgainstHumanity
1 to 20. The Legacy of US, UK, France, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Bahrain, Canada, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Jordan, Nato in Syria 🤨👇🏼…
21. The Legacy of US, UK, France, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey,Bahrain, Canada, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Jordan, Nato in Syria🤨👇🏼…
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Today is Juneteenth, the oldest celebration of black emancipation in the country. Here is Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger's order, given two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation had taken effect.
#Juneteenth 🎇🎉🎊 Image
Of course, a proclamation of emancipation did not automatically lead to full freedom for black people. #Reconstruction quickly gave way to "Redemption" and Jim Crow.

"The slave went free; stood for a brief moment in the sun; then moved back again toward slavery." ~ F. Douglass Image
The Emancipation Proclamation only applied to certain states in the Confederacy and ultimately depended on Union victory. It would require the 13th Amendment, with it's infamous "exception clause", to fully abolish slavery in the U.S.
#Juneteenth Image
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3. The Legacy of US, UK, France, NATO, Jordan, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Spain,Turkey in Libya

#Libya #CrimesAgainstHumanity #WarCrime #terrorism #NATOCRIMES #WorldHypocrisy #Imperialism
1. The Legacy of US, UK, France, NATO, Jordan, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Spain,Turkey in Libya
2. The Legacy of US, UK, France, NATO, Jordan, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Spain,Turkey in Libya…
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L'#IncendiedeNotreDamedeParis à peine éteint, de vives disputes se sont élevées au sujet du financement de sa #reconstruction. Mais d'où venait l'argent nécessaire à la construction des #cathédrales au Moyen Âge ? Un thread ⬇️ #histoire #medievaltwitter
Beaucoup l'ont fait remarquer (poke @MickaelWilmart !) : dans l'appel aux dons lancé par Emmanuel #Macron entre autres, il y a quelque chose de très médiéval
En effet, de très nombreux chantiers de cathédrales ont été financés par des appels à la générosité de la population. Ainsi à Rodez à la fin du XIIIe siècle : au moins 34 % du budget total de la fabrique – association qui gère la cathédrale – vient des quêtes
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In light of #ReconstructionPBS and #FindingYourRoots I feel compelled to share this picture..though I'm sure my minuscule followers & non fame no one will care but I want to share the teeny gap between slavery and now.. so here goes *thread
This is my GREAT GREAT grandfather Sylvester Dawson of Yatesville, GA. As I was raised by my grandfather and him by his ..this man..I heard many stories Sylvester growing up ..whom I didnt even know his real name as he was known as Zeke my whole life
It says granddaddy on the picture bc that is my deceased grandfathers writing and thats what he called him and how close they were. Sylvester was born. Zeke was born in 1857 so he was 8 years old at emancipation and thereby came of age during #Reconstruction
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1/17 Un fil un peu décousu, parce que je me demande bien quoi penser, dans le contexte du "retour" de la #Russie sur la scène internationale, des exemples qui s'accumulent où Moscou et Poutine se posent en faiseurs de #paix.
2/17 Je ne parle pas de l'offre d'aboutir (enfin) à un traité de paix avec le #Japon, toujours en attente depuis 1945 (offre de #Poutine qui n'a d'ailleurs pas abouti avant la fin 2018, comme les déclarations initiales l'envisageaient).…
3/17 Je ne parle pas non plus de l'ambition que la Russie a toujours eu de jouer un rôle dans les efforts de paix au #ProcheOrient entre #Israël et #Palestine, qui irait au-delà de sa contribution au Quartet. Ambition qui a du mal à se matérialiser.…
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US House of Representatives passed Civil Rights Bill of 1875 on 2/4/1875. Speaking in support of the bill that day was Rep. James Garfield of Ohio: "The warnings uttered today are not new. During the last twelve years it has often been rung in our ears that by doing justice 1/8
to the Negro we shall pull down the pillars of our political temple and bury ourselves in its ruins. I remember well when it was proposed to put arms in the hands of the black man to help us in the field. I remember in the Army of the Cumberland 2/8
where there were twenty thousand Union men from Kentucky and Missouri and we were told that those men would throw down their arms and abandon our cause if we dared to make the Negro a soldier. Nevertheless the men whose love of country was greater than their prejudice 3/8
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